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30.—“Paris,” writes the Times, “the Paris davit. Do you mean to tell the jury that you of civilization, is no more. It pitted itself did not know which of those events had not against France, and rather than be beaten has happened ? – It must have been my return destroyed itself. We may look for it, but we before Miss Doughty's marriage. Is that what shall find its place alone. They who have found you swear?-I may have nieant my death, themselves scores of times at Paris, just for a which has not happened. (Laughter.) What week's change, or on their way to and fro was the event which you hoped had not hapbetween this and mountain or classic lands, pened ?-If I am called upon to state by the have lost the fairest vision of their lives. They Solicitor-General, it must be
his own can no longer interpret and unfold its glories to head. I have written the object of the sealed younger minds.
All they have to make up packet in a paper which I have handed down. for it, is the sorry boast that they have seen What was the event which you hoped had not what the eye of man will never see again, for happened ?—Will you look at that document? twenty Haussmanns would only make a new I ask you what was the event which you hoped l'aris-Paris revived, but not real or the had not happened? The witness said the ques. same."
tion ought not to be put to him, and that it was
not for his own sake that he objected to answer; June 1.—The morning papers publish a
but upon the question being again repeated he letter from Prince Napoleon to Jules Favre,
answered, “The confinement of Miss Doughty.' charging the Republican Minister and his col
Do you mean to swear before the Judge and
jury that you had seduced Katherine Doughty? leagues with the responsibility of almost all the evils from which France is suffering, and point,
-I most solemnly to my God swear that I had.
[This answer caused great sensation in court.] ing out how much better things were managed under the Empire. “The Empire,” the Prince cliffe, who sat behind the learned counsel)?-
Your cousin—this lady (pointing to Mrs. Radobserved, “had committed great faults; our
Yes. The Solicitor-General-Let it be distinctly defeats were great, but our disasters date from
understood that Mrs. Radcliffe is here by her you. Let each bear his part. Without doubt
own wish. After some hours' cross-examiit was a grievous error to count too much upon the forces of France, and to commit in 1870
nation, the Claimant said he was exhausted, and the fault which Prussia committed in 1806 :
the Court adjourned. The Times, in reporting
the case, wrote—“Nothing but a literal report of to look too much to our victories under the
every question and every answer given, every great Republic and the First Empire ; to think
letter put in, including the contents of the retoo little of the powerful enemy we had to
turns (the one to Victoria, New South Wales, combat ; to contemplate the Crimea in 1854
and Tasmania alone occupied 232 large, closely and Italy in 1859, instead of calmly looking in the face the German forces in 1870, headed by
printed pages) to the Commissioners sent out, remarkable men . . . For a new society a new
and the documents commented on, would give
anything like a fair notion of this extraordinary symbol is required. It requires—and modern
trial. We might, if we adopted this course, fill right wills it—the abdication of all before the
at least one sheet of the Times every day, and will of the people freely and directly expressed. Besides this, once more I repeat, there is no
even then it is impossible to convey to our
readers a faint idea of the manner of the wit. thing but chaos. Faith in monarchy cannot be
ness, the withering sarcasm of the Solicitor. imposed. The only base upon which a Govern
General, the tone of his voice, the sensation in ment in France can affirm its principle, the only
court, and the general effect of the proceedings." source from which it can draw legitimacy and
During the proceedings of Tuesday the 6th, force, is by an appeal to the people, which we
the Lord Chief Justice, not being able to catch claim, and on which France ought to insist.”
