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since been prosecuting my studies. 1 | Soon after his return she was seized with have advanced in knowledge, and, in my congestion of the lungs, and died after a opinion, even the noble and learned lord few days’illness. It was a great blow for might improve himself in the same way." Lord Lyndhurst, and it was long before

When his party resigned office in 1830, he gained his usual buoyancy of mind. the new premier, Earl Grey, offered Lynd. He had never ceased to be “fond and hurst the appointment of chief baron. It proud of his handsome wife,” whom Lady was a welcome offer. The ex-chancellor Charlotte Bury coinpared to one of Da had no private fortune. His income in Vinci's pictures. Two years later he sus. the early years of his professional life had tained a fresh bereavement in the death been swallowed up by the needs of his of his mother, at the great age of ninety. family, and the payment of his father's one. She retained to the last “ her mem. debts. Since he took office he had had ory and intellect unimpaired, and even to maintain such a prominent position in her personal beauty." She had seen her society, that there had been no oppor. son achieve the highest distinction, and tunity to prepare for the future. It was a owed the comfort of her declining days to serious thing to come down from £ 14,000 his love. A beautiful story of filial devo. a year to £4,000, and although it was un- tion closed then! In August, 1838, Lord usual for the ex-chancellor to accept a Lyndhurst was married to Georgina, judgeship, there was no legal difficulty daughter of Louis Goldsmith, Esq. He in the way, and his late colleagues were had been introduced to the lady in Paris, glad that he should be thus provided for. and he found in this union unbroken hapHis appointment also saved the country piness. the ex-chancellor's pension of £4,000 a In September, 1841, Lord Lyndhurst year.

received the great seal for the third and During the four years he was chief last time under Sir Robert Peel. He baron, Lyndhurst entirely changed the remained in office until 1846, when the character of his court. The despatch Protectionists, who were indignant at the given to cases, and the respect inspired repeal of the Corn Laws, joined with the by his decisions was such that the court Opposition to throw out the government became a favorite with legal practitioners, Coercion Bill for Ireland. and the most busily occupied of all the Lyndhurst was now seventy-four years courts. “ Nothing confused or mystified of age, and felt, like Sir Robert Peel, that him ; ” he saw at a glance the weakness he had bidden adieu to office forever. He and the strength of every argument. His made an attempt to unite the Conservative unfailing courtesy also made him a great party again, but it was unsuccessful, and favorite at the bar.

led to a sharp encounter with Lord George His second chancellorship was during Bentinck, who was then the head of the the one hundred days of Peel's govern. Protectionists in the House of Commons. meot. When the Cabinet resigned, he Bentiock seems to have been anxious to found that his retiring pension was raised damage Lyndhurst in public estimation, from £4,000 to £5,000. He was now no and charged him with being party to a longer burdened by the duties of chief "nefarious job” in reference to some apbaron. He carefully attended the sittings pointments. The ex-chancellor's reply of the House of Lords, and took a leading left him, however, without an inch of part in its debates. On the 18th of Au- ground to stand on. gust, 1836, he delivered the first of his Lord Campbell says that Lyndhurst famous reviews of the session, which did was not in the confidence of Peel and the so much to shake the Melbourne adminis. Duke of Wellington. If we were tration. Mr. Disraeli, then acting as his accept his statements we should come private secretary, is said to have suggested to the conclusion that Lyndhurst was a these reviews. They were masterpieces cipher in the Cabinet, and was treated of the contemptuous style of oratory. The with marked disrespect by Peel. Here is Conservative ex-chancellor often found one quotation out of many: “Peel, hav. himself supported by Lord Brougham, ing soon discovered Lyndhurst to be whom Melbourne had cast adrift, and it pretty much devoid of principle, and very was hard work for the government to unscrupulous as to the perforinance of the make leadway against such opposition. duties of his office, had never acted with

