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many his Church. And what the total of and has it on his person when he falls at work and of idleness. The North needs the head of the forlorn hope; the self-sacrino such inquiry.

ficing beauty who resigns her lover to a England is charged with being a cruel rival; the faithful college chum who has step-mother to Ireland, but the tendency is cherished a mutual attachment for his now rather to spoiling the child. The sus- friend's hardly-used wife for half a century, pension of the Habeas Corpus is no proof and only mentions it in a whisper on his to the contrary ; it is an exceptional meas- death-bed - all are so many creations by ure for a temporary danger. For the rest, means of which the sort of people who what part of the kingdom is so much coaxed write romances express their passion for the and indulged as Ireland ? Could Scotland, ideal. But perhaps there is no portrait so for example, have got a Galway contract completely suggestive of the impossible and and subsidy ? Can Wales obtain an ex- the intangible as the portrait of that imagiemption from the operation of the Cattle nary uncle wbo never appears except to Plague Act? When Ireland asked for a make other people happy, and who, always prohibition of the import of cattle, was she dies at the right moment. Our imagina.' not insiantly indulged? And is it not out tions are fired at a very early age by the of tenderness that she is spared the inflic- description, and we go through lite sighing tion of the Cattle Extirpation Bill, though and longing for this noble being who never localities as free from disease are subjected is, but always is to be. Ecoriare alqiuis is to it?

our constant but fruitless hope. Where, oh After all, we believe that Ireland has where, is that benevolent individual in gaitmore reason to complain of her own sons ers of whom we have read so much, whose than of Englishmen, many of whom are only anxiety is that we should marry the her true friends. It is an old saying cur- object of our affections as soon as the rent in Ireland, that if an Irishman is spit- license can be procured, who burns to enjoy ted for roasting, another will always be the pleasures of matrimonial happiness by found to turn him. And this Fenian con- proxy only, and whose reward is to be spiracy could never have been discovered allowed in return to kiss his nieces-in-law as completely as it has been unless the con- and their children as often as he pleases spirators had been false to each other to a when they come down to breakfast in the great extent. To hold and pull together morning? All of us have learnt to admire for evil or good is not an Irish habit, at the princely munificence of Mr. Peaboily. least not in the South. The usual thing is But every time the newspapers present us a game of nine-pins, in which the men are with a new instance of his liberality, the sad set up to knock each other down.

thought cannot but force itself on the min is of many, how it is that there are so few Peabodys in private domestic life, who have been imbued with the sound Scriptural maxim that charity begins at home, ani!

with a proper sense of the privileges and From the Saturday lieview. opportunities of those whom Providence RICH UNCLES.

has blessed with a lively and varied assort

ment of nephews and of nieces. The tide If the rich uncle were only half as com- of human affairs is influenced, as we all mon an institution in real life as he is on know, by the merest accidents. It seems the stage or in a novel, the world would be so hard that what is should have been ira cheerier place than it is, and moralists revocably separated by some little trivial would be compelled to admit that virtue barrier from what might have been. If still was to be found upon the earth, grandfathers and grandmothers had lived perched happily and pleasantly on one or long enongh to have had one more child other of the collateral branches in every before they died, if their supernumerary family tree. In the pictures they draw of oftspring had been wisely despatched at society and its manners, novelists unfor- once to India, had amassed a colossal fortunately are too fond of gratifying, on paper tune in the society of Nabobs and of Beand in fancy, the yearnings of the human gums, and bad finally come home, after a heart after the unattainable. The curate long absence, with a fatal liver complaint, whose sermons are never too long, and and with a rooted desire to live in the bapalways make his hearers think; the officer piness of his relatives, this might have been who carries the kid glove of his old gar- a bright and a beautiful world in spite of rison flame for thirty years next his heart, I everything. We can all conceive how

pleased we should have been to have This is why Club dinners and whist and smoothed our beloved Peabody's pillow, and smoking are so generally admitted, by femto have remembered him in our prayers

. inine moralists, to be bopelessly prejudicial Dis aliter visum. There are few of us to to the character. They are not only in whom Providence has not seen fit to deny theory pernicious, but they are the avowed this harmless gratification; and when we enjoyments of the bachelor. The gallant look at life as it is, and turn from the mel- knight who loves and rides away is in his ancholy spectacle to the three-volume nov. degree a more admirable creature than the els and the dramas of the day, it is indeed unknightly craven who never falls in love almost exasperating to see how authors at all, and who provokingly sits still over and authoresses persist in pouring upon his Club cigar. The moral indignation he their heroes and their heroines such gol- very naturally excites is so considerable den showers of unspeakably precious kins- that the species would have become exmen in weak health.

