Auttering crowd of busy, vexatious specula-knew of it, the pain of the accusation was tions which had come, without any will of acute and bitter. But how could Miss Marhers, into her heart.

joribanks help it ? — the mind travels so It looked a dreadful change in one way much quicker than anything else, and so far, as she looked at it without wishing to look and makes its expeditions in such subtle, at it in the solitude of her own room, where stealthy ways. She might begin by thinkthe blinds were all down, and the snow ing of her dear papa, and yet before she sometimes came with a little thump against could dry her eyes might be off in the the window, and where it was so dark that midst of one of these bewildering speculait was a comfort when night came, and the tions. For everything was certain now so lamp could be lighted. So far as Carling- far as he was concerned ; and everything ford was concerned, it would be almost as was so uncertain, and full of such unknown bad for Miss Marjoribanks as if she were issues for herself

. Thus the dark days beher father's widow instead of his daughter. fore the funeral passed by — and everybody To keep up a position of social importance was very kind. "Dr. Marjoribanks was one in a single woman's house, unless as she had of the props of the place, and all Carlingford herself lightly said so short a time since, bestirred itself to do him the final honours ; she were awfully rich, would be next to im- and all her friends conspired how to save possible. All that gave importance to the Lucilla from all possible trouble, and help centre of society - the hospitable table, the her over the trial; and to see how much he open house – had come to an end with the was respected was the greatest of all possiDoctor. Things could no more be as they ble comforts to her, as she said. had once been, in that respect at least. Thus it was that among the changes that She might stay in the house, and keep up to everybody looked for, there occurred all at the furthest extent possible to her its old once this change which was entirely unex. traditions ; but even to the utmost limit to pected, and put everything else out of which Lucilla could think it right to go it mind for the moment. For to tell the could never be the same. This conscious- truth, Dr. Marjoribanks was one of the men ness kept gleaming upon her as she sat in the who, according to external appearance, need dull daylight, behind the closed blinds, with never have died. There was nothing about articles of mourning piled about everywhere, him that wanted to be set right, no sort of and the grey dimness getting into her very loss, or failure, or misunderstanding, so far eyes, and her mind distressed by the con- as anybody could see. An existence in sciousness that she ought to have been un- which he could have his friends to dinner able to think; and the sadness of the pros- every week, and a good house, and good wine, pect altogether was enough to stir up a re- and a very good table, and nothing particular action, in spite of herself, in Miss Marjori- to put him out of his way, scemed in fact banks's mind.

the very ideal of the best life for the DocAnd on the other side she would no doubt tor. There was nothing in him that seemed be very well off, and could go wherever she to demand anything better, and it was conliked, and had no limit, except what was fusing to try to follow him into that which, right and proper and becoming, to what she no doubt, must be in all its fundamentals a might please to do. She might go abroad very different kind of world. He was a just if she liked, which perhaps is the first idea man and a good man in his way, and had been of the modern English mind when anything kind to many people in his lifetime — but happens to it, and settle wherever she still he did not seem to have that need of pleased, and arrange her mode of existence another rectifying completer existence which as seemed good in her own eyes. She most men have. There seemed no reason would be an heiress in a moderate way, and why he should die - a man who was so well aunt Jemima was by this time absolutely at contented with this lower region in which her disposal, and could be taken anywhere; many of us fare badly, and where so few of and at Lucilla's age it was quite impossible us are contented. This was a fact which to predict what might not happen to a exercised a very confusing influence, even woman in such a position. When these when they themselves were not aware of it, fairer possibilities gleamed into Lucilla's on many people's minds. It was hard to think mind, it would be difficult to describe the of bim under any other circumstances, or anger and self-disgust with which she re- identify him with angels and spirits — which proached herself — for perhaps it was the feeling on the whole made the regret- for first time that she had consciously failed in him a more poignant sort of regret. maintaining a state of mind becoming the And they buried him with the greatest occasion ; and though nobody but herself signs of respect. People from twenty miles

