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of brigadier-general in the Leeward Islands. Being elected member of parliament for Linlithgowshire, he returned to England in the following year, and, in 1799, went to Holland as deputy adjutant-general; but being severely wounded in landing at the Helde, he was forced to return to England. In 1800, he accompanied the expedition to Egypt as adjutant-general, and, in the battle of Alexandria, was wounded in the hand: he shortly after negotiated for the surrender of Cairo, and concluded the convention thereon with General Belliard, the French commander. He became majorgeneral in 1802, and deputy-governor of Portsmouth in 1805, a post he resigned in the same year, being ordered to the continent with the command of some troops under Lord Cathcart. Being made lieutenant-general in 1808, he proceeded to Sweden, as second in command to Sir John Moore; with whom he was soon after present at the famous battle of Corunna. By the exertions of General Hope, the victory was secured he superintended the embarkation of the troops, and was the last to go on board, having previously perambulated the city to assure himself that not one of his soldiers was left a prisoner in Corunna. He received the thanks of parliament, and was made a knight of the order of the Bath; a British peerage being, at the same time, conferred on his elder brother. He was next employed in the unfortunate Walcheren expedition; and, returning to Spain in 1810, he was presented with a medal. He was afterwards appointed commander-in-chief in Ireland, where he remained till 1813, when he became second in command to Lord Wellington, in the peninsula. He received a severe contusion, while heading the British left wing at the battle of the Nive, and was afterwards severely wounded and taken prisoner, in a sally of the garrison, at the reduction of Bayonne, with which service he had been intrusted. Having returned home, he was made an English peer, by the title of Baron Niddry, on the 17th of May, 1814, and declined a pension of £2000 per annum. In 1815, he was made a knight grand cross of the Bath; in 1816, he succeeded to his brother's title; was made general in 1819; and was appointed to the com
mand of the forty-second foot in 1820. In 1822, when George the Fourth was in Scotland, the Earl of Hopetown was one of the few persons he honoured with a visit. He was twice married: first to his cousin, Elizabeth Weir, who died in 1811, by whom he had no issue; and, secondly, to the third daughter of Sir John Wedderburn, by whom he had nine sons and two daughters. He died at Paris, on the 27th of August, 1823, aged fifty-seven. He was a brave and determined soldier; and his private character was, in every respect, estimable. As a senator, his speeches were distinguished by their common sense and plainness.
MACKAY, (ROBERT,) entered the army as a volunteer; and, in 1778, obtained a commission in the native infantry of Madras, in which he served under Sir Hector Munro, at the investment of Pondicherry. As a reward for his gallantry, he was afterwards appointed to the adjutantcy of the fourth battalion of native infantry; and, joining the army commanded by Sir Eyre Coote, took part in all the engagements against Tippo Saib up to the affair of Velore. He was next appointed aidede-camp to Colonel Reinbold, of the Hanoverians; and, after being present in some severe actions, under the command of General Stuart, he obtained permission to proceed to Madras, where he was appointed to a native corps in one of the northern provinces. In 1785, he was captain-lieutenant to a corps doing duty at Madras; and, in 1789, was promoted to a company, and appointed to a regiment of European infantry at Velore, with which he served in the field nearly two years as firstlieutenant. In 1793, he was appointed to command a native corps in the subsidiary force, with which he made several successful attacks on the refractory subjects of the Nizam of the Deccan, a tract of country of which he was afterwards deputed to take possession. He continued in almost constant, and generally successful, service, until 1802, when he set sail for England, where he arrived after an absence of thirty years. In 1804, he was made lieutenant-colonelcommandant; colonel, in 1808; majorgeneral, in 1811; and lieutenant-general in 1821. Few officers have so well
deserved the rank to which they have attained as General Mackay. His zeal, bravery, and long services, have seldom been surpassed; and had he received the highest military honours, they would not have been inadequate to his deserts.
