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27.-Earl Kimberley lays on the table of the House of Lords a Bill to repress illegal combinations in Westmeath, by providing that in certain circumstances the districts named in the Bill are to be proclaimed, and this being done, the Lord Lieutenant is empowered to suspend the Habeas Corpus Act for two years, and arrests may be effected by Viceregal warrants in any portion of the United Kingdom.
Speaking in the Assembiy on the plea for clemency put forward, M. Thiers said :“Our rigour will vanish when the insurgents lay down their arms, excepting against those persons who have been guilty of crime, and they are not numerous. When I give orders, not cruel ones, but orders such as would be dictated by a state of war, I feel under the necessity of asking myself, of asking you, whether right is on my side. (M. Thiers was bere interrupted by various exclamations, but bc appealed to the Assembly to listen to him, and continued): I give these orders with sorrow; but was there ever a time when right was more evident than at the present ? Everyone knows the truth of what I say. In Paris the abstentions from voting at the recent elections show the isolation of the insurgents, while, on the other hand, the whole of France is with us, and with you, who are the free expression of her suffrages.
The marriage of the Infante Alphonse Maria of Spain, grandson of Don Carlos, with the Princess Maria des Neves of Braganza, eldest daughter of Dom Miguel, celebrated in the castle of Prince Löwenstein, at Klein Leubach. The bridegroom was born in 1849, the bride in 1852.
Died at Naples, aged 59, M. Sigismund Thalberg, pianist and composer.
28.-Came on in the Court of Queen's Bench, the case of Tomline v. Lowe, raised to test the question whether the Queen's subjects are not entitled to have gold and silver bullion converted into coin of the realm, on application at the Mint. The matter came before the Court on demurrer to the plaintiff's declaration, and the substantial question was, whether the old common law of the realm had been set aside by a Royal proclamation. On the part of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, the SolicitorGeneral conceded the right to have gold bullion coined. The Act of 1870 contained this clause:“ That where any person brings to the Mint any gold bullion such bullion shall be coined and delivered out to such
any charge for the coining That was clear and specific, and therefore the right as to gold could not be disputed. But as to silver, the Act of Charles II. was expressly repealed by the Act of George III., which required a proclamation. The contention on the part of Mr. Tomline was that a proclamation issued in 1817 was still in force, and that under it the same right exists with respect to silver as with respect to gold. This was now decided against the plaintiff
, and so the
judgment affirmed that the public had a rig.it to take gold to the Mint and have it coined for nothing, but that they had no such right in the case of silver.
28.-Mr.Cowper Temple submits a resolution in the Commons to secure the preservation of theunenclosed parts of Epping Forest as an open space for the enjoyment of the people of the metropolis. Mr. Lowe and Mr. Gladstone opposed the motion, on the ground that the land was the property of the Crown. The Premier stated that the Government had secured 1,000 acres of the forest as a recreation ground for the people; but the House was not satisfied, and the resolution was carried by a large majority.
· M. Thiers telegraphs to the Prefects from Versailles :-“Our troops are proceeding with the works of approach towards Issy. The batteries on the left have been worked with powerful effect against the Parc d'Issy, which is no longer habitable by those who dwelt there. Fort Issy fires no longer. On the right our cavalry, scouring the country, came upon a band of insurgents. The éclaireurs of the 70th Regiment, commanded by Captain Santolini, routed this band, and brought in prisoners the cartain, lieutenant, quartermaster, and ten men. Thirty or forty men were killed or wounded. The remaining insurgents were pursued almost to Hautes Bruyères. Notwithstanding the heavy fusillade, we have no losses to deplore.”
· Virulent outbreak of small-pox in Hampstead district; the report presented to the Vestry to-da, showing 92 births against 210 deatlis, 171 of which were attributable to the disease named.
The Commune distinguishes itself by two decrees-one requisitioning" 80,000l. 'from five railway companies within forty-eight hours; another directing that the church erected on the spot where General Brea was murdered in 1848 shall be destroyed, “as it is a permanent insult to the vanquished of June.' (See June 23, 1848, p. 254.)
