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3 | And Adam lived an hunTHIS is the book of the gen- dred and thirty years, and begat
erations of Adam: In the day a son in his own likeness, after that God created man, in the his image; and d called his name likeness of God made he him : Seth :
2 - Male and female created 4. • And the days of Adam afhe them; and blessed them, and ter he had begotten Seth were called their name Adam, in the eight hundred years : ' and he beday when they were created. gat sons and daughters :
a 1 Chron. 1. 1. Luke 3. 36. b ch. 1. 26. Eph. 4. 24. Col. 3. 10. c ch, 1. 27.
1 ch. 4. 25.
e 1 Chron. 1. 1, &c. f ch. 1. 28.
gan to build temples into the stars, and tailed, and which we have already sufto offer sacrifices unto them, and to laud ficiently explained. Perhaps he designand glorify them with words, and to ed also to hint at the different mode of worship before them, that they might, production in regard to Adam and his in their evil opinion, obtain favour of posterity. He came into being from the Creator. And this was the root the immediate hand of his Creator; of idolatry.”—Lightfoot supposes that they by generation from him. Noah is called in 2 Pet. 2. 5, 'the eighth 2. Called their name Adam. As be person’ in reference to these times, viz. fore remarked, ch. 26, Adam is in the eighth in succession from Enos, in truth the name of the species, of the whose days the world began to be pro-whole human race in general, though fane. Otherwise it may be rendered frequently employed as the appellation the ‘eightb preacher.'
of the first man exclusively. It is,
however, a striking fact that the Holy CHAPTER V.
Spirit should have adopted a phraseol1. This is the book of the generations ogy which teaches us that it was not of Adam. In other words, this is the merely an individual, but the human narrative or rehearsal of the remarka- race, whose history is given in the pre ble events pertaining to the creation ceding chapters; that it was the hu, and the life of Adam (see Gen. 2. 4, on man race which was put upon probathe word "generations'); and not only tion, was tempted, overcome, and ruinso, but also the list or catalogue of the ed by the fall. It is not easy to connames of his more immediate posterity. ceive of any theological view which Both senses are undoubtedly included shall weaken the force of this soleman in the expression, as the two first ver consideration. ses imply the first, and the remaining 3. Adam lived an hundred and thirty part of the chapter the second. The years. During which time he begat phrase is at once retrospective and an- many other sons and daughters not ticipative in its import. It is not the enumerated in this catalogue. V. 4. writer's object, however, to give a com- -Ti Begat a son in his own likeness. plete genealogy embracing all Adam's The word 'son' does not occur in the descendants to Noah, but only those original, but from what follows it is through whom the line of the promises plain that the sense requires its inserran. - In the day that God created tion. Similar omissions are not infre
Heb. 'created Adam. The quent in Hebrew. Thus 1 Chron. 18. historian prefaces the ensuing genealo-6, Then David put in Syria ;' i. e. gy with a brief recapitulation of the as we learn from 2 Sam. 8. 6, put gar. leading events which he had before de- I risons in Syria.--" In his own like
5 And all the days that Adam were nine hundred and twelve lived were nine hundred and thir- years; and he died. ty years; : and he died.
9 | And Enos lived ninety 6 And Seth lived an hundred years, and begat Cainan : and five years, and h begat Enos: 10 And Enos lived after he be
7 And Seth lived after he be- gat Cainan eight hundred and gat Enos eight hundred and seven fifteen years, and begat sons and years, and begat sons and daugh- daughters:
11 And all the days of Enos 8 And all the days of Seth were nine hundred and five years;
and he died.
8 ch. 3. 19. Heb. 9. 27. h ch. 4. 26.
Not only like him in the struc- in his family ending in the unnatural ture of his body and the faculties of murder of his second son by a brother's his mind, but like him also in the cor- hand. He was witness also to the ruption of his nature as a sinner. If beginnings of that universal corruption the former only had been intended, it which at last brought on the deluge ; might have been said of Cain or Abel, and when he beheld himself the source as well as of Seth. But here the im- of these growing evils, he could not fail, plication is, that Seth, though a good with every succeeding year of his life, man and worthy of being substituted to entertain deeper and more appalling in the place of Abel as the progenitor views of the enormity of his transgresof the promised seed, yet even he was sion and the justice of his sentence. begotten and born in sin, and indebted This would naturally tend in his case, to the sovereign grace of God alone for as in every other, to heighten his estiall the moral excellence which he pos- mate at once of the goodness and the sessed. The evident drift of the sacred severity of God, and endear to him that writer is to hint at the contrast between promise which was the hope of a lost the image in which Adam himself was I world. made, and that in which his children
3—28. Of the genealogy contained in were begotten. Adam was created in these verses we may remark, (1.) That the image of God, pure, upright, and it is a very honourable one. Not only holy; but after his fall he begat a son did the patriarchs and prophets, and like himself sinful, defiled, frail, mortal, the church of God for many ages, deand miserable. "Grace does not run in scend from it, but the Son of God himthe blood, but corruption does. A sin self according to the flesh; and to show ner begets a sinner, but a saint does the fulfilment of the promises and prophnot beget a saint.' Henry.
