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moves nations; and without a creed men much more distinguished for their profi-
remain inert and passive. What does ciency in the art of practical joking than
this imply, except that the heart implicitly for their attainments in any branch of
believes in a guidance far in advance of knowledge. Anyway, the third-form room
the absolute teaching of experience, was a very hotbed of mischief.
looks, in fact, to spiritual sources for an It happened that about this time we
authority which it is quite certain that the had hit upon a novel and pleasant form of
slow accumulations of our petty lives has amusement with which to beguile the mo-
not provided for us? These illustrations votony of our studies, Tunder's defective
of Coleridge's power of impressing on us vision giving us ainple opportunity for the
that by the constitution of our minds we recreation. There were to be bad at the
are compelled to expect, and forced to Greychester toyshops little wooden frogs
receive, light from above, might be multi- made to jump with a spring. It was
plied almost indefinitely. And, therefore, matter of intense and absorbing delight
we hold that Mr. Traill is utterly wrong in to us to range our frogs in line and test
the slighting estimate which he has formed their powers by seeing which would take
of Coleridge as a source of wide-spreading the longest jump. The excitement on
intellectual convictions.

these occasions was great. Tunder's cane
was constantly being brought into use,
but until one ill-fated day I managed to
escape it. One hot summer afternoon,

Smithson Minor, who sat next to me, From Chambers' Journal.

brought out of his pocket a couple of new QUEEN MARGERIE.

spring-frogs, and making me a present of WHEN I look back on my schoolboy one, proposed that we should have a days, there is one scene that always stands match between them, just to see what they out before me with peculiar force and were like. Now, if I had had my wits vividness; there is one occurrence that about me, I should bave suspected that happened then more deeply graven than some soare lay hidden under this unusual any other upon my memory; and that is generosity on the part of Smithson Minor, no small thing to say, for I can call to for, as a rule, he was not of a giving sort, mind any number of exciting things that and rarely parted with anything but for took place when I was at Greychester. I full and ample consideration. But I sus. could tell of many a victory that we gained, pected nothing; the day was warm; a against heavy odds, by land or water; for little relaxation from our struggles in dec. there was scarcely a Greychester lad who imal fractions seemed desirable, aod old could not pull an oar, as well as handle a Tunder was safely moored at his desk bat, with more or less dexterity; and both just in front of us, correcting exercises, on the cricket field and on the river our so that Smithson's proposal appeared both opponents always found us pretty stub- kind and opportune, and met with a ready born antagonists. I could tell many a acceptance on my part. story of our adventures and hairbreadth But Smithson Minor, though I knew it escapes, and of those little exploits and not, was a traitor, and compassed my ruin; mischances of my own in which I figured for the frog which he had given me was as the hero or culprit, as the case might equipped with a spring of some fourfold be, from the day on which I received my strength. Somewhere in the course of first “swishing" until I left as top of the his researches at the toyshops he had sixth. There is a grim sort of interest, I come across it, and his keen scent for always fancy, about one's first sound mischief had quickly detected a rare opthrashing that makes it, in a fashion, a portunity for fun. He got his fun - at landmark in a schoolboy's career. Even my expense. The frogs were carefully now I remember how I came by mine. It stationed at the lower edge of the desk, was soon after I entered the school, and Smithson Minor giving them a last touch, I was in the third form – Tunder's. Old just to see, he said, that it was a fair start, Tunder, we called him, not that he really but in reality to point mine in a particular was old, for he was not much over forty, direction. The course would be the upbut to a schoolboy with the best of life ward slope of the desk; ample space, we before him, forty seems a patriarchal age. thought – at least I thought for the Tunder was anything but a profound most actively disposed jumper; and if by scholar, and he was, moreover, very near. chance one of them did overshoot the sighted, so that there was perhaps some mark and tumble on the floor, then we reason for the boys of his form being should have the additional excitement of