29,—The Freemasons of Paris muster in force in the Louvre, and march first to the Column of the Bastille and then along the boulevards towards Versailles, where they intended to seek an audience of M. Thiers to ask his mediation in favour of the Commune. Shells fa ling heavily at the moment in the Champs Elysees the procession got broken up, and only a few reached Versailles. They were there told that France could not yield to insurgents.
29.-Party riot at Whitehaven, the lecturer Murphy, announced to speak on the “Confessional.” being attacked by Catholic miners, and seriously injured.
- Died at Edinburgh, Samuel Halkett, a linguist of acknowledged reputation, and librarian to the Faculty of Advocates.
30.-General Cluseret arrested by order of the population of Alsace and Lorraine is an the Commune on the charge of mismanaging obstacle to such a measure. Still, the populathe supply of arms and ammunition along the tion is thoroughly German, forming a sort of line of the forts.
aristocracy in France by virtue of its noble and Teutonic qualities. We shall strive to win
back to us this population by means of Teutonic May 1.–After a debate protracted till near
patience and love." 2 A.M., Mr. Smith's motion, “ That it is inexpedient that the income-tax should be increased
3.-Mr. Jacob Bright's Women's Disabilities to the extent contemplated in the financial pro
Bill rejected, on the proposal for a second read. posals of the Government,” was negatived by ing, by 220 to 157 votes. 335 votes to 250. In pleading against inter A telegram from Bombay states that news ference with the “ ancestral system " of reduc had been received from Zanzibar describing ing debts by “terminable annuities,” Mr. Glad Dr. Livingstone as alive and well at Manakozo, stone warned the House that Government had but destitute. reached the end of their concessions. Mr.
Five youths drowned in Hartlepool Bay Disraeli described the income-tax as a third line of defence to the country in case of war,
by the upsetting of a pleasure-boat in a sudden and said it should not be lighily meddled with,
squall. especially as it pressed severely on particular
- Versailles troops under General Lacretelle classes.
carry the redoubt of Moulin Saquet in the evenThe new International Exhibition, Royal
ing, killing 150 Communists and making over Albert Hall, opened by the Prince of Wales as
300 prisoners. representing the Queen.
4.-A motion submitted in the Commons by
Mr. Torrens to fix the income-tax at 5d. instead Michael Torpey convicted of the diamond
of 6d. rejected by 294 to 248 votes. robbery in Berkeley Street, and sentenced to eight years' penal servitude.
5.—Died at his residence, Devonshire-place, Versailles troops attack and carry the
aged 86, George Thomas John Nugent, Marinsurgent position embraced within the railway
quis of Westmeath, an Irish representative station at Clamart, dominating the Fort of Issy.
peer, and the last survivor, it was thought, of This was amongst the sharpest encounters which
the expedition to Egypt against Napoleon I. had yet taken place, as many, it was said, as
6.–Vice-Chancellor Malins gives judgment 300 being bayonetted in the enclosure.
in the case of Macbryde v. Eykyn, a suit heard
to recover from the defendant, Mr. Roger Eykyn, 2.-The Westmeath Peace Preservation Bill
M.P. for Windsor, 10, 2001. Spanish Passive read a second time in the House of Lords, Lord
Bonds, and two sums of 400l. and 500l., which, Salisbury describing the main error of the Executive Government as the application of a
according to the defendant's statement, had
been lost in the course of transactions with the system of judicature formed for a civilized
plaintiff's husband, Mr. C. Wilson Macbryde, nation to a Celtic nation, part of which was in
in speculations on the Stock Fxchange. Bill the depths of barbarism. He would invest the
dismissed with costs. Viceroy with adequate powers to deal with this population as if he had to deal with Indians.
