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ago, let them try its effect upon us.
If they think it will promote God's truth and the good of souls to see what can be done towards procuring persecuting Acts of Parliament, let them try their hand. We are quite ready, and we should fear nothing if they should succeed. But they will not succeed.”
25. — Señor Castelar elected President of the Spanish Cortes.
Details published of an attempt to rescue the American bank forgers presently on their trial by bribing three of the warders in Newgate.
26. Inspector Montgomery executed in Omagh Gaol for the murder of Andrew Glass, bank cashier, at Newtonstewart.
At Posen, Monsignor Ledochowski is condemned to a fine of 200 thalers, or four months' imprisonment, for making illegal clerical appointments. The public prosecutor had asked that the bishop should be fined 500 thalers, in consequence of his obstinate and hostile attitude towards the State. At Fulda, Bishop Koel was fined 400 thalers for appointing clergymen without the sanction of the State.
Died, Carl Wilhelm, composer of the famous German war-song “Wacht am Rhein."
27.-The citadel of Estella taken by Don Carlos, who commanded in person.
Opening of the new pier at Herne Bay by Lord Mayor Waterlow.
29.— Blockade proclamation issued by Col. Harley at the Gold Coast :-“Whereas, hostile forces of Ashantees and other tribes are encamped and are waging war against her Majesty the Queen in and about the western portion of the protected territories on the Gold Coast; and whereas warlike munitions, provisions, and articles useful to the enemy in the carrying on of their hostile purposes have been supplied to them from vessels trading on the coast : Now know ye that we hereby proclaim and declare that from and after the date hereof until our pleasure herein shall be further known, the entire blockade of the coast between Cape Coast Castle and the River Assinee, and of all the ports thereon with the exception of the port of Cape Coast, is and shall be in force.”
30. — The Conservatives carry Shaftesbury, Mr. Benet-Stanford polling 603 votes against 534 tendered for Mr. Danby Seymour, Liberal.
o'clock. The general appearance of the pilgrims presented no difference whatever from that of an ordinary excursion party, and would have been in no way distinguishable but for the great number of priests who thronged the railway platform, and from the badge of the Sacred J leart worn by almost all present. The demeanour of the pilgrims, notwithstanding their errand, was quite in keeping with nineteenth-century customs, and though they were all armed with the special manual of devotion for use by the way, many of them were careful to provide themselves with the morning papers.
The pilgrims crossed the channel to Dieppe in two boals, over which floated the English Union Jack, the Papal fag, and the flag of the Sacred Heart. Mass was celebrated during the passage by Monsignor Capel. At Paray-le-Monial the pilgrims were met by the whole population of the town, bearing torches. The procession-a mile in length-was headed by the flag of the Sacred Heart, and closed by the Union Jack borne by Admiral Jerningham. The banner of England was borne by the Duke of Norfolk, that of Scotland by Lord Walter Kerr. The Bishops of Salford and Oran conducted the pilgrims to the parish church from the railway station, where benediction was said, followed by con. fessions. Masses and communions were afterwards celebrated every half-hour from midnight.
2.-The anniversary of the battle of Sedan celebrated at Berlin by unveiling the monument of “Victory” in presence of the Emperor, the Imperial Prince, and military deputations from various German States.
3.-Sir George Jessel takes his seat for the first time as Master of the Rolls. Though not disqualified to sit in the House of Commons, Sir George, as he explained, having regard to the spirit of the Judicature Act, thought it best not to solicit the suffrages of the Dover electors again.
- News received of the wreck of the Ethiopia off Negrais, on her voyage from Calcutta to Rangoon. Mails lost ; passengers saved.
The proposal made in the Spanish Cortes by Señor Olave that death sentences of military tribunals should be referred to the Cortes be fore execution, rejected by 88 votes to 82.
4.-Defending Government at a Sheffield Cutlers' Feast, Mr. Lowe said that during the Liberal tenure of office the finances of the country had been so prosperous as to permit of 3,600,000l. of special claims being paid off without borrowing a sixpence or imposing a tax at all. “That is the answer which I have to give to those who have been so liberal in criticizing. Can it be said in exercising this strict economy in your public service that anything has been shirked, or that anything which ought to have been done has been neglected ? Look at the army. In 1859 the army nulle bered 84,000 men. Now it numbers 98,000,
September 1. — The captured insurgent frigates towed away from Carthagena by Ad. niiral Yelverton, in defiance of the threats of the insurgents. The vessels were afterwards given up to the Madrid Government.