Lady Lyndhurst died in Paris on the bim cordially, and always regarded bim 15th of January, 1834. She had spent the with suspicion.” For answer we must autumn there with her daughters, and her make two quotations. In 1848, Sir Robbusband had joined her for the vacation. ert wrote to a friend about Lyndhurst,


who had just been paying a visit to him at swered: “I like this far better; so well, Drayton Manor: “I have had some col. I wish you would read it. It reminds me leagues with whom I have lived while in of my boyhood.” The book was “ Tom office on terms of greater personal inti- Brown's Schooldays.” Some very pleasmacy, but none whose society was more ant incidents, given in this volume, show agreeable, or on whom I could more confi. the friendly relations which had loog exdently rely when real difficulties were to isted between the old statesman and Mr. be encountered." In 1836, the Duke of Gladstone. This is Mr. Gladstone's esti. Wellington wrote to Lyodhurst: “You mate of his power: “ Of all the intellects have established yourself not only as the I have ever known, his, I think, worked first speaker in the House of Lords, but with the least friction.” as the first in your profession, — whether Miss Stewart, a lady who lived for in a court of law or of equity, or in the many years in the family as governess and House of Lords.” On some points Lynd companion to Lord Lyndhurst's daugh. hurst does not seem to have been in per- ters, contributes some interesting reminis. fect accord with Peel, but he was evidently cences. Once, when his aged, unmarried honored with a full share of confidence by sister, who lived with him, was very ill, she both the duke and Sir Robert, and pos. says, “I met him coming out of her room. sessed great influence in the Cabinet. He was in tears. My sister and I have

After 1846, Lyndhurst spent his hours been very fond of each other. We have of leisure quietly at Turville Park, about lived all our lives together,”” he said. six miles from Henley.on-Thames. He The tender, warm family affection of Lord had taken a fourteen years' lease of the Lyndhurst speaks loudly in his praise. property in 1840, and as it had sixty acres When blindness was coming on, the old of land he could now gratify his love of chancellor spent much time in getting by country life and farming. 'He suffered heart the Psalms and the daily services of much from cataract. During great part the He nearly knew them of the year 1849 he could neither read nor all. One morning Miss Stewart went into write, and it was not till July, 1852, after his room, and found him two operations, that he somewhat recov; in his easy-chair, with a grave, almost solemn, ered the use of his sight. He showed expression on his face. Before him, the Church great energy in the debates of the upper Prayer-book held open by both her small hands, house, and took a leading share in op- stood his youngest daughter, of seven or eight posing the important Canadian Losses years of age, hearing him repeat the prayers, Compensation Bill. About this time Lord and now and then prompting and correcting Stanley offered him a seat in the Cabinet him. The old man, the judge and statesman, as president of the Council, with an earl- and the little child, so occupied, made a picdom. He declined this flattering offer, ture that could not be seen without bringing but acted as a firm ally of the new govern: his lesson, he said, but his little girl.

tears to the eyes. He liked no one to hear him A low rail was fixed to the bench in front of his usual seat in the House of There is Other evidence also of the Lords, upon which he was able to lean for deep interest which religious matters had support while speaking. His denuncia. for Lord Lyndhurst in these last years of tion of Russia (1854), his speech against his life. He studied the evidences of life peerages (1856), on the state of our Christianity, and reached a firm convicnational defences (1859), and many other tion of the truth of revelation, and a humspeeches made during these years, show ble belief in the great articles of the that his powers of mind were as fresh and Christian faith. When the end came he strong as they had been thirty years be was ready. His friends asked him if he fore. Even his last speech, on May 7, was happy. In feeble accents he an1861, when he was eighty.nine years of swered, “ Happy? Yes, happy.” Then, age, showed the old vigor.

with a stronger effort, he added, “SuThese last years of the ex-chancellor's premely happy!” Soon afterwards, in life were filled with many pleasant literary the early morning of October 12, 1863, he pursuits. He revived his memories of passed gently and tranquilly away in the old writers who had been studied in youth, ninety-second year of his age. and greatly delighted in modern science This splendid career was achieved by and modern literature. One day his niece an American painter's son, without re. found him studying a ponderous legal folio, sources or influence, solely by the force and said that she supposed that this was of industry, high character, and intellechis favorite study. He drew out a small tual pre-eminence. volume from under the folio, and an- Copley reached the highest point of his