LUMLEY, (the Honourable Sir WILLIAM,) the son of the late Earl of Scarborough, was born in the year 1769, and entered the tenth light dragoons in 1787; became a captain in 1793; and, in the following year, he was appointed aide-de-camp to Earl Fitzwilliam, lordlieutenant of Ireland. In 1795, he was appointed major of Warde's levy, which was disbanded on the 24th of June following. He was shortly after appointed lieutenant-colonel of the late twentysecond light dragoons, with which he served in Ireland during the rebellion; and, on the 7th of June, 1798, was engaged in the affair of Antrim, in which he was severely wounded. In 1801, he proceeded to Egypt, and superintended the embarkation of the French army. He also served in the East during the siege of Alexandria, after which he returned to England; and, on the 29th of April, 1802, he received the brevet rank of colonel. The twenty-second being disbanded about that period, on the following 25th of June he was reduced, and remained on half-pay till the 9th of July, 1803; when he was appointed colonel of the third reserve, or garrison battalion, which he formed by his own personal exertions. On the 25th of March, 1805, this corps also was disbanded, and he was again reduced to half-pay; having, on the 25th of June, 1805, been appointed to the staff of the London district. On the 7th of August, 1806, he was nominated to the staff of the Cape of Good Hope; and, in the October of the same year, he proceeded, as second in command, to the Rio de la Plata. On the 16th of January, 1807, he was at the head of the advance, or light bri gade, at the landing of the British, and also during the siege of Monte Video. He likewise commanded a brigade in the unfortunate attack, made in July, upon the town of Buenos Ayres. He returned to England with the army, in the following November; and, in April, 1808, proceeded to Malta, but was removed from thence, in August, to the staff, in Sicily. In November, 1809, he again returned to England, for the recovery of his health, having suffered repeatedly from dangerous attacks of a liver complaint; and, on the following 25th of October, his services were rewarded with the rank of major-general. He was appointed to the staff of the
PREVOST, (Sir GEORGE, Bart.,) born in the year 1767, entered the army at an early age, and first distinguished himself as lieutenant-colonel of a battalion of the sixtieth regiment of infantry, serving in the West Indies. At St. Vincent, St. Lucia, and Dominica, he conducted himself with such remarkable gallantry, that he was made governor of the last-mentioned place, and about 1803, was created a baronet. In 1805, he was appointed lieutenant-governor of Portsmouth; and, in 1808, he was selected to fill the important charge of lieutenant-governor and lieutenantgeneral, commanding the forces in the province of Nova Scotia. In the autumn of the same year, he proceeded to the West Indies, and was second in command upon the expedition at the capture of the island of Martinique; after which he returned to his government in Nova Scotia, and succeeded Sir James Craig, as governor and commander-in-chief of the forces in all British North America. In 1814, he embarked for England, and died at his residence in Baker Street, London, in 1816. Sir George Prevost was one of the most meritorious and useful officers of his day. It seems, however, that the mildness of his government in Canada gave rise to some charges against him, which he came to England purposely to repel; and his anxiety upon the occasion is supposed to have hastened his death. So much was he, nevertheless, beloved, that it is said, his death, when it was known at Quebec, "drew tears from the eyes of those very persons who had opposed his administration as too indulgent." Notwithstanding his death, his widow insisted on an examination taking place of the charges that had been brought against her husband; which was refused. His innocence, however, may be presumed from the fact of the Prince Regent having conferred on his widow the privilege of adding supporters to her arms, accompanied with an acknowledgment of her husband's valour and loyalty.
army then serving in the peninsula, where he particularly distinguished himself on several occasions, and commanded a brigade of cavalry at the battle of Albufera, fought in 1811. On the 7th of November, 1812, he was appointed colonel of the West India rangers; and, on the 4th of June, 1814, was raised to the rank of lieutenantgeneral. In January, 1815, he was made K.C.B.; and, in June, 1819, was gazetted as governor of the Bermudas. He has, for some years, been governor of those isles; but is said to have rendered himself unpopular as such, from the exercise of unnecessary harshness. He is a brave and intrepid officer; and, on all occasions where he has commanded, has shewn himself worthy of the trust reposed in him by his superiors.