a word, asked the witness to repeat it, which 5.- In the Tichborne trial to-day the cross he seemed unable to do, and finally said, examination of the Solicitor-General pressed have been awfully sharp upon me, my lord. hird
upon the Claimant as to his intimacy You are determined I shall not have justice. with Miss Kate Doughty. He answered with The other side has not wanted a counsel at great apparent reluctance, and professed for all.” The Lord Chief Justice—“I must regetfulness. The Solicitor-General persisted, quest you to be more respectful.” The Claimant and directed his questions to the subject of the pleaded illness this afternoon, and the case was realed packet left by Roger Tichborne in the adjourned over a day. Next day the crosshands of Vincent Gosford before he left Eng. examination was met by a general disavowal of land:—The Solicitor-General-In your affidavit being able to remember details. made on the 14th of February, 1868, you say you gave Gosford “special instructions to hold, 6.—Died suddenly at his seat, Ogleworth and not to open the same, except on two events, Park, Gloucestershire, Sir John Rolt, Q.C., one of which I know has not happened, and Attorney-General in Earl Derby's third Govern. the other I hope has not happened.” What ment. was the event you knew had not happened ?My returning before Miss Doughty's marriage. - Died, aged 87, the Hon. Frederick Byng, Do you swear that ?-I can't swear. I don't a popular member of fashionable society froin know what I alluded to when I swore the affi. the days of the Regency.
6.-The slave vessel Don Juan takes fire sixty miles south of Hong-Kong, when the captain and crew leave the ship with 500 coolies to be suffocated and consumed in the hold, where they were battened down.
The University of Oxford confer the degree of D.C.L. on Professor Döllinger of Munich. The proposal, advocated by Professor Liddon, was opposed by Mr. Rogers, of Magdalen Hall, and the Principal of St. Mary's Hall, who thought the present time inopportune. Professor Bernard received a similar honour on the 15th.
7.-In Committee on the Burials Bill, a proposal that the service, when not according to a published ritual, should consist of nothing but prayers and passages of Scripture, rejected by 146 to 144 votes.
- Funeral of the Archbishop of Paris, and the other murdered hostages.
8.--The National Assembly declares the proscriptive laws abolished, and that the Orleans Princes had been duly elected. On the other hand, the Princes were understood to have pledged themselves to resign their seats and refrain from taking part in politics at present. In the debate on the occasion, M. Thiers professed great friendship for the family of Drleans, but declared that his friendship for his country was superior to all others-a declaration which was loudly cheered by the Assembly ; and he added: “We have won a material victory; we shall gain a moral triumph by our prudence.
12.-In moving an address to the Crown on the subject of the Alabama claims, Earl Russell defended the course he had pursued as Foreign Secretary, and censured the Commissioners for giving a retrospective effect in the recent treaty to certain rules of international law. The action of the Government was defended by Lord Granville, Lord de Grey, and the Duke of Argyll, and the motion negatived without a division.
- In the Commons Mr. Cardwell announces an intention on the part of Government to abandon part of the Army Regulation Bill, and persevere only with those clauses referring to the abolition of purchase, a course described by Mr. Disraeli as a breach of faith with the House, seeing that large sums had already been voted for purposes of the bill. After a brief debate the House went, for the ninth time, into Committee, and Clause 3 was agreed to.
Examined by the Solicitor-General as to the details of school life at Stonyhurst, the following questions were put to the Claimant. -Did you learn the Hebrew alphabet ?-I do not recollect. You learned Greek ?-Some portion of it. Did you go as far as the Greek alphabet ?—I don't remember. Did you ever read a verse of the Bible in Greek ?-Probably a part of it. Does any single Greek word linger in your memory?-Not a word. I
don't think I ever thought of it. Did you get as far as the article ? Could not you give me