tinct long ago if it were not for one redeemRegret under such circumstances, with ing feature in their case. When disapprowell-regulated minds, ought never to take bation of the bachelor's habits is on the the lower form of a selfish sentiment, and it very eve of rising to a storm, there is one is wiser and nobler to be able to base it on saving virtue that interposes and rescues a calculation of what the buman race loses him from annihilation. Unmarried blessedby the infrequency of such elevating spec- ness would be outlawed by the verdict of tacles. If rich uncles were not as rare society if it were not for the fact that the birds as black swans, the feminine half of irretrievable bachelor may yet retrieve the world would not be able to go on say- himself by turning into a rich uncle, and ing, with such a terrible show of truth, that becoming a blessing, if not a credit, to a bachelor's life is necessarily selfish. mankind. It is thus — a feminine philosoWomen constantly complain of the gross pher will perhaps conclude — that we are injustice of the reproach that rests on the brought to see how, in the great economy character of an old maid. Old maids are of nature, there is no such thing as utter often very charming people, though afflicted ruin and degradation. Fallen as he seems perhaps, as a rule, with too absorbing an ad- to be at the first glance, the bachelor may miration of popular preachers; and if mar- live to prove that his career has been in no riages are made in Heaven, it is not unnatu- degree wasted or unprofitable. If there ral that Heaven should keep some of the were only more specimens of so creditable best specimens of womanly virtue for itself. a conversion, a bachelor's profession There may, moreover, be rich aunts as well would end by being considered a noble and as rich uncles, and it would be improper disinterested one. In answer to the invidiand imprudent to pass a sweeping condem- ous question why on earth he did not marry, nation on those who have chosen to play the bachelor would only have to reply, “I the part of wallflowers at life's festive ball

. do not marry because it is my ambition to If celibacy in woman is a fault, it is a fault be a rich uncle." which may be redeemed by a devoted de- A rich uncle has this advantage further, sire to mike the younger members of her that he carries into domestic life an examfamily prosperous and wealthy. But, after ple of unselfishness and disinterested soliciall that has been said, it is fair to recollect tude for the welfare of his kind. In return that old maids are not visited with half the for the imputation of selfishness that is so reproaches which feminine critics shower on freely bestowed upon them, bachelors might the head of that much-abused being, the ir- with plausibility retort that married lite is retrievable old bachelor. The irretriev- not, upon the whole, productive of social able bachelor is a sort of social Hercules sympathy and magnanimity. A partnertarget, the bare existence of which is a slur ship is not necessarily less egotistical than upon the

power and precision of feminine a single speculator, and self-interest often artillery. Something must be done to put perambulates the world in couples. Towards a stop to his attitude of offensive iinpenetra- their husbands and their children Englishbility, and his unpopularity may be taken women are almost uniformly unselfish, but as a proof that it is as dangerous in some beyond their husbands, their children, and cases to resist successfully as to be grace- their own social success, they show comfully vanquished. The male heart, to start monly a disposition to be indifferent to the with, is desperately wicked, but its follies outside world ; and the result is, that their and failings are never painted in such influence is weakened, and their powers of gloomy colours as when it has shown an ill- conversation proportionally impaired. If alvised intention to lead a single life. this be true, domesticity has its drawbacks,