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profession when he was made lord chan Revolution, which so powerfully stirred cellor in 1827; but it may fairly be said society at the beginning of this century. that, so far as his Parliamentary career As to his political consistency after he was concerned, he ooly showed his full entered the House, it may fairly be mainpowers after his elevation. He can tained that he“ neither changed more nor scarcely be said to have gained the ear less than other statesmen whose characof the Commons during the ten years heters have never been impeached." No was a member of the House. In that dispassionate student of the political life arena he could not compare with his great of this century will refuse his tribute of rival Brougham. His powers found their respect to Sir Robert Peel's conduct in proper field in the upper house. It may reference to Catholic Emancipation and almost be said that Brougham was shelved the Corn Laws. Any statesman worthy of when he was made chancellor. Lynd- the 'name must be prepared to modify his hurst, on the contrary, reached the scenes views as new circumstances arise, or the wbere bis talents shone out, and won him whole fabric of the State will soon tumble conspicuous and enduring influence. His about his ears. Lyndhurst did little more was the empire of keen intellectual su- thao this. If he is more open to the premacy Brougham bimself said that charge of inconsistency than Sir Robert Lyndhurst so immeasurably su- Peel this must be attributed to his pecul. perior to all his contemporaries, and iar position as a "law lord.” He was the indeed to almost all who had gone before champion and exponent of party policy; in him, that he might well be pardoned for Parliament and out of Parliament he was looking down rather than praising." an advocate, the greatest advocate of his

Intellectual force is the secret of Lynd. generation. hurst's marvellous influence. He could Sir Theodore Martin's work is not only unfold "a subject in such a manner as to an interesting biography, it is a success. carry conviction by mere strength of ex. ful vindication of Lord Lyndhurst from position. It used to be said when he was the grievous aspersions cast on him in the at the bar that the statement of a case by " Lives of the Chancellors." Men of all Copley was worth any other man's argu- political parties have an interest in such a ment” (Edinburgh Review, April, 1869). conspicuous figure of our century, and This power made him conspicuously suc- may be glad to pay their tribute to the cessful at the bar and in the House of intellect and heart of the man who was the Lords. During the four years that he pillar of his home, one of the great lights sat on the bench as chief baron the same of his profession, and who so largely luminous intellectual force marked all his shaped the statute-book of the country work. As chancellor he had to deal with and exerted such commanding influence a branch of the law in which he had had in our upper house for more than thirty Do practice at the bar; but he was at years. home with his work as chief baron, and those who are best able to judge acknowledge that if all his powers had been devoted to the bench he would probably have rivalled even such a high judicial

From The Sunday Magazine. reputation as that of Lord Mansfield. But though Lyndhurst presided with such eminent ability in his court, he knew that AUTHOR OF "OCCUPATIONS OF A RETIRED LIFE,” he would soon be called back again to the

CRUST AND THE CAKE,” ETC. struggle of politics, and time was not granted him to build up a great reputation


Before Copley entered Parliament he is The voyage to Edinburgh was got over said to have held radical views, but the -as such voyages are in the lives of evidence is of the vaguest kind, and does those to whom they are adventurous novel. not amount to much more than the free ties — with mingled raptures and qualms, talk of circuit life among barristers. Sir with expressions of delight in a life on Theodore Martin's book does not furnish the ocean wave," sinking into inward rea conclusive answer to this charge; but solves that if one ever gets safely to land, even if the accusation could be fully one will never set foot on a ship again, proved, there would be nothing dishonor. uoless, indeed, it might be to return able to Lyndhurst in the fact that he was whence one came, never more to depart touched by the influence of the French | bence. Such resolves, however, are gen.