2.—Six hundred pilgrims leave London for Paray-le-Monial, to visit the shrine of the Sacred Heart. Before starting many of them attended mass celebrated for their convenience in various churches as early as four and five
heing an increase of 14,000, and this amend. ment with this great reduction in the expenditure. If you look at the fine arts, I have spent 8,000l. in buying Sir Robert Peel's pictures, and 50,000l. in splendid collections of antiquity for the British Museum ; so far from my havir.g been stingy, I consider that these payments have been liberal in the extreme. .: We are not tenacious of office. We are wearied with the labour of anxious and eventsul years. It is a small matter for us whether we retain power or not. It is for you to consider whether it is a small matter for you. On that I offer no opinion. But this I will venture to say, that, if the decision of the country should be against us, we shall then carry into private life the applause of our own consciences, as having done in our judgment the best we could for our country, and the consciousness that we have left on the statute-book and in the history of this country records which calumny cannot permanently distort, and which envy, with all her efforts, can never obliterate.
5.-The miutilated remains of a female found in different parts of the Thames between Battersea and Limehouse. A reward of 2001. was afterwards offered by Government for the dis. covery of the murderer, and a free pardon to any accomplice not the actual perpetrator of the presumed crime.
Apologising for his inability to be present at the opening of the Roman Catholic cathedral, Armagh, Archbishop. Manning expresses an opinion that Ireland is in a happier condition in regard to religion than any other country, and also maintains that the country was never in so good a condition materially, and was never so influential in the British Empire and in the world as at present. But “when I look upon foreign nations, and I may say also upon England, I see cause for grave foreboding." Regarding Home Rule, the Archbishop thought the Parliament of the future will be broader, and more in sympathy with the constituencies of the three kingdoms. “England and Scotland will not claim to legislate for Ireland according to English and Scotch interests and prejudices; and Ireland, when it is justly treated, will have no more will then than it has now to make or ineddle in the local affairs of England or Scotland. The three peoples are distinct in blood, in religion, in character, and in local interests. They will soon learn to live and let live,' when the vanquishing reliquiæ of the Tudor tyranny shall have died out, unless the insane example of Germany shall for a time inflame the heads of certain violent politicians to try their hand at what they call an Imperial policy.”
Died, at Coolavin, aged 75, Charles J. Macdermot, “Prince of Coolavin,” a fellowlabourer with O'Connell in the cause of Catholic emancipation
8.–New docks at Flushing opened by the King of Holland.
9.—The Alabama indemnity paid at Washington.
9.-Señor Salmeron, now elected Presideri of the Executive Power, submits the names (f a new Ministry to the Cortes.
Colossal statue of Nelson unveiled at Pl.is Llanfair, the marine seat of Lord Clarerce Paget.
Three persons killed and twelve injured through an accident to a South-Western train near Guildford, caused by a bullock straying on the line.
10.--The Conservatives win Renfrewshire, vacant by the elevation of the late Home Secretary to the peerage, the numbers being, Campbell, 1,885 ; Mure, 1,677.
12.-Sir Garnet Wolseley and his staff sail from Liverpool for the Gold Coast.
Free library, museum, and picture gallery opened at Brighton.
Old Catholic Congress opened at Con. stance.
13.—Died, aged 63, the Duke de Rianzares, husband of the ex-Queen of Spain, formerly a soldier in her guard.
15. — Brief official despatch received announcing disaster to the exploring expedition on the Prah in August.
16.-The last of the German troops cross the French frontier between nine and ten o'clock this morning.
17.-The King of Italy arrives at Vienna on a visit to the Emperor, and afterwards proceeds to Berlin.
Another fire at Chicago, laying waste a line of property nearly a mile in extent.
The British Association commences its sittings at Bradford, Professor Williamson (in room of Dr. Joule, absent through illness) delivering the opening address as President.
18.-Commercial panic in America leading to the suspension of Jay, Cooke, and Company, of New York, and of the First National Bank at Washington. The English Funds in consequence opened at a decline of ], and United States Government Bonds were generally depressed to the extent of per cent., the Funded Loan falling to 90% and 90, but subsequently recovering to 90 to 914, while Erie Shares fell 2 per cent., to 44 to 441 ex div., and Illi. nois Railway Shares i dol.
Died, aged 70, Sidi Muley Mohammed, Emperor of Morocco.
19.– Died, at Florence, from an attack of cholera, Professor Donati, astronomer.
The Comte de Chambord writes from Frohsdorf to a friend advising him to appeal to all honest people on the footing of the social reconstruction. “ You know that I am not a party, and that I will not come back to reign by means of a party. I need the co-operation of all, and all have need of me. As for the reconciliation which has been so loyally accom.
plished in the House of France, tell those who are trying to distort that great event that everything done on the 5th of August was really done for the sole purpose of giving France its proper rank in the dearest interests alike of her prosperity, her glory, and her greatness.”