” in Greek ?-No; I have lost it entirely. Did you get better on in Latin ?-I believe I got further in Latin. Did you learn the Latin alphabet ?-Of course I did. Could you read Latin ?-Yes. Could you read a line now? No; I could not. Did you do any Virgil, any Cæsar?—I don't recollect. Do you know whether Cæsar is written in prose or verse ?I don't recollect. (A laugh.) Is Cæsar Latin or Greek ?-) should think it was Greek. (Laughter.) What is Virgil-a general or a statesman, or what ?-I have no recollection. Was he a Greek or a Latin writer ?—I don't recollect. Did he write verse or prose ?—I don't recollect. Did you ever see it before (handing a Delphin edition of Virgil to the witness)?—I don't want to look at it at all. (A laugh.) Is it Greek or Latin 2-It looks to me like Greek. (Laughter.) You learned mathematics, you say ?-Yes. Is it the same thing as chemistry ?—My memory does not serve me. Chemistry is a science by itself. Then what is mathematics ?- I have no recollection. What book have you ever read in mathematics?- My memory does not serve me. What is it written in Greek, or Latin, or what?-I don't recollect. Did you ever read Euclid ? Has that anything to do with mathematics 2-1 don't recollect. I think not. (A laugh.) Has algebra anything to do with mathematics ?-I have no recollection. Have you read Euclid ? -I believe I did, but don't recollect. Did you ever hear of the Asses' Bridge?—I don't recollect. Did you ever try to get over it ? (Laughter.)—I don't recollect. Did you ever try to cross the Asses' Bridge?-I have no recollection of it. Did anybody try his best to help you over the Asses' Bridge? Did you make gallant efforts, as many of us have done, to get over it ?-i have no recollection. Do you remember whereabouts it is—how far from Stonyhurst? (Laughter.)—It is only insulting
Do you know it better by its Latin name, "pons asinorum"?—No. Have you forgotten that A. M. D. G. stands at the head of every exercise, and is printed at the head of every book, at Stonyhurst ?- Will you vouch that as a fact? Is it so?—I don't recollect. Does A.M.D.G. mean “Ad majorem Dei gloriam ?” -I have no doubt it does. What does it mean in English ?--There is God and glory—the last two words. What does L. D. S. mean? -I don't know. Do they mean Laus Deo semper ?—(No answer.) Is that Latin or French ?-(No answer.) What is the meaning of the words ?-It would be “laws of God for ever.
(Great laughter.) The Judge-It is difficult to restrain so large an assembly, but I hope people will not laugh or make any sign to interrupt the proceedings.
12.-Questioned by Sir Roundell Palmei regarding the second rule in the sixth article of the Treaty of Washington, defining the duty of neutrals towards belligerents, Mr. Gladstone
said the new rule would prevent the fitting out or arming in British ports of vessels intended to act against belligerent powers with which this country was at peace, but it would not interfere with the exportation of arms and munitions of war in the ordinary course of commerce.
13.-The House of Lords, by a majority of 129 to 89 votes, agree not to insist on the Salisbury or new Test Clause introduced into the University Bill, and which had been rejected by the Commons.
14.--The German Catholics circulate an appeal, signed by Döllinger, Huber, Reinkens and others, declaring :-“1. We persist in the rejection of the Vaticanian infallibility and dogmas, which concede to the Pope personal infallibility and absolute power in the Church notwithstanding the opposition of the bishops. 2. We persist in the firmly-grounded convictions that the Vaticanian decrees constitute a serious danger for the State and society, and are irreconcilable with the laws and institutions of existing States, and that their acceptance would involve us in an insoluble contradiction with our political duties and oaths. German bishops show by their differing and contradictory interpretations of the Vaticanian dogmas that they know full well their novelty and are ashamed of them. We deplore such a use of the episcopal office."
Fourteen people drowned at Avoch, on the Moray Firth, by the upsetting of a fishing-boat.
15.–Celebration of the Tercentenary of the foundation of Harrow School, a former master, Dr. Vaughan, proposing at luncheon the toast of " Prosperity to the institution.”
The Paris Internationalists issue manifesto to working-men, declaring that their society alone could lead them to emancipation, and drag into daylight capital and priestcraft. “ At the present moment the International Society is denounced as grandly criminal; all those who capitulated, all the incapable persons of the capital, lay at its door the misfortunes of France and the fires of Paris. On the Jules Favres, on the Trochus, and on the rest, we hurl back the misfortunes of France. We accept the responsibility of the conflagration of Paris. The old social system must perish, and it shall perish. A gigantic effort has already shaken it to its foundations. A final effort must uproot it entirely."