tazzo. In consequence of his gallant conduct while covering the disembarkation of the troops in St. Eufemia Bay, he was intrusted with the third brigade of the army, with which he was present at the battle of Maida; twentytwo days after, he took Scylla Castle, in Calabria; and, in February, 1807, he embarked for Egypt, under the orders of Major-general Fraser. After having assisted at the taking of Alexandria, he marched, as second in command, against Rosetta; after his admirable retreat from which town, he was appointed commandant of Alexandria; and, in June, 1808, was made brigadiergeneral in the Mediterranean. In 1809, he received the command of the reserve of the army destined for Naples, with which he proceeded to Italy, and took the island of Procida, of which he was appointed commandant. In July, however, he returned to Sicily; and in September, a force was confided to him, destined to expel the enemy from certain of the Ionian Islands, of which he took Zante, Cephalonia, Ithaca, and Cerigo. He next stormed and took the fortress of Santa Maura; and shortly afterwards, being intrusted with the whole civil administration of the above islands he established an advantageous intercourse with the neighbouring Turkish Pachas, and, by his judicious
OSWALD, (Sir JOHN,) was born about 1770, and was appointed second lieutenant of the twenty-third foot, in the month of February, 1788; a year after which he obtained a lieutenantcy in the seventh foot. In the July following, he embarked, with his regiment, for Gibraltar; and, in January, 1791, was appointed to the captaincy of an independent company, but was attached, with the same rank, in March, to one in the thirty-fifth foot. He was, for some time, brigade-major to General Leland; but, wishing for active employ-management, possessed the Greeks with ment, afterwards joined the second battalion of grenadiers, with which he embarked for the West Indies, under Sir Charles Grey, and was present at the taking of Martinique, St. Lucia, and Guadaloupe. In 1797, he returned, with his regiment, to England, and was appointed a lieutenant-colonel; and, in 1799, embarked for Holland, where he received the special thanks of the Duke of Gloucester, for his gallantry in the affair of the 19th of September; but he was so severely wounded as to be obliged to seek restoration of his health in England. On his recovery, he served under General Pigot, at the taking of Malta, and, after the peace of Amiens, returned home; but, on the breaking out of hostilities, in 1804, he received the brevet rank of colonel; and, in 1806, joined the army commanded by the late Sir J. Craig, in Sicily, where he was appointed commandant of Me
a favourable prepossession of the British government. At the commencement of 1811, he was appointed colonel of the Greek light infantry, a corps he had himself formed and organized from the prisoners he had made of that nation; shortly after which he sailed for England, where, on the 4th of June, he was raised to the rank of majorgeneral, and placed on the staff of the western district. In the following August, he was nominated to the peninsular staff, under the Duke of Wellington, on joining which he was placed in command of the fifth division of the army; and after distinguishing himself by heading its masterly retreat from before Tordesilias, returned to England. On his rejoining the army, in 1812, he was again attached to the fifth division, forming part of the left column, under the orders of Lieutenant-general Sir J. Graham, under whom he was present at all the actions previous to the capture
of St. Sebastian, the taking of which, as well as of Vittoria, his military skill and intrepidity had not a little accelerated. A short while after the former fort had been carried, he obtained leave to return to England, where, in August, 1819, he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant-general; in the following October, he obtained the colonelcy of the thirty-fifth foot; and, in 1820, he was created a knight grand cross of the Bath. Too much can scarcely be said in praise of the tact and gallantry displayed by this brave officer. He was thanked by the British parliament for his services, and has also received three medals. He has also been created a K. C. B.; and the inhabitants of the Ionian Isles were so sensible of the benefit they derived from his prudent management after their capture, that they presented him, at his departure, with numerous addresses, accompanied with an appropriate gift.
ment, where he voted generally with the Whigs. He married, on the 27th of May, 1800, Frances, grand-daughter of Sir Robert, and sister of Sir Frederick, Hamilton, Bart., by whom he has several children.
ANSON, (Sir GEORGE,) was born about 1770, and entered the army as a cornet, in the sixteenth light dragoons, in 1786, but exchanged afterwards into the twentieth, with which regiment he served five years in Jamaica; and on his return to England, in 1797, he exchanged into the fifteenth dragoons, and proceeded to join the army in Holland, being, at that time a lieutenant-colonel. In 1805, he was appointed aide-de-camp to the king, and received the rank of colonel; and being afterwards appointed lieutenant-colonel of the sixteenth light dragoons, proceeded to Portugal in 1809, and commanded that regiment in the attack upon Oporto. In the same year he was appointed a brigadier-general, and in that capacity commanded a body of cavalry at the battles of Talavera, Salamanca, and Vittoria. In 1810, at which time he was member of parliament for Lichfield, he was made a major-general; a colonel of the twenty-third light dragoons in 1814; and, in 1815, was created a K.C.B. in consequence of his having been at the battle of Waterloo. In 1819, he became a lieutenant-general; and, at that time, was still a member of the house of commons. He is known as an officer of superior talents and great intrepidity, but attracted no attention in parlia
