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process of establishing a national consensus on these very important questions.
I will be pleased to respond to the committee's questions, Mr. Chairman, but perhaps first you may wish to have Dr. Perkins present his statement. We then can jointly participate in the discussion
[The prepared statement of Dr. Press follows:
National Academy of Sciences, I will be privileged to
discuss a subiect that has been a serious concern of
mine hoth as a scientist, as an educator, and as an
individual involved in the formation of science policy
at the national level.
Dr. Courtland D. Perkins, the
distinguished President of the National Academy of
Fnoineerino, joins me as a member of this panel and he
and I hoth are pleased to provide whatever assistance we
can in addressing the questions you have posed.
with your indulgence,
these concerns in the broader context of challenges the
nation faces in science and technology during the coming decades, drawino in part upon my experience of the past
five years during which the demands of scientific and
engineering manpower for serving modern technology were
fulfilled by the Academies in advising the government on timely issues of concern to the nation.
Mr. Chairman, your hearings should seek to
provide a clear and factual exposition upon which
decisions can he formulated in meeting enoineering
manpower needs for the next decade and defining the
roles to be played by government, industry and the
technological leader of the world, certain worrisome
sians should lead us to examine carefully whether these
goals are heing well served.
There is a widespread
helief that our technology today is growing less competitive with other industrial nations and that the
scientific and engineering facilities in which we
educate and train future generations show an alarmina
slippade in comparative quality.
The sufficiency and quality of engineering manpower resources for the future are directly related
to the overall quality and level of research programs in
our academic community.
Only if our universities remain
on the cutting edae and frontier of research endeavors,
can we both advance the state of the art and improve the
decade, hut only recently have we been able to enlist
the government as an active partner in a cooperative
effort to replace inadeouate and obsolete equipment.
Yet today's stringent budget constraints have, for all
practical purposes, ahorted this effort.
Industry has increasinalv recognized the value,
for its own future needs, of plant modernization at
But, however encouragina it is to see the
growing contributions of industry to solving these problems, it cannot be expected to shoulder the entire
Onsolescence of eouipment in our
universities must be addressed, and ouickly, by
developing additional financial support from the Federal
Government, industry, and other private sources.
One useful government initiative has been the
incentive created for increased industrial support by
the recently enacted Reagan Administration tax program
which extends tax henefits to companies donating certain
kinds of equipment to universities for research.
liberal use of this provision by industry could make
sianificant contributions toward modernizing obsolete
More such innovative approaches
must be effectuated.