16.–The German troops engaged in the late war enter Berlin in triumph. All business was suspended, and as many as 200,000 strangers were reported to have arrived in the city. The body of troops which entered numbered about 42,000, consisting of the Prussian Royal Guards, and picked deputations from all the regiments of the German Federal and Allied armies, infantry, cavalry, and artillery, which took three hours and a
half to march past. They were led by Marshal von Wrangel, whose great age forbade him to take part in the late French war. He was accompanied by other generals of the army superannuated from active service. Then
the Staff-officers of the commanders engaged in the late war ; General Blumenthal, Chief of the Staff to the Crown Prince, being the most distinguished. After these, and the general officers who had served, like Falkenstein, as civil governors in the conquered territories, rode the commanders of different army corps, and the illustrious men who commanded whole armies,--the Duke of Mecklen. burg-Schwerin, the Crown Prince of Saxony, and Field-Marshal Steinmetz; Generals Man. teuffel, Werder, Von der Tann, and Goeben, who liad also commanded armies, were among the party of general officers preceding. The arrival of Bismarck, Moltke, and Roon, fol. lowed by the Emperor, was greeted with enthusiastic cheering. His Majesty appeared in his field uniform and on his war-horse, a dark bay. Behind him rode the Field Marshals of the royal house -- the Crown Prince Frederick William of Prussia and of Germany, on a chestnut horse, and Prince Frederick Charles, on a bright bay charger. Following these, the central figures of the pageant, cam a bevy of princes, guests of the Emperor, with their personal staff, glittering in varie! uniforms and making a gallant show. Behind these came the under officers, of various German nationalities, bearing the spoils of war, the eagles and the colours. The unve:ling of a statue of Frederick William III. formed a portion of the ceremonial.
17.-Giant and giantess (Captain Buren and Anna Swann) married at St. Martin's-inthe-Fields.
H.M.S. Megæra, after being in a leaky condition for nine days, is run ashore on St. Paul's Island. She was an iron screw troopship, carrying six guns, of 1,395 tons, and 350 horse-power. When she sailed a series of questions respecting her were put in the House of Commons, and from the official answers it appeared that the Megara was employed to take out to Sydney 33 officers and 350 men. Complaint had been made that the ship was overcrowded, and that she was unseaworthy, and it was said that her crew had twice protested against going to sea in her. On behalf of the Admiralty those allegations were denied, and occasions were cited in which the Megara had taken to the Cape more than 500 souls, and to Cape Coast Castle 450, besides her crew, while she had frequently carried 400 tons of cargo. Official despatches stated that the leak was reported on the 8th; on the 14th it became more serious, and gained on the pumps. “Steam was then used, and by the aid of the main steam pumps the water was kept in check. It was determined to steer for St. Paul's Island in order to examine the ship, where she arrived and anchored on Saturday, June 17th. A
survey was then held, and a diver sent down to examine the leak. A hole was discovered worn through the centre of a plate, about 12 ft. abast the mainmast and about 8 ft. from the keel, port side, besides other serious injuries in the immediate vicinity of the leak.” The pumps were frequently choked with loose pieces of iron scaling off the bottom of the ship. Under these circumstances the chief engineer advised that it would be most unsafe to proceed on the yoyage to Australia, the nearest port of which lay 1,800 miles distant. The vessel was run ashore on the 17th, but not abandoned till the 19th. The men who first landed, with their bags and hammocks, were sheltered by tents made from the ship's sails, but some sheds or huts already existing were used for store-houses, and barracks were afterwards put up. Rice was got on the island, and a little rain-water, but to avoid all risk of famine, the troops and crew were at once put on short allowance. They were first discovered by a vessel passing to Batavia, which took off an officer with mails and despatches. The whole were afterwards relieved by the steamship Malacca, and landed at Melbourne September 28th. Captain Thrupp returned to England, and at once reported himself at the Admiralty.
18.-Died at his residence, Savile Row, aged 77 years, George Grote, the philosophical historian of ancient Greece, Trustee of the British Museum, and Vice-Chancellor of the University of London. He was interred in Westminster Abbey on the 24th.
19.–The Commons negative after a debate the clause proposed by Mr. Torrens to be introduced into the Army Regulation Bill, providing that no soldier of the line be called upon to serve out of the United Kingdom until he shall have attained the age of twenty years.