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as well as its delights. An Englishwoman's Adam could wish, but when they do occur pleasures are simple, but possibly somewhat they are probably less egotistical than their narrow. She is keenly solicitous about her fortunate nephews and nieces. husband's advancement in the world, and The pleasures of benevolence which a measures it carefully by the amount of so- rich uncle may be considered to enjoy are cial consideration bestowed upon herself. indeed compared by a great Greek philosoShe likes her children to be healthy, hand- pher to the pleasures of paternity. ; and it some, and admired, and devotes herself he may be that in exceptional cases they even roically to their best interests. By the time i supply the place of the latter. Human nashe has got to the extreme edge of her family ture is in the habit of boasting of its incircle, her enthusiasm is generally exhaust- stincts, but a large proportion of the feelings ed; and literature or politics she cares for we term instinctive are evidently to be acso far only as they are likely to affect or counted for on a simpler though less flatterinterest those in whose welfare she is con- ing theory. That human nature possesses cerned. A rich bachelor at a domestic any instincts, properly so-called, has been fireside is a perpetual protest against this denied, may be doubted, and certainly nevexclusiveness of view, and is in his way less er can be shown to demonstration. It is of an egotist than the mother whose abso- by no means uncertain that, after allowances lute devotion to her family he so much ad- made for the influence of sentiment, intermires. Kind as he is, and intimate as he is, est, and reason, a father would be naturally his fair proiégée would see him broiled alive drawn towards his son; and the affection of before she would allow a single hair to be human beings for their offspring is possibly barmed of her husband's or her children's made up of a powerful and perfect union heads; and a soft unutterable sense of con- of the three. However this may be, it is tingent benefits sometimes, perhaps, suffuses tolerably clear that the three are nowhere even her real affection for himself. Consid- so completely united as in the case of the ering the nobility of the nature of women, relation between parents and their children; the fact that after mariaage they are im- and the rich uncle whose mission is to bring pregnated with this sort of feeling, for which prosperity to his belongings can at least enselfishness is too hard a name, is possibly a joy parental pleasures in a secondary and discredit rather to their husbands than to imperfect way. It is, in truth, the only their own education. If men sought less fashion left in which a man can enjoy them exclusively to absorb every thought of the without entering into the precarious specuwomen who are under their control, the lation of marriage, or without sinning character of women would be more chival- against social decorum and incurring the sorous after marriage than it is. Romance and cial penalties imposed upon the sinner. The impulsiveness belong chiefly to unmarried skeleton, however, in every benevolent girls. They will enter into and appreciate the man's closet is and must be the reflection not uncommon pride which now and then that it is almost impossible in advanced life, makes a man abandon fame and fortune soon- when the power of exciting romantic ater than stoop to pick them up. It is equally tachments is gone, to bind others to us, certain that, when women marry, this kind except, indeed, by the glittering but fraof enthusiasm sobers down. In the cause gile tie of gratitude. That rich uncle is a of these to whom they are attached they happy and exceptional personage who can remain as generous as ever; but with all bring those about him to identify their ingenerosity which threatens to interfere terests with his own, and to feel bound to with the fortunes of their husbands or their him by the sentiment that unites children chiluren they have but little sympathy. to their parents. To achieve this result, Ilumanity and patriotism, and even charity something more than the benefactions of a fail in their eyes when contrasted with the kind old gentleman are usually necessary, ties of domesticity.. A being who is content unless accompanied by qualities that comwith the private felicity of others, and who mand enthusiasm and regard. Even a millooks for no private felicity of his own, lionaire cannot take affection by storm, or would accordingly be a novel sight at a break through the circle of family reserve, family gathering. He would be entitled to as Jupiter broke through the guards of Darank as an exception to the law of domes- nae, in a shower of gold. Those who wish ticity, the theory of which is that no ties to live in the affections of others had better are permanently strong except the ties of not wait to make the effort till they are old maternity or marriage. Rich uncles are and wealthy, but begin betimes when they not as easily to be met with as the natural are young.

FREDRIKA BREMER.

lain of the Queen of Greece, in friendly interThe recent decease of the celebrated Swedish course with the royal family. The King put at novelist, Fredrika Bremer, which has already

her disposal his yacht in which with a party of received a passing notice in our columns, affords chosen friends she visited the principal Grecian

islands. the occasion of recalling the deep and affectionate interest which she cherished in Ameri

Upon the breaking out of the war of the can affairs, especially since her visit to this rebellion her sympathies were deeply enlisted in

he success of the American arms. With the country, about fifteen years ago.

Her admirable works of fiction had won for aid of our leading journals, and a careful stu ly her a host of friends on this side of the ocean: with the progress of the struggle, and never

of the map, she kept herself fully acquainted Their fresh and vivid pictures of Northern life lost her faith in the triumph of freedom and were a novelty in literature; they opened a new world to readers who had become weary

right. In the last edition of hir work on of the stale incidents and common-place plots America, she has added an appendix, describ

Her of much of the popular fiction of the day; ing the character and effects of the war. they produced a deep impression no less by the intelligent and lucid exposition has doub:Jess artlessness of their style, than by the fidelity of had no inconsiderable influence on European their portraitures; and for a long time, her opinion, and contributed to a favourable view

“ The assassination name was the subject of universal encomium. of the nature of the cause.

of Lincoln,” she says, Her purpose of making an American tour

opened the eyes of the was widely announced before her arrival. She people of Europe to the serpent nature of the was expected with grateful and almost tender Rebellion, and in the shock and shudder elecinterest; her coming was welcomed with eager rose under the feet of the victim, raising him

trically felt from this serpent sring, a pedestal delight by many who had known her through and the cause for which he died so that he bethe medium of her writings; and when she landed on our shores, many hospitable firesides came visible to all nations.” grew brighter at her approach, and in the inti- quietly passed in her old family castle, Arsta.

