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He even behaved ill to Lady Palmerstop frontier of France and in the Mediterranean. in Countess Apponyi's house.

(Vol. ii., p. 414.) Lord Malmesbury's official connection with the Foreign Office ended with the Within two months from this interview fall of the second Derby administration. war was declared, and the Duc de Gra. Upon the return of the Conservatives to

mont, whose mismanagement at the prove office in 1866, he declined so laborious an

ocations of Prussia under Bismarck must office, and accepted that of lord privy diplomacy on record, gave the following

always be cited as the most incapable seal; and on the withdrawal of Lord

account of that event to Lord Malmes. Derby he became the leader of his party in the House of Lords. The account he

bury: gives us of the distracted councils of the The Hohenzollern candidateship to the Cabinets of 1866, when the Tories turned throne of Spain was abandoned, and he de. Reformers, and introduced the most dem. clared that the Emperor was decidedly disocratic measure ever proposed to Parlia- posed to accept this renouncement and to ment, is extremely curious and amusing, patch up the quarrel

, and turn this result into but our limits forbid us to enter upon the avoided no opportunity of publishing the in

a diplomatic success, but his Ministers had tangled web of domestic politics, and we sult to France, and the Press stirred the anger shall confine ourselves to those passages and vanity of the public to a pitch of madness, of this interesting work which complete but none had taken advantage of this characthe narrative of his relations with the em- teristic temper of the Emperor. Before the peror Napoleon. They met again in the final resolve to declare war the Emperor, Emspring of 1870, when the plébiscite bad press, and Ministers went to St. Cloud. Afjust been repeated to confirm the liberal- ter some discussion Gramont told me that the ized constitution under the Ollivier min- Empress, a high-spirited and impressionable. istry: Lord Malmesbury dined at the woman, made a strong and most excited adTuileries on May 19.

dress, declaring that “war was inevitable if

the honor of France was to be sustained.” After dinner the Emperor invited the men She was immediately followed by Marshal Le to the smoking-room, where he took me aside, Bæuf, who, in the most violent tone, threw and I had a remarkable conversation with down bis portfolio and swore that if war was him. I naturally began by congratulating him not declared he would give it up and renounce on his plébiscite, which was just counted up, his military rank. The Emperor gave way, but I found that he was not satisfied, as some and Gramont went straight to the Chamber to 50,000 of the army had voted “ Non.He, announce the fatal news. however, explained that this had taken place Such was his account to me of the most in certain special barracks where the officers momentous transaction which has occurred in were unpopular and the recruits numerous, Europe since 1815. In it I do not see in the and that 300,000 soldiers had voted for him Emperor the same man who, with so much This immediately struck me as strange, for I caution and preparation, bided his time before imagined his army was in numbers 600,000, he attacked Austria in Italy in 1859, and who and I made the remark, to which he gave no with such rare perseverance after years of fail. reply, but looked suddenly very grave and ab. ure and prison raised himself to what appeared sent. He observed later that Europe appeared to the world an impossible throne. I attribute to be tranquil, and it was evident to me that this change in the Emperor, first, to his broken at that moment he had no idea of the coming health and acute sufferings, and the loss of the hurricane, which suddenly broke out the first character of mind, which had been weakened week of the following July.

and diluted since he renounced his personal His tone was altogether more sedate and rule for the advice of responsible Ministers. quiet than I found him formerly employing. No speculative and hypothetical cases were

