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27.-Illness of the Queen at Balmoral. Vari. ous recent rumours as to her Majesty's health received some confirmation from the annunce. ment in the Court Circular :-“The Queen has been suffering from severe sore throat, headache, and grave general illness. Although greatly better, her Majesty was not sufficiently recovered to attend Divine service.”
28.—The freedom of Glasgow presented to Lord Shaftesbury.
-Died, aged 78, Paul de Kock, French novelist.
29.-It is announced from Vienna that a
League of Peace" has been formed at Gastein, to be directed against any power seeking to disturb the peace of Europe. Not only Austria and Germany, but Italy also, and perhaps even Russia, were described as likely to join the League.
breaks up early next month during a severe easterly gale.
19.-Admiralty minute in the case of the Agincourt issued. “Their lordships are of opinion that the primary cause of the disaster was clearly the unsafe course steered by the squadron in obedience to signals from the flag. ship. It appears that Vice-Admiral Wellesley, on leaving Gibraltar, conducted the squadron under his command so close to the western shore of the bay that, with the weather fine and clear, and the wind light, the leading ship of the in-shore division struck on the Pearl Rock, and was in imminent danger of being wreckel. Their lordships cannot but feel that due care was not exercised by the Vice-Admiral in comunand to insure that a safe course should be steered by his squadron ; and they greatly regret that, with such large and valuable ships in his charge, he did not satisfy himself, by ex. amination of the course proposed, and by seeing them laid off on the chart, that the squadron would be taken a safe distance from a wellknown and dangerous shoal.” As the result of their deliberations, their lordships superseded Vice-Admiral Wellesley and Rear-Admiral Wilmot, and placed Staff-Commander Kiddle on half-pay.
20.–Celebration of the Beethoven centenary, commenced at Bonn, under the direction of Franz Liszt.
21.-An insane woman at Stow Bedon, named Hamer, wife of a labourer, murders one of her own children by cutting its throat, and also a deaf and dumb idiot, 18 years of age, the daughter of her husband by a former marriage.
- Parliament prorogued by Commission, the Royal Speech read on the occasion, making special reference to the Treaty of Washington, as embodying certain rules for the guidance of neutrals, “which may, I trust, ere long obtain general recognition, and form a valuable addition to the code of International Law.”
- Hurricane and earthquake at St. Thomas causing the loss of much property, and the injury or death of over 100 people.
23.-Festivities at Inverary in connection with the arrival of the young Marquis, and Princess Louise, at the castle.
The rejoicings extended over three days.
-Renforth, a famous Tyne oarsman, seized with fatal attack of apoplexy while rowing in the Anglo-Canadian boat-race at St. John's, New Brunswick. It was at first thought that some drug had been maliciously administered to the champion puller, but a postmortem examination made it clear that death resulted from causes which could be otherwise accounted for.
24.-West Surrey, vacant through the death of Mr. C. Buxton, carried by Mr. Watney, Conservative, against Mr. Leveson Gower, Liberal, the numbers being 3,912 to 2,749.
September 1.-Walter Montgomery, late manager of the Gaiety Theatre, and who had been married only two days since, committed suicide by discharging a pistol through his head in a bedroom adjoining an apartment occupied by his young wife. Deceased was interred in Brompton cemetery on the 5th, when Mrs. Montgomery dropped on the coffin the wreath of orange blossom she had woro so recently at the altar.
2.-The Court at Versailles pronounced judgment on the first group of Communist prisoners. Ferré and Lullier were condemned to death ; Urbain and Trinquet to imprisonment for life with hard labour; Assi, Billioray, Champy, Régère, Paschal Grousset, Verdure, and Ferrat to transportation to a fortress ; Jourde and Rastoul to simple transportation ; Courbet to six months' imprisonment and a fine of 5oof.; and Clément to three months' imprisonment. Descamps and Parent were acquitted. The Court afterwards engaged in the trial of forty women, charged with being concerned in firing Paris with petroleum.
3.-Another riot in Dublin, a disorderly mob returning from an amnesty meeting attacking the police, and injuring about a score of them severely.
- Accident on the French Northern Railway at Seclin, near Lille, a Paris express running into an ordinary train from Douai. Ten passengers were killed.
