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some extraordinary military preparations of the Parthians to resist the incursions of the Scythians. He then informs our Lord, that he showed him this purposely that he might see how necessary military exertions are to retain the possession of kingdoms, as well as to subdue them at first; and advises him to consider how impossible it was to mainiain Judea against two such powerful neighbours as the Ro mans and Parthians, and how necessary it would be to form an alliance with one or other of them. At the same time he recommends, and engages to se cure to him, that of the Parthians; and tells him that by this means his power will be defended from any thing that Rome or Cæsar might attempt against it, and that he will be able to extend his glory wide, and especially to accomplish, what was particularly necessary to make the throne of Judea really the throne of David, the deliverance and re storation of the ten tribes, still in a state of captivi ty. Jesus, having briefly noticed the vanity of military efforts and the weakness of the arm of flesh, says, that when the time comes for ascending his alJotted throne he shall not be slack: he remarks on Satan's extraordinary zeal for the deliverance of the Israelites, to whom he had always showed himself an enemy, and declares their servitude to be the consequence of their idolatry; but adds, that at a future time it may perhaps please God to recall them, and restore them to their liberty and native land.
SO spake the Son of God; and Satan stood
"I see thou know'st what is of use to know,
15 Infallible: or wert thou sought to deeds That might require th' array of war, thy skill Of conduct would be such, that all the world Could not sustain thy prowess, or subsist In battle, though against thy few in arms.
20 These god-like virtues wherefore dost thou hide, Affecting private life, or more obscure In savage wilderness? wherefore deprive All earth her wonder at thy acts, thyself The fame and glory; glory, the reward That sole excites to high attempts, the flame Of most erected spi'rits, most temper'd pure Ethereal, who all pleasures else despise, All treasures and all gain esteem as dross, And dignities and pow'rs all but the highest? 30
Thy years are ripe, and over-ripe; the son
To whom our Saviour calmly thus reply'd.
45 For glory's sake, by all thy argument. For what is glory but the blaze of fame, The people's praise, if always praise unmix'd ? And what the people but a herd confus'd, A miscellaneous rabble, who extol
50 Things vulgar, and, well weigh’d, scarce worth the
praise? They praise, and they admire, they know not what, And know not whom, but as one leads the other; And what delight to be by such extollid, To live upon their tongues and be their talk, 55 Of whom to be disprais'd were no small praise? His lot who dares be singularly good. Th' intelligent among them and the wise Are few, and glory scarce of few is raisd. This is true glory and renown, when God
60 Looking on th' earth, with approbation marks The just man, and divulges him through Heav'n To all his Angels, who with true applause Recount his praises : thus he did to Job, When, to extend his fame through Heav'n and Earth, As thou to thy reproach may'st well remember, 66 He ask'd thee, 'Hast thou seen my servant Job?' Famous he was in Heav'n, on Earth less known; Where glory is false glory, attributed
To things not glorious, men not worthy of fame. 70
To whom the Tempter murm'ring thựs reply'd. * Think not so slight of glory; therein least Vol. II.
Resembling thy great Father: he seeks glory, 1 ro
To whom our Saviour fervently reply'd.
140 That which to God alone of right belongs : Yet so much bounty is in God, such grace, That who advance his glory, not their own, Them he himself to glory will advance."
So spake the Son of God; and here again 145 Satan had not to answer, but stood struck With guilt of his own sin ; for he himself, Insatiable of glory, bad lost all ; Yet of another plea bethought him soon