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recovering it at the risk of drawing on to very low down in their forms, and they us Tunder's attention and Tunder's cane. had a quickness and readiness that carEverything was ready; the critical mo- ried them above fellows of more plodding ment came. The frogs jumped, and mine industry. They had one fault – 1 sup

won easily, beating all previous pose every schoolboy has one, many more records, for it soared majestically into the than one - and it was this failing that air and swooped down full on to old Tun- gained them their nickname. Kindly and der's nose ! He regarded it quietly for a good-natured enough as a general rule, moment or two, and then taking it into each of them had a quick and impetuous his hands, said slowly and sarcastically : disposition, which was liable, under no “ The proprietor of this ingenious toy has very great provocation, to blaze out into evidently more leisure on his hands than hot passion. They resented anything he knows how to dispose of; if he will like dictation or unfair treatment so much, kindly step this way, I will give him that their high spirit could at times something that will engage his attention scarcely brook even a fair and proper op; for a time.”

position to their ideas and opinions, and I stepped that way, and found him as instead of trying to gain their argument, good as his word. I went back to my they would lose their temper. But, to do place sadder, if not wiser, than when I then justice, there was nothing sullen, or left it; and for that day and for several mean, or vindictive about them; and their days to come, I found that a sitting pos- fits of temper were shortlived. They tried ture was not altogether free from discom- earnestly to guard against their besetting fort.

weakness, sometimes succeeding, and alPoor old Tunder! he was not a bad ways bitterly lamenting afterwards if they sort of fellow after all. He left the school failed. Occasionally, they came to words not very long afterwards, and then we between themselves; but in a moment or found out how many kindly and generous two they would be as friendly as things he had done in a quiet, unobtru. again, pulling a pair together, or tossing sive sort of way. I don't suppose his for sides at cricket. Once, however, they salary as an under-master was a very large came to blows, and it is that scene which one, and I know from what he said bim. is so vividly painted on my memory. self that he had no private income, so that Like myself, the Stewarts were town he must have practised considerable econ. boys, and as our homes were not very far omy and self-denial to have been able to apart, we generally went to and from indulge in those unsuspected acts of char- school together, the intimacy thus formed ity in the poorer parts of Greychester being gradually ripened by congenial which came to light after he had gone. I tastes and pursuits into a warm and lasthave lost sight of him for some time; but ing friendship, which made them almost if he should still be living, and should like brothers, and their house quite a secchance to read these lines, he will see ond home to me. Their father, who had that in spite of the spring-frog episode, I been a retired naval officer, possessed of can still speak of him with respect, and ample independent means, had died a even affection.

year or two before, and they lived with But I am wasting time in gossiping their widowed mother and a sister about so paltry an affair as my first fog- child, when first I knew her, of about six ging, and almost forgetting that I have a or seven. Margerie her name story of a very different kind to tell - a Queen Margerie, in a playful way, they story so tinged to a certain extent with always called her; and well she deserved sadness, that even now it costs me some- her title, for she held absolute and soverthing to relate it. Indeed, I should not eign sway over every heart in the house. do so, did I not think that — apart from hold, and indeed over all who knew her. tie passing interest it may have — it may I wish I were a word.painter, so that I serve in some cases to point a moral and could portray Queen Margerie as I see give a warning.

her in my mind's eye now.

I wish a more Two of iny particular chums at school skilful hand than' mine could place the were Frank and Charlie Stewart, popu- portrait before you - the portrait of a child larly known as the two young Hotspurs. somewhat small for her age, you might Why, I will tell you. They were fellows say, and perhaps somewhat fragile-lookof the real good sort, as we used to say, ing – with clustering, soft, brown hair, good run-getters in a cricket-match, and brightened here and there by a gleam of pulling a first-rate oar. Not that they gold; hazel eyes, always lit up with mirth were dunces either, for they were never and happiness, except when the story of