On May 20, 1872, the ex-emperor landed discussed by him, and I feel sure that not a at Dover, where he was touched by the thought of the impending idea of a Hohenzol- kindly and respectful reception he met lern being a candidate for the Spanish throne with from the English people, and on the had crossed his mind. Count Bismarck had following day Lord Malmesbury visited kept it a profound secret, and that very deep him at Chislehurst. secrecy and sudden surprise is the strongest proof of his intention to force a quarrel upon After a few minutes he came into the room France. The emperor did not conceal, in his alone, and with that remarkable smile which conversation with me, his disappointment in could light up his dark countenance he shook regard to Italy, which had become free, and me heartily by the hand. I confess that I was then was under one sovereign; and he recog. never more moved. His quiet and calm dignized that a great number of his own subjects nity and absence of all nervousness and irritaconsidered that he had committed a terrible bility were the grandest examples of human political error in being the cause of creating moral courage that the severest Stoic could a strong and growing kingdom on the very | have imagined. I felt overpowered by the position. All the past rushed to my memory: 1 extinguished in France the very sense our youth together at Rome in 1829, his dreams and capacity for constitutional freedom; of power at that time, his subsequent desperate and it ended by calamities far greater to attempts to obtain it; his prisons, where I the nation that bore them than to the man found him still sanguine and unchanged; his who caused thein. On this, and on many wonderful escape from Ham, and his residence in London, where, in the riots of 1848, he acted other political topics, it is natural that we the special constable like any Englishman. should differ from Lord Malmesbury, who His election as President by millions in France has played for so many years a distin. in 1850 ; his farther one by millions to the Im- guished rôle in the party whose views are perial Crown ; the part I had myself acted as generally opposed to our own.

But we an English Minister in that event, which had wish to part on ihe best possible terms ! realized all his early dreams; the glory of his from a writer to whom we are indebted reign of twenty years over France, which he for so agreeable and instructive a publihad enriched beyond belief, and adorned be cation. Lord Malmesbury writes entirely yond all other countries and capitals; his lib. eration of Italy - all these memories crowded without affectation, without prejudice, and upon me as the man stood before me whose without passion. He remains what he race had been so successful and romantic, now

has always been a staunch member of without a crown, without an army, without a the Tory party. He has taken the course country or an inch of ground which he could in politics which he conceives to be most call his own, except the house he hired in an consistent with the principles of his English village. I must have shown, for I friends and the welfare of the nation ; but could not conceal, what I felt, as, again shaking the social relations he has maintained my hand, he said: “A la guerre comme à la through life with men of various opinions, guerre. C'est bien bon de venir me voir.". In and the tone in which he generally speaks à quiet natural way he then praised the kind of his political antagonists, show that on ness of the Germans at Wilhelmshohe ; nor did a single complaint escape him during our

the great questions that affect the dignity conversation. He said he had been trompé as and welfare of England men are less to the force and preparation of his army, but widely divided thao they are apt to imay. without mentioning names; nor did he abuse ine, when they are governed by the senti. any one, until I mentioned General Trochu, ments of a gentleman and a patriot. who deserted the Empress, whom he had sworn to defend, and gave Paris up to the mob, when the Emperor remarked,

“ Ah! voilà un drôle." During half an hour he conversed with me as calmly as in the best days of his life, with a

From Blackwood's Magazine. dignity and resignation which might be that of

"TOMMY." a fatalist, but could hardly be obtained from any other creed; and when I left him that was,

My dear father, one of the best men not for the first time, my impression.

that ever breaibed, but also one of the When I saw him again in 1871. I found him dullest and least successful in life, when much more• depressed at the destruction of be lay on his deathbed called me to his Paris, and at the anarchy prevailing over side, and pressing my hand said : “ Bob, I France, than he was at his own misfortunes; bave nothing to leave you but my example and that the Communists should have com- and advice. Be honest, be upright, str mitted such horrors in the presence of their io do good in your generation, and the enemies, the Prussian armies, appeared to him reward of an approving conscience will be the very acme of humiliation and of national infamy.

yours. Remember Tommy.” On January 9, 1873, he died in the


When he had said this, thinking he had of the Empress, who never left him, released said a good thing, he shut his mouth with from the storms of a fitful existence, from in- a snap, and said nothing more in this tense physical suffering, and saved from know-world. ing the loss of his only son, whose fate she was When I say that he thought he had soon destined to deplore alone.

