The Dispersion of Egyptian Jewry: Culture, Politics, and the Formation of a Modern Diaspora

Voorkant
American Univ in Cairo Press, 2005 - 329 pagina's
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Egypt's indigenous Jewish population comprised Arabic-speaking Rabbanite and Karaite Jews, some of whom had been in the country since the early Islamic era. Jews expelled from Spain in 1492 took refuge in Egypt, and their numbers were augmented in the mid-nineteenth century by Sephardic immigrants. Originally welcomed elsewhere in the Ottoman Empire, these Spanish Jews came to Egypt seeking economic opportunity in the era of Suez Canal construction and the cotton boom. The late nineteenth century brought Ashkenazi Jews fleeing persecution in Eastern Europe. The different groups formed a heterogeneous community of cosmopolitan hybrids, which was both an element of strength and a factor in its eventual demise. The Dispersion of Egyptian Jewry examines the history of the Egyptian Jewish community after 1948, focusing on three major areas: the life of the majority of the community, which remained in Egypt from the1948 Arab-Israeli War until the aftermath of the 1956 Suez/Sinai War; the dispersion and reestablishment of Egyptian Jewish communities in the United states, France, and Israel; and contested memories of Jewish life in Egypt since President Anwar al-Sadat's visit to Jerusalem in 1977. Beinin argues that the experiences of Egyptian Jews cannot be adequately accounted for by either Egyptian nationalist or Zionist narratives. Fusing history, ethnography, literary analysis, and autobiography, Joel Beinin conducts an interdisciplinary investigation into identity, dispersion, and the retrieval of identity that is relevant for anyone interested in Egypt, the Jewish diaspora, or the formation of cultures and identities.
 

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Introduction
1
Communitarianisms Nationalisms Nostalgias
31
Citizens Dhimmis and Subversives
60
Nazis and Spies The Discourse of Operation Susannah
90
The Graduates of haShomer haTzair in Israel
121
The Communist Emigres in France
142
The Karaites of the San Francisco Bay Area
179
The Recovery of Egyptian Jewish Identity
207
Opposing Camp David and Remembering the Jews of Egypt Trends in Recent Egyptian Historical Writing
241
Interview with Jacques Hassoun I am Jewish because I am Egyptian I am Egyptian because I am Jewish
269
Notes
275
Bibliography
307
Index
323
Copyright

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Over de auteur (2005)


Joel Beinin is professor of Middle East history at Stanford University. His latest book is Workers and Peasants in the Modern Middle East (2001). He was president of the Middle East Studies Association of North America in 2001-02.

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