off sent their carriages, and all the George Street people shut their shops, and there was very little business done all day. Mr. Cavendish and Mr. Ashburton walked side by side at the funeral, which was an affecting sight to see; and if anything more could have been done to show their respect which was not done, the corporation of Carlingford would have been sorry for it. And the snow still lay deep in all the corners, though it had been trampled down all about the Doctor's house, where the lamp was not lighted now of nights; for what was the use of lighting the lamp, which was a kind of lighthouse in its way, and meant to point out succour and safety for the neighbours, when the physician himself was lying beyond all hope of succour or aid? And all the Grange Lane people retired in a sympathetic, awe-stricken way, and decided, or at least the ladies did, to see Lucilla next day, if she was able to see them, and to find out whether she was going to make an effort, or what she meant to do. And Mrs. Chiley was so much better that she was able to be up a little in the evening, though she scarcely could forgive herself, and still could not help thinking that it was she who had really been sent for, and that the Doctor had been taken in mistake. And as for Lucilla, she sat in her room and cried, and thought of her father's hand upon her shoulder that last unusual caress which was more touching to think of than a world that everything named in it had disappeared of words. He had been fond of her and like a bubble. Instead of being the richest, proud of her, and at the last moment he Dr. Marjoribanks was one of the poorest had showed it. And by times she seemed men in Carlingford, when he shut his door to feel again that lingering touch, and cried behind him on that snowy night. It was a as if her heart would break: and yet, for revelation which took the town perfectly by all that, she could not keep her thoughts storm, and startled everybody out of their steady, nor prevent them from wandering senses. Lucilla's plans, which she thought to all kinds of profane out-of-door matters, so wicked, went out all of a sudden, in a and to considerations of the future, und es- certain dull amaze and dismay, to which no timates of her own position. It wounded words could give any expression. Such her sadly to feel herself in such an inappro- was the second inconceivable reverse of forpriate state of mind, but she could not help tune which happened to Miss Marjoribanks, it; and then the want of natural light and more unexpected, more incomprehensible air oppressed her sorely, and she longed for still than the other, in the very midst of her the evening, which felt a little more natural, most important activities and hopes,

and thought that at last she might have a long talk with aunt Jemima, who was a kind of refuge in her present loneliness, and gave her a means of escape at the same time from all this bustle and commotion of unbecoming thoughts.

This was enough surely for any one to have to encounter at one time; but that very night another rumour began to murmur through Carlingford - -a rumour more bewildering, more incredible still, than that of the Doctor's death, which the town had been obliged to confirm and acknowledge, and put its seal to. When the thing was first mentioned, everybody (who could find it in their heart to laugh) laughed loud in the face of the first narrator with mingled scepticism and indignation. They asked him what he meant by it, and ridiculed and scoffed at him to his face. "Lucilla will be the richest woman in Grange Lane," people said; "everybody in Carlingford knows that." But after this statement had been made, the town began to listen. It was obliged to listen, for other witnesses came in to confirm the story. It never might have been found out while the Doctor lived, for he had a great practice, and made a great deal of money; but now that he was dead, nothing could be hid. He was dead, and he had made an elaborate will, which was all as just and righteous as a will could be; but after the will was read, it was found out

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From Blackwood's Magazine. We meet and mix with other men; STUART MILL ON MIND AND MATTER.*

With women, too, who sweetly chatter : But mayn't we here be duped again,

And take our thoughts for Mind and Matter? A NEW SONG. AIR "Roy's Wife of Aldivalloch.

Sights and sounds like Mind and Matter,

Fairy forms that seem to chatter,
Stuart Mill, on Mind and Matter,

May be gleams in Fancy's dreams
All our old Beliefs would scatter :

Of Men and Women, Mind and Matter.
Stuart Mill ererts his skill
To make an end of Mind and Matter.

Successive feelings on us seize

(As thick as falling hail-stones patter),

The Chance of some return of these,
The self-same tale I've surely heard,
Employed before, our faith to batter:

Is all we mean by Mind or Matter.
Has David Hume again appeared,
To run a-muck at Mind and Matter?

Those who talk of Mind and Matter

Just a senseless jargon patter;
David Hume could Mind and Matter

What are We, or you, or he ? -
Ruthlessly assault and batter:

Dissolving views, not Mind or Matter.
Those who Hume would now exhume
Must mean to end both Mind and Matter.

We're but a train of visions vain,

Of thoughts that cheat, and hopes that flatNow Mind, now Matter, to destroy, Was oft proposed, at least the latter :

This hour's our own, the past is flown ; But David was the daring boy

The rest unknown, like Mind and Matter. Who fairly floored both Mind and Matter.

Then farewell to Mind and Matter ;

To the winds at once we scatter
David Hume, both Mind and Matter,
While he lived, would boldly batter :

Time and Place, and Form and Space
Hume to Mill bequeathed by Will

And You and Me, and Mind and Matter, His favourite feud with Mind and Matter. We banish hence Reid's Common Sense; Men think they see the Things that be;

We laugh at Dugald Stewart's blatter; But Truth is coy, we can't get at her;

Sir William, too, and Mansel's crew, For what we spy is all my eye,

We've done for You, and Mind and Matter. And isn't really Mind or Matter.