spoken a "good thing," I do not mean a No doubt there was enough in the witty thing. Of that my dear father was magnitude of the catastrophe, and in the incapable; and I do him nothing but jus. dignity with which the emperor bore his rice when I say that he had a very, humble last fortunes, to awaken these touching opinion of his own powers. He did what sentiments in the heart of an old — a life he thought was right, and he said what he lony – friend. But history pronounces a believed was true; but his most brilliant sterner judgment. The Second Empire coruscations of wit were secondhand fire. was brought about by deceit, and vio- works from Joe Miller, and his moral sen. lence; it was an epoch of despotic admin. timents were taken from copy-book slips. istration and profligate expenditure, which I say nothing but the truth when I add


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that he ruled his life by these copy-book | crown. Were they not wicked men ? So slips. He was everything that the most you see, my dear children, that if you are advanced copy-book would have a man truthful, and kind, and good, virtue will be except that he was unsuccessful in bring its own reward.” life.

· After his funeral, when I returned to I am not ashamed to say that the tears the house, I went to the study, a lucus a rose to my eyes, and I felt my heart non lucendo - there was no studying done soften, and my conscience braced, when I there except the perusal of novels and read this moving and moral tale. I rose took down an old illustrated " Reader for from my seat, and, with streaming cheeks, Children,” and opened it at the “History I extended my arms and said, “Tommy! of Tommy.” Then I pulled up the blind, be thou my guide through the paths of and re-read the well-reinembered tale, with virtue to prosperity.” full resolution to impress its lessons deep My dear father overstated the truth, of into my heart.

course unconsciously, when he assured This is what I read :

me that he left me nothing. I found that

he left me less than nothing. He died in “ Tommy was a good boy. But Harry embarrassed circumstances; and if he had was a bad boy. Tommy and Harry were not died when he did, I really cannot see one day playing with a round ball.' Then how he could have lived. I found that he the ball went through a window of a good was greatly in debt, and the bills came in man's house, and Tommy and Harry were after the funeral. I behaved with honor, afraid. Harry ran away. But Tommy in the spirit of " Tommy.” I had a little stood still. Then the good man came out money of my own, that came to me from of his house, and said, “Who broke my my mother, which my father could not glass?' Then Tommy said, “Sir, I did, touch. With this I discharged all my with my ball.' And the good man said, father's liabilities. His creditors were "You are a good boy to tell the truth. paid twenty shillings in the pound. To Here is half-a-crown, to show you that do this I had to sacrifice not only my own virtue is its own reward.' But when Har- little property, but to sell every stick of ry's father saw this, he took Harry over furniture the house contained, and the his knee, and smacked him, and he said, books, down to “ Tommy." But that mat.

You have not got half-a-crown, but you tered little. I had “ Tommy” graven on have got a whipping. Learn that vice my heart; and the principles which actubrings to ruin.'

ated Tommy filled my bosom, and were cer“One day Tommy saw that bad boy tain to carry me into prosperity. The credHarry with a little dog. He had put a itors confirmed me in this opinion. They string round the neck of the dog, and tied shook me by the hand and said, “ Nothing a heavy stone to the dog by the string. could be more honorable than the way He was going to drown that poor little you have behaved in this business, and dog. Then Tommy said, “Take my half. there is a bright future in store for you, a-crown and spare the dog.. So Harry Mr. Robert Flopjohn. Virtue is its own gave up the dog, and took the, reward.” and he said to Tommy, “You are an ass!' I was now left without anything except But Tommy was above minding such vul- my principles and my education.

My dear father, acting on copy-book “ That night bad men, called robbers, advice, had insisted that education was came to Tommy's house to break in and the best gift that could be given a child, steal his half-a-crown. But the little dog and he had taken care that I should be barked, and that woke Tommy's father, well instructed in Greek, Latin, matheand he lit a candle, and drew on his trou. matics, and French, to which I added sers, and the robbers were so frightened some free-band and perspective drawing. that they went away. Then they went to My father believed that a sound gramHarry's house, to steal his hall-a-crown. mar-school education was the best equipAnd there was no dog there, so the bad ment for a start in life. I did not, howmen got in, and they killed Harry, and his ever, find it so. I found the market father, and his mother, and his grand- drugged with education. If he had apfather and grandmother, and his brother prenticed me to a trade, I could at once and sister, and his uncle and aunt, and have found work as joiner, mason, or cousins, and his nephew and niece, before plumber; but as I was cultured, I had to they could light a candle, and frighten the look out for a tutorship, and I found that robbers away. They also took the half-a. | there were five hundred applicants for


gar words.