CLINTON, (Sir HENRY,) entered the army in 1787, as ensign in the eleventh foot, and, in 1788 and 1789, served, with the Brunswick corps, in Holland. In 1793 and 1794, he was aide-de-camp to the Duke of York, in the Netherlands; in 1795, became lieutenant-colonel of the sixty-sixth, and acted under Sir R. Abercromby, in the West Indies, at the landing in St. Lucia, and the siege and surrender of Morne Fortunée. While on his return to England, in 1796, he was taken prisoner, but procured his liberation in the following summer, and soon afterwards exchanged into the first foot guards, with whom he served against the rebels, in Ireland, where he acted as aide-de-camp to Lord Cornwallis, and was present at the surrender of General Humbert's French force at Ballinamuck. In the following year, he was attached, in a diplomatic capacity, to the Austro-Russian army in Italy, and was afterwards appointed to attend Suwarrow into Switzerland. He next acted as adjutant-general in the East Indies, under Lord Lake; and, in the battle of Lasswariee, commanded the right wing of the British army. In 1804, he was despatched on a mission to the Russian army in Moravia. In 1806, he embarked for Sicily, and commanded the garrison of Syracuse until January, 1808, when he was appointed brigadiergeneral, and went with Sir John Moore to Sweden. Being subsequently employed as adjutant-general to the army in Portugal, he served at the battle of Vimeira, and throughout the retreat to Corunna, of which, soon after his arrival in this country, he published a vindication. In 1809, he was made a majorgeneral, and adjutant-general of the forces in Ireland. Two years afterwards, he returned to the peninsula, where he much increased his military reputation by the courage and ability which he displayed at the battles of Salamanca, Nivelle, Nive, Orthes, and Toulouse. In 1813, he became a lieutenant-general; and, during the campaign that followed Napoleon's escape from
Elba, he was second in command of the Belgian army, one division of which he headed in the celebrated battle of Waterloo. At the time of his death, which took place on the 11th of December, 1829, he was a knight grand cross of the Bath. He had also received for his eminent services, the thanks of the house of commons, an honorary cross, clasp, and medal, and the insignia of the orders Maria Theresa, St. George of Russia, and Wilhelm of the Netherlands. Being a distant relation to the Duke of Newcastle, he sat in two parliaments for Boroughbridge, but never took a very active part in politics. He was married, in 1799, to Lady Susan Charteris, but had no issue. Like many of his brave cotemporaries, Sir Henry Clinton evinced no traits by which his character could be individualized; and it can only be said of him, that, in a long course of active employment, he contributed much, by his ability and courage, to the honour of his profession and the glory of Great Britain.
RAMSAY, (GEORGE, Earl of Dalhousie,) born in 1770, succeeded his father in the title and estates in 1787, and entered the army at an early age. In 1794, he had reached the rank of lieutenant-colonel. He was made major-general in 1808, and commanded a division at the battles of Vittoria and the Pyrenees; and his services on the occasion were rewarded with a clasp and medal. He became a lieutenant-general in 1813, and distinguished himself highly at the battle of Waterloo. On the 18th of July, 1815, he was elevated to the British peerage; was made grand cross of the order of the Bath, and received the thanks of parliament. He was subsequently appointed lieutenantgeneral of Nova Scotia, a post he resigned, in 1819, for that of governorgeneral of British North America. In 1824, he founded the Literary and Historical Society of Quebec; and subsequently planted Wolfe's plain with oats, which gave occasion to the following epigram:
"Some men love honour,
Other men love groats; Here Wolfe reaped laurels,Lord Dalhousie, oats."
In 1829, he was appointed commanderin-chief of the forces in the East Indies,
where he received the local rank of general, which, subsequently, (July, 1830,) was extended to that of general in the army. In 1805, he married Miss Brown, of Coalston, by whom he has three sons.
VASSALL, (Lieut.-colonel,) born about 1770, rose in the army to the command of the thirty-eighth foot, which he led, in 1807, at the storming of Monte Video. The troops were ordered to the assault, though exposed to a heavy fire on marching towards the breach, which the men having missed, they would have retreated in confusion, but for the encouragement given them by Colonel Vassall, who continually cried out, "My brave men, do not flinch; every bullet has its billet! Push on! follow me, thirty-eighth!" Having got within the breach, he was still continuing to advance, when a grape-shot broke his legs, and he fell, exclaiming, "Push on, my good soldiers! charge them! never mind me! somebody will pick me up! it's only the loss of a leg in the service!" He continued to cry out, all the time that the action lasted, "I don't care for my leg, if my regiment does its duty; and I hope they will!" He joined in the cheer with which the men hailed the surrender of the town, and insisted on being carried to the head of his regiment. He died on the 7th of February, 1807; and, as his corpse was being carried through the room in which Colonel Brownrigg lay mortally wounded, that gallant officer exclaimed, "There goes a brave soldier, and I shall soon follow him!" At eight in the evening, both were buried with military honours. Lieutenant-colonel Vassall, by his conduct in his last moments, deservedly gained the title of a hero. He left behind him a wife and three children.
LONG, (RICHARD BALLARD,) was born on the 4th of April, 1771, and, after having been educated at Harrow, removed to the University of Gottingen, whence he returned to England in 1791, and entered the dragoons, of which he became a captain in 1793. He accompanied his regiment to join the Duke of York's army in Flanders; and, in 1794, he succeeded to the post of major of brigade, in which charac