ecies concerning him is the principal 5. All the days that Adam lived were reason of the genealogy having been nine hundred and thirty years : and recorded. (2.) Neither Cain nor Abel he died. Thus our great progenitor, has any place in it. Abel was slain having reached the fifty-sixth year of before he had any children, and thereLamech's life, and seen his issue in fore could not ; and Cain by his sin the ninth generation, left the world on had covered his name with infamy, which his apostacy had drawn down and therefore should not. Adam's possuch dire effects. Besides the griefs terity, consequently, after the lapse of an which he experienced on account of hundred and thirty years must begin his personal transgression, he had the anew. (3.) The extraordinary length mortification to see an early rupture of human life at that period was wisely 12 | And Cainan lived seven- 15 | And Mahalaleel lived sixty years, and begat Mahalaleel:
ty and five years, and begat Jared : 13 And Cainan lived after he 16 And Mahalaleel lived after begat Mahalaleel eight hundred he begat Jared eight hundred and and forty years, and begat sons thirty years, and begat sons and and daughters :
daughters: 14 And all the days of Cainan 17 And all the days of Mahawere nine hundred and ten years; laleel were eight hundred ninety and he died.
and five years; and he died.
ordered, not only for peopling the world, society, and thus the phenomenon is but for supplying the defect of a writ- traced back to the goodness and wisten revelation. From the death of Ad- dom of the Creator. For it is obviam to the call of Abraham, a period of ous to the least reflecting, not only that about eleven hundred years, there was the process of peopling the earth reliving either Enoch, Lamech, Noah, or quired at first a greater longevity in the Shem, besides other cotemporary god human race, than would be necessary ly persons, who would feelingly relate after it became adequately colonised, to those about them the great events of but that the advancement of the race the creation, the fall, and the recovery itself into high civilization and refine of man. (4.) Notwithstanding the ment could not have taken place, had longevity of the antediluvians, it is re- not each person been permitted to live corded of them all in their turn, that during a much longer space of time they died. Though the stroke of death than is found to be the case at present was slow in its approach, yet it was in every portion of the globe. The sure. If man could live a thousand first generations having no past experiyears, yet he must die; and if he die in ence to look back upon, must have sin, he will be accursed. (5.) Though owed all their knowledge to their own many of the names in this genealogy individual exertions; and how far these are passed over without any thing be- would have carried them in the short ing said of their piety, yet we are not space of seventy or eighty years, we hence to infer that they were not so need only examine the condition of the distinguished. Many might be in- wandering tribes in America to discovcluded among them who called upon er. It was not, however, in accordance the name of the Lord, and who are with God's gracious design in creating, denominated the sons of God,' though that man, whom he had appointed the nothing is personally related of them.- head of this lower world, should live As to the extreme longevity that char- and die in a state of intellectual childacterized this period, it was probably hood. And hence he appointed to the owing in part to physical and in part to antediluvians many centuries of exist moral causes. While the influences of ence, that they might discover, follow climate and diet are to be recognized as up, and lay the foundations of knowl contributing to it, yet we may admit edge for all future ages, in every useful that there were various other causes in and ornamental art. But the necessity operation which tended to the same re- for so very protracted an existence being sult. There is in fact something in the of a temporary nature, God wisely withintellectual nature of man which seems drew it, as soon as it had attained its to require that the period of life granted purposes ; and he did so, not more in 10 individuals, should be more extended wisdom, than in mercy, to the creature in the infancy, than in the maturity of I whose mortal life he curtailed. As we
18 | And Jared lived an hundred 21 1 And Enoch lived sixty sixty and two years, and he begat and five years, and begat Methui Enoch:
selah: 19 And Jared lived after he be- 22 And Enoch walked with gat Enoch eight hundred years, God after he begat Methuselah and begat sons and daughteis: three hundred years, and begat
20 And all the days of Jared sons and daughters : were nine hundred and sixty and two years; and he died.
k cb. 6. 9. & 17. 1. & 24. 40. 2 Kings 20. 3. Ps. 16. 8. & 116. 9. & 128. 1. Mic. 6. 8. Mal. 2. 6.
i Jude 14, 15.