each vacant post. A sawyer can make sign did I show dear Maud how dear she his thirty shillings a week by merely was to me. I had to exercise the utmost working his arms up and down, but I control over myself, and the effort cost could not earn thirty pence with all my me much pain. 'I hesitated whether I had education.

not better resign my tutorship, when my At length, however, through the recom. charge fell ill. mendations of the solicitor who had wound His sickness became serious – dangerup my father's affairs, I did get a situation ous. Then I volunteered to sit with him in the house of a country gentleman. My and nurse him night and day. I knew manners are gentlemanly, my appearance what was necessary. He must be fed is agreeable, and my principles are, as you with beef tea every twenty minutes. koow, those of Toinmy. I was received Everything depended on this; and the with kindness, and soon placed myself on nurses could not be relied on. For three an easy footing in the house. The only weeks I was with the poor child. If he son of the master was a delicate boy, and had been my own I could not have done his father regarded him with the tenderest more for him. I saved his life. The solicitude, as the heir to his name, and to doctor said so. No sooner was he out of an estate of fourteen thousand a year. danger than I broke down. I had overThere was a daughter, older, a very sweet, strained myself, and was attacked with beautiful girl, with golden hair, and eyes nervous fever. It was thought advisable of the sunniest blue. I gave her lessons to move me to the keeper's cottage. My in French and drawing. Then she took illness, following so closely on that of the a fancy to learn Greek, and I got her well young master, was more than the servants on to the paradigms. As for the poor could stand. They rebelled; and the boy, his hours of work were few. He was housekeeper suggested the change to the allowed to do pretty much what he liked, squire, who gave his consent, with the and to be out of doors as much as the proviso that I should be supplied from weather permitted, riding or walking. I the house with everything I wanted. So accompanied him, and not unfrequently I was taken to the lodge, there to be his sister joined our party. The park was nursed; and the best port wine, beef tea, very beautiful, and there were numerous and grapes were sent from the Hall for objects of interest in the neighborhood. my consumption. The keeper drank the Maud took advantage of these excursions port; bis wife, who was nursing, found to get on with her drawing, with which ihe beef tea nutritous; and her children she made such progress that she began greatly enjoyed the grapes. The stalks to venture on water-colors.

of the latter were, however, always put on The natural result followed. I fell des- a white plate at my bedside, together with perately in love with beautiful Maud, and the few skins and pips that could be res. she reciprocated my attachment. I was cued. far too honorable to give utterance to my I think that at last some suspicion that sentiments. What was I — what my po- I was not well treated entered Maud's sition, that I should aspire to the hand of mind; for she brought me grapes herself, the daughter of a De Vaudville? My and insisted on my taking the wine and family was of yesterday; hers dated from extract of meat froin her own hand. As before the Conquest. I was worth notb- I got better, she visited me

more freing pecuniarily; she had a nice property quently, kept a posy of flowers always of ber mother's. I had no position in the fresh near my seat in the latticed window, world, and the De Vaudvilles were the read to me, talked to me, and brightened first family in the county next to those my convalescence with her sunny pres. that were titled.

I was not blind to the affection I had One day, as she rose to leave, and ex. inspired; the father had no suspicions. tended her hand to me, her eyes met mine, He would have thought it impossible for and then, unable to control her emotions, his daughter to stoop so low. Besides, she burst into tears. in the event of the death of her sickly “ What is the matter, dear Miss brother, Maud would be an heiress — a Maud ?” I asked. My heart sank. I match to be desired by every young squire dreaded what would follow, and yet I felt in the county.

a secret, a wicked joy at the explanation. I was conscious of a struggle in my “I am so sorry for you; and it seems heart; but I thought over my father's dy- so ungrateful in us, after your noble self. ing words, and the example of Tommy, devotion to my darling brother. I know and I conquered. Neither by word nor that he owes bis life to you; and I am


