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process of establishing a national consensus on these very important questions.

I will be pleased to respond to the committee's questions, Mr. Chairman, but perhaps first you may wish to have Dr. Perkins present his statement. We then can jointly participate in the discussion

[The prepared statement of Dr. Press follows:

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National Academy of Sciences, I will be privileged to

discuss a subiect that has been a serious concern of

mine hoth as a scientist, as an educator, and as an

individual involved in the formation of science policy

at the national level.

Dr. Courtland D. Perkins, the

distinguished President of the National Academy of

Fnoineerino, joins me as a member of this panel and he

and I hoth are pleased to provide whatever assistance we

can in addressing the questions you have posed.

with your indulgence,

would like

address

these concerns in the broader context of challenges the

nation faces in science and technology during the coming decades, drawino in part upon my experience of the past

five years during which the demands of scientific and

engineering manpower for serving modern technology were

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fulfilled by the Academies in advising the government on timely issues of concern to the nation.

Mr. Chairman, your hearings should seek to

provide a clear and factual exposition upon which

decisions can he formulated in meeting enoineering

manpower needs for the next decade and defining the

roles to be played by government, industry and the

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technological leader of the world, certain worrisome

sians should lead us to examine carefully whether these

goals are heing well served.

There is a widespread

helief that our technology today is growing less competitive with other industrial nations and that the

scientific and engineering facilities in which we

educate and train future generations show an alarmina

slippade in comparative quality.

The sufficiency and quality of engineering manpower resources for the future are directly related

to the overall quality and level of research programs in

our academic community.

Only if our universities remain

on the cutting edae and frontier of research endeavors,

can we both advance the state of the art and improve the

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decade, hut only recently have we been able to enlist

the government as an active partner in a cooperative

effort to replace inadeouate and obsolete equipment.

Yet today's stringent budget constraints have, for all

practical purposes, ahorted this effort.

Industry has increasinalv recognized the value,

for its own future needs, of plant modernization at

universities.

But, however encouragina it is to see the

growing contributions of industry to solving these problems, it cannot be expected to shoulder the entire

burden alone.

Onsolescence of eouipment in our

universities must be addressed, and ouickly, by

developing additional financial support from the Federal

Government, industry, and other private sources.

One useful government initiative has been the

incentive created for increased industrial support by

the recently enacted Reagan Administration tax program

which extends tax henefits to companies donating certain

kinds of equipment to universities for research.

A

liberal use of this provision by industry could make

sianificant contributions toward modernizing obsolete

academic lahoratories.

More such innovative approaches

must be effectuated.

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