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erally quite forgotten within an hour after "Well, I suppose we'll part from you landing. For our memory always colors here, Kirsty,” said Robert Sinclair. a sea voyage with the glowing pleasures are going straight to the railway station, of its close -the arrival, as the Psalmist and Mr. Brander said we should only just expresses it, “at the haven where we have time to get some refreshment before would be."

the London train starts. So, good-bye, Mrs. Brander, who had remained with Kirsty, and I hope you'll get a good place friends in Edinburgh while her husband and do well." and daughter made their trip to Ultima He did not sbake hands with Kirsty. Thule, was down at the docks, awaiting He had just shaken hands with Henrietta them in her carriage. Mrs. Mail, Kirsty's Brander, and somehow it began to seem aunt, was there also, standing close be- to him not quite natural to offer the same side the carriage. Mrs. Brander had been salutation to both. Tom Ollison held out speaking to her, and after Mr. Brander bis hand to the girl, and then paused, to had exchanged a few words with his wife, ask Mrs. Mail,Mrs. Brander called Mrs. Mail again, and “But which way are you going? Does with an eye critically fixed on Kirsty, told your road lie towards the station?” the aunt that it had just occurred to her “Yes,” she said, “it do; an’ it's a good that if, in a day or two, she and her niece step. I reckon this box will take a day's came up to where Mrs. Brander was stay. work out of me." ing, she might - Mrs. Brander could not "I'll give you a hand,” answered Tom, promise she would — but she might - re- as our ways are the same.

The weight's ceive a proposal which would be most nothing to me.” advantageous to her. Then the Brander “ Thank you,” said Mrs. Mail quite carriage drove away, Mr. Brander shout- composedly. “I like to see a young man ing back to Robert Sinclair, “Shall be in make himself handy." London next week — and mind you don't

“What has become of your own lug. forget me - but I shan't let you."

gage?” Kirsty asked. "Why, aunt, do you know that lady?' “Mine and his," answered Tom, nod. whispered Kirsty, so overcome by the ding towards Robert, "and a lot of goods plumes on Mrs. Brander's bonnet, and of all sorts are being taken on a cart the gold bracelet on the wrist visible at straight from the ship to the train.” the carriage door, that she did not notice Robert Sinclair looked round, saw what her hard tones, nor the absence of kindli- had come to pass, and walked on, several ness in her words.

paces ahead. Kirsty followed behind with "I go chariog sonetimes for the family the basket, a little mystified, and feeling the lady is visiting,” answered the aunt, that she was already learning many "ins “so she knew my face, Kirsty, and when and outs” of the world of which she had she saw me at the docks to-day, she called never dreamed. Tom Ollison's ready me, thinking I might have been sent after helpfulness was only what her general her with some message. Then I told her island experiences would have led her to I was expecting a young niece a-looking expect from anybody. But it began to for a place. It would be the making of you dawn upon Kirsty that ibis was not quite if you got employed by that kind of peo the correct thing" here, and also that ple, Kirsty." "Mrs. Mail was meanwhile surely there was some distinction of demaking suggestions of curtsies towards gree between Robert and Tom, of which Robert Sinclair, who appeared in her eyes the islanders had never dreamed, but as one travelling with Mr. Brander's party which, had they been fairly questioned on - perhaps even of his family — for the such a matter, they would probably have carriage had gone off so laden with lug. reversed, since the ample hospitality of gage, that it was quite likely that any Cleyga Farm and the kindly despotism of youth-even though a son — -should have old Ollison were much more impressive in been left to follow on foot. Mrs. Mail did their eyes than the cramped Quodda not beed Tom Ollison.

schoolhouse, and the light rule of the " Where are your things, Kirsty?" she easy-minded schoolmaster. But there was asked. “ I'll reckon you'll not have more no doubt that the Branders were “the than you can carry.”

gentry,” the owners of Wallness and St. Kirsty had a strong, heavy box and a la could be no less, and it was very clear basket. She and her aunt might just that there was a very different relation. manage to carry these between them, but ship between them and Robert Sinclair, they would certainly require all their and between them and Tom Ollison. strength.