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some one's troubles filled them with tears; “Go away!" I replied in wonderment. and soft cheeks, where the shadow of ill. “How can a child like that go away? humor seemed never to find a resting. What do you mean?” place. And then, what pretty ways she He made no answer, but went on, as if had; talking in such a demure, old-world in continuance of his own remarks: “It fashion, with a voice deep for a child, and would kill my mother, and I think it would yet with such music it, and doing everyone, if Margerie were to Then he thing so pleasantly and lovingly, that no stopped short. wonder those about her made her their I began to understand his meaning; idol.

but I said no more, for this was a sort of Chief among the idolaters were her two mood I had never seen Frank Stewart in brothers. If I had not seen it, I should before, and I did not know how to meet never have thought that two school lads it. So the conversation ceased, and for a could have been so tender and loving to a time I forgot all about it. child. No trouble and no self-sacrifice It was one afternoon some time after did they grudge her, gratifying her wishes, this that the Stewarts, one or two other as far as lay in their power, as soon as fellows, and myself, were going home from they were uttered; often, indeed, antici. school, not quite in our usual spirits, for a pating them before they were spoken. It cricket-match we had played the day be. was curious, and yet pleasant, to see how fore had ended — rather unusually for us they would come to her with the story of -in our suffering a disastrous defeat. their feats and adventures, like knights of True to human nature, instead of taking old, who valued most their victories in kindly to our reverse of fortune, we tried the jousts in that they gained them the to find a pair of shoulders on which we smile of the queen of the tournament. If might conveniently put the whole load of either of them had won a prize, or made blame, and the owner of the shoulders the top score in a match, or done some happened to be Frank Stewart, who had other redoubtable thing, his chief pleas. been the captain of our eleven, and who, ure was in the thought of Queen Marge- we thought, had not managed matters rie's delight at the news. “ Tell me all very discreetly. In the course of our disabout it,” she would say, nestling eagerly cussion on the subject, the two brothers close to him, " tell me every word – every irritated each other to such an extent that word from beginning to end." Then they came to blows. We tried to pacify would he give her a full and graphic ac. them; but in vain. I am afraid that, like count, she listening with growing interest every British schoolboy, we had just a the while, and gazing at him with a look sort of lurking fondness for a good fair of pride, until the tale was ended; and fight, which made the fray not without then her joy at the history of his success interest for us. Anyway, we watched it was to him his crowning reward.

so intently that we did not see a childish Queen Margerie, how mother, brother, figure come to the garden gate leading to servants adored thee! I believe if the the Stewarts' house, and pausing a little sacrifice of their own lives had been nec. to take in what was passing, run quickly essary to preserve thine, not one of them down the road towards us. We saw and would have hesitated to pay the price. heard nothing until Queen Margerie was

"They overdid it," do you say? Nay, close to the struggling lads, calling on believe me, they did not, for a child in the them piteously to stop; but in a moment home may be among the very richest gifts blinded and deafened with excitement for which heaven claims our gratitude. one of them stumbled against her, and A child's presence may fill with sunlight fell, dragging the other with him, heavily the house which else would be wrapt in over her to the ground. gloom; a child's influence may preserve The boys quickly rose unburt, but the purity in the mind which but for it might child never stirred. There she lay, the become stained and corrupted; a child's poor little face deadly pale, except where love may serve to keep warm the heart there were a few stains of blood from a which the cares and wor of life might bruise on the temple; and one arm seemed otherwise make cold and selfish.

to have suffered some injury. There was "I wonder,” said Frank Stewart once for a moment a saint look of recognition, to me, in an abstracted sort of way, as if just a feeble attempt to smile, and then he had been pondering over some weighty there was unconsciousness. matter, " I wonder what we should do if The whole thing took place so suddenly anything were to happen to Margerie; if that none of us at first could realize it. she were to — to go away.