Collision off Tynemouth between the
steamer David Burn, out on a trial trip, and Speaking in the German Parliament on
the Earl Percy. The former sank soon afterthe Bill for the incorporation of Alsace and wards. Lorraine, Prince Bismarck said that on the 6th of August, 1866, "the French Ambas
Herat reported to have fallen to-day, sador handed me an ultimatum demanding
Futteh Khan, the Governor, killed, and his son the cession of Mayence to France, and tell
wounded. ing us, in the alternative, to expect an imme The High Joint Commissioners at New diate declaration of war. It was only the illness York, having met thirty-seven times, conclude of the Emperor Napoleon which then prevented their labours by signing a treaty providing for the outbreak of war. During the late war the establishment of two boards of arbitrationneutral Powers made mediatory proposals. In one to consider the Alabama and similar the first instance we were asked to content our. claims which will be recognized as national, selves with the costs of the war and the razing and be settled on the principle of responof a fortress. This did not satisfy us.
sibility for depredations where Government necessary that the bulwark from which France has not exercised the utmost possible dilicould sally forth for attack should be farther gence and precaution to prevent the fitting pushed back. Another proposal was to neutral out of privateers; the other will consider ize Alsace and Lorraine. But that neutral State miscellaneous claims of both sides, congned would have possessed neither the power nor principally to those arising out of the civil war. the will to preserve its neutrality in case of No claims arising out of the Fenian invasion of war. We were obliged to incorporate Alsace Canada will be admitted. All legitimate cotton with the territory of Germany in order to ensure claims will be considered, except those of the peace of Europe. It is true the aversion of British subjects domiciled in the South. The
San Juan boundary question to be arbitrated happiness of France, and to share her distresses upon by the Emperor of Brazil. American before sharing her honours :-“It is asserted vessels to navigate the St. Lawrence free, and that the independence of the Papacy is dear to the Canadian canals on payment of the regular me, and that I am determined to obtain effitolls.
cacious guarantees for it. That is true. The 6.-On the motion for going into committee
liberty of the Church is the first condition of on the Army Regulation Bill, Colonel Anson
spiritual peace and of order in the State. To submits a resolution-" That in any scheme
protect the Holy See was ever the honourable for the abolition of purchase in the army, the
duty of our country, and the most indisputable State, as well as the officers, must forego the
cause of its greatness among nations. Only in advantages hitherto derived from that system;
the periods of its greatest misfortunes has France
abandoned this glorious protectorate. Rest and in order to give the State that unrestricted
assured if I am called it will be, not only power over the officers of the army which it is desirable it should possess, and also in justice
because I represent right, but because I am to the officers of the army themselves, the re
order, reform-because I am the essential basis gulation value of their commissions shall be at
of that authority which is required to restore
that which has perished, and to govern justly once returned to them.”
and according to law with the view of remedy. 8.-M. Thiers entreats the Parisians to aid ing the evils of the past, and of paving the way the troops outside the walls. “The Govern for the future. I shall be told that I hold the ment,” he declared, “will not bombard Paris, ancient sword of France in my hand, and in as the Commune tells you. A bombardment my breast the heart of a king and a father which threatens the entire city and renders it uninha recognizes no party. I am of no party, and I bitable, and has for its object to intimidate do not desire to return or to reign by means of citizens and to force them to surrender. The party. I have no injury to avenge, no enemy Government will only use cannon to force in to exile, no fortune to retrieve, except that of one of your gates, and will endeavour to limit France. It is in my power to select from every to one point of attack the ravages of a war .quarter the men who are anxious to associate of which it is not the author. As soon as the themselves with this grand undertaking. I soldiers shall have passed the enceinte you will only bring back religion, concord, and peace. rally round the national flag to aid our valiant I desire to exercise no dictatorship but that of army in destroying this sanguinary and cruel clemency, because in my hands, and in my tyranny. It depends upon you to prevent hands alone, clemency is still justice. Thus it those disasters which are inseparable from an is, my dear friend, that I despair not of my assault. You are a hundred times more nume country, and that I do not shrink from the rous than the partisans of the Commune. Be magnitude of the task. La parole est à la united, and open the gates which they close to France et l'heure à Dieu.'" law and order, and to your prosperity, as well
8.-Mr. Gladstone announces that Govern. as to that of France. When once those gates are open the sound of the cannons will cease,
ment proposed to abandon for this session Mr.
