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swampy meadows, the corn land out of of Mahdis, another arising as the first heart, the wide stretches of moorland, the was killed off; matched against the wolfmiserable farinhouses, and the ragged like endurance of Abd-el Kader; troubled peasantry. The “republic one and in with “patriots” who wanted to give the divisible"" had been too much absorbed Arabs" equality and fraternity,” while in mighty schemes to lavish an idea on they robbed them through thick and thin; Perigord métayers, and Napoleon's only vexed in his righteous soul by peculating thought had been how many recruits he generals like De Brossard ; forced to de. could get out of them.

fend cruelties like those of Pelissier, he Bugeaud had to work by example; the did his work through evil report and good farmers round would not believe in his report. His great grirf was that dis. new-fangled notions till three or four splen charged veterans preferred going back to did harvests had proved that he was right. France or hanging about the cafés of the Improving the buildings was even more Algerian towns, to taking farms in the ticklish work; he did it gradually on his soldiers' colonies on which he had set his own estate, and trusted to example, help-heart. He was beloved by all the French ing it on by lecturing all through the Arabs, for they saw how he stood between neighborhood. That is the first half of them and oppression, and made the Arab his life; the second half began with the Office a reality. In 1841 he was made coming in of Louis Philippe, when he was governor-general; in 1845 he won his at once put in command of a regiment, crowning mercy of Isly, crushing at and had the, for him – Legitimist by one blow the power (such as it was) of birth and sentiment — singularly unpleas- Morocco; in 1847 he was recalled from ant task of looking after the Duchess of Algeria, and from a necessary though ignoBerri, who was imprisoned at Blaye.

ble warfare in which he trained up many of This made him the butt of inany violent the French generals who have since beattacks froin the party to' which he natu: come famous. If he had had his way in rally belonged, and increased that morbid February, 1848, the Orleans family, two hatred of newspapers and editors which princes of which were with him through a was his one weakness. Happily Algiers, great part of his African wars, might still whither he was sent in 1836, saved bim be on the throne. He died of cholera, in from being forced into politics; he got off 1849; and the peasants round La Durantie with a good deal of abuse from all parties, and Excideuil still gratefully remember and a duel with Deputy Dulong.

the man who taught them new and profitaHe was now fifiy years old, and his ble ways of tillage. His life is remarkmilitary career, henceforth begun afresh, able, as I said, for having been cut into was an unbroken success, despite a good two halves, of which the former is the deal of bullying from discontented mem- more interesting, because it shows us how bers of all parties in the Paris Chamber. the latter came to be possible. Worried by prophets, a regular succession

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· THE PROPOSED BRIDGE AT THE TOWER. views of the deputation. He would do everyo On Tuesday, October 21, an influential depu. thing in his power to obtain for the inhabitants tation of the inhabitants and ratepayers of the on both sides of the river increased accommoward of Portsoken in the City waited upondation, but the accommodation should be given Mr. Alderman Isaacs, who represents the ward in such a way as not to neutralize the very in the Court of Aldermen, and presented him great advantages they derived from the river. with a memorial on the subject of the erection He did not hesitate to say tinat if all the trade of a bridge at the Tower, and, as they alleged, carried on at the wharves was sent into the the closing up for all practical purposes the docks there would be such a block and such most valuable part of the Thames. They said dissatisfaction that he was sure that all per. the effect of the erection of such a bridge sons who consigned produce to the port of would be to drive the shipping miles away from London, by reason of its being so easily deliv: the ward and from the City, to divert the trade ered, would send their goods to the outer of Billingsgate to the proposed market at Shad- ports, such as Liverpool and Hull. That well, and to disperse the fruit and other trades would consequently make a very serious loss connected with the ward. Mr. Alderman to the trade of London. A subway would anIsaacs, in reply, said he quite agreed with the swer every purpose.

Fifth Series, Volume XLVIII.

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No. 2111. - December 6, 1884,

From Beginning,

Vol. CLXIII.

