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Third, and created a baronet, prior to which he had been elected a fellow of the College of Physicians in London. During the long illness of his royal patient, to whom he became physician in ordinary, Sir Henry distinguished himself by his unremitting care and attention, and attracted the regard of the Prince of Wales, who generally selected him as his medical adviser.
In 1820, the subject of our memoir was chosen president of the Royal College of Physicians, a situation he still retains as well as that of physician in ordinary to their present majesties; which appointment he had also held under George the Fourth. Sir Henry, who changed his name to Halford, on succeeding to some family estates, does not appear to have published more than two works-Oratio Harveiana Habita, 1800, quarto; and An Account of what appeared on opening the Coffin of King Charles the First, in St. George's Chapel, at Windsor, 1813, quarto. The first of these evinces considerable classical learning; and shows, says the
Author of Public Characters, "that its author did not walk idly in the academic shades of Oxford." In addition to the works mentioned, Sir Henry contributed a few papers to the Medical Transactions, and to those of the College of Physicians.
Sir Henry Halford is not only an able physician, but, as a man of general science, takes a very high stand in his profession. "His treatment," says the authority before cited, "is founded on general principles, and he is well acquainted with the agents employed in medicine, and with the art of proportioning them to the exigency of the case." No man is more generally employed in the circles of rank and fashion than Sir Henry; and such is the extent of his practice, that he is said to realize by it nearly £30,000 per annum. He is the brother of the present Mr. Baron Vaughan, and both in his professional and private character is much esteemed and respected. In addition to his other distinctions, he is a fellow of the Royal and Antiquarian Societies.
ster General Dispensary, after a sharp contest with Dr. Clough. In 1809, he was unanimously appointed to succeed Dr. Poignard in the same situation, at the Middlesex Hospital, where he gave lectures on midwifery, and on the diseases of women and children, which were very numerously attended.
THIS eminent metropolitan physician, the son of a writer on political economy, was born at Marlborough, in Wiltshire, on the 25th of October, 1771. He received his education at the free-school of that town; and on the death of his father, whom he lost at an early age, commenced the study of medicine under his uncle, who attended, during his life, at nearly twelve thousand labours. Under his instructions, the subject of our memoir rapidly obtained a knowledge of his profession, and, in 1800, succeeded to the business of his relation. About this time he married his cousin ; and in 1807, he ceased to act as an apothecary, and confined himself to the practice of midwifery, in which he soon became eminent. In 1808, he procured a diploma from Marischal College, Aberdeen, on which occasion his testimonials were signed by Sir Henry Hal-nopsis of the various kinds of Difficult ford, Dr. Baillie, &c.; and in the September of the same year, he was elected physician-accoucheur to the Westmin
Dr. Merriman is not only celebrated as one of the first accoucheurs of the day, but has also written several valuable works, principally relative to the obstetric art. His first publication appeared in 1805, entitled, Observations on some late Attempts to depreciate the Value and Efficacy of Vaccine Inoculation, octavo; which has been succeeded by the following: A Dissertation on the Retroversion of the Womb, including some Observations on ExtraUterine Gestation, octavo, 1810; A Sy
Parturition, with Practical Remarks on the Management of Labours, 12mo. 1814; a most excellent work, which
has gone through several editions, and been translated into the French, German, and Italian languages; and Underwood's Treatise on the Diseases of Children, revised, with notes and observations, octavo, 1827.
Dr. Merriman is also the author of several papers inserted in various scientific journals and transactions; and is a F. L. S., and a fellow of the Imperial and Royal Academy of Sciences at Siena.
THOMAS BATEMAN was born at Whitby, in Yorkshire, on the 29th of April, 1778. When four years of age, he was placed under the care of a dissenting clergyman, and made great progress in his studies; although he appeared so silent and indolent at home, that his father used to say, "he would never be good for any thing." About 1790, he removed to an academy at Thornton; where he not only acquired great classical knowledge, but made himself acquainted with the elements of botany, astronomy, and electricity; cultivating, at the same time, as amusements, music and drawing. Before leaving school, he had constructed, with imperfect tools, a planetarium, and an electrical machine, and completed an extensive hortus siccus.