Goschen's Local Rating and Local Government tranquillity, order, abundance, and peace will
Bills, and also the licensing clause of the Home reappear within your walls. The Germans will evacuate our territory, and the traces of
Secretary's Licensing Bill. It was still their
intention, he said, to press forward the police our misfortune will rapidly disappear. But if
clauses of that measure. you do not act, the Government will be obliged to take the most energetic and certain means to 9.-Came on for trial in the Court of Queen's deliver you.”
Bench, Westminster, before the Lord Chief In Committee on the University Tests
Justice and a special jury, the case of the Queen Bill, the Marquis of Salisbury carries by a
v. Boulton, Park, and others, charged with majority of five votes, a new test in the forni
conspiring to induce others to commit felony. of a resolution :-“ That no person shall be
The examination of witnesses and speeches of appointed to the office of tutor, assistant tutor,
counsel protracted the case to the 15th, when dean, censor, or lecturer in divinity, in any
a verdict of Not Guilty was entered for all the college now subsisting in the said universities,
defendants. In summing up, the Lord Chief until he shall have made and subscribed the
Justice expressed his disapprobation of the following declaration in the presence of the
form in which the case had been brought before
the Court. Vice-Chancellor, or in the University of Dur
“We are trying the defendants," ham of the Warden—that is to say: 'I, A. B.,
he said, "for conspiring to commit felonious do solemnly declare that while holding the
crime, and the proof of it, if it amounts
to anything, mous office of [here name the office] I will not teach
to proof the
actual commission of crime; and I am anything contrary to the teaching or Divine authority of the Holy Scriptures of the Old and
clearly of opinion that where the proof New Testaments.'"'
intended to be submitted to a jury is proof of
the actual commission of crime, it is not the The Count de Chambord writes to a friend proper course to charge the parties with con. that he only asked to be allowed to devote spiring to commit it." Coming to the actual every moment of his life to the security and facts of the case, the learned judge remarked
that what had been proved against the defendants Boulton and Park was sufficient to stamp them with the deepest disgrace, although they might not have had any felonious intention. Their going, for example, to the ladies' rooms at theatres and other public places was an offence which the Legislature might justly visit with corporal punishment. His lordship subsequently remarked that Hurt and Fiske should have been tried in Scotland, if at all.
“ It is easy, however,” he continued, “to see how all this happened. The police had taken up the case, and the whole course and conduct of it confirm the opinion I have always entertained as to the necessity for a public prosecutor to control and to conduct criminal prosecutions. The police seized the prisoners' letters, and found those of Hurt and Fiske; they then went to Edinburgh, and, without any authority, searched their lodgings, arrested them and put them on their trial here along with Park and Boulton, without taking them before a magistrate at all; and thus they are tried with the two other defendants for an alleged offence having no connection whatever with their conduct. A second indictment against the defendants for outraging decency by going about dressed as women was allowed to stand over, and in the meantime they were liberated on their own recognizances.