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CONTENTS. 1. THE CROKER PAPERS,

Quarterly Review,
II. BEAUTY AND THE BEAST. By Sarah Tytler,
author of “

Citoyenne Jacqueline,” “ Lady
Bell,” etc. Part XVII.,

Good Words,
III. THE WORKS OF ALEXANDER POPE. Con-
clusion, .

Edinburgh Review,
IV. SOME LESSONS FROM CARLYLE'S LIFE, National Review, .
V. ARTIFICIAL JEWELS,

Chambers' Journal,
QUIET WEATHER,”

Spectator,
VII. CHINESE HORTICULTURE,

All The Year Round,

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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. For Eight DOLLARS, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING AGB will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage.

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a

A BALLADE OF CONTENTMENT

Her asiest saunther (À DOUBLE REFRAIN).

Was quick as a canther,

Her gallop resimbled a lightning express; WHEN I start away on a holiday run,

Twinty miles in the hour was her lowest horse. And the couplings creak and the carriage

power, sways

'Twould desthroy her intirely to go at a less ! Ere the tiresome journey has well begun,

I long to be back in the good old days : There was never a fence so conthrary or cruel But I dwell too much on the pleasanter But she would conthrive to surmount it, the phase,

jewel ! And, whenever I think of a coach in a slough, And Jack on her back, widout getting a toss,

Or a pair of scoundrels robbing a chaise, Clared ditches, no matther how crabbed or I'm quite content to be living now.

An iligant shtepper, When the smoke from the eastward dims the

A wondherful lepper, – sun,

Don't talk of Bucephalus or of Black Bess, And the town is muffled in smuts and haze, Twinty miles in the hour was her lowest horseAnd there's trouble ahead that I cannot shun,

power, I long to be back in the good old days: 'Twould desthroy her intirely to go at a less !

But, after all, are they worth my praise? There was care, no doubt, on my grand. They were clifted,* the two of them, Jack and father's brow;

the mare, And, whenever I think of the South Sea Returning one night from the Blackwater fair : craze,

Bad 'cess to that road ! in the worst place of I'm quite content to be living now.

all

There isn't a sign or a taste of a wall. When a work requires to be fairly done

Sure the Barony's grief The winning of battles, the writing of plays,

Was beyant all belief, Heads to be broken, or flax to be spun, 'Twas the loss of the mare caused the greater I long to be back in the good old days :

disthress; But you know what the fox in the fable Twinty miles in the hour was her lowest horsesays

power, Of the grapes that grew on the topmost bough; 'Twould desthroy her intirely to go at a less ! So, weighing the whole as a wise man Spectator.

CHARLES L. GRAVES. weighs, I'm quite content to be living now.

Anglice, Fell over a cliff."
Envoi.
If love is a language of stilted phrase,
I long to be back in the good old days;

THE FIRST SNOW.
If not, ask Phyllis to tell you how
I'm quite content to be living now.

Gay bloom the flowers in springtime set, St. James's Gazette.

C.

And streaky apples linger yet ;
'Twas autumn but a week ago.
Why, then, these flakes of winter snow?
Summer's last rose they disarrayed,

The while she dreamed in peace to fade.
THE GALWAY MARE.

One swallow was inclined to stay;

The white flecks frightened him away.
[AIR: –“Nora O'Neale."]
In the course of my wand'rings, from Cong to Winter's cold shock who first endure
Kanturk,

Think him unkind and premature,
And a man of his honor is Jeremy Burke,- Complain the summer was too brief,
I've seen many horses, but none, I declare, And moralize o'er each dead leaf.
Could compate wid Jack Rafferty's fox-hunting But as he grips with firmer hold

We grow more careless of the cold,
She was black as the sut,

Joy in the sparkle of his snow,
From the head to the fut,

And nestle by his fireside glow.
And as nate in her shapes as a royal princess;
Twinty miles in the hour was her lowest horse- Dismayed we note the first grey hair,
power,

Soon others come — we cease to care ; 'Twould desthroy her intirely to go at a less ! Then grey, outnumbering the brown,

And soon white winter settles down. No Arabian charger that's bred in the South And when from youth we've passed to age Had so silky a coat or obaydient a mouth; We've learned our lesson page by page, And her speed was so swift, man alive! I'd go To take what comes for weal or woe bail

And never fret about the snow. She'd slip clane away from the Holyhead mail. Pall Mall Gazette.

