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The Bear, poor animal, died suddenly about a aid of the first I will persevere in this resolufortnight ago. I much fear Bormer [?] will l' tion. My “fathers' house shall not be bave sad confused accounts, and also Mealey made a den of theives.” - Newstead shall not who seems always stupid with ale. He has be sold. I am some thousand miles from about ninety pounds of Lord Byron's money to home with few resources, and the prospect of account for, and God knows if he can give a their daily becoming less, I have neither friend proper account of it, but of this positive that nor Counsellor, my only English servant de. they both shall, tho' I really cannot take the parts with this letter, my situation is forlorn trouble to examine them till you arrive enough for a man of my birth and former exas Mealey said he had none of Lord Byron's pectations : - do not mistake this for commoney left which makes me think all is not right plaint however. I state the simple fact, and, there.
will never degrade myself by lamentations. Sir, &c. &c. &c., C. G. BYRON. You have my answer.
Commend me to your family. Mr. Mealey was the Newstead bailiff.
pose I may kiss Harriet as you or Mrs. Han17. Another month, and the upholsterer
son will be my proxy, provided she is not threatens to sell the goods he has seized : brance. I must not forget Mrs. Hanson who
grown too tall for such a token of rememFrom Catherine Gordon Byron to 7. Hanson, has often been a mother to me, and as you Esg.
have always been a friend, I beg you to beNewstead Abbey, 9th June, 1810. lieve me with all sincerity Yours,
BYRON. Sir, — You will see by the inclosed that Brothers says the things here are to be sold in 20. On his voyage back to England, a fortnight.' I think it right to inform you of with pockets so empty that he is compelled this.
C. G. BYRON. to write to Mr. Hanson for 201. or 301. to 18. There is a note of pathetic fidelity to town, the poet holds to his purpose of
cover the charges of his journey from port in Mrs. Byron's avowal that she says keeping Newstead, and talks of joining nothing to the world of her son's affairs,
one of the armies : and begs the lawyer to be no less discreet and reticent:
From Lord Byron to John Hanson, Esq. From Catherine Gordon Byron to 7. Hanson,
Volage Frigate, July 4th, 1811, Bay of Biscay. Esq.
DEAR SIR, — Expecting to arrive in a day Newstead Abbey, uth June, 1810.
or two and wishing to have a dispatch ready DEAR SIR, – I have sent you the Keeper's of my return.
the moment of arrival I write to apprize you
On the 2nd Inst. (two days receipt we have no stamps here. I would
ago) I completed exactly two years of absence struggle with every difficulty to keep things from England, from London three weeks more together and God knows I have difficulties enough to struggle with besides bad health. determination with regard to Newstead, viz ,
... I wrote to you (by Wm. Fletcher) my I am hardly able to sit up to write this letter
not to sell it, by this I will abide, come what having a slow fever. What does Brothers mean? by saying everything is to be sold up, subject. — My affairs, I must own, seem des
may; nor shall I listen to an opinion on the here in a fortnight, that is, in about a week perate enough, I shall adjust them as far as is from this date, ease my mind on this subject. in my power, and (after procuring a recomI never drop a word of my son's affairs to any mendation and appointment on Lord Welling, one, and I hope you are equally careful – 1 ton's or Gen. Graham's supernumerary staff
, suppose you have received my letter with which I am told I can easily obtain) I shall join Fanny Parkyns's enclosed.
one of the armies. In the mean time I am
C, G. BYRON. P.S. If this letter is nonsense you must not compelled to draw on you for 20 or 30 pounds be surprised as I hardly know what I am doing. and pay the custom house duties.
