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It was not till some hours afterwards, when alone together, seated on a goatskin, that the two white men exchanged those congratulations which both were eager to express, and recounted their respective difficulties and adventures. On the 20th they left Ujiji, and explored the northern end of Lake Tanganyika, confirming by a second inspection the observations which Dr. Livingstone had previously made; and after twenty-eight days thus pleasantly spent, they returned to Ujiji, and there passed Christmas Day together. On the 26th of December, they left for Unyanyembe, and, arriving there, stayed together till March 14, when Mr. Stanley, entrusted with letters from Dr. Livingstone, started for the coast, leaving the explorer to trace out the sources of the Lualaba. Mr. Stanley handed over to him 2,788 yards of various kinds of cloths, 992 lbs. 'of beads, 350 lbs. of brass wire, a waterproof tent, an air-bed, a canvas boat, a bag of carpenter's tools, arms and ammilnition, cooking utensils, a medicine chest, and a sextant; forming altogether about forty loads. Dr. Livingstone also found thirty-three loads of his own stores, and Mr. Stanley calculated that the Doctor was thus supplied with sufficient to last him four years.
He required a few ad. ditional articles from Zanzibar, especially a good watch and other instruments, and fifty trustworthy men as carriers. These Mr. Stanley undertook to send up from Zanzibar, and set out for the coast with Livingstone's journal and letters on the 13th of March. He performed the march of 535 miles, wading through swamps, across contents, and wearily tramping through dense jungle, in thirty-five days, and reached Bagamozyo on the 6th of May. Thus was this great work completed, a service for the performance of which Mr. Stanley earned and received the most cordial recognition from the Queen and people of England, and especially from the President and Fellows of the Royal Geographical Society.
11.-Sir W. Stirling-Maxwell elected Lord Rector of Edinburgh University, by a majority of 92 votes over Sir Roundell Palmer.
13.–Mr. Pigott, an Irish newspaper proprietor, sentenced to four months' imprisonment for publishing comments in the Irishman, tending to bring the law officers of the Crown into contempt, and insinuating that Kelly, even if he was guilty, had not gone beyond his duty in shooting Head-constable Talbot.
15.-Mr. Disraeli elected Lord Rector of Glasgow University by a majority of 134 votes over Mr. Ruskin.
16.—Earl Russell, writing from Cannes, expresses his approval of the object of the Education League in so far as it contended for the unsectarian character of rate-aided schools. He was not of opinion thai she Bible, when read, should be read without note or comment; "but I think this is a point of soinuch difficulty, and there is so much danger of slipping into sectarian comments on the part of teachers, that I
do not wonder at the opinion expressed by the League. My wish and hope is that the rising youth of England may be taught to adopt, not the Church of Rome or the Church of England, but the Church of Christ. The teaching of Christ, whether doginatic or not, is to be found in the Bible, and those who in their infancy read the Bible may, at their own choice, when they reach the age of fifteen or sixteen years, follow the teaching of the Church of Rome or of any Protestant community they may prefer, In this manner Christianity, may be purged of the corruptions which, in the course of time, and amid the conflicts of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, have stained its purity, and perverted its spirit of love and charity.” On this the Church Herald remarked : “There can be no importance attached to anything that so perverse and vicious an old Whig as Lord Russell can say on religious teaching.”
17.-Speaking at Lenzie, near Glasgow, on tha subject of her Majesty's health, the state of which had lately caused considerable anxiety, Dr. Norman Macleod, lately returned from Balmoral, said he had never seen the remotest trace of any moral or mental weakness, but in every instance remarkable evidence of moral and mental strength and capacity. "Her Majesty has just passed through a severe attack of rheumatic gout, which so affected her hands that for a time she was utterly unable to sig! her name, and from a severe neuralgia from which she has entirely recovered, and I have never seen her better in spirits or better in health or stronger in mind than she is at the present moment. At the same time, I am far from saying that she has recovered her strength so as to be able to do more than she is doing ; for I make bold to say that none of us have the slightest conception of the unceasing demand that is made upon a person in her high position of attending to innumerable details and carrying burdens upon her mind without the possibility of one moment's rest. No one who knows the Queen but knows she would do all that it is possible for her to do, and no one who knows her but is amazed at her extraordinary considerateness for every one, how she occupies her thought upon every subject, and how she attends to such minute details of duty. I will take it upon me to say that the case of the poorest subject in her kingdom, if made known to her, would receive her immediate attention.”