In 1794, he was apprenticed to an apothecary, at Whitby, with whom he continued three years; adding, in that time, to his pharmaceutic studies, those of the French language, mathematics, and mineralogy. In 1797, he went to London, and entered himself as physician's pupil at St. George's Hospital, where he attended the lectures of Dr. Baillie; which, together with a winter's anatomical practice, strengthened," says one of his biographers, "the bent of his talent for accurate observation, and of the character he afterwards displayed for taking practical views." In 1798, he went to Edinburgh; where, after having acted as clinical clerk at the infirmary, and one of the presidents of the Royal Medical Society, he took his degree of M. D. in 1801; the subject of his inaugural thesis being entitled, Hæmorrhoea Petechialis.
Proceeding to London shortly after, he became pupil to Dr. Willan, at the Public Dispensary; where, after having acted, for a short time, as assistant
physician, he succeeded Dr. Dimsdale, in 1804. About the same time, he was appointed physician to the Fever Institution; and, in 1805, he was admitted a licentiate of the College of Physicians; but, notwithstanding his laborious exertions to arrive at eminence, he derived but little emolument from his profession till 1811, when his practice and reputation suddenly and considerably increased. He was principally celebrated, as a practitioner and author, for his skill in cutaneous diseases; in all questions relating to which, he became," says his biographer," the principal authority: a distinction which," it is added, "was well confirmed by the appearance of his Synopsis, in 1813." This publication was succeeded by one entitled, Delineations of the Cutaneous Diseases, with seventy coloured plates, partly from the pencil of Dr. Willan; a work which has been characterized as one of essential importance in facilitating the acquisition of a ready diagnostic tact. The Synopsis was, shortly after its appearance, translated into the German, French, and Italian languages; and both that, and the Delineations, were requested, as a present, by the Emperor of Russia; who, in return, sent Dr. Bateman a ring of the value of one hundred guineas, and a desire that all his future works should be transmitted to St. Petersburgh.
In the spring of 1815, he was attacked by an illness, arising from a derangement of the functions of the digestive organs; from the effects of which he never afterwards recovered. After taking several journeys into the north, in the hope of deriving some benefit from travelling, he returned in a state of increased debility; his sight became affected; and, in 1817, failed so rapidly, that, by the advice of Dr.
A conversation ensued, in which he was absurd enough to attribute his sceptical notions to the natural tendency of some of his professional studies. Some time after, he said, in allusion to the first of Scott's Essays on some of the most Important Subjects in Religion, which had been read to him by a friend, "This is demonstration!-complete demonstration!" During the latter part of his life, he devoted the greater portion of his time to religious meditation and discourse, and died, it is said, a most sincere Christian.
Pearson, he had recourse to mercury; but the distressing train of symptoms which ensued, and of which he published an account in the Medico-Chirurgical Transactions, soon compelled him to relinquish it. He was now entreated to retire into the country, and try the effect of mental rest, and a complete cessation from reading and writing; but an epidemic fever having broken out in London, he insisted on recommencing his attendance at the Fever Institution; where, for the space of six months, he had, on an average, seven hundred patients. His exertions, added to his former ill state of health, reduced him to such a state of debility, that he resigned his office of physician to the institution, on the abatement of the epidemic, of which he shortly after-sideration or consciousness, the exact wards published an able account. About the same time, he collected his Reports on the Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal, into one volume, to which he prefixed an historical and interesting sketch of the state of health in London, during the eighteenth century.