to enable me to proceed from Port to London
There is a 19. Having repeatedly urged Byron, be- Bill of Miller's in Albemarle’s [?] which also fore be went to Greece, to sell Newstead, must be paid immediately on my arrival; I do
not mean to reproach you, but I certainly the lawyer made the state of affairs at the thought there were funds to answer so small a Abbey an occasion for repeating the dis- draft when I left London, however it has retasteful advice. Here is Byron's reply, mained in his hands dishonoured more than dated from Athens :
However when I consider the
sums I owe you professionally, I have nothing From Lord Byron to John Harson, Esq. further to observe. I have made up my mind
Athens, Nov. 11, 1810. to bear the Ills of Poverty. Two years of DEAR SIR, Yours arrived on the first travel have literally seasoned me to privations. Inst., it tells me I am ruined. — It is in the - I have one question which must be resolved. power of God, the Devil, and Man, to make Is Rochdale mine or not? Can I sell it? and me poor and miserable, but neither the second why if it will bring a sum to clear my debts is nor inird shall make me sell Newstead, and by l it not sold ? Newstead is out of the question,
and I do assure you that if any other person I written to them, and beg you will come down had made such a proposal, I should have lookt in it, as I cannot travel conveniently or propon it as an insult. The Annuities must be dis- erly without it. I trust that the decease of cussed as they best can, at least I shall relieve Mrs. B. will not interrupt the prosecution of my securities by taking them on myself, if the Editor of the Magazine, less for the mere other means of accommodation fail. I enclose punishment of the rascal than to set the ques. you Miller's bill, which I am most anxious to tion at rest, which with the ignorant and wealdischarge, as he is a most respectable man in- minded might leave a wrong impression. - I dependent of his profession, and if he were will have no stain on the Memory of my not, the affair of the draft is very disgraceful. mother. With a very large portion of foibles
It shall be paid if I sell my watch, or strip and irritability, she was without a Vice (and in myself of every sous to answer for it, and also these days that is much). The laws of my the two years' interest. Indeed he has be. country shall do her and me justice in the first haved so well in the business, and his letters instance ; but if they were deficient the laws of to me are so forbearing, that I shall never be modern honour should decide, cost what it
settle the business. I remain with may, Gold or Blood. I will pursue to the last my best respects to all,
BYRON. the cowardly calumniator of an absent man and
a defenceless woman. The effects of the de. 21 Having borrowed the inoney for his ceased are sealed and untouched. I have sent travelling expenses from port to town, for her agent Mr. Bolton, to ascertain the Byron is soon under the necessity of bor- proper steps, and nothing shall be done prerowing a larger sum (401.) of bis solicitor cipitately. I understand the jewels and cloches for the journey to his mother's deatb-bed are of considerable value. Your very sin
ByRoy. at Newstead. The date of the following cere and obliged servt., note is in slight conflict with the abundant
23. That Byron had not been misin. evidence that the poet left London on this formed respecting the value of his moth. occasion for Newstead on the night of er's jewels appears from the appraisement August ist, 1811, after receiving intelli
at 1,1301. in “ A List of Sundry Articles of gence of bis mother's death, which came Jewellery Valued for J – Hanson, Esq., io him within a few hours of the earlier by Rundell, Bridge & Rundell, 1,1301.". intelligence of her serious illness. This slight discrepancy may be accounted for the prosecution of the proprietor and ed
24. Byron's reasons for relinquishing in several ways, the most probable explaitor of the Scourge appear from the folnation being that the note was written on
lowing notes of the evening of the ist of August, before the arrival of the news of the death, and Sir Vicary Gibbs's Opinions on the Libel in the was post-dated by a few hours either by
Scourge" of March last. design or accident:
Opinion No. 1. — Having regard to the time
which has elapsed since the publication in Lord Byron to 7. Hanson, Esq., 6, Chancery March last of The Scourge's reply to Lord By: Lane.
ron's attack on Mr. Clarke, and to the fact St. James's Street, Aug. 2, 1811. that his lordship’s unquestionably libellous DEAR SIR, – Mrs. Byron is in the greatest attack on Mr. Clarke provoked the Scourse's danger as Mrs. Hanson who saw the letters reply, Sir V. Gibbs [dated.from Lincoln's Inn, can apprize you. To enable me to leave town, October 7th, 181) discountenances and deI have been under the necessity of drawing on clines to recommend proceedings against the you for forty pounds. The occasion must ex. author and publishers either by way of InYours very truly,
formation or indictment. BYRON, Further jOpivion No. 2. —
Saying that if
His Lordship determines to proceed against 22. The preparations for Mrs. Byron's the Scourge he had better do so by indictment, funeral were in progress when the poet Sir V. G. reiterates his opinion that to a jury wrote the following letter from the house Lord Byron's assault on Mr. Clarke may seem of death to his solicitor:
to justify the Scourge's reply, or at least induce
them to think Lord Byron as the original From Loril Byron to John Hanson, Esq. assailant should not proceed to punish his Newstead Abbey, August 4th, 1811.