- The Spanish Minister, Zorrilla, having been defeated in the Cortes, tenders his resignition, which the King refuses to accept, and suspends the sittings of the Cortes.
Died at Bournemouth, aged 77, Sir Joshua Walınsley, formerly M.P. for Bolton and Leicester.
20.–Mr. Chilborn, manager of the Arran Quay Brunch of the Royal Bank of Ireland, commits suicide by shooting himself in a cemetery, under distress of mind produced by
28.-Came on before the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, the appeal of the Church Association against the sentence delivered by Sir Robert Phillimore on the 23rd of July, 1870, acquitting the Rev. W. J. E. Bennett, Vicar of Frome, of the charge of erroneous doctrine on the subject of the Real Presence, the Eucharistic Sacrifice, and Adoration.
29.–The Queen proceeds to Sandringham on a visit to the Prince of Wales. An afternoon bulletin reported that his Royal Highness had passed a quiet day, the symptoms continuing without alteration. The Times mentions to-day that his illness dated from the recent visit to Lord Londesborough, and was likely to have arisen from poison generated by sewage. Others of the party had since been attacked by typhoid symptoms, one of them - Lord Chesterfield with unusual severity. The Prince's case was thought likely to run for twenty-four days.
30. — Explosion of a cartridge factory within the Fort of Agra, causing the death of Conductor Ware, his son, Sergeant Upton, and twenty-three native workmen.
untoward speculations in the Wicklow Copper Mine Company.
22.-Illness of the Prince of Wales, a telegram from Sandringham intimating that he had been prevented paying a visit to the Maharajah Dhuleep Singh, by a chill resulting in a febrile attack which confined him to his room. Next day it was announced that the symptoms were not severe, but indicated an attack of typhoid fever.
· Mr. Bates, a Conservative candidate, retirned for Plymouth by 1,753 votes against 1,511 given to Mr. Rooker, Liberal.
24.--7,000l. reported to have been collected in London in aid of the starving inhabitants of Bushire, Yezd, and other Persian towns. So terrible was this calamity that in some districts It was calculated one-third of the population had died from starvation, and two-thirds of the cattle and beasts of burden.
25.–Riotous proceedings at Dover, arising out of the election carried by the SolicitorGeneral, Mr. Jessel, against Mr. Barnett, a Conservative candidate.
Disorderly meeting at Bolton, called to hear Sir C. Dilke, M.P., criticise the functions and expense of Royalty. Similar disgraceful gatherings took place at Derby and Birmingham.
26.—The Count of Girgenti, brother of the ex-King of Naples, commits suicide by shooting himself in a room in the Hôtel du Cygne, Lucerne.
28.-Execution of Communist Generals. Rossel, Ferré, and Bourgeois were shot this morning at a quarter past seven, in front of the Artillery Butts at Satory, in the presence of 3,000 men belonging to the regular army. The intention having been kept perfectly secret, there were scarcely any other spectators present, All three behaved with great courage,
Rossel and Bourgeois had their eyes bandaged, but Ferré refused to be blindfolded. Rossel was killed instantly, but Ferré and Bourgeois received the coup de grâce after the volley. After the execution the troops defiled past the three corpses. The execution of Rossel, known to be a brave soldier, enthusiastic and intelligent in his profession, gave rise to much severe criticism against the Versailles Government.