-The Bishop of Winchester, presently the guest of Mr. Ellice, M.P., Invergarry, preached in the parish church, Glengarry, observing the usual Presbyterian form. The Archbishop of
York officiated in the same place the following 10.-Died, aged 77 years, Richard Bentley, Sunday.
publisher, founder, in conjunction with Charles
Dickers, of the periodical known as “Bentley's 6.-Explosion in the Moss Colliery, Wigan, Miscellany." causing the death of sixty-nine men and boys
11.-Foundation-stone of a new Seaman's eniployed in what was known as the nine-feet seam. As soon as the surface damage could be Orphan Institution laid at Newsham Park, repaired, a band of explorers descended one of
Liverpool. the shafts and found that the men working in 13.-Opening of the Mont Cenis Tunnel, another part of the mine were safe. They were the first train, with the engineer, Grattoni, drawn up, along with some who were nearest and some friends, passing through to the the shaft in the part where the explosion had northern outlet in 40 minutes. The maximum occurred. Another explosion took place while temperature inside the carriages was 25 deg. the explorers were below; and although they centigrade. Two hours later the train returned came up uninjured the sides of the pit were to the Italian side, the journey occupying 55 reported to be on fire. It then became necessary minutes. The tunnel was then found entirely to close the shaft, so that all hope was given up clear of the steam discharged during the preof saving any other of the large body of work vious journey. The formal opening of the tunne! men known to be in the pit.
took place on the 18th, when a banquet was
held to celebrate this great achievement of Meeting at Salzburg between the Em
engineering skill, and a statue of Poleocapa, perors of Germany and Austria, to complete,
Minister of Public Works for Sardinia, was it was given out, certain details of the League unveiled by the King at Turin. of Peace.
The Doncaster St. Leger won by 7.-Died unexpectedly, of puerperal fever, in Baron Rothschild's Hannah, which had before her 22nd year, Sybil Grey, Duchess of St. carried off the One Thousand Guineas and Albans.
Oaks. To make the Baron's triumph unpre.
cedented in turf annals, he had also carried off Brighton poisoning case, the magistrates the Derby with Favonius. to-day committing Miss Christina Edmunds for trial on the charge of attempting to poison a
– The King of Spain enters Barcelona in lady named Boyes by sending her a cake with
the course of a tour through the eastern portion
of his dominions. arsenic in it. A charge of murder in reference to the sudden death, with symptoms of strych 14.-Continued anxiety being still maninia poisoning, of the little boy Sidney Albert fested regarding the health of the Queen, the Barker was next gone into. The theory of the British Medical Journal announces that her prosecution in this case was, that the prisoner Majesty has passed through a trying and severe had conceived a guilty passion for Dr. Beard, illness, from which she is now happily rewith whose family she was on visiting terms; covering that she had attempted to poison his wife with
16. -First mimic battle of the campaign a chocolate cream; and that then, Dr. Beard
undertaken by three divisions of regular troops, suspecting her, she had procured a number of
militia, and volunteers, in the district round such sweetmeats, put strychnia upon them, Aldershott fixed in the “Military Manoeuvres and returned them to the shop of Mr. Maynard, Act” of last Session. The first division, coma confectioner from whom they were pro prising the Guards, under the command of cured, in order that other persons might Lieutenant-General Sir Hope Grant, reprebe made ill, or even killed, and suspicion diverted from her in respect of the attempt
senting the British army in defence of the road
to London, was engaged at the same time to poison Mrs. Beard. After the inquest on
in repelling the attacks of the second division, the boy his father received three anonymous letters to the effect that there was a general
under Major-General Carey, and of the third
division, under Major-General Sir Charles feeling of indignation in the town at the pro
Staveley. ceedings at the inquest, blaming Mr. Maynard strongly for having sold the chocolate creams 18.-Explaining his position as mediator after having been warned, urging Mr. Barker
in the strike still pending among the engineers, to take further proceedings; and stating that
the Mayor of Newcastle writes :“I was asked if he did not prosecute Mr. Maynard other
by Sir William Armstrong whether I was parties would, and that, having made three
authorized by the representatives of the men to persons ill, he ought to be prosecuted. An
make such a proposition. I replied that, for expert who had examined the letters believed obvious reasons, I was not, but that, neverthethem to have been written by the same hand as
less, I believed that if I, as a neutral party, others known to have come from the prisoner.
proposed it equally to both parties, they would On being committed on this capital charge she
accede to it. Some further conversation enexhibited no signs of emotion or regret.
sued, on which I retired. I believe that the
unwillingness of the masters to agree to this 8.–The appointment of the Rev. R. W. proposition arose from the hard and fast line Church to the Deanery of St. Paul's gazetted. adopted by the men as to the nine hours, and
from their great haste in commencing the struggle, as evinced by their indisposition to lengthen their notices—a great mistake, in my view, on their part. But I was then and am still of opinion that, even with both parties equally resolute in their own views, a conference of explanation, undertaken at the request, through myself, of influential inhabitants of the town, might have ended in some modification on one or both sides, and have so brought this conflict, sad in every respect, to an end, and it was with this view I proposed it.” Mr. Burnett also wrote on the part of the men, blaming the employers for continuing the strike.