21.—Burning of the Black Lion Inn, Exeter, leading to the death of three out of five people sleeping in the premises at the time.
Died, at Paris, aged 66, M. J. J. Coste, French naturalist.
Died, aged 66, Dr. Auguste Nélaton, surgeon to the Emperor Napoleon III.
22.- The Spanish Government release the Deerhound and her crew.
The Shah of Persia arrives at his palace at Teheran on his return from Europe.
The steamer Murillo seized at Dover at the instance of the owner and shippers of the Vorthfleet.
Henry James Cochrane, proprietor of the Cheltenham Chronicle, fined 150l. for contempt of court in publishing an article designed to influence the jury in favour of the Tichborne claimant.
– Manchester Athenæum Library destroyed by fire.
25.—Banquet given at York by provincial Mayors to the Lord Mayor of London.
The Challenger exploring expedition arrives at Bahia. Having thoroughly explored the rocky desolate islands of St. Vincent and San Jago, belonging to Portugal, a long stretch across the Atlantic ensued, through depths averaging 2,000 fathoms, to the vicinity of the African shores, With a view to investigate the currents the course was shaped for St. Paul's Rocks, a lonely cluster in mid-ocean, one square mile in area, and sixty feet above the sea level. Thence the vessel sailed (Aug. 30) for another cluster, 300 miles distant, known as Fernando de Noronha. On arrival, great disappointment was experienced by refusal of permission to land, the islands being used as a penal settlement by Brazil. America was then made for, and Pernambuco reached on September 14.
26.-Mr. Henry James announced as the new Solicitor-General.
Opening of Wandsworth Bridge, connecting Wandsworth with Chelsea.
Died, aged 70, Salustiano de Olozaga, Spanish statesman and diplomatist.
Died, aged 59, Mrs. Clara Mundt (Louisa Muhlbach), German authoress.
28.—Alicante bombarded for five hours by the Carthagena insurgent frigates.
Mr. Bright receives the seals as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster,
29. — M. Thiers writes to the Municipal Council of Nancy :-“Very soon we shall be called upon to defend, not alone the Republic which, in my opinion, is the only Government capable of rallying in the name of the common interest parties now so profoundly divided, which alone can speak to democracy with sufficient authority, and which now, faz from troubling France, has appeared only to restore order, the army, finance, credit; to redeem the terri. tory, and, in a word, to heal with one exception all the wounds of the war—we shall have,
say, to defend not only the Republic, but all the rights of France, her civil, political, and religious liberties, her social state, and her principles, which, after being proclaimed in 1789, have become those of the whole world; and, lastly, her flag, under which she is known to the whole universe, under which her soldiers, conquerors or conquered, have covered them: selves with glory, and which, however, dear as it is to our hearts, will not suffice if all the things of which it is the emblem are to be taken away from us; for of these sacred things it is not the image alone, but the reality itself that we must have ; and the tricolored flag, if remaining only to mask the counter-revolution, would be the most odious and revolting of lies.”
30.-Died at Fox How, near Ambleside, aged 82, Mary Penrose, widow of Dr. Arnold.
The Royal Commission appointed at the instance of Mr. Plimsoll to inquire into the alleged unseaworthiness of British registered ships, issue a preliminary report, recapitulating the schemes suggested for a compulsory survey and classification of merchant shipping under Lloyd's or Government, with counter evidence throwing doubt upon all such proposals, and tending to show that Government interference would only make matters worse, and “ Amid these conflicting opinions, it is impossible, in the present state of our knowledge, to offer with any confidence any recommendation on this subject. We have referred to it here in the hope of directing public attention to a ques• tion which has often been treated as if it were of easy solution; it involves, however, a great principle of public policy, which should not be adopted or rejected without comprehensive and searching examination." The commissioners drew attention to the material change in the law which had occurred since their appointment, giving the Board of Trade full power to detain unseaworthy ships. Before recommending further legislation, they thought it would be well to observe the effect of the new enactment. The commissioners stated that, in their opinion, “there is no ground for the imputation made by Mr. Plimsoll that the Board of Trade desired to screen the ship
October 1. - The Social Science Congress opens at Norwich with Lord Houghton as President.
