History as a Kind of Writing: Textual Strategies in Contemporary French Historiography
University of Chicago Press, 7 mrt 2017 - 264 pagina's
In academia, the traditional role of the humanities is being questioned by the “posts”—postmodernism, poststructuralism, and postfeminism—which means that the project of writing history only grows more complex. In History as a Kind of Writing, scholar of French literature and culture Philippe Carrard speaks to this complexity by focusing the lens on the current state of French historiography.
Carrard’s work here is expansive—examining the conventions historians draw on to produce their texts and casting light on views put forward by literary theorists, theorists of history, and historians themselves. Ranging from discussions of lengthy dissertations on 1960s social and economic history to a more contemporary focus on events, actors, memory, and culture, the book digs deep into the how of history. How do historians arrange their data into narratives? What strategies do they employ to justify the validity of their descriptions? Are actors given their own voice? Along the way, Carrard also readdresses questions fundamental to the field, including its necessary membership in the narrative genre, the presumed objectivity of historiographic writing, and the place of history as a science, distinct from the natural and theoretical sciences.
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anachronism analysis Annales Annales school archives argued audience authors Beauvaisis biography Boucheron Braudel calls Cardenio Certeau chapter Charonne Chartier concept contemporary French historians Corbin counterfactual history cultural describe Dewerpe discipline documents Duby Duby’s enunciation epistemological essay examine example Farge fictional figurative language française France franglais French historiography Furet genre Goubert Hartog Hayden White historiographic discourse historiographic texts historique includes instance investigation issue Jan Karski Kalifa Keith Jenkins l’histoire L’univers Ladurie’s Langlois and Seignobos Languedoc Le Roy Ladurie linguistic literary literary theory Loez manuals Marxism metaphor Montaillou narratology nineteenth century Noiriel notes numbers paratext Paris perspective political Prochasson published questions quotation marks quoted readers reading recount refer Revolution rhetoric Ricoeur Roy Ladurie scholarly scholars sciences siècle social speak specialists specific stage narrative story studies textual theory tion traces trope turn Veyne Vichy Vovelle women writing