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has spread rapidly; and in India alone at, up without loss of time; whilst the details the present moment no fewer than three of any incident can be fully authenticated hundred and thirty newspapers, with a by the steamer calling at the scene of total circulation of more than one hundred action. This steamer plies between Mem. and ten thousand, are printed in the lan. phis and New Orleans, distributing the guages spoken in the different provinces. papers on its journeys, and collecting every A most curious paper is the official Chi-item of news current along the banks of nese paper, called King.Pan, which claims the Mississippi. Before the 67th Regito have been started as early as 911, and ment left England for British Burmah, to have appeared at irregular intervals till the officers spent a sum of money in pur1351, when it came out regularly every chasing a printing-press and types, with week. At the commencement of the pres- which they published a paper called Our ent century, it became a “daily," ai the Chronicle, soon after they landed at Ran. price of two kehs - about a halfpenny.goon. The editorial staff and composi. By a decree of the emperor, a short time tors were all connected with the regiment, back, it was ordered that three editions and the journal was regarded as a phewere to be printed every day — the first nomenon in the annals of the press. An. or morning edition, on yellow paper, is other military journal deserving mention devoted to commercial intelligence; the is, or was, the Cuartal Real, the official second or afternoon edition contains offi. organ of the Carlists, published during cial and general news; and the third, on the war on the almost inaccessible sumred paper, is a summary of the two earlier mit of the Pena de la Plata. Though editions, with the addition of political and America is the land of big things, in social articles. The editorial duties are newspaper matters it can boast of pos. performed by six members of the Scien. sessing the smallest paper in the world. tific Academy, who are appointed by gov. This diminutive journal is the Madoc ernment. The circulation is about four. Stur, which very properly has for its mot. teen thousand daily. One well-known to, “ Twinkle, twinkle, little star.” It is American journal has even purchased a published weekly. Its dimensions are steamer and fitted it up as a regular float. three inches and a half by three inches; ing newspaper office. The editors, sub- and it consists of four pages, the first editors, and journalists all live on board; being devoted to foreign news, the second and by this means, news which has been to mining notes, the last two to local picked up during the voyage can be set

news.

AN APPROACHING STAR. - One of the most tions extended over five months this bas some beautiful of all stars in the heavens is Arcturus, weight. Still it may be travelling in a mighty in the constellation Boötes. In January last orbit of many years' duration, the bending of the astronomer royal communicated to the which may in time be indicated by a retardaRoyal Astronomical Society a tabulated state- tion of the rate of approach, then by no perment of the results of the observations made ceptible movement either towards or away at Greenwich during 1983 in applying the from us, and this followed by a recession equal method of Dr. Huggins for measuring the ap: to its previous approach. If, on the other proach and recession of the so-called fixed hand, the four million five hundred thousand stars in direct line, Nearly two hundred of of miles per day continue, the star must bethese observations are thus recorded, twenty- come visibly brighter to posterity, in spite of one of which were devoted to Arcturus, and the enormous magnitude of cosmical distances. were made from March 30 to August 24. The Our eighty.one-ton guns drive forth their pro. result shows that this brilliant scintillating star jectiles with a maximum velocity of fourteen is moving rapidly towards us with a velocity of hundred feet per second. Arcturus is apmore than fifty miles per second (the mean of proaching us with a speed that is two hundred the twenty-one observations is 50-78). This times greater than this. It thus moves over a amounts to about three thousand miles per distance equal to that between the earth and minute, one hundred and eighty thousand per the sun in twenty.one days. Our present dishour, four million three hundred and twenty tance from Arcturus is estimated at one mil. thousand miles per day, Will this approach lion six hundred and twenty-two thousand continue, or will the star presently appear sta- times this. Therefore, if the star continues to tionary and then recede? If the motion is approach us at the same rate as measured last orbital the latter will occur. There is, how- year, it will have completed the whole of its ever, nothing in the rates observed to indicate journey towards us in ninety-three thousand any such orbital motion, and as the observa- years.