1.---Died, aged 71, Sir Edwin Landseer, painter. He was admitted as a student to the Royal Academy in 1816, when fourteen years of age, and in the following year exhibited “ Brutus--a Porirait of a Mastiff,” at the Academy. He was elected an A.R. A. in 1826, an R.A. in 1831, and received the honour of knighthood in 1850. When Sir Charles Eastlake died in 1866 Landseer was chosen to succeed him as President of the Royal Academy, but he refused to accept the honour. Sir Edwin was buried in St. Paul's cathedral on the rith.
2.- Died, aged 92, Cornelius Varley, one of the original members of the Water Colour Society.
3.-Mr. Disraeli writes to Lord Grey de Wilton regarding the Bath election contested by Mr. Forsyth, Q.C., in the Conservative interest : “My dear Grey, -I am much obliged to you for your Bath news. It is most interesting. It is rare a constituency has the opportunity of not only leading, but sustaining, public opinion at a critical period. That has been the high fortune of the people of Bath, and they have proved themselves worthy of it by the spirit and constancy they have shown. I cannot doubt they will continue their patriotic course by supporting Mr. Forsyth, an able and accomplished man, who will do honour to those who send him to Parliament. For nearly five years the present Ministers have harassed every trade, worried every profession, and assailed or menaced every class, institution, and species of property in the country. Occa. sionally they have varied this state of civil warfare by perpetrating some job which outraged public opinion, or by stumbling into mistakes which have been always discreditable, and sometimes ruinous. All this they call a policy, and seem quite proud of it; but the country has, I think, made up its mind to close this career of plundering and blundering.”
Execution of “Captain” Jack and three other Modoc Indians at Fort Kalomath, Oregon, for the murder of General Canby.
4.--Sir Garnet Wolseley addresses the native chiefs of the Gold Coast, stating that her Majesty having been informed of the injuries inflicted on her allies in that part of the world by the Ashantees, who, without any just cause, have invaded your country, and, having learnt that you were unable to repulse your enemies without assistance, has sent me to unite in one person the chief military and civil administrations, so that, as a general officer, I may be able to help you. It was not an English war, but a Fantee war. The English forts were so strong that we ourselves had nothing to fear from the Ashantees; but, as it had become evident that a merely defensive policy would result in the destruction of the Fantees, the Queen was willing to assist them. The only interest she had in the Gold Coast was the promotion of their welfare by spreading
among them the arts and blessings of civilization.
4.—Died, aged 64, Mrs. Alfred Gatty, authoress of various stories suited for young people.
6.—Died, aged 77, the Count de Strzelecki, an early Australian explorer.
· The Danish Rigsdag opened at Copen. hagen, and the colossal statue of King Frede. rick VII. unveiled in connection with the ceremony.
Commencement of the trial of Marshal Bazaine at the Trianon Palace, Versailles, under the Presidency of the Duc d'Aumale. The charges against the Marshal were, that after urging Marshal MacMahon to march to his relief, he did not create a serious diversion, and was therefore answerable in a measure for the disaster of Sedan ; that he did not do everything prescribed by duty and honour to save Metz and the army of 150,000 men he comman led ; that he accepted conditions without any example in history; that he did not destroy his matériel ; that he accepled a clause permitting officers to return home on giving their parole not to serve against Germany during the war; that he did not obtain proper conditions for the sick and wounded, and that he neglected to destroy his flags.
Mr. Bright issues an address to his con. stituents, a re-election being necessary through his acceptance of the Chancellorship of the Duchy of Lancaster. “The office,” he wrote, “I have accepted is not one of heavy departmental duty, or I could not have ventured upon it, but it will enable me to take part in the deliberations of the Cabinet and to render services to principles which I have often expounded in your hearing, and which you have generally approved, more important, I believe, than any I could render in the House of Commons unconnected with the Government. I do not write to you a long address, for I am not a stranger to you. I hold the principles when in office that I have constantly professed since you gave me your confidence sixteen years ago.
When I find myself unable to advance those principles, and to serve you honestly as a Minister, I shall abandon a position which demands of me sacrifices which I cannot make." Mr. Bright was re-elected without opposition.
7. - Bishop Reinkens, the Old Catholic Bishop, of Germany, takes the oaths required by the Constitu.ion at Berlin. “I promise,” he said, “to observe all this all the more inviolate as I am certain that my episcopal office requires me to do nothing which can be in contradiction to the oath of fidelity and allegiance to his Majesty the King, or to the obedience due to the laws of the country.”
8. —Speaking at the Bath Congress on the present position of the Church, Archdeacon Denison said he had come to the conclusion that it is almost hopeless to continue the struggle
against disestablishment. “I have no doubt as to the duty of a nation to have a national church, but looking at the peculiar circumstances of these times, and the present constitution of the House of Commons, I am convinced that unless church-people make a different fight for their church, I do not see how it is possible for any."
ing to happen but disestablishment."