Died, aged 67, Marshal Benedek, an Austrian General of experience in Italian campaigns, and commander of the forces at Sadowa.
Eight Spanish medical students, varying in age from 14 to 20 years, shot at Havanna, a few hours after a liurried and informal trial, for alleged desecration of San Lazaro cemetery.
About forty others, less prominently concerned in what appeared to be a juvenile freak, were sentenced to various terms Oi penal servitude.
December 1.—Died at Bretby Hall, Burton-on-Trent, aged 40, George Philip Stanhope, Earl of Chesterfield. He was one of the visitors at Scarborough in October, and had been suffering for some days from typhoid fever.
Mr. W. R. Grove, Q.C., gazetted to be a Judge in the Court of Common Pleas.
3.--Fire at Warwick Castle. The flames, first noticed in Lady Warwick's apartments, early in the morning, speedily extended over the whole east wing, between the grand entrance hall and the domestic offices adjoining Cæsar and Guy's Towers. This portion of the castle was completely gutted, and only the outer walls with charred and smouldering rubbish left. The fire then spread across the grand staircase, and reached the great hall, of which only the bare walls remained. At four o'clock the fire was burning so fiercely that it was feared the red drawing-room would also be destroyed. Preparations were therefore made for the worst by stripping this and the adjoining apartments of their rare treasures. The tapestry round the state bedroom, made in Brussels in 1694, was wrenched from the wall and carried to a place of security, together with the portraits of “Queen Anne,” by Kneller, the “ Earl of Essex,” by Zucchero, and other rare paintings. The pictures by Rembrandt, Holbein, Rubens, Vandyke, Titiens, Salvator Rosa, Sir Peter Lely, and Carracci's “ Dead Christ” were also taken down. The costly tables and treasures in the cabinets were carried to the remotest corner of the Castle, ready to be again nioved in case of necessity. Fortunately, the efforts of the firemen practically arrested the fire at the end of the great hall, though the red drawing-room was slightly damaged about the roof and by water. The
flames were not subdued until nearly ten o'clock in the morning. Most of the family were abroad.
3.-About 800 yards of the west pier of Leith destroyed by a fire originating in the upsetting of a vessel of boiling pitch, used for saturating the structure.
4.- United States Congress opened by President Grant with a Message congratulating the country on its increasing prosperity, the reduction of the debt by 17,000,0vol. in one year, and the approaching settlement of all differences with Great Britain.
“ This year,” said President Grant, “has witnessed two great nations, having one language and lineage, settling by peaceful arbitration disputes of long standing, which were liable at any time to bring nations to a bloody conflict. The example thus set, if successful in its final issue, will be followed by other civilized nations, and finally be the means of returning to pursuits of industry millions of men now maintained to settle disputes of nations by the sword.” Regarding Cuba, the President regretted that the disturbed condition of the island continued to be a source of annoyance and anxiety. «« The existence of a protracted struggle in such close proximity to our own territory, without any apparent prospect of an early termination, cannot be other than an object of concern to a people who, while abstaining from interference in the affairs of other Powers, naturally desire to see every country enjoying peace, liberty, and free insti. tutions. The American naval commanders in Cuban waters have been instructed, in case it should become necessary, to spare no effort to protect the lives and property of bonå fide American citizens, and to maintain the dignity of the flag. It is hoped that all pending questions with Spain, growing out of the state of affairs in Cuba, may be adjusted in the spirit of peace and conciliation which has hitherto guided the two Powers in their treatment of such questions."