Kirsty had not heard that the first offer

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of the vacant seat in their trap had been to a land overflowing with comforts and made to Tom, and it never occurred to luxuries. Not in that first delicious beher that the money she had seen him wilderment could she realize what it was to expend on herself and the Laurensens be surrounded by acres of sordid houses, would have amply sufficed to make him through whose many fever stricken rooms the Branders' cabin companion. It began the fætid air crept heavily, in place of to seem to Kirsty tbat Robert must be that pure north wind which blew in from “ more of a gentleman ”than Tom. It is the sea to wage a not unequal or unsuca truth, and a very sad truth, that in the cessful struggle with the darkness and great averages of human intelligence and disease of Shetland hovels. Not then feeling, there is, reversing the divine or could she understand how it felt to lie der, a terrible aptitude to value. those who wakeful at night, listening, not awed and take above those who give, those who are elevated, as she used to be, by the roar of served above those who serve. When the tempest, but shrinking from the polJesus' washing the disciples' feet had not luting clamor of drunkards and abandoned become a sacred picture, framed in the women in the street below, while the first sentiment of centuries, but was an actual sounds that would greet one in the morn. fact of the day, with all its little matter-of. ing would be no longer the glad cry of the fact concomitants, perhaps it would have sea-gulls, but the wails of children who needed another Jesus to fully understand wanted breakfast and sound none. and appreciate the incident. This failure Kirsty was so taken up by all she saw, of comprehension and sympathy in the that she was not very prompt in her human mind and heart lies about the very thanks to Tom for his kindness, and when root of many upas-trees of human life, she saw him run off, she scarcely realized which it is in vain to cut level with its that he was really away at last, and that ground, as long as the root remains to there was no knowing when or where she sprout again. He who brings one human should see him again. Mrs. Mail did not soul to the perfect and practical under- thank him at all; he was only a fellow standing of the sacred rule, “ Whosoever steerage passenger of Kirsty's, who had will be great among you, shall be your done a civil thing, and the aunt asked him minister, and whosoever of you will be carelessly if he would stay and take a bite the chiefest, shall be servant of all," has with them, and when he said he was in done more for the cause of eternal free too great a hurry, she let him depart with. dom and progress, than he who succeeds out more question or ado. in abrogating whole codes of unjust laws, "Oh! is he really gone?” cried Kirsty, while leaving untouched the Christless. as, looking from the window, she saw ness in which they originated.

Tom scampering off, at full speed, down Tom found he could just spare time to the street. "Oh! dear, dear, and 1 help the two women with the heavy box scarcely said good-bye, or even thanked' up “the stair," on the top "land” of him!” which Mrs. Mail lived. He could not “And what's all this work about?” linger a moment more, so that he barely asked Mrs. Mail drily. “I asked him to noticed the admiring glances which Kirsty stay for a cup of tea if he liked - one threw round the apariment into which her couldn't do no more than that. What's aunt led ber. It was one of two, that the young man to you, I'd like to know? formed Mrs. Mail's house, which was cer- It won't do for you to go picking up with tainly not too roomy for her requirements, strangers and getting so thick with them since she had a busband and grown-up in this place, I can tell you !” children. But in spite of sundry queer Mrs. Mail's own daughters kept her gabled corners, it bad large, clear-paned hands full and her temper sour, only she windows, a tiited grate," and "four-judged them to be “pretty well able to post” bedsteads, so that its proportions take care of themselves.” But if she was and appointmenis seemed magnificent 10 to have another girl thrown upon her, Kirsty's Shetland eyes. What gay wall. equally wilful and wrong-headed, plus a. paper! What pretty chintzes! What won. primitive ignorance and simplicity, then derful ornaments in the way of Bohemian " there would be a nice mess,” and “ the vases and paper towers)! And nothing piper to pay." So she thought she had seemned stained with damp and weather, beiter begin at once with mysterious hints. as everything was in Shetland! Oh what and warnings which might keep Kirsty a pity granny was too old to leave home, safe in a wholesome terror, until she, too, and too blind to see much if she did! understood the ways of the world. For Kirsty felt as if she had indeed come • Stranger !” echoed Kirsty, astonished.


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