8.—Bath election carried by Captain Hayter, Liberal, the numbers being-Hayter, 2,210 ; Forsyth, 2,071.
Captain James Brown examined in the Tichborne trial, this witness swearing to having accompanied the Claimant on board the Bella, a'. Rio.
9.-Sir Samuel and Lady Baker arrive in London from Egypt.
Discussion in the Edinburgh Presbytery on the case of Dr. Wallace, charged with expressing opinions in his sermons and writings calculated" to unsettle the minds of ordinary hearers on the truth and importance of essential doctrines of Christianity, as the Trinity, the union of the Divine and human natures in the person of Jesus Christ-His incarnation, miracles, and resurrection, the Ascension, and the Second Advent.” Dr. Wallace, in his answers, gave such explanations that the Presbytery agreed to a resolution in which they stated that they considered it unnecessary to take further steps in the matter.
Died, aged 74, Lieutenant-General Lord Howden, formerly Ambassador at Madrid.
Died, aged 64, John Evan Thomas, F.S. A., sculptor, Brecon.
10.-The Education Department issue new regulations for the election of borough and parish school-boards, providing that all board elections, as well as the poll taken on the resolution to apply for a board made by the ratepayers of a farish, shall in future be by ballot.
11.- The Intransigente war-ships defeated off Carthagena, in an action with Admiral Lobo's fleet. Two days later the admiral withdrew his force in the direction of Gibraltar.
First stage of the Bazaine trial concluded by the reading of General de Rivière's report, closing with a brief account of the chief accu. sations against the incriminated officer.
12. Died, aged 87, George Ormerod, autho: of the “ History of Cheshire.”.
13. The Solicitor-General, Mr. James, elected for Taunton by 899 votes against 812 tendered for Sir Alfred Slade.
14.-This, the 115th day of the Tichborne trial, is signalized by the production of what was looked upon as the missing link in the case, Jean Luie, a Dane, one of the crew of the Osprey, said to have picked up the defendant at sea. He was examined by Dr. Kencaly, and gave his evidence in good Eng
lish, but with a foreign accent.
" We crossed the line,” he said, some part of April, and got into the trade winds. When we were off the coast of the Brazils something attracted my attention. Early in the morning our attention was directed to a boat. We had had a very rough night, with squalls and rain. We noticed a boat on our port bow, and hauled to the wind as near as we could ; but we could not get to her on that tack. We were too much to the wind. We made another tack, and then had the boat on our quarter. At that time the boat put up a spar with a red signal. A red shirt it turned out to be. The boat, when we first saw her, was about two miles to windward. We had left her astern about the same distance when we saw the signal. Our ship must have been about 400 or 500 miles from the Brazilian coast, and eighteen or twenty south latitude. We went about again and got up to the boat, and found six men in her. They were all in a delirious condition except two, who were paddling towards us. My attention was attracted to one of the men in particular. He was not a sailor. He was one of the four. When we got the men on board, we washed them all and supplied them with food. Captain Bennett-that was the name of our captaindirected me to take the young man who was not a sailor into the cabin and place him on a sofa, but instead of doing that I put him in my own berth, and there I kept him all the time until our arrival in Melbourne. It took us three months to get to Melbourne, where we arrived in the early part of July. I noticed a good deal about him. I had to wash him nearly every day during the whole voyage. He was a small-made man, and not very bony. He had small hands, and dark-brown hair and big eyebrows. He had a habit of raising his forehead and eyes. His conversation with me was generally in Spanish. I speak that language. Sometimes he talked with me in broken French. .. We picked them up in April. I asked the young man several tiines for his name, and he gave me the same answer. Once he told me that his name was Roger. He told me he had been in the Brazils, and went on board a vessel of the name of Bella, in Rio, and that they were bound for some part of America with a cargo of coffee. I asked him if he had been staying in the Brazils for any length of time, and he said only a short time.
In London, in consequence of what I heard on the 5th of July, I put myself in communication with the man whom it was said had been saved from the Bella. On the 7th I went to a house and asked if a gentleman was living there who went by the name of the Claimant. The servant, after going inside, said I could not see him, and I was told to go to Poet's Corner. I met Mr. Hendriks and Mr. O'Brien, and they took down my statement about the Osprey. Mr. Whalley came in, and he took me and O'Brien in a cab to No. 34 in a street. We were shown into a room, and I saw the defendant sitting at the window. He said,