Gentleman's Magazine.

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CONTENTS.
I. DAILY LIFE IN A MODERN MONASTERY, Nineteenth Century,
II. MITCHELHURST PLACE Conclusion, Macmillan's Magazine,
III. MARK PATTISON,

Macmillan's Magazine,
IV. MECHANICAL MODES OF WORSHIP,

Contemporary Review, V. AT ANY Cost. Part III.,

Sunday Magazine, VI. GLOVES,

Month,. VIL THE SOLAR CORONA,

Times, . VIII. HIBERNICISMS,

Spectator, IX. GERMAN TRAMPS,

Saturday Review, X. LANGDALE LINEN,

Spectator,

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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. For Eight DOLLARS, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING AGB will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage.

Remittances should be made by bank draft or check, or by post-office money-order, if possible. If neither of these can be procured, the money should be sent in a registered letter. All postmasters are obliged to register letters when requested to do so. Drafts, checks and money-orders should be made payable to the order of LITTELL & Co.

Single Numbers of The LIVING AGE, 18 cents.

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THE TOWER OF BOTTREAUX. Long did the rescued pilot tell,

When The church at Boscastle (or Bottreaux) in While those around would hear and weep,

grey hairs o'er his forehead fell, Cornwall, has no bells, while the neighbor. That fearful judgment of the deep. ing tower of Tintagel contains a fine peal of

“Come to thy God in time,” six. It is said that a peal of bells for Bos

He read his native chime; castle was once cast at a foundry on the

“ Youth, manhood, old age past, Continent, and that the vessel which was

Come to thy God at last.” bringing them went down within sight of the church tower. The Cornish folk have Still, when the storm of Bottreaux's waves a legend on this subject, which has been Is waking in his weedy caves, embodied in the following stanzas by Mr. Those bells, that sullen surges hide, Hawker:

Peal their deep tones beneath the tide. Tintagel bells ring o'er the tide,

“Come to thy God in time,' The boy leans on his vessel's side;

Thus said the ocean chime; He hears that sound, and dreams of home

“Storm, whirlwind, billow past, Soothe that wild orphan of the foam,

Come to thy God at last.” “Come to thy God in time,” Thus saith their pealing chime; “ Youth, manhood, old age past, Come to thy God at last.”

“LET LOVE ABIDE.” But why are Bottreaux's echoes still?

In the gardens at Bramshill an ancient wedding ring Her tower stands proudly on the hill;

was dug up. The posy engraved upon it is, “Let

love abide." Yet the strange chough that home hath found, The lamb lies sleeping on the ground.

I SEE the house in dreams, and know the “Come to thy God in time,”

charm that haunts each silent room Should be her answering chime;

Where Lely's beauties smile and glow, and “Come to thy God at last,”

triumph in immortal bloom; Should echo on the blast,

And old dead loves and joys of yore come

back to live their lives once more. The ship rode down with courses free, The daughter of a distant sea;

Deep in the ivy on the walls, the peacock Her sheet was loose, her anchor stored,

sinks his purple breast; The merry Bottreaux bells on board ;

The place is full of wild bird-calls, and pigeons “Come to thy God in time,

coo themselves to rest, Rung out Tintagel chime;

While tunefully, through rush and brake, the Youth, manhood, old age past,

streamlets trickle to the lake. Come to thy God at last.'

Across the long grey terrace sweeps the subtle The pilot heard his native bells

scent of orange flowers, Hang on the breeze in fitful spells;

And through the stately portal creeps a sigh “Thank God,” with reverent brow, he cried,

from honeysuckle bowers, “We make the shore with evening's tide.”

To blend, in chambers dim and vast, with

fainter sweets of summers past. “Come to thy God in time,”. It was his marriage chime; “ Youth, manhood, old age past,

Do shadows of the days of old still linger in Come to thy God at last.”

the garden ways? Long hidden, deep beneath the mould, they

found a ring of other days, “Thank God, thou whining knave, on land,

And faith, and hope, and memory cling about But thank at sea the steerman's hand!”

that simple wedding ring. The captain's voice above the gale “Thank the good ship and ready sail.”