For an instant or two the Stewarts seemed

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perfectly dazed, kneeling by the child, and truth. I am continually looking at her, calling her by name, as if she were only because, to my mind, she is the prettiest making a pretence of being hurt, and picture one can look at. She has soft, would spring into their arms presently. brown hair, with here and there a gleam Then the truth seemed to burst upon of gold, bright bazel eyes, and a gentle them, restoring their self-possession; for, face without a trace of ill-humor. It is taking the little forın gently to his breast, true you may see on her forehead the Frank Stewart strode hurriedly home faintest traces of a scar, but then, I say, wards, entreating us, as he went, to bring it is a beauty-mark. Sometimes she says, a doctor. We lost no time on our errand, in a make-believe solemn way, that she and medical help was at hand. wonders how I could have married any Shortly afterwards, we heard that the arm one with one arın stiff and good for noth: was fractured, but that that was not so ing. But I know she is only joking, for I serious as the injury to the head, from don't think her arm is a whit worse now which the gravest results might be feared. than any one else's.

We did not see the Stewarts again at But I am not the only one who wore school during that term, of which a few ships her. There are her two brothers, days only remained. For three days they for instance, who are quite as foolish as I watched with their mother by the child's am. The elder of them is a lieutenant in bedside, scarcely ever taking food or the pavy, and he misses no opportunity sleep. At times she was conscious, and of sending her wonderful treasures and gave them one of her old looks, or feebly curiosities, which he collects for her on held out her hand to touch theirs. Once his travels. Besore long, our modest. or twice she rallied enough to speak a sized dwelling will be a storehouse of little, but not a word passed her lips about marvels. The other, a young lawyer, who her injuries or the cause of thein. She lives with his widowed mother, is a peronly asked them not to forget her when fectly infatuated brother, and under one she had gone, for she seemed to think pretext or another is always coming to that the shadows would soon be falling see that all is going well with his idol. I about her.

tell him sometimes, laughingly, that I Once, I remember, when I called to shall become jealous if this sort of thing make inquiries, Frank Stewart came down goes on; that I shall forbid him the house, to see me. I scarcely knew him, he looked and bar the doors against him. But my so altered. " It is bad enough to see her threats are of little use; for he says that dying,” he said sobbing: “but to think of neither husband nor bolts nor bars shall its being my fault!” — and he broke down prevent his coming, like a loyal subject, utterly.

to pay allegiance to Queen Margerie. What words of comfort could a school. For the one slender chance did prevail, boy utter in the presence of such grief? and my story ends happily after all. What could I say, when I feared they were only waiting for the King's mes. senger to take Queen Margerie where pain and weariness are not known? For

From The Spectator. though the doctor said there was

CHANGES IN DIET AND MEDICINE. chance, that chance seemed but a slender

SOME competent person — and to be

competent he must possess in some di. Fifteen years since then, is it? Why, rections an encyclopædic knowledge it scarcely seems as many months. How should write a monograph on this subject. well I remember it, and yet my schoolboy An example of the curious and interesting days ended long ago, and now I am a facts with which it abounds may be found staid married man. "My wife, to tell the in some statistics with which Dr. C. J. truth, is sitting near me as I write, and Hare has illustrated a recent lecture on now and then she comes and looks over

* Good Remedies out of Date." * These my shoulder at what I have written, say.

statistics are drawn from the books of ing with a smile that she wonders how I some of the chief metropolitan hospican exaggerate as I have done once or tals, and illustrate very significantly the !wice. I turn the tables on her by reply. changes which have taken place in mediing that instead of being a help to me, she cal practice and in what this practice more is my greatest hindrance, for as long as she is in the room I am always neglecting and are so prevented from making a fuller acknowledge my work to look at her. And that is the ment to its author.