libeller. MY DEAR SIR, – The Earl of Huntley and the Lady Jean Stewart daughter of James ist dicated more or less clearly by Byron's
The particulars of a state of affairs in. of Scotland were the progenitors of Mrs. Byron. biographers will enable curious and unI think it would be as well to correct the state
Every thing is doing that can now be imaginative readers to realize more vive done plainly and decently for the interment. idly than they have hitherto done how life When you favour me with your company, be went at Newstead while the lord of the kind enough to bring down my carriage from “ vast and venerable pile was on his pil. Messrs. Baxter & Co., Long Acre. I have grimage, - while
in the wilds contrast. Sydney Smith tells us of the Of fiery climes he made himself a home,
delight with which he once escaped from And his soul drank their sunbeams.
an “overdone” garden to an adjacent At the same time the vexations and hu. goose-common, and of the refreshing miliating annoyances Catherine Gordon change he found in “cart-ruts, gravel. Byron endured during her son's absence, pits, coarse, ungentlemanlike grass, and through his want of filial solicitude and all the varieties produced by neglect.” A forethought, will be generally regarded as prim parterre overgrown with weeds is of evidence that she was not without mate course a sorry spectacle; but there is a rials for a counter-statement to his rea. négligé garment of nature's own putting sons for thinking her an unsatisfactory on, than which nothing can be more tenmother.
der and soothing. Even Bacon, with all his artificiality, desired a garden " framed as much as may be to a natural wildnesse; ” and not only has unaided nature
an instinctive leaning to the picturesque, From St. James's Gazette. but, left to herself, she speedily recovers LANDSCAPE GARDENING IN THE PARKS. from the effect of man's too much in.
The inhabitants of London are not untermeddling. The commonest ditch or naturally proud of their parks; and in mound earth will, after a time, borrow certain particulars they are worthy of the a kind of fitness and clothe itself in an admiration which they generally excite. apparel that shall make it no mean neighLarge sums of money are annually ex. bor to more contemplated effects. pended in their maintenance and improve. But perhaps the least satisfactory feament, and the introduction of late years ture of the London parks is the unprofitof partial landscape effects has been at- able make-believe of their “lakes." That tended with considerable success. That the landscape gardener realizes the magthese efforts are on the whole wisely ical effect of water in his picture is proved directed can hardly, however, be said. by the difficulties he will sometimes overWe attempt at once too much and too come to introduce it. But then the artist little; and our inventive faculty must be seeks to throw it into his composition in at a low ebb if, as was once asserted by something after nature's own manner. In the poet Gray, the skill of the English in the parks, on the contrary, the authorities landscape gardening is their only proof of are content to make an excavation, to lay original talent in matters of pleasure. In on a “main” and construct an outsall; one particular, indeed, we have not retro. and thenceforth it becomes a mere matter graded. The beauties of nature are, with of annual account between a “depart. us, ever more and more" assembled round ment" and the water companies. Thus, the haunts of domestic life.” It may, in we have the unromantic, stone-bordered truth, be questioned whether modern fash. trough of St. James's Park; the dreary ion is not inclined to “ assemble” a little Serpentine, with its “barren, barren too much. Good sense – the universal shore” of unsympathetic gravel; the des. foundation of correct taste – is never olating Round Pond of Kensington Garmore gratefully manifested than in garden- dens, and the scarcely more interesting ing; and it is wonderful how much can be pool of the Regent's Park. Not a weed effectively done with comparatively slen- ventures to peep from the bosoms of der materials, as long as these are em- these mysterious reservoirs; only the ployed with an abiding sense of “fitness.” armed tittlebat dares brave their iu:bid Overcrowdingis, however, the bane of the depths. No waving reeds or sedges, no would be picturesque gardener. Whether gathering beds of rushes, no gracefultufts by “carpet” beds or the close packing of of feathered grass, not an individual of blossom, the reiterated and tedious “mass- the whole delightful tribe of water side ing” of color instead of its enlivening plants breaks the arid monotony of the emphasis, he so outrages the modesty of shore. Everything is severe and uninvit. nature that the other portions of the pic.ing, and the whole is unconsciously de. ture have to be raised to the same exag. pressing to the spectator. Not so does gerated ione. There is a growing ten- dature deal with her watercourses. So dency to introduce little “ of this impatient is she of restraint in this matter character in many of our parks. They that the most formal of man's works are scarcely harmonize, however, with their speedily reclaimed and naturalized. Not somewhat prosaic surroundings, but rather less failingly does the mimosa-tree indi. provoke the disquieting commentary of cate the wished for spring in the desert