· Judgment delivered in the Irish Court of Common Pleas in the case of “ Wallace v. Seymour,” known as the Hertford Estates case, and involving the ownership of property in the county of Antrim giving an income of about 50,000l. a year. The question turned on the effect of certain words in a codicil executed in June 1850 by the late Marquis of Hertford to his will, made in 1838. This codicil purported to give to the plaintiff absolutely “the residue of the real and personal estate” of the late Marquis in Ireland, while by the will under which the defendant claimed, the real estate in Ireland was given to trustees in the first instance, to make up any deficiency in the personal estate, and afterwards to the testator's brother for life, and thereafter to the defendant. The court held unanimously that the words in the codicil revoking the bequest of the real estate in the will were not sufficiently clear and explicit, and that the testator in inserting the
word “real” in the codicil either forgot the exact words of the residuary clause in the will or did not comprehend their meaning. Judge ment was accordingly given for the defendant,
6.-Conference at Birmingham called to consider how the House of Lords could he best reformed and brought into greater harmony with the wishes of the country. One resolution declared—“That in a free country, the ultimate decision upon all questions of government or of the policy of the State must rest with representatives elected by the majority of the people; and that some plan should be adopted in this nation to give constitutional effect to that decision." Another :-“ That no right to legislate on the affairs of the nation ought to be conferred in consequence of the profession of any theological opinions, or of connection with any ecclesiastical establishment, and there fore the legislative power of the Bishops of the English Church should be abolished.”
Disorderly republican meeting at Read. ing, resulting in the severe handling of Odger by a mob at the railway station,
Died, at Bank Hall, Burnley, Lanca. shire, aged 72, General Sir James Yorke Scarlett, commander of the British cavalry in the Crimea.
7.-M. Thiers delivers his first Presidential Message to the National Assembly. The policy of France, he said, must be henceforth a policy of dignified and enduring peace... “If, contrary to all probability, events should disturb that peace, the deed will not be that of France. France must become once more what she has a right to be in the interest of all States. France will be true to her solemnly pledged word. Moreover, the States which took part in the war are fatigued ; and those that had been witnesses have become seriously alarmed." The Message then entered into details of the relations between France and the other Powers of Europe :-“Our relations with Spain continue amicable. We likewise maintain a good understanding with Italy. The independence of the Holy See must be rigorously upheld. As regards Rome we offer no counsels, for we give no advice to anyone, and least of all to an aged man who enjoys all our respect and sympathy. With regard to Austria, we sincerely wish her prosperity. As regards Russia, the most cordial relations exist between that country and France. They are the result of an elevated and reciprocal appreciation of the interests of both countries.”
A jury in the Court of Queen's Bench decide that Sir Joshua Reynolds's fine portrait of Francis George Hare, known as “Infancy,' belonged to the defendant, who claimed under his uncle Julius Hare, and not to his sister.
Prince Bismarck addresses Count Arnim, the German Ambassador in Paris, concerning the acquittal of criminals in the French courts charged with the murder of German soldiers. He declares that in future, should the French
authorities refuse to give up assassins, the Germans will be compelled to seize French hostages, and in extreme cases even have recourse to more stringent measures, in order to enforce their demands. The Imperial Chancellor points out that recent events in Paris and Melun have proved the exasperation of the French to bi 30 great that in the still pending negotiations with France, not only must the fulfilment of the conditions of peace be secured, but the necessary strength of the German position within the occupied Departments must also be kept in view.
8.-Contrasting somewhat with the assurance put forward by M. Thiers, the Emperor of Russia, in proposing the health of the Emperor of Germany, at a banquet given by the military order of St. George, said, “We desire and hope that the intimate friendship which unites us and the brotherhood of arms will be perpetuated in future generations. In this friendship existing between our two armies, which dates from a memorable epoch, I see the best guarantee for the maintenance of peace and loyal order in Europe."
The hitherto favourable bulletins issued regarding the illness of the Prince of Wales were disagreeably varied to-day by the announcement made at 8 A.M., that his Royal Highness “has passed a very unquiet night. There is considerable increase in the febrile symptoms.” At i P.M. it was announced that "there is no abatement of the graver symptoms.” These, like the other bulletins with which the public were now getting familiar, were signed by the physicians in attendance, Drs. Jenner, Gull, and Lowe. The Queen left for Sandringham in the afternoon, along with other members of the Royal family.