In the summer of 1819, while on his way to Whitby, a further attack of illness determined him to retire from the Public Dispensary, and to pass the remainder of his life in Yorkshire, as free from business as possible. On receiving his resignation, the committee presented him with a handsome piece of plate, and nominated him a life governor, and consulting physician; which latter office he declined, in consequence of the distance he resided from London. Towards the winter of 1819, he slightly improved in his health; but, on the approach of spring, in the following year, he became so weak, that he was apprehensive the mere exertion of walking across the room, would prove fatal to him; and, on the 9th of April, 1820, he expired.
The character of Dr. Bateman, both private and professional, is said to have been marked by strict morality, and unimpeachable integrity: he has, however, been charged with dissipation, and a leaning towards the doctrines of materialism. At the commencement of his illness, in 1815, he exclaimed, in a paroxysm of pain, to a friend who attended him, "All these sufferings are a just punishment for my long scepticism, and neglect of God and religion!"
Although endowed with extreme sensibility, and the warmest affections, his deportment to strangers was cold and forbidding: his language to all was simple, direct, and, without con
echo of his heart. On one occasion, he peremptorily refused to prolong a pleasant visit, because, as he said, to a companion, he had promised he would be at home at twelve o'clock, and could
not break his word even to a chambermaid.
Besides the publications already mentioned, Dr. Bateman was the author (with two exceptions) of the medical articles in Rees's Cyclopædia, from the letter C inclusive. Though he wrote with such ease and fluency, that, to use his own words, when he began, he considered his labour done, his compositions were preceded by the most indefatigable and extensive research: as an instance of which, he relates, that to prepare for the single article, Imagination, he read the greater part of one and twenty volumes. "It would be hardly too much to say," observes his biographer, in the Gentleman's Magazine, that he never wasted a minute." Even while dinner was being placed upon the table, he always had a pen in his hand, or executed a passage on the organ. To this instrument he was so much attached, that, although he seldom discontinued his studies until two or three o'clock in the morning, he would generally play upon it for an hour, before he retired to rest.
No physician, it is said, ever died more generally esteemed, both by his private friends, and his medical cotemporaries. He was mentioned by one as a pattern of sterling moral worth; another said, that the more he knew,
the more did he respect him for his integrity and understanding; and a third declared, that, in him, the faculty had lost more perspicuity, judgment,
greater extent of learning, and more practical familiarity with disease, than were combined in any other man whom he had ever known.
THE subject of this memoir, the son of a tradesman at Oxford, was born there some time in the year 1782. He commenced his education at Winchester, whence he removed to one of the two great universities, with the intention of qualifying himself for the church. Having, however, altered his mind in favour of medicine, he commenced the necessary course of study, and after having taken his degree of M. D. came to London, and entered himself a pupil at St. Bartholomew's Hospital. Here he made such progress in his profession, and gave such proofs of his practical and theoretical knowledge, that on the resignation of Dr. Latham, he was chosen to succeed him as physician to the institution. He immediately followed up the appointment by a course of lectures on pathology, chemistry, and pharmacy; but notwithstanding his efforts to form a class of medical pupils, he was unsuccessful, and, at length, resigned the lectureship to Dr. Hue.
Having been admitted a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians in London, and constituted a censor, Dr. Powell set on foot an inquiry into the state of medicine within his jurisdiction, and attempted the correction of many abuses in the college; in which he partly succeeded, although he met with repeated and obstinate opposition. His principal labours, however, were relative to the pharmacopoeia of his college, which, in consequence of the numerous improvements introduced into medicine, since the last revision, made, in his opinion, a new edition of the work necessary. He accordingly undertook the task, which, with the assistance of Dr. Maton, and
after much difficulty, he accomplished. On its completion, Dr. Powell was appointed to publish a translation of the work, by way of recompense for his trouble in compiling the Latin edition, which appeared in 1809, on the same day with the translation. The latter, in consequence of the haste with which it had been done, contained no less than one hundred and fifty errors, which caused it to be censured by all the medical reviews. A corrected edition subsequently was published, but still containing so many chemical errors, that it became the subject of censure from the pen of Mr. Phillips, an experienced metropolitan chemist. In 1815, a third edition appeared, in which many of the objections to which it was before liable, have been removed.