than the stooping willows' and luxuriant gent portion of the public would cheerfully bordering growth disclose the windings yield some of the garden oases of the of a brooklet almost concealed in the hol. parks, if by such a release of labor greater low beneath. So great are the charm and attention could be bestowed upon their refreshing suggestiveness of our English forest like aspects. In these days of lux. water-meadows, that we are apt to forget ury every balcony is turned into a garden, that their origin was as specifically utilita- and every entertainment becomes a flowerrian as that of the furrowed field. The show; there is the less need, therefore, narrow and precise channels, originally to fritter away time and money upon mere designed to subserve the baser uses of prettiness. But timber belongs to his. the farmstead, have become incorporated iory; its associations are inviolable; and with the landscape which they diversify; to maintain it is the imperative duty of and so harmonious is the blending that those who become its temporary guareven the idea of inap's handiwork ceases dians. to be present. In like manner, the banks There is little space in which to speak of canals are often completely naturalized, of the youngest, but certainly the inost and in not a few instances they are beau. wholly charming and graceful, of the gartifully clothed with flowers. On the other den landscapes of London. Seated upon hand, the ornamental water in our parks a former marsh, with no adjunct of parkis altogether denaturalized; an though like scenery, and not without some surit must be supposed to be there as in some roundings which ask for concealment, the sort a representation of natural features, it subtropical division of Battersea Park can only be said to imitate nature most deserves to be more widely known and abominably.
more largely frequented. Its diversified It cannot be denied, however, that in and picturesque effects have been conrecent years most picturesque additions trived with consummate art; and in this have been made to the delightful vistas in instance the lake – widely departing from which many of our parks abound. The the cold formality of the Middlesex suggestions of distance and the occasional waters - is judiciously aided in the task surprises obtained by swelling ground and of clothing its banks with a natural vege. circuitous walks are entitled to much tation, while on its surface repose masses praise. An important element also is the of lilies and other aquatic plants in care. introduction of a greater variety of forest less profusion. Luxuriant maples, flour. trees: a real necessity in our capricious isbing palms and yuccas, giant ferns and climate, which may be said to allow a cer- indiarubber plants, mounds and rockeries tain annual average of foliage to be de- covered with "ice” plants, and the still pended upon. The chestnuts, cruelly quainter growths of the cactus family, imnipped after the too early promise of last part a distinctively foreign characier to March, have scarcely contributed to this the scene throughout which an unbroken year's greenery; and were it not for the chord of harmony prevails. The moorhen sycamores, the planes, and the gaunt but croaks with a complacent satisfaction welcome Lombardy poplars, London which tells us that her nest is at hand; would at this moment be conspicuously while the thrush desires no more peaceful deficient in refreshing verdure. The home all through the year.
If we could gradual dying off of the elms – a subject throw over the picture the enchanting periodically referred to in Parliament, and hush that solitude alone bestows ! A vain as often set aside – is an evil for which desire: seeing that the park was expressly there appears to be no remedy.. Whether designed for the recreation of the toilers the cause of this lamentable decay is in whom tramcars and railways deliver at its the soil or the atmosphere seems to be not gates. There are not too many London clearly ascertained; but it is to be hoped sights that need tempt the citizen from his that some searching investigation may yet bed at five o'clock on a summer morning; lead to the succor of the many stalwart but the subtropical garden at Battersea boles that give dignity to the glades of exquisite in its renewed freshness is Kensington Gardens. The more intelli. I certainly one of them.
No. 2103. - October 11, 1884.