9.-Mr. Miall's motion, “That it is expedient, at the earliest practicable period, to apply the policy initiated by the disestablishment of the Irish Church, by the Act of 1869, to the other Churches established by law in the United Kingdom,” rejected by 374 to 89 votes. In the course of the discussion, Mr. Disraeli admitted that the disestablishment of the Church in Ireland involved the disestablishment of the Church in Scotland and in England. But, fortunately, the country was not governed by logic. It was governed by rhetoric, and not by logie, or otherwise it would have been erased long ago from the list of leading communities. No form of religion represented more fully the national sentiment than the Established Church. For his own part, he had always believed that, organically, the English were a religious people. We had partially educated them, we were now going to educate them completely. And when they were educated they would not fly to the conventicle; they would appreciate a learned clergy, a refined ritual, and the consolation of the beautiful offices of the Church. If the Church conducted itself with wisdom and discretion, he believed that every year this motion, if it were made, would be made under worse auspices and with less prospect of success. Let the Church remain tolerant, temperate, and comprehensive, and it would then be truly national. In conclusion, he expressed a strong conviction that the time had come when, in matters of great change, the country required repose, and appealed to the Government 10 remove the impression created by the Home Secretary, that they opposed the motion only because they did not yet see their way to carry
ing it.—In closing the debate, Mr. Gladstone assured the House that the Governmer.*, in opposing the motion, did not limit that oppo. sition to the present moment or base it cn merely temporary grounds. If the movement represented by the Liberation Society had received any recent impulse, it was partly from embittered controversies in the Church, and partly also from the unfortunate error of those who insisted upon treating the case of the Church of Ireland entirely with reference to the theory of establishments, and not with reference to the broad, substantial arguments and facts upon which the Church of England was so strong. The Church of England was not a foreign Church-it was not a Church which, like the Church of Ireland, was imposed upon Ireland and maintained there by extrinsic power, but it was, whatever else it might be, the growth of the history and traditions of the country; it had existed from a period shortly after the Christian era, and for 1,300 years had never ceased to be the Church of the country; it had been in every age, as it was still, deeply rooted in the heart of the people, and intertwined with the local habits and feelings.
9.- The cases of small-pox in London during the past week rose to 288, the highest weekly number during the present epidemic, and almost three times as high as in any of the preceding epidemics during thirty-one years.
Fort Issy captured by Versailles troops after a bombardment continued over eight days. A large quantity of ammunition and artillery were found within the fortress.
Eliza Jane Cook, a young married woman in straitened circumstances, throws two of her children and herself into the Lea at Clapton.
A little girl was rescued, but the mother and boy were drowned.
10.—Dissension among the Communist leaders, the first Committee of Public Safety being dismissed to-day, and another appointed in its place. Commander Rossel, charged with the provisional title of Delegate of War, wrote that he felt himself incapable of continuing the responsibility of a commandant where everyone wished to deliberate, and no one to obey. Delescluze succeeded to the post of Delegate of War.
· Professor Huxley carries a motion at the London School Board, “ That measures be taken to ascertain whether any, and if so, what charitable or other endowments in the London school district ought to be applied, wholly or in part, to the augmentation of the school fund.” The Professor took occasion to censure the management of Christ's Hospital in having so far departed from the wishes of those who founded the charity as to make it an educational institution for children belonging to the middle classes and neglecting the children of the poor.
Found dead in his bed, Major-General Sir John Douglas, C.B., commanding the
Cavalry Brigade at Aldershot, and who had seen much service in the Crimea.
11 ,-Came on in the Court of Common Pleas, before Lord Chief Justice Bovill and a jury, the gigantic case of Tichborne v. Lushington, occupying under one form or another the Courts at Westminster for the greater part of two years. Involving estates said to be worth 24,000l. a year, with a baronetcy attached, and depending mainly on evidence brought forward to identify the Claimant with the long-lost heir, the case excited the keenest public interest, and for a time in social circles put aside events of even national importance.