9.-Chief Justice Bovill, as the head of the Court which “had been made use of,” expresses his concurrence with Sir Alexander Cockburn as to the impropriety of the Collier appointment.
10_-The Prince of Wales prayed for in most of the churches throughout the kingdom. A special form was prepared late last night by the Archbishop of Canterbury, and circulated as widely as the limited time permitted. Early in the morning the Princess of Wales caused a touching request to be conveyed to the Vicar of Sandringham. “My husband," she wrote, “ being, thank God, somewhat better, I am coming to church. I must leave, I fear, before the service is concluded, that I may watch by his bedside. Can you not say a few words in the early part of the service that I may join with you in prayer for my husband before I return to him ? The Princess attended service, reaching the churcả by the private path from Sandringham ground's. To meet the wishes of her Royal Highness, the Rev. Vicar, before reading the Collect, speaking in a voice trembling with emotion, which he vainly soug!t to suppress, said, “The prayers
of the congregation are earnestly sought for his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, who is now most seriously ill.” The bulletins, four of which were now being issued each day, still indicated great anxiety on the part of the medical attendants. At 5.30 this (Sunday) afternoon the report was that his Royal Highness “had passed an unquiet afternoon, with a return of the more urgent symptoms. Another, anxiously looked for, issued at 8.15 next morning, indicated still more the gravity of the situation. * Restless night, with a further recurrence of the graver symptoms.' Two hours before this the Royal Family were reported in an unofficial telegram to have been summoned to the bedside in anticipation of the worst results.
12.-Total eclipse of the sun, carefully observed by English astronomers in southern India and Ceylon.
13.-Public anxiety regarding the condition of the Prince of Wales may be said to have reached its climax to-day, the morning bulletin announcing that his Royal Highness had
' passed another very restless night. The conditions do not improve."
With the exception, perhaps, of certain periods of the Crimean War and Indian Mutiny, public feeling hari never been so deeply touched in the present generation; and the anxiety to obtain the latest news of the condition of the Royal sufferer was most intense among all classes of the community. Bulletins forwarded from Sandringham, and, in some cases, from the Home Office, were posted up in all places of resort ; newspapers were eagerly bought up, edition after edition, as they were hourly hrought out; and whenever two or three friends met, the condition of the Prince was not only the first bui the single topic of discussion. In every town crowds waited anxiously for the latest news, ard Government found it expedient to forward the medical bulletins to all the telegraph offices in the United Kingdom. Throughout India, in the colonies, and even in the United States, the daily progress of the disease was recorded and watched; while prayern were offered up by Hindoos, Parsees, Mussul. mans, and Jews. This afternoon's bulletin, issued at five o'clock, was thought to indicate matters as in an almost hopeless state. His Royal High ness, it was reported, “ has passed a very unquiet afternoon. There is no abatement in the gravity of the symptoms. A slight turn for the better came a few hours later. His Royal Highness has passed a less unquie: evening.' The Prince was said to have recog. nized the Queen this evening. Though still giving cause for much anxiety, the fever may be said to have weakened its hold of the system after this date. The bulletins, however, still continueci to be expressed with the greatest caution, though the physicians were known by all about them to be honourably willing to afford competent interpreters of technical fact such material for illustrating the
case as might enlighten the public mind, and thus relieve unnecessary anxiety.
13.--Intimation given of the probable retirement of Mr. Denison, Speaker of the House of Commons.
Tried at the Central Criminal Court, before Mr. Justice Grove, William Anthony, blacksmith, charged with five cases of wilful fire-raising for the sake of the reward of 2s. 6d. paid for giving first notice. Found guilty, and sentenced to twelve years' penal servitude.
14.-Anniversary of the death of the Prince Consort celebrated at Sandringham under circumstances of mournful anxiety to the Royal family,
Died at his residence, Churton Street, Belgrave Road, aged 70 years, George Hudson all-powerful in commercial circles, thirty years since, as the Railway King.