Died from small-pox, aged 21 years, Numa Edward Hartog, Senior Wrangler, Cambridge, 1870, and B.A., to which degree, being a Jew, he was admitted by a special grace, dispensing with part of the oath.
Celebration of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the election of Pope Pius IX. Replying to an address presented by French Catholics, his Holiness described the Catholic Liberalism prevailing in that country as more formidable than even the Commune with its men who had fired Paris.
Commencement of the sixth triennial Handel Festival at the Crystal Palace. The attendance at each of the great musical gatherings was: 1857.—Rehearsal, 5,844 ; first day, 8,629 ; second day, 9, 149; third day, 14, 792 -total, 38,414. 1859.- Rehearsal, 19,680 ; first day, 17, 109; second day, 17,703 ; third day, 26,827-total, 81,319. 1862.- Rehearsal, 19,63; first day, 15,694; second day, 14, 143 ; third day, 18,567 — total, 67,567. 1865.Rehearsal, 15,420 ; first day, 13,677; second day, 14,915; third day, 15,422—total, 59,434. 1868.-Rehearsal, 18,597 ; first day, 19,217 ;
second day, 21,550 ; third day, 23, 101-total, 82,465. 1871.-Rehearsal, 18,676; first day, 21,940; second day, 21,330; third day, 23,016 -total, 84,968.
21.—The new Hospital of St. Thomas (designed by Currey, the foundation-stone of which had been laid by the Queen in May 1868) opened by her Majesty, who arrived at Paddington from Windsor in the forenoon, and drove across the Parks to Westminster and Lambeth, accompanied by several members of the royal family. The treasurer, Mr. Hicks, received the honour of knighthood on the occasion.
23.-Garden party at Buckingham Palace, the Queen, in the language of the official accounts, giving a breakfast from half-past four to half-past seven P.M.
-Closing of the subscription lists for the French loan of 80,000,000l. The amount was subscribed for twice over.
24.-The decennial representation of the Passion Play commenced at Oberammergau. Two thousand spectators were present, a large number being English and American.
Cobden Club Dinner, presided over by Earl Granville, who defined the policy of the deceased statesman as liberty in things political, in things religious, and in things material.
26.-Came on before Mr. Justice Lush and a common jury, the case of Pantaleoni v. Vaughan, an action for libel brought by the head of the religious hospital S. Sperito, at Rome, against the proprietor of the Tablet. The libel complained of was published in a letter in the Tablet on the 19th of November, 1870. It stated that Dr. Pantaleoni turned out all the religious in the hospital after he became director. He was banished from Rome in 1862 for complicity in the Fauste conspiracy, which had for its object the assassination of the King and Queen of Naples, the officers of the Zouaves, and the Prince Torlonia, the destruction of the Alliberta and other Pontifical theatres. On seeing the letter the plaintiff, Dr. Pantaleoni, wrote to the defendant, with whom he was personally acquainted, explaining that he was exiled from Rome at the time referred to, and that he knew nothing of the conspiracy. The paper, in again referring to the matter, stated that the correspondent in Rome justified what he had written, and the editor in a footnote said they had the evidence of their correspondent against the plaintiff's assertion, and the public could draw their own conclusions. Mr. Day this morning said that Dr. Vaughan, as soon as he became aware of the publication, expressed his sorrow, and used every means in his power to retract the statements contained in the libel, and he then took the opportunity of doing so in the fullest manner. The defendant entertained every respect for the plaintiff, and
believed there was no ground whatever for the charge. A verdict was then taken for the plaintiff by consent-damages 250l., to cover costs.
29.—The Emperor and Empress of Brazil arrive in London, in the course of an extended tour through Europe. The Queen took an early opportunity of conferring the Order of the Garter on her illustrious visitor, who manifested unwearied activity during his sojourn in Britain. In London the royal party occupied apartments in Claridge's Hotel.
The Ballot Bill passes into Committee by 326 votes to 232 given in support of an amendment, that the order be read that day six months.