Speak no more of Mind and Matter :

Mill with mud may else bespatter
Hume and Mill on Mind and Matter

Swear that others merely smatter :

schools of silly fools,

That dare believe in Mind or Matter.
Sense reveals that Soinething feels,
But tells no tale of Mind or Matter.

But had I skill, like Stuart Mill,

His own position I could shatter: Against a stone you strike your toe;

The weight of Mill, I count as Nil -
You feel ’tis sore, it makes a clatter :

If Mill has neither Mind nor Matter.
But what you feel is all you know
Of toe, or stone, or Mind, or Matter.

Mill, when minus Mind and Matter,

Though he make a kind of clatter,
Mill and Hume of Mind and Matter

Must himself just mount the Shelf,
Wouldn't leave a rag or tatter :

And there be laid

with Mind and Matter. What although we feel the blow ? That doesn't show there's Mind or Matter. I'd push my logic further still

(Though this may have the look of satire) : *" Matter, then, may, be defined a Permanent I'd prove there's no such man as Mill

, Possibility of Sensation." - Mill's Examination of Hamilton, p. 198.

If Mill disproves both Mind and Matter. “« The belief I entertain that my mind exists, when it is not feeling, nor thinking, nor conscious If there's neither Mind nor Matter, of its own existence, resolves itself into the belief of

Mill's existence, too, we shatter : a Permanent Possibility of these states.” “The Permanent Possibil of feeling, which forms my

If you still believe in Mill, notion of myself.” – Ibid., pp. 205, 206.

Believe as well in Mind and Matter.

- the pro

From the Saturday Beview. fore the civil war. Moreover, the excess of THE TIMES ON AMERICAN TRADE. exports over imports is not yet supposed by

the most gloomy prophets to exceed seven A SINGULAR controversy has lately arisen or eight millions; and it is a fair observabetween the Times and some of its commer- tion that, while the City prophet of the cial correspondents, which is not the less Times sees no cause for alarm in a foreign important though it may be impossible to loan recently announced for about the same arrive at a certain conclusion. The Times amount, he need scarcely be frightened out insists that the trade with the United States is of his senses by trading operations on a absorbing English capital to an extent which corresponding scale. It is noticeable that threatens soon to lead to a pressure, and pos- foreign loans, which may be rational investsibly to a genuine crisis, such as has not been ments for surplus capital, have a far more witnessed for nearly ten years. The Amer- serious influence on our Money-market than ican merchants, on the other hand, show, the application of an equal sum of money or attempt to show, that the balance of our to domestic enterprise or foreign trade; and exports to their country over the imports yet it always happens that the Times, which during the last few months is extremely watches with so much jealousy — and, we small; that the trade, though rapidly aug- may add, with so much reason mented, is thoroughly sound; and that gress of joint-stock speculation and export there never was less occasion for commer- trade, has never a word to say against the cial alarm. After the most careful conside- wildest proposals for putting British capital ration of the returns which relate to the into the hands of foreign Governments commerce of the country, it is by no means whose solvency is measured by promised easy to ascertain the exact truth as to the rates of interest of the most extravagant figures in dispute. It is undoubtedly true, kind. It is probably this one-sided view of as the Times maintains, that there has re- the transactions of the Exchange that has cently been a great expansion of the ex- produced much of the unbelief with which port trade to the American ports. On the the warnings of the Times City articles other hand, it is equally true that the arri- have been recently received.

They are vals of cotton have been largely in excess palpably over-strained in attributing the of the import of former years, and that to most tremendous possible consequences to some considerable extent the remaining bal- the absorption of what cannot be considered ance has been made good by the importa- a very vast amount of capital; and many tion of American securities. Without en-traders who know that the American trade tering into the fruitless controversy as to is going on very smoothly, and to all apthe precise amount of the debt which is pearance very profitably, at present, have running up against America, we may as- jumped to the opposite conclusion, that sume that it is not very far from being rep- there is nothing in the present state of resented by the amount of imported bonds. commerce to call for any special degree of Though the great impulse to this trade be- watchfulness. It may turn out that in this gan two or three months ago, there is no theory they are wandering further on one How of bullion either way between the two side of the truth than the Times has done countries, nor any very distinct trace of an on the other, and certainly excessive confiequivalent operation through the channel dence is a more dangerous temper than exof any third country. Whatever America cessive caution. may owe us is clearly a debt of which pay- The fact seems to be that the really imment is not at present very urgently de- portant point has been lost sight of, or at manded; and thoughi, in part, this may be any rate kept in the back-ground, by both due to the fact that credits are unexpired, parties to the discussion. They have wastit is probably attributable in much greater ed their ingenuity and their power of assermeasure to the considerable amount of Fed- tion in the endeavour to determine the preeral bonds and other American securities cise amount of the adverse balance, when which has been purchased in England since the real danger is not at all that a moderthe establishment of peace. This, of course, ate temporary outlay of this kind will prove has only the effect of changing the form, more than English capital is able to provide without diminishing the amount of national for. At the most, if we assume American indebtedness; but it must not be forgotten trade to be thoroughly sound, there is only that, if a tendency now exists to invest in an investment of a few millions in safe Transatlantic securities, it may work for hands, and it will need something more some time before it supplies us with as large than this to derange the whole course of a total as was always held in England be- Emglish commerce. But, in the midst of