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• The lecture itself we have not been able to procure,

or less consciously reflects, – national discrepancy of facts; but the general re

| habits of life. They deal with an article sult has been decrease. Guy's begins of diet, milk; with alcoholic liquors, which, with a large expenditure in beer, – as whatever their value, a fiercely contro much as £2 125. in 1831, -- and exhibits verted point, are used as a substitute for, a uniform decrease, decade after decade, or auxiliary of, diet; and with a thera: till in 1882 it reaches the minimum of peutic agent, once well known to our fourteen shillings. It has furnished no middle-aged readers, but with which the statistics about wine and spirits before younger generation is quite unfamiliar, - 1862, when it shows an expenditure not the leech.

far short of two pounds. This diminishes With regard to milk, the changes of to eighteen shillings in the course of the practice, though not uniform, and, indeed, next twenty years.

It is needless to go exhibiting some curious fluctuations, has in detail through the figures presented by been in the direction of an increase which the other hospitals. The maximum is may be almost called enormous. The fig. found in the Westminster, under the year ures refer to the first years of five succes. 1862, when the aggregate expenditure for sive decades, beginning with 1832, and, as beer, wine, and spirits amounted to four the accommodation of the hospitals has pounds ten shillings per bed. The same varied, may be best exhibited under the hospital also supplies, twenty years later, form of the average cost per bed. The the minimum, having reduced its outlay minimum figure in the table belongs to under this head to a sum little exceeding Guy's Hospital under the year 1842, when one pound. It is a curious fact, though a the cost per bed was a little under seven wholesome fear of our medical friends forshillings for the year. Ten years before bids us to theorize upon it, that one hosit had been about as much under twelve, pital presents the maximum and minimum and it rose to nearly the same figure ten in the use of one article, and the maxiinum years after. It was eighteen shillings in in another. It may also be noted that the 1862, thirty shillings in 1873, and exceeded year 1862 seems to mark a period when three pounds when another decade had alcoholic liquors were largely used in med. been completed. At St. George's, the ical practice. The average expenditure of minimum seems never to have been so the four hospitals in that year was £3 155. small. But here, too, we find a curious In 1882 it had suok to £2 35. Many of fluctuation, the cost having fallen from our readers will remember the name of five-and-twenty shillings in 1832 to sixteen Dr. Todd, and the influence which his in 1852. University College Hospital was example in largely prescribing alcohol in not founded in 1832, but at the next de certain kinds of disease had upon the cade it presents the highest figure of the medical practice of the day. If our stafour to which Dr. C. J. Hare's statistics tistics were more complete, it might be refer, thirty-four shillings. The next possible to fix the year at which this indecade shows the decrease, common, it fluence had reached its height. It must will have been observed, to the four insti- not be forgotten that we still find, in 1882, tutions, and indicating - if we may gener- a divergence of practice in this respect alize from so limited a number of instances which probably represents a similar diver- a change in medical pinion. The fig. gence of general pinion. In 1862, the ures in the four last decades are 145., Ė 2 highest expenditure was £4 105., and the 6s., £2 8s., and £3 8s. respectively. The lowest £375. In 1882, the figures were figures supplied by Westminster Hospital respectively £3 (about) and £i 4s. This do not differ materially, but are specially is, indeed, one of the most interesting interesting as showing the maximum ex- topics of the day. At some workbouse penditure hitherto reached, - the very infirmaries, where theory is probably stimlarge sum of four pounds ten shillings. ulated by economic considerations, alco. The effect of this diet upon hospital pa. holic liquors are almost entirely disused; tients must, we should think, be strongly and there is at least one minor hospital marked. There is no article in respect of where the same practice is followed. which the food of the poor differs more Here, then, is a large field for the colfrom that of the well-to-do middle and lector of facts, who will, we hope, precede upper class; and even among these the by a long distance the constructor of the. annual expenditure of a family without ories. young children would hardly amount to And now to come to the leech. Here, three pounds per head.

unfortunately, Dr. C. J. Hare's figures re. In the matter of alcoholic drinks, we find, fer to two hospitals only; but their charas we might have expected, a much greater acter is so marked in both instances that

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