30.---Lord Salisbury moves an address to the Crown against the scheme of the Endowed School Commissioners, for the management of Emanuel Hospital. The plan, he maintained, was part of a centralizing scheme, intended to break up the local administration, and to place the power in London in a body appointed by the Government, influenced by the particular philosophic project of the day, and out of sympathy with rural populations. The difference between old-fashioned Christian enthusiasm and the philosophic enthusiasm of the present day was that the Christian was content to give of his own money for what he desired to support, while the philosopher always tried to do it by getting hold of somehody else's. Lord Halifax maintained that the Commissioners had faithfully observed the intentions of the Legislature, and Lord Lawrence, as Chairman of the London School Board, thought the scheme of the Commissioners would give a great impulse to the primary education of the country. division, Lord Salisbury's motion was carried by 64 to 56 votes.
The Household Brigade reviewed before the Queen in Bushey Park.
willing thus to add to the pressure of existing taxation by entering on a course of unknown expenditure, and, declining to commit itself to premature action, awaits from her Majesty's Government a mature and comprehensive scheme of army reform calculated to place the military system of the country on a sound and economical basis.” The motion was rejected by 239 to 231 votes, the majority being made up of 204 English, 44 Irish, and 41 Scotch members; and the minority of 199 English, 25 Irish, and seven Scotch. The number of absent English members was 89, of Irish 33, and of Scotch 12. The only Conservatives who voted with the Government on this occasion were Colonel Napier Sturt, and Colonel Vandeleur. Seven Liberals joined with the minority.
3.—The Emperor of Brazil attends the Common Pleas to hear the continued crossexamination of the Claimant in the Tichborne
At this time questions were being asked in Parliament in reference to the ad. journment of the case till November. The Judge said he had received a letter from Lady Doughty, imploring that the trial might not be postponed The Solicitor-General and the attorney of the defendants disclaimed any previous knowledge of the letter. The Judge spoke of it as reprehensible, but excusable. Lady Doughty said—“I take the liberty of imploring your lordship to take into consideration my advanced age-seventy-six next August -and my failing health, so increased from the intense suffering caused by the cruel charges brought against my now only child. I am also deputed, by the guardians of the infant, and every member of the 'Tichborne and Arundel families, to pray your lordship not to oppose the efforts we are making for no delay in the hearing of this cause. I trust that your lordship will not consider this communication in any other light than the outpouring of a mother's heart.” During the day the Claimant was questioned respecting the titles of some of the books which Roger had left with Mr. Gosford. He knew nothing of either Gustave de Beaumont, Attila, or the Practice of Elocu. tion: -The Solicitor-General-Who was Crom. well ?-He was the Commonwealth man, Who did you say?- I say he was the Common. wealth. Well, not exactly. Now, here is a Life of John Bunyan. Who was he?- John Bunyan! I've read the book, I know ; but I forget now who he was. What sort of a fellow was John Bunyan ?-Quite the reverse of what
But I don't recollect who he was: Was he a sportsman ?-You can ask me as many foolish questions as you like. I say I don't know who he was.- Was he a General, Bishop, or master of foxhounds ?—I tell you I can't say.—What is a misanthrope--it is a word used by you frequently in letters - I don't know that I made use of it. I cannot say what it is. Is it a bird, beast, or fish ?-Well, I think I used it in regard to some books. Cross-examination closed to-day
July 2.-King Victor Emmanuel enters Rome as the new capital of his dominions. A grand banquet was held in the afternoon, and in the evening, when the king passed to the Apollo Theatre, the greater part of the city was illuminated. He returned to Florence next day.
Between 80 and 90 supporters of M. Thiers returned out of the 113 supplementary elections which take place in France. Bonapartists and Legitimists were beaten in most places.
3.-The Army Regulation Bill read a third time in the House of Commons, the final discussion taking place on a motion submitted by Mr. Graves :-“That the bill for the better regulation of the army having been narrowed to an object which will entail on the country an ascertained expenditure of several millions, besides a large permanent charge of which no estimate has been submitted, this House is un.