W. D.

mare.

Froin The Quarterly Review. sentation. He had therefore to encounter THE CROKER PAPERS. *

abundance of personal abuse while he THESE volumes will form a valuable lived, and his adversaries were at all times addition to the authentic materials for the ready to lay at his door the blame for political and literary history of the first articles, of which he was guiltless, in half of the present century. They are the which opinions on books, men, or meas. honorable record of the long and indus- ures, were expressed, which were not to trious lise, spent in intimate communion their taste. This, as he says in a letter with many of the greatest and most ipfiuto M. Guizot (February 23rd, 1854), “ I ential meo of the time, of a man enjoying was content to live down,” as “ in Parlia. their confidence and sharing their coun. ment I could take iny own part, and in the sels. From them we learn much about press that of my own party.” the graves principum amicitiæ, which The rule he thus prescribed to himself have always had a profound interest for must often have been put to a heavy the historical student. Instead of the strain ; but he never departed from it, exidle gossip of eavesdroppers and busy. cept in one instance, and then he showed bodies, of which so much has of late years how much Macaulay and his other ene. been given in reckless diaries to the world, mies probably owed to his forbearance. to bewilder men's judgments, and to per. He was in his seventy-fourth year, and the plex future historians, we are shown, un assailant was Lord John Russell. Mr. der the hands of many of the leaders in Croker had commented, in this review, the political arena, how and why they with justifiable severity, on the disregard acted at periods of critical importance. of private feeling and the rules of good Anecdotes of universal interest come to taste, with which “Moore's Diaries " had us at first hand; we are taken into the been edited by Lord John. Moore had best company - generals, statesmen, and owed much to Mr. Croker's kindness, and literary men, such as Wellington, Can-professed warm friendship for him to the ning, Lyndhurst, Peel, Lord Ashburton, last. There was proof positive in the Lord Aberdeen, Sir James Graham, Gui- published diaries that, while pretending zot, Metternich, Sir Walter Scott, Isaac friendship to Mr. Croker, he was habitually D'Israeli, Lockhart, and others see | vilifying him; but Mr. Croker did not allow them in their lighter as well as graver personal feeling to interfere with his litmoods, and carry away in all cases a more erary estimate of this, any more than of vivid, and in some a more pleasing in any other book. Stung by the censure of pression of them, than we have before bis share in the work, Lord John, in an evil entertained. And while of especial value hour for himself, appended a note to the to those who take a deep interest eitber sixth volume, in which, after saying that in politics or literature, these volumes “to Moore it was unnecessary to address must, we feel assured, prove attractive in a request to spare a friend,” he asked no ordinary degree to the general reader. what would have been the result, if a re.

They have, moreover, a special value in quest to spare Moore had been addressed vindicating the reputation of Mr. Croker to Croker ? “Probably," he continued, from the attacks to which it has long been " whide Moore was alive, and able to wield unfairly subjected. Mr. Croker was too his pen, it might have been successful. great a power, both in Parliament and in Had Moore been dead, it would have the press, to escape the rancor of that served only to give additional zest to the miserable spirit, which hates where it pleasure of safe malignity."