18.-Died, aged 69, G. A. Hamilton, for many years Permanent Secretary of the Treasury, and latterly a member of the Irish Church Temporalities Commission.
19.-Died, aged 73, Rev. Richard William Jelf, D.D., Canon of Christ Church, and formerly Principal of King's College, London.
20.–Chief Justice Norman stabbed at Calcutta by a fanatical Wahabee named Abdoola, a native of Upper Bengal. The assassination took place as Mr. Norman was entering the Calcutta High Court, when his assailant suddenly rushed upon him in the vestibule and inflicted a deep wound in the abdomen with a dagger. As there was no one at hand except a native solicitor and a court servant, Mr. Norman ran back, but was fol. lowed by the assassin brandishing his dagger, and again stabbed in the back close to the spine. After this, Mr. Norman kept off his assailant for a few seconds by picking up stones and throwing them at him, till a punkawalla connected with the court, attracted by the cries, ran up to the Mussulman and knocked him down with a piece of wood. The assassin struggled violently, but was soon disarmed and prevented from doing further injury. The stabs he had already inflicted, however, caused mortal wounds, and Mr. Norman only lingered all shortly after one o'clock next morning. The murderer, who at first pretended insanity, was quickly tried and executed, and his body burnt.
Mr. Butt, a Home Rale candidate, returned for Limerick unopposed.
Dr. Patteson, Bishop of Melanesia, murdered by natives of Santa Cruz, in revenge it was thought for gross outrages recently committed by Europeans engaged in the slave “ labour"
trade. Mr. Brooke, with another clergyman, the Rev. J. Atkin, an alumnus of St. John's College, Auckland, and one or two native Christians, had been left for a few months, in pursuance of the regular plan of the Mission, at Florida, a small member of the Solomon Islands group, some distance to the north-west of Santa Cruz. At the end of August, the Bishop called for them in the Southern Cross, and took them aboard. After visiting several islands on the way, they made foi Santa Cruz, and on the 20th of September,
reached, not the large island which gives its name to the group, but one of its small out. liers, Nupaka, at which the Mission schooner had been accustomed to call first, in order to procure an interpreter for Santa Cruz itself, where the language had not yet been mastered. On this occasion no boats put off to meet them. This was an unusual circumstance, which in itself gave an indication of danger. But four canoes hovered near the rees, and the Bishop, taking with him Mr. Atkin and three natives, put off in a boat to join them. The boat could not cross the rees, and the Bishop, leaving the rest of the crew in charge, went ashore in a canoe belonging to two chiefs whom he knew, Taula and Motu. The boat remained near the reef at about ten yards distance from the canoes. Suddenly, without any warning, a volley of eight arrows was poured from them into the boat's crew. Every shot at that short distance took effect. Mr. Atkin was shot in the left shoulder, one of his companions in the right, and Stephen Taroaniara was trussed with six arrows in his shoulders and chest. The boat immediately pulled off to the ship. The wounded crew were replaced by a fresh one, with the exception of Mr. Atkin, who, in spite of his wound, was obliged to act as pilot; and they started again, with sad presentiments, to ascertain what was become of the Bishop, who had been left ashore. The tide had risen and the boat pulled over the reef. What followed may be told in Mr. Brooke's own words:-"No canoes approached-but a tenantless one, with something like a bundle heaped up in the middle, was floating alone in the lagoon. The boat pulled up to this, and took the heap or bundle out of it and brought it away, a yell of triumph rising from the beach.
As they pulled alongside, they murmured but one word – • The body.'
That was indeed their melan. choly freight; but it had been strangely and carefully prepared for them. It was no murder or deed of blind vengeance executed in the sudden fury of the moment. It wore the aspect of a deliberate judicial act, and suggested the idea of a sacrificial victim sent forth as a ghastly herald to announce its solemn completion to the foe. There lay the body, not mutilated or insulted, but wrapped carefully in native matting, and tied at the neck and ancles. Into the breast was thrust a palm frond on which were tied five thick knots! When the covering was removed, the manner of his death became apparent. He had probably been first shot by a volley of arrows, and then despatched by the blow of a tomahawk. The right side of the skull was found to be completely shattered, the top of the head was cloven by some sharp weapon, and there were numerous arrow-wounds about the body. Yet amidst all this havoc and ruin, says the narrator of the sad spectacle, “the sweet face still smiled, the eyes closed, as if the patient martyr had had time to breathe a prayer for these his murderers. There was no sign of
agony or terror.