The latter part of Miss Bremer's life was macies of friendship she was never permitted She continued to take a deep interest in public for a moment to feel the loneliness of a stranger. afairs. She felt great joy in the progress of this Her frank and cordial manners, combining a simplicity which sometimes amounted to an al- country toward a high ideal, and watched with most childlike naiveté with a womanly dignity

anxious sympathies the course of moral and

In a recent letter that was never laid aside; her kindliness of dis political reform in her own. position, and her noble unselfishness of pur- mitted to use, she says: “From a f the

to an American friend, which we have been perpose, procured her access to more than one choice family circle, and surrounded her with high windows of this large bigh row your

Swedish friend sees rise on the westexplorizon friends, with whom her cordial relations closed the spire of the parish-church, pointine i pwards, only with her life. On returning to her own country, she pub- the body will in no long time be laid down with

and to her telling of the place of re; ove where lished an interesting record of her experiences in those of her parents, brothers, and sisters." America, showing her appreciation of our She has now passed away in the peaess of a national character, and her attachment to our institutions. Her active temperament did not pure and honoured age, crowned h an abun

n grain, permit her to remain long in the enjoyment of dant harvest of pleasant fruits, and

and healing leaves, while her mem

ill long repose. Five years were devoted to extensive journeys in the Holy Land, Greece, Italy, and be cherished in gracious esteem lig nany who Germany, the fruits of which appeared in six were her debtors for the 'sweet beauty of her volumes of travels, which enhanced her high eharacter and the reviving influence of her

works. reputation both in this country and in England. She passed two years in the family of the chap-!

Tribune.

LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.- NO. 1139.-31 MARCH, 1866.

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From the Cotemporary Review. - a task which he had imposed on himself FREDERICK WILLIAM ROBERTSON.

with exceeding dislike, and executed with

great swiftness and brevity. Other volLife and Letters of Frederick W. Robertson, umes followed, more imperfect, less authoriM.A., Incumbent of Trinity Chapel, tative, less likely to represent him at his Brighton, 1847–53. Edited by STOPFORD best, to fulfil his requirements of what a A. BROOKE, M. A., late Chaplain to the sermon ought to be, too closely packed Embassy at Berlin. In Two Volumes, and merely suggestive, if not skeleton-like, with Portraits.

to be popular. Yet their circulation spread Sermons. By the late Rev. FREDERICK with extraordinary rapidity; they ran even

W. ROBERTSON, M.A., Incumbent of with the last novel ; they became a staple Trinity Chapel, Brighton. First Series of the circulating library; Tauchnitz pub(13th Edition), Second Series (11th Edi- lished them, at Leipsic, in his collection of tion), Third Series (11th Edition), British authors ; in America and at home Fourth Series (2nd Edition).

their popularity was unprecedented ; and a Exposiłory Lectures on the Epistles to the thirteenth edition, last autumn, proves that

Corinthians. By the late Rev. FREDE- it is steadily maintained. Mr. Robert on of
RICK W. ROBERTSON, M.A. Third Brighton was soon as prominent a name as
Edition.

the Church could point to. People were so Lectures and Addresses on Literary and So- ready to catch at almost anything he had cial Topics. By the late Rev. FREDE- said, that there was danger of publishing

W. ROBERTSON, M.A. New too much, of letting the world look on his Edition.

most private and crude thoughts, of trustAn Analysis of Mr. Tennyson's In Me- ing to the uncertainty of casual reports by

moriam.By the late Rev. FREDERICK those who had heard him, of being driven W. ROBERTSON, M. A. London: Smith, by his very fame to be ungenerous to it. Elder, & Co.

There was an eager looking for some par

ticulars of his life, as of a man who had THIRTEEN years ago the clergyman of a strangely dropped away unknown, though proprietary chapel at Brighton died, and surely among the best worth knowing of his was buried with unmistakable demonstra- time; and all the while there was a steadly tions of sorrow. A ministry of six years growth and penetration of his influence, had endeared him to his people, and he had preparing men to receive his Lile an! taken sufficient part in public and local Letters” with an interest, curiosity, and questions to be recognised beyond the bounds welcome accorded only to a few. of his congregation. But he had only pub- Some rare and singular power must have lished one sermon, and so many clergymen dwelt in this modest working clergyman, to had lectured at Mechanics' Institutes, and account for the story of a fame so unique spoken on Ecclesiastical Titles Bills and in our pulpit literature; and whatever may early closing of shops, that not much heed be the secret of bis influence, we are not was taken of one clergyman more. As for likely to have further means of judging than any lasting influence, his life seemed to these now before us in his Life and Works. have ended at the grave abruptly, imma

Frederick Robertson was born in London turely, for he died young. As for any mark in 1816, and passed his childhood in Leith to be traced by him in the religious thought Fort, where his earliest recollections were of England, England had never heard of of "my pony, and my cricket, and my rabhim. In a year or two a volume of his ser- bits, and my father's pointers, and the days mons was published, with the drawbacks when I proudly carried his game-big, and inseparable from all po thumous publications. my ride home with the old gamekeeper by Ile had not written them before they were moonlight in the frosty evenings, and the preached, but after they were preached he boom of the cannon, and my father's orderhad condensed them for some absent friends ly, the artilleryman who used to walk with LIVING AGE.

1495.

THIRD SERIES.

VOL. XXXII.

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