The declaration stated that the plaintiff sued Franklin Lushington, as tenant of the trustees of the infant Alfred Joseph, to recover possession of the mansion known as Tichborne House, in the county of Southampton. He claimed to be the son of Sir James Doughty Tichborne, the youngest of three brothers, of whom the first died, the second took the estates and died, leaving a daughter, Miss Kate Doughty. The property was settled on the male line, and on the death of the second brother, without male issue, passed to the youngest brother James, who in August 1827, married Harriette Félicité Seymour, a French lady and a Roman Catholic, mother of Sir Roger Tichborne, born on the 5th of January, 1829. On the 4th of September, 1839, another son was born-James, who subsequently died, leaving a posthumous child, Alfred Joseph, who was the infant in possession of the estates. "Sir Roger was brought up for several years in Paris, and received instruction principally from a tutor named Chatillon. In 1845 he went to Stonyhurst; was there for three years, and in October 1849, obtained a commission in the Carbineers, at that time in Ireland, and remained with his regiment three years
and a half. At this time Sir Roger was fight and slim in form, and extremely narrow in the chest ; his pleasures, manners, and pursuits were those of a gentleman; he was fond of music; he was connected with the Seymours and the Townleys, and he visited at Sir Clifford Constable’s, at Lord Camoys', and Lord Arundel of Wardour's; he was acquainted with the Radcliffes and some of the best families in the kingdom. In 1850 and 1851 he was a good deal at Tichborne, visiting his uncle Sir Edward, who had taken the name of Doughty, and whose daughter, Kate, was about Roger's age. Roger became very much attached to his cousin, and during a visit at Christmas 1851 the attachment was discovered. It was disapproved by Sir Edward, and an angry scene ensued, which led to Roger suddenly leaving Tichborne, with a resolve to go abroad. In January 1852 he made his will, and deposited a sealed packet with a gentleman named Gosford, an intimate and confidential friend, containing certain private wishes and intentions to be carried out if he lived. Roger then went to Paris to visit his parents, and at their earnest entreaty postponed the carrying
out of his design. But in December 1852 he had made up his mind to go to South America for a year and a half, and wrote to his parents to that effect. He also wrote to his cousin Kate that he hoped in three years to be united to her, and to another cousin, Mrs. Greenwood (who lived near Tichborne), that he hoped she would write to him, and that he should be always happy to answer her letters. With these intentions Roger sailed for South America, having one Moore as his valet. He arrived at Valparaiso in June 1853, and spent some months in travelling about the country.
Here he heard of the death of his uncle, Sir Edward; but being desirous of further travel he communicated with his mother and friends at Tichborne, and sent home two like. nesses of himself, produced in evidence. About the 20th of April, 1854, he embarked at Rio in the Bella ; on the 26th a part of the wreck of the vessel was picked up, and the ship was never heard of again, nor any of the crew. The agents of Messrs. Glyns, Roger's bankers at Rio, heard of the loss of the vessel, and wrote to his family that he had embarked on board of her. For thirteen years nothing more was heard of Roger Tichborne. The will was proved by Mr. Gosford, his executor, the sealed packet was opened and destroyed, and a suit was instituted in which legal proof was given of his loss and death. The underwriters paid a heavy insurance on the vessel, and the owner never heard anything of the crew. The story of the Claimant was that he was picked up, with eight of the crew, about the 26th of April, and carried to Melbourne, where, he said, they were landed on the 24th of July, 1854 ; that on the day he landed he went with the captain to the Custom-house, and that the next day, leaving the wrecked sailors on board the ship, he went into the interior, where he resided for thirteen years under the name of Castro, this being, it was contended in defence, an alias for Arthur Orton, a butcher belonging to Wapping, who was known to have been at Wagga Wagga at this time. Unwilling to believe in the loss of her son, the Dowager Lady Tichborne advertised rewards for his discovery in various quarters, and one of them coming under the notice of one Cubitt, at Sydney, a friend of Gibbs, an attorney at Wagga Wagga, then acting in the bankruptcy of Castro, word was sent home to the Dowager, in December 1866, that her son was alive and well, at a place 600 miles from Sydney. Through the intervention of Gibbs and Cubitt the Claimant raised funds to proceed to England at the close of the year. He went, however, not direct, but by way of New York, and not to Paris, where the Dowager was awaiting him, but to England. He arrived on Christmas Day 1866, and the first visit he made was to Wapping, for the purpose of making inquiry, regarding the Orton family. He afterwards visited Tichborne secretly, and was taken over the house and grounds. At Paris the Dowager made affidavit, that she recognized the Claimant as