Peace reigned supreme in that sweet smile, which will live in our remembrance as the last silent blessing of our revered Bishop and our beloved friend.” So fell at his post the first Bishop of Melanesia, happier in one respect by his immediate death than his !wo companions in martyrdom. Atkin died of his wounds on the 27th, and Stephen on the 28th. Bishop Patteson, the eldest son of the
ate Mr. Justice Patteson, was born on the ist of April, 1827, went out to New Zealand with Bishop Selwyn in 1854, and was consecrated Bishop of Melanesia by Bishops Selwyn, Abraliam, and Hobhouse in St. Paul's Church, Auckland, on St. Matthias's Day, 1861.
21.-M. Rochefort sentenced by the Versailles tribunal to imprisonment for life in a fortified place.
The Chief Justice of Utah territory instructs the grand jury, that bigamy there was a crime as elsewhere in the United States, and ordered his officers of Court, if they knew :)f anyone practising polygamy, to bring indictinents against them as criminals.
Inquiry commenced into the charges brought against the management of Hampstead Small Pox Hospital.
Murder and suicide in a railway carriage on the Manchester and Liverpool line, a man named Wanlen first shooting his wife, from whom he had been separated lately, and then himself.
22.—Placing the case of the Newcastle inasters before the country in the Times, to-day, Sir William Armstrong points out the loss which would come to the employer by the shortened working of his plant. As a mere arithmetical question, a reduction from 59 to 54 hours a week represents a money gain to the workman of about 84 per cent on the price of his labour. To the employer the direct loss is of course the same ; but the indirect loss must be matter of estimate, varying in each particular instance. In my own case, I should certainly regard it as equal to the direct loss on wages, and I believe that engineers in general would concur in the sub. stantial accuracy of this estimate. Upon this view the reduction of time claimed by our men would be attended with a gain to them of 8 per cent. on the amount of their wages, and of a loss to us equal to 17 per cent. on the same amount, To suppose that the average profits of the trade have of late years been such as to admit of a deduction to that extent is absurd."
Opening of the Old Catholic Congress at Munich, presided over by Herr Wolf. A report read declared that they recognized the Roman Primate only so far as the same is recognized in accordance with the writings of the Fathers of the Church and the decisions of Councils. A hope was expressed that the reunion of the Catholic Church with the Greek and Eastern Russian Churches may be accom
plished, as well as that a gradual understanding with Protestantism and the Episcopal English and American Church may be arrived
Dr. Döllinger delivered an tistorical dissertation on the Church of Utrecht.
22.—The Hampshire military manoeuvres brought to a close with an inspection by the Commander-in-Chief at Aldershott. The force on the ground comprised a grand total of 30,233 men, 5, 701 horses, and go guns.
- Died, aged 52, Irwin Lewis Willis, the Argus" of the Post's sporting columns.
Transatlantic Company's ship Lafayette burnt at Havre,
24.—Died, aged 85, Louis I. Papineau, a leader in the Canadian revolt of 1837.
Died, aged 66, Samuel Solly, F.R.S., surgeon.
26.—Acknowledging the compliment of the freedom of the city of Aberdeen conferred upon him to-day, Mr. Gladstone said, if the doctrine of Home Rule were to be established in Ireland, they would be just as well entitled to it in Scotland; “and, moreover, I protest on behalf of Wales, in which I have lived a good deal, and where there are 800,000 people, who to this day, such is their sentiment of nationality, speak hardly anything but their own Celtic tongue—a larger number than speak the Celtic tongue, I apprehend, in Scotland, and a larger number than speak it, I apprehend, in Irelan: -I protest on behalf of Wales that they are entitled to Home Rule there. Can any sensible man, can any rational man suppose that at this time of day, in this condition of the world, we are going to disintegrate the great capital institutions of this country for the purpose of making ourselves ridiculous in the sight of all mankind, and crippling any power we possess for bestowing benefits through legislation on the country to which we belong?" The Prime Minister admitted one grievance" a grievance with regard to university education, which is not so entirely free in Ireland as it has now been made in England ; but that is an exceptional subject, and it is a subject on which I am bound to say Ireland has made no united demand upon England; still, I regard it as a subject that calls for legislation ; but there is no demand which Ireland has made and which England has refused, and I shall be very glad to see such a demand put into a practical shape in which we may make it the subject of candid and rational discussion."