Such an differs, and revenges a discomfiture in attack from such a quarter on Croker's controversy by scurrility and misrepre. moral character and personal honor at

once brought the old man into the field in # The Croker Papers. The Correspondence and a letter to his assailant, published in the Diaries of the late Right Honorable John Wilson Times. Lord John made a feeble reply, Croker, LL.D., F.R.S., Secretary to the Admiralty from 18o9 to 1830. Edited by Louis J. Jennings. 3 the main gist of which was, that he had Vols. London, 1884

suppressed some passages in the diary

still more offensive. This gave Croker | which induced Miss Martineau, in an an opportunity of driving home the charge article on “the unhappy old man who has against him of compromising Moore, while just departed,” which appeared in the traducing the man who had believed Daily News the day after Mr. Croker's Moore to be the friend he professed bim- death, and which, if we mistake not, has self to be.

since been republished in her “Political

Sketches,” to write of him thus: “When There is another very serious consideration arising out of this surprising confession, which he had been staying at Drayton Manor, is, that for the purpose, I suppose, of attrib- not long before Sir R. Peel's death, bad uting to yourself the gloriole of a generous been not only hospitably entertained, but delicacy towards me, as well as others, you kindly ministered to under his infirmities sacrifice not only your argument, but the char- of deafness and bad health, and went acter of your poor friend, by revealing, what I home to cut up his host in a political never suspected, that during the many years in article for the forthcoming Quarterly, his which he was living on apparently the most fellow-guests at Drayton refused as long friendly terms with me, and asking, and re

as possible to believe the article to be ceiving, and acknowledging such good offices, his." both consultative and practical, as my poor judgment and interest were able to afford him,

There is not [says Mr. Jennings, vol. iii., p. he was making entries in his “Diary” con: 93] a word of truth in this statement from becerning me so “offensive,” that even the polit-ginning to end. Any one who was likely to be ical and partisan zeal of Lord John Russell a guest at Drayton Manor knew perfectly well shrank from reproducing them.

who wrote the articles in the Quarterly Review; I must be allowed to say, under such strange Peel himself knew; and Mr. Croker was not circumstances, that I reject your Lordship’s at Drayton Manor for several years prior to indulgence with contempt, and despise the Peel's death. menace, if it be meant for one, that you have

Indeed, all personal intercourse besuch weapons in your sleeve; I not only dare

tween them had ceased in 1846, nearly you, but I condescend to entreat you to publish all about me that you may have suppressed.

before that event, after a close Let me know the full extent of your crooked and affectionate intimacy of thirty years, indulgence, and of Moore's undeviating friend and for reasons which, as these volumes ship. Let us have the truth, the whole truth, show, were certainly not otherwise than and nothing but the truth, while I am still honorable to Mr. Croker. living to avail myself of it. Let it not be said The silence with which Mr. Croker's that “poor dear Moore” told such things of friends treated these and similar calumCroker that even Lord John Russell would not nies became no longer possible, when publish them.

I feel pretty confident that they were adopted and enforced by Mr. there will not be found any entry of Moore's Trevelyan in his “Life of Lord Macaulay," derogatory of me against which I shall not be published in 1876, and supported by ex. able to produce his own contemporaneous evi-tracts from Lord Macaulay's letters and dence of a contrary tendency.

diaries. The story of that life, and the “ It would be useless for us,” Lord John remarkable skill with which was told by rejoined, “to attempt to persuade one Mr. Trevelyan, made his book sure of a another." But Croker was not to be so circulation as wide as that of Lord Ma. silenced. “I had do motive and poioten. caulay's own works; and in no place tion," he replied, “to persuade your Lord. could the misrepresentations it contained ship to anything. I did not meddle with be more fitly met thap in this review, with your opinions. I charged you with a which Mr. Croker had been from its earli. gross and wilful offence against me. The est days actively associated. With access public is now the judge whether I have to the documents which are included in proved the charge." And the verdict of the present volumes, it was an easy as the public was with Croker.

well as grateful task to show how little It was not, we believe, a zest for “the either Lord Macaulay or his biographer pleasure of safe malignity,” but the incur- knew of the man whom they had maligned. able heedlessness of party malevolence, I No attempt was made by Mr. Trevelyan

four years

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