have already seen, though their prodi- was the longest liver of the children of gious age doubtless contributed greatly Adam. Among the multitudes of whom to the advancement of the antediluvians no information is given some might in knowledge and refinement, it is be- have exceeded him in this respect. yond a question that the same circum- 22. Enoch walked with God. A brief stances tended, more perhaps than any but expressive character of a good man. thing besides, to introduce moral cor- 'To walk with God is in the first place ruption into the world, which corrup- to be agreed with him, to become retion became, in all probability, more conciled to him in the way of his apand more flagrant as the increased pointment-'for how can two walk toingenuity of mankind enabled them gether except they be agreed ??—and to devise new methods of gratify- then to set God always before us, to ing the senses. Thus God permitted act as being under the continual inspecthe first races to live long upon the i tion of his all-seeing eye. It is to live a earth, that they might themselves at- life of communion with him and of obetain to perfection in the cultivation of dience to him, making his word our rule the sciences, and leave them to their and his glory our end, in all actions. posterity, even though the boon of It is to make it our constant endeavour longevity proved mischievous to their in every thing to please him and in own moral purity, whilst the ground- nothing to offend him. This it is to work of knowledge being laid, he took walk with God like Enoch, who in the away the stumbling-block in the way of midst of the men of a wicked generaman's obedience, by decreeing that 'the tion walked not as they walked, but time of man's life should be four score set his face as a flint against the abounyears.'
ding ungodliness. In consequence of 21. And begat Methuselah. The im- this he obtained the honourable and preport of this name in the original is, 'He cious testimony that he pleased God,' dieth, and the sending forth;' as if it and as a reward for his preeminent piewere an intimation of the sending forth ty was spared the pains of death.of the waters of the deluge about the From the import of the phrase 'to time of his death. Whether this con- walk with God' as used 1 Sam. 2. 30, jecture be well founded or not, it is cer- 35, and from his being said by Jude, v. tain that in the very year in which he 14, to be a prophet, it is probably to be died the earth was overwhelmed by that inferred that Enoch acted also in a dread catastrophe.-The age of Methu- public and official capacity as a preachselah transcended that of any of the er of righteousness, reproving and derest of the patriarchs here mentioned, nouncing the growing impiety of the but it is not absolutely certain that he i times, and exhorting to repentance. A
23 And all the days of Enoch 26 And Methuselah lived after were three hundred sixty and five he begat Lamech seven hundred years:
eighty and two years, and begat 24 And Enoch walked with sons and daughters : God, and he was not: for God 27 And all the days of Methu took him.
selah were nine hundred sixty 25 | And Methuselah lived an and nine years ; and he died. hundred eighty and seven years,
28 | And Lamech lived an hunand begat Lamech:
dred eighty and
two years, and
begat a son: 1 2 Kings 2. 11. Heb. 11. 5.
brief but impressive specimen of his 300 years—with Seth, Enos, Cainan, preaching is preserved by the apostle Mahalaleel, and Jared during his whole Jude, from which it appears that the life—and that he was translated 57 doctrine of the second advent of Christ, years after the death of Adam, 69 years the resurrection of the dead, and a before the birth of Noah, and in the judgment to come, were taught, though year of the world 937. It has been somewhat obscurely, in the very earli- suggested as highly probable that some est ages of the world.-Wonderful as visible demonstration of his translation was the event of the translation of a
was given to his cotemporaries in orliving man to the world of glory, we der to confirm their faith in the prosknow of nothing in the revealed pur- pect of another and an immortal life, poses of God to forbid the occurrence as well perhaps as to intimate to them of other instances of the like kind even the manner in which sinless man would in this or any other age of the world, in process of time have been disposed provided there were instances of equal of under the first covenant, had it not eminence in piety. The same distinc- been for the effects of the fall. But tion was subsequently conferred upon from the peculiar phraseology in which Elijah, and probably from the same his removal is described, v. 24, we inreasons, and the words of the apostle cline to the opinion that it was not vis1 Cor. 15. 51, make it certain that the ible. — Begat sons and daughters. whole human race shall not fall asleep From which it plainly appears that a in death, but that a portion of mankind state of celibacy is not essential to a shall be transferred to the abodes of life of the most devoted and preemibliss without undergoing dissolution. nent piety. This is to take plare under the seventh 24. And he was not, for God took apocalyptic trumpet, and if there be him. Was not found; was missing ; any certainty in prophetic chronology had disappeared from human view. we are now living under that trumpet, The expression implics something very or close upon its borders. If then such peculiar in the manner of his removal. an event is to be anticipated hereafter, In some mysterious way he had beand that without contravening the gen- come no longer an inhabitant of this eral law, that 'it is appointed for all world, and as he is not said like the men once to die,' we know no reason rest of the patriarchs to have died, the why it may not take place even now, | inference is plain, though the text itself though we have no positive evidence does not clearly assert it, that he must that it will.-It may be remarked that have been exempted from the common Enoch was cotemporary with Adam lot of hunianity in making his exit from 308 years—with his son Methuselah | the earth. This is made absolutely cer