It bears a posy quaint and sweet (and well the “Come to thy God in time,”

graven letters wear), Sad grew the boding chime;

“Let love abide,” – the words are meet for “Come to thy God at last,'

those who pray love's endless prayer; Boomed heavy on the blast.

The old heart-language, sung or sighed, for.

ever speaks, “Let love abide.” Up rose the sea, as if it heard The mighty Master's signal word.

Oh, noble mansion, proud and old, and beauWhat thrills the captain's whitening lip?

tiful in shade or shine, The death-groans of his sinking ship.

Age after age your walls enfold the treasures “Come to thy God in time,”

of an ancient line! Swung deep the funeral chime;

And yet - let time take all the rest, if love “Grace, mercy, kindness past,

abide, for love is best. Come to thy God at last.”

Good Words,

SARAH DOUDNEY.

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From The Nineteenth Century. conversation is ever allowed in the refecDAILY LIFE IN A MODERN MONASTERY. tory; but in a stone pulpit projecting

It is the 13th of February, 1884, the from the wall on the south side sits one hour between half past twelve and one of the brethren reading. He has finished P.M. Two lines of black-robed Benedic- the daily chapter of the sacred Scriptures, tipe monks are seated at tables on either and taken up a copy of the Nineteenth side of a room about sixty feet long and Century. It is the number for January, twenty-four wide, high, with panelled ceil- 1884, and he proceeds to continue an in. ing, and plain-colored walls relieved by teresting article commenced a day or two two or three large portraits of ancient ago. It is headed “Daily Life in a Medabbots or priors. A wooden wainscot, jæval Monastery,” and seems - so said perhaps eight feet high, reminding one in the librarian, who suggested its being its design of the hall of Magdalen Col- read in public - to be the work of a man lege, Oxford, runs all round this room, who knows more about the subject than and on two sides, the east and north, the generality of English writers. They nearly reaches the deep, sloping sills of have listened with much interest to the more than a dozen double-lighted windows very fair account of the arrangement of a filled with heraldic glass, in whose bril-monastery, and the general course of its liant maze of colors the adept may read daily routine. There has been some good. the blazoned arms of many a noble fam. humored smiling at the pardonable blun. ily, the founders and benefactors of the ders the author has occasionally made in establishment. There, over the head of his estimation of the duties and motives the prior, who sits alone at a small table of action of monastic officers, and some on a raised daïs against the east wall, are nearer approach to laughter at such things the ancient devices and noble insignia of as the writer's “ 'confessionthat "the a Norfolk, a Bute, and a Ripon. There greatest of all delights to the thirteenth. are the Highland red deer supporting the century monks was eating and drinking," baronial shield of Lovat, and next to it or his equally naïve statement that “there the “ Lumen in Cælo" of Leo XIII., side was one element of interest which added by side with the lions rampant of Mastai- great zest to conventual life, in the quarFerretti. Furtber down, on the north rels that were sure to arise." side, you may decipher the unmistakable But suddenly a row of faces is turned Scottish arms of Buccleugh, Herries, and up to the reader, eyes open a little wider Gordon, but they are mixed up with the than usual, and a curious smile appears English Deobighs, Staffords, and How- on the lips of their owners as the followards, and a host of others which perhaps ing words fall upon their ears: “If desoit would require more than a diligent lation were to come upon our homes, study of Burke to comprehend.

where could we hide the stricken head It is the refectory, and the monks are and broken heart? To that question at dinner. That figure with a white-ando a morbid question if you will — I have blue check apron over his monastic habit, never found an answer. The answer was moving noiselessly about with jugs and possible once, but it was in an age which dishes in bis hands, is the cellarer not has passed away.” The monks look at that it is the cellarer's special duty to wait each other, but they must not speak. The at table, but this week it happens to be reader goes on very deliberately; a beau. bis turn: it was the sub-prior's the week tifully poetic outburst follows the last besore; and if you are curious to know statement, and then comes this: " Let the what the fare is which he is placing before dead bury their dead. Meanwhile the each on the clothless tables, it is salmon, successors of the thirteenth-century moncaught by the novices the day previously asteries are rising up around us, each in the magnificent loch at whose head the after their kind; Pall Mail swarms with abbey stands. The monks are not vege- them, hardly less splendid than their pro. tarians, but there is no meat to-day. genitors, certainly not less luxurious.