all the wrangling about a secondary point, matters. The stability of American marthe real question of which the importance kets would be much better secured if gold cannot be exaggerated is wholly overlooked. bore a premium more in proportion to the What the ultimate issue of the present ac- actual amount of superfluous notes; and it tivity of commerce may be depends mainly is impossible to contemplate the restrictive on the position in which our American debt- operations which Mr. M'Culloch is, propors may find themselves before the year is erly enough bent upon, without grave

If no part of the foreign and inter- doubts whether American trade will come nal activity of American traders is due to safely through the ordeal. The trial canthe enormous expansion of their currency; not be avoided by any policy, and there is if they have emerged from the war with a much sense in the determination of the solid basis of capital capable of supporting Finance Minister to grapple with the risk at a traffic twice as large as that which exist- once, instead of waiting for a time when ed before the first shot was fired; if the ex- the commerce of his country may be still haustion of the South and the feverish spec- more inflated, and allowing the evils which ulation of the North involve no elements of follow in the train of a mock-prosperity to weakness; if there is no risk that trade may be aggravated, as they must be, by every collapse as soon as the attempt shall be day's delay. made to bring back the currency to par; If it were only certain that we should esif, in short Mr. M'Culloch is entirely cape the consequences of any monetary wrong in warning his countrymen against disturbance in America, the course of affairs the existing tendency to inflation ; then we there might be watched with the placid inmay rest assured that nothing will shake terest with which we ordinarily contemplate the foundations of American commerce, the struggles and disasters of our friends; and that the profits on our exports will but there has been no example of a genewell repay us for locking up a little of the ral commercial crisis in the United States aggregate national capital for a short time which has not been severely felt also in the in American ventures. We do not observe, English markets. It is in the possible conhowever, that any of the vindicators of sequences of such a calamity that the only American merchants put the case as high serious' danger need be feared from the exas this. All they do say is, that at present pansion of our trade with the United remittances come as satisfactorily and rapid States ; and, however much the Times may ly as could be desired ; that the profits on all have erred in supposing that England was sides have been large; that, in spite of the unable to bear the weight of a prosperous duties, the American people have found the trade on the scale recently carried on, it money to purchase and consume unheard-of would be a much more fatal error on the quantities of European goods; and that no part of our merchants if they should assume indication of immediate financial weakness that, after all she has gone through, and is discernible. All this may be perfectly with all the difficulties yet to be mastered, true, and yet an American crisis may be America is not now in a very critical finanbrewing all the more rapidly for the pre-cial position. It is clearly not well for this sent appearance of universal prosperity, country to stimulate the already unpreceAnd the great danger for England is the dented activity of American importers, or probability, approacbing to certainty, that to cast in its lot too completely with a we shall become so extensively and so inti- neighbour so peculiarly situated : 'and, with mately engaged on American account as to the fullest admission of the completeness of preclude all hope of localising any commer- the answers to some of the reasonings of cial disturbance, and sustaining our own fi- the Times, it must be owned that the connancial position in spite of any disasters clusion was not very erroneous. If not prethat may occur elsewhere. The very fact cisely for the reason assigned, still as a matthat, with a circulation enormously beyond ter of fact, it is just now the most prudent anything which has ever existed before, the course to keep transactions with America premium on gold has stood, ever since the within moderate bounds; and the Times peace, no more than 50 per cent. is the may well be thanked for giving a wholesome reverse of encouraging. An excessive cur- warning, even by those who vtterly dissent, rency can only be absorbed in this way by from its somewhat extravagant picture of an excessive trade, and reaction follows as the present condition of our American inevitably upon excess in this as in other trade.

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