The Chancellor of the Excheqner informs the Treasury Board that her Majesty's Government had agreed to the following resolutions respecting the terms upon which the law officers of the Crown (except Sir John Duke Coleridge, in whose case no change is to be made) shall in future be remunerated for their services, that is to say :-“I. Except as aforesaid, the Attorney-General shall receive 7,000l. a year for non-contentious business, and the Solicitor-General 6,000l. a year. All fees payable for non-contentious business shall be paid into the Exchequer. 3. The law officers shall receive fees for contentious business, and for opinions connected with it, according to the ordinary professional scale. 4. All complimentary briefs and payments for services not intended to be given shall be abolished. 5. The salaries above mentioned shall be voted by the House of Commons."
16.-Dean Goulburn, Norwich, protests against the appointment of Bishop Temple as one of the Select Preachers of Oxford. “It seems to me,” he wrote to the Vice-Chancellor, “a miserable apostacy from the principles which once animated the University of Oxford, that she should deliberately commit the religious instruction of her youth (a sacred trust, if any trust can be sacred) to a prelate who labours under grave suspicions of heterodoxy, whose theology is at best hazy, and who will not purge himself from complicity with the attempts of avowed Rationalists to throw doubt upon
those things which are most surely be: lieved amongst us.
18.—The Prince of Wales reported to have passed: a quiet night, and making satisfactory progress. A boj named: Blegg, attached to the stables at Sandringham, and who had been stricken down with typhoid fever about the same time as the Prince, dies to-day, to the grief of members of the Royal Family, who, as was natural in the circumstances, had bestowainn hiin a large measure of attention.
18.-The Alabama Committee hold a formal meeting at Geneva for the ratification of
powers and exchange of papers.
- Forbes' oil manufactory at Port Dundas, Glasgow, destroyed by fire.
19.—The Queen leaves Sandringham for Windsor.
- The Duke d’Aumale and Prince Joinville take their seats in the National Assembly.
21.—The steamer Delaware, trading from Liverpool to Calcutta, wrecked in a gale off the Scilly Islands, and forty-eight of her crew drowned.
22.-Died, aged 81, the Earl of Ellenborough, President of the Board of Control in Sir Robert Peel's Ministry of 1841, and Governor-General of India 1842-44. The measures he sanctioned led to the rescue of the captives and close of the Affghan War.
23.–Field-Marshal Sir George Pollock, G.C.B., installed as Constable of the Tower. The ceremony was performed by torch-light, owing to the dense fog which prevailed.
New market for the slaughter of foreign cattle at Deptford opened in presence of the Lord Mayor and other officials of the Corporation.
In his rectorial address at Munich, Dr. Döllinger explained the natural influence which Germany and France had always exercised upon one another.
“France,” he said, “preserves even now, for the future, her importance as interpreter and carrier of scientific ideas. She owes her defeat chiefly to the absence of veracity in her literature, especially in the historical por. tion of it, which has prevailed for generations past. The 18th of July, 1870, brought to Germany a second war through the Roman declaration of war against German science. The decrees of the Vatican were launched only against German science, and had been prepared for twenty years by a systematic falsification of the theological text-books. Once before Rome carried on war against science. It was against the natural sciences, and she succumbed. Now she combats historical science.
- In opening the Reichsrath, the Emperor of Austria said the Crown, by permitting the different provinces to seek the remedy for their claims by such means as the Constitution offers to them, not only had in view the right of the whole empire, but also the real interests and protection of the separate kingdoms. “ The first task of the Government, which is composed of men belonging to the representation of the whole country, is to strengthen the constitutional and legal basis, and to ensure everywhere absolute obedience to the laws. The Government, on its part, will accede to the wishes of Galicia so far as they are confined to that province, and are compatible with the conditions of the unity and the power of the whole empirę. The complete independence