The meal proceeds in silence, for no 'Our modern monks look out at the win.

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dows of the Carlton and the Athenæum, recreation cannot be commenced without with no suspicion that they are at all like a blessing from the prior. the monks of old. Nor are they."

“Oh! he has been reading the preface “ No, indeed!” thinks each one as he to Maitland's 'Dark Ages,'” says one: looks at the bare deal table before him, “ I should almost fancy that Maitland's and the shaven faces and rough habits at book inspired the whole article; at all each side; “no wonder they have no such events, Dr. Jessopp has a good deal of suspicion. But what does it all mean?" his tone and style.” To this question no answer can be given “ And a good deal of his painstaking just now, for the brethren have scarcely love of the subject, too,” adds another; recovered their equilibrium when the arti. “I wonder if he ever saw a modern cle and the meal together seem to have monastery? Perhaps he has seen them come to an end. The prior gives a signal abroad, but thinks there are none in En. by a tap upon the table; the reader rises gland,” suggests the reader, who has just and sings, " Tu autem, Domine, miserere come in, after finishing his owo dinner. nobis,” to which all answer “Deo gratias," “He seems a little at sea as to the real and standing before the tables join in the purpose of monastic life, at all events,” thanksgiving. Presently the precentor quietly remarks a third : this is the noviceintones the psalm “ Miserere mei, Deus,” master, who evidently thinks himself an and all taking it up in alternate choirs, authority on such a subject; "but an outproceed two and two down the refectory, sider would have little chance of knowing and through the east and south cloisters much about that; he would just see the to the church. A roguish-looking raven outside and nothing more.” who makes his habitat on the smooth turf. “Who is he?” asks the prior. “Do plot that fills up the cloister garth, and you happen to know, Brother Martin ?” who spends his many leisure moments in “No, father. I have some recollection diving after invisible worms, or hiding of a gentleman of that name taking a live stray valuables in the holes, always shows ing in Norfolk, near where I used to be a very lively appreciation of this after- curate, but that's all. My rector and be dinner procession. I am afraid there is were acquaintances, I think.” more of the carpal man about it than any. The Rev. Dr. Jessopp will kindly parthing else, for though at first he stands don the free use made of his name. The well out in the centre, so as to command above conversation, which is not altoa view of each window that the procession gether imaginary, has been given with the passes, and hangs bis head in a most twofold purpose of showing the present devout and reverent manner, as if in rapt writer's general feeling with regard to the attention, yet when the brethren return article in question, and of illustrating a he is generally found waiting anxiously at not unimportant portion of the “ daily life the door, where bis particular friend brings of a modern monastery." him a daily allowance saved from the re- Without giving further details of this mains of the meal.

colloquy, it may suffice to add that a sugIn the church the office of None is gestion was made to the effect that some said. It lasts something over ten minutes, one should prevent the undisputed preand then the community find their way to tension of Pall Mall to the succession of the library, where they may, and must, monastic life, by putting forward the claim meet together round the fire for a half of the monasteries which still exist either hour's pleasant chat and “recreation.” in other countries or our own; and it was Their tongues are loosed now, and Dr. thought that the simplest way of doing so Jessopp will be discussed for a certainty. would be to describe the actual daily life

" What does he mean by saying that the of one of these monasteries in our own Pall Mall club houses are the successors land. The present paper is the result. of the thirteenth-century monasteries?To continue. We found the community asks one, almost before the “Benedicite" at dinner, at what might seem to many a is out of the sub-prior's mouth; for even rather early hour; but when it is known

a

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