Dr. Powell was, in 1823, secretary to the commissioners for regulating madhouses, and " he has afforded," says the author of Public Characters, "much useful and interesting information to the world on that distressing mental malady, mania." He has also distinguished himself by his services to the institution for the encouragement of arts, manufactures, and commerce, of which he became a vice-president. He has published several papers in the Medical Transactions, of which the most important is one giving an account of a case of hydrophobia, which came under his superintendence at St. Bartholomew's Hospital, and which excited great interest at the time in the medical world. Dr. Powell is not only spoken of as an able and scientific physician, but also as an excellent Greek and Latin classic.
ROBERT GOOCH, the son of a naval officer, was born at Yarmouth, in Norfolk, in June, 1784. After having received the rudiments of education at a day school, he was placed, about the year 1799, with Mr. Borrett, a surgeon and apothecary, in his native town; and, shortly afterwards, taught himself Latin. He thus describes how he used to pass a portion of his time, during the early part of his apprenticeship: "When I had nothing else to do,-no pills to roll nor mixtures to compose, I used, by the advice of my master, to go up into my bed-room, and there, with Cheselden before me, learn the anatomy of the bones, by the aid of some loose ones, together with a whole articulated skeleton." This, which hung up in a box at the foot of his bed, was, for some time, such an object of alarm, that, one night, he fancied it came out of its case and approached him. "I tried," he says, "to think of something else, but in vain. I shut my eyes, and began to forget myself, when, whether I was awake or asleep, or between both, I cannot tell, but suddenly I felt two bony hands grasp my ancles, and pull me down the bed: if it had been real. it could not have been more distinct." He is said, about this time, to have derived great benefit from a manuscript copy of the lectures of Astley Cooper, and to have had his reasoning powers much strengthened by reading and discussion with a blind gentleman, named Harley, to whom, at his death, he left £100 as a token of his gratitude and
In 1804, he went to Edinburgh, where he pursued his medical studies with great assiduity; attended the Royal Infirmary; and became a member of the Medical and Speculative Societies. Though shy and reserved in company, he took an active part in the debates of his fellow-students; and, "on one occasion," it is said, "when a medical coxcomb had written a paper as full of pretension as it was void of merit, so severely handled him, that the writer burst into tears and
left the meeting." During the period allowed by the vacations, at Edinburgh, he passed the principal part of his time at Yarmouth, where he became attached to a Miss Bolingbroke, whom he subsequently married.
In June, 1807, he took his degree of M. D., and, after making a tour in the Highlands, proceeded to London, where he became a pupil of Astley Cooper, and passed the winter in dissecting. In 1808, he entered into partnership with a Mr. James, of Croydon, and persuaded some of his friends to establish the London Medical Review, to which, during its existence of five years, he became a principal contributor. Shortly after the death of his wife, which appears to have occurred in 1811, he removed from Croydon to the city of London, where he soon obtained an extensive and
lucrative practice as an accoucheur; chiefly, it is said, owing to the strong recommendations of Mr. Young, Dr. Babington, and Sir William Knighton: the latter of whom, in all matters of importance, he was accustomed to consult. In 1812, he became physician to the Westminster Lying-in Hospital, and joint lecturer at St. Bartholomew's, with Dr. Thynne, on whose decease, which shortly afterwards took place, the whole profits derivable from the office devolved on Dr. Gooch. will be glad to hear," he says, about this time, in a letter to a friend, "that practice is coming in upon me, in a way and with a rapidity which surprises me; if its after progress is at all proportionate to its commencement (of which I feel no doubt), it will soon carry me out of the reach of pecuniary cares."
In 1814, he married the sister of Mr. Travers; observing, as a reason for no longer delaying a second union, "Lost time is lost happiness: the years of man are threescore and ten; the months, therefore, eight hundred and forty; about three hundred and sixty of my share are already gone,-how many have I to spare?" Although, at