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” ready to sink into the ground for shame have been an heiress of fourteen thousand when I think how little care we have a year. Harry would not have run away taken of you in return. Papa does not alone, but run away with the heiress, and see it; but I can think of nothing else. changed his name from Flopjohn to De He says that the keeper's wife is a worthy Vaudville, and reconciled himself with the body, and attends to you very kindly; but father-in-law, and succeeded to the estate then — she has seven children to look and the park, and become J. P., and D.L., after also, and she cannot devote her un- and sheriff of the county, and put his son divided attention to you. Oh, Mr. Flop into the Guards, and got a baronetcy. I john ! - it ought not to be ; and you so sighed, and felt in my pocket, and found good - so generous - so honourable - 1 only one pound four shillings and three. feel — I feel — that my whole life would pence three farthings there. I had left be too little repayment for all you have without drawing my quarter's salary. But done for us!”

if light in purse, I was also light in con. I was overcome also. For a moment I science. I was treading the paths of forgot Tommy, everything, and clasped virtue under the guidance of Tommy. beautiful Maud to my heart.

The next place where I found a tutor. “ Noble, generous, heroic soul!” I said. ship was in the family of a well-to-do

“ Robert,” she whispered, “you have farmer, who had amassed sufficient money loved me. I knew it, though you did to think of bringing up his boys to be geneverything to conceal your passion. Itlemen. also have loved you, as I revere your prin. I had considerable trouble with these ciples. I can do no better than intrust my urchins. They were wayward, undiscifuture to one so upright.”

plined, and overflowing with animal spir“But your father?” I stammered. its. Indeed I doubt much whether they

My father will not consent,” she said. had in them any other spirit than animal “But I have eight thousand pounds of my spirit. At least I never lit on the sympown, which at four and a half per cent. toins. They were very full of blood; amounts to three hundred and sixty their lips and cheeks swollen, and looking pounds per annum. Surely we can live ready to burst. They hated books and and love and be happy on that! We will loved and smelt of dogs. They had no run away together and get married, and power of concentrating their thoughts; I then return and throw ourselves on papa's should have almost said they had not the generosity. He is proud, but kind and faculty of thinking. They were wholly forgiving. He would not give consent, destitute of the moral sense. I tried to but he will accept the fait accompli.appeal to their consciences – they had

I held her bands and looked into her none; to the sense of dignity and decency eyes. I could not speak. She said, " I imbued in man – - they were without it. 'I will return to-morrow, and we will make did my best to humanize them, but found our plans together.” We kissed, and she my labor thrown away. I did get them to departed.

learn rosa, rose, but that was only by I could not sleep that night. Here was threatening not to allow them to see a pig the sweetest, most charming girl in the killed unless the first declension were re. world- - a girl with three hundred and peated. sixty pounds per annum, with a Norman They made booby-traps for me. They name, and the bluest of blue blood in her sewed up the leg's and sleeves of my panveins – ready to throw herself into my taloons and coat. They made me applearms. Eight thousand pounds offered to pie beds. They put the soap into the toe me, without any marriage settlements. I of my boot. They gummed together the tossed on my bed. Towards morning I pages

of the grammar. They put gunpow. became calmer. I thought of Tominy. der into the candle. They cut up hair very Then I rose from my bed, dressed, put fine and strewed my nightdress with it. my poor traps together into a bundle, and Lastly, they mimicked me. Their parents, at early daybreak, before any one was so far from reprimanding them, laughed stirring, I left the house. I fled the temp- at these frolics, and regarded them as extation to do what I knew Tommy would hibitions of daring originality. have scorned to do. As in the cold morn- I have always held that moral suasion ing air I walked away, I thought how is a far better vehicle of education than Harry would have acted if placed in my the cane ; but I doubt whether moral sua. position. He would not have nursed the sion is of any avail where the moral sense sick boy, called thereto by no obligation. is dormant or non-existent. I believe that, Then the boy would have died, and Maud | just as nature has provided the auditory

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