- Mr. Disraeli presides at the annual dinner of the Hughenden Horticultural Society. In proposing the health of the Queen, the right hon. gentleman spoke of the state of her Majesty's health, which, he said, had for several years been the subject of anxiety tu those about her ; but it was only this year that the country generally had become acquainted with the gravity of her condition. He believed there was some improvement
in her Majesty's health, but he feared that a the Privy Council, opens 'regular services in long time must elapse before her Majesty St. George's Hall, Langham Place. would be able to resume the performance of
2.—The Spanish Cortes abandon the pro. *hose public and active duties which it was
posed liquor tax, but impose a duty of uI per since her pride and pleasure to fulfil, because
cent. on travellers and merchandize conveyed they brought her in constant and immediate
by railways. Another duty was imposed on contact with her people. “The fact is,” he
shares and bonds. added, “we cannot conceal from ourselves that her Majesty is physically and morally incapa
Mechanics' Institute at Bradford, erected citated from performing those duties; but it is
at a cost of 32,500l., opened by Mr. Forster, some consolation to her Majesty's advisers to M.P., with an address, in which he reviewed know that with regard to those much higher
the recent action of Parliament on the subject duties which her Majesty is called upon to
of education. perform, she still performs them with a punctu Insurrectionary movements in the city ality and a precision which have certainly of Mexico. The bulk of the garrison proved never been surpassed, and rarely equalled by true to their allegiance, and shot, it was said, any monarch of these realms.
150 of the insurgents. 27.-Writing from Balmoral to Mr. Died at Dublin, aged 79, Sir Thomas Whalley, the Prime Minister replies to a Deane, architect, formerly President of the question which the member for Peterborough Royal Hibernian Academy. had put, on the part, he said, of his consti
4.–Triple explosion in the premises of an tuents:—"I quite agree with those of your oil and colourman in Manor Street, King's constituents, on whose behalf you address
Road, Chelsea. me, in thinking that the question “Whether the Prime Minister of this country is a mem
Died, aged 77, John Scott, of Malton, ber of the Church of Rome,' and being such
the trainer of sixteen St. Leger and four not only declines to avow it, but gives through Derby winners. a long life all the external signs of belonging Mayor Hall, of New York, attends the to a different communion, is a question of Nashville Police-court to offer bail for his great political importance,' and this not only appearance to answer the charges of appro' in the present,' but in any possible condition priating and misusing the public funds of the of the Liberal,' or any other party. For it city. involves the question whether he is the basest
6.–Newcastle strike closed after lasting creature in the kingdom, which he has a share
nineteen weeks. The conditions of agreement in ruling ; and instant ejectment from his office
conceded fisty-four hours per week, the men would be the smallest of the punishments he
to work overtime when and to what extent would deserve. If I have said this much
might be required by the employers. Wages, upon the present subject, it has been out of personal respect to you. For I am entirely
both as to ordinary wages and as to overtime,
to remain the same in the different factories as convinced that, while the question you have
existed prior to the strike; and to be paid put to me is in truth an insulting one, you
weekly at 12.15 P.M. on Saturday. The agreehave put it only from having failed to notice
ment to be for twelve months, with permission its true character ; since I have observed,
to either party to terminate it at the end of six during an experience of many years, that even
months, by giving one month's previous notice. when you undertake the most startling duties,
The men to go to work on the arrangement you perform them in the gentlest and most
now existing in the shops (fifty-seven hours), considerate manner.
and the new terms (fifty-four) to take date from Emancipation Bill passed in the Brazilian January 1, 1872. Senate by 33 to 4 votes.
7.—Died, aged 89, Field Marshal Sir John 30.-Exhibition at South Kensington closed, Burgoyne, a Peninsular veteran, and command. having been visited during the season by ing engineer at the siege of New Orleans. 1,142,154 persons.
8.-Murder of Mrs. Watson, Stockwell
Crescent, by her husband, the Rev. J. Selby October 1.--The King of Spain returns to
Watson, for twenty-five years head-master of Madrid after a tour of thirty days in the
Stockwell Grammar School, and well known provinces, where he met with an enthusiastic in the literary world as the biographer of reception.
Warburton and Porson. This (Sunday) even
ing the servant left the house, and did not - Brigham Young arrested by the United
eturn to it until nearly ten o'clock. When States authorities, on a charge of lewdly
she returned, Mr. Watson told her that her cohabiting with sixteen young women. Troops mistress had left for the country, and would be were also despatched at this time to Salt Lake
absent five or six days. On Monday morning, City.
Mr. Watson called at the shop of Mr. Turner, Rev. C. Voysey, deprived of the vicar a packing-case maker, carrying on business at age of Healaugh by the Judicial Committee of No. 219, Clapham Roa:l, and requested to