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The chiefs of the Gael were the people embod- | The wounded wood-dove lies dead at last! ied !

The pine long-bleeding, it shall not die! The chiefs were the blossoms, the people the This song is secret.

Mine ear it passed root ;

In a wind o'er the plains at Athenry. Their conquerors, the Normans, high-souled and high-blooded,

These lines, so unintelligible, no doubt, Grew Irish at last from the scalp to the foot. to most of our readers, indicate Mr. De And ye !— ye are hirelings and satraps, not no- Vere's thorough appreciation of the Celtic

bles ! Your slaves, they detest you; your masters, ambitious poem, “The Bard Ethell,' is, if

mind; but the following passage in a more they scorni The river lives on — but the sun-painted bub- possible, still more characteristic :

bles Pass quick, to the rapids incessantly borne.

I forgive old Cathbar, who sank my boat ;

Must I pardon Feargal, who slew my son — — And who is the author of this fiery admo- Or the pirate, Strongbow, who burned Granote, nition to the Irish landlords ? No one can They tell me, and in it nine priests, a nun, suspect him of being a Head Centre. He At forgiveness like that I spit and laugh!

And (worst) St. Finian's old crosier staff? is a professor in the Catholic University; he is even one of the territorial class; he is

One of the ablest of the Irish Judges, Mr. - it is only fair to add a highly-cultivated Justice Keogh, in charging the jury at the gentleman, Mr. Aubrey De Vere. Duncathail , the Fenian editor, avows in his Pre- that, though rebellious ideas may exist in

Special Commission in Dublin, remarked face, tbat he publishes the compilation to the mass of the people, such ideas have re“ cheer the reposing soldier amid the camp- ceived no encouragement whatever from fires of the bivouac; to sing to the listening any intelligent or educated quarter.. We ears of Age the songs of memory and of hope, to Youth the song of love, to Manhood authority — for reasons now given.

are compelled to differ from this eminent and Womanhood that of patriotism and duty, to the Child the strain which he

may not forget, and which may win him to his bome, should he stray, and bind him to Ireland in weal or woe;" to pour the precious balm of love upon the weary feet of Ire

From the Victoria Magazine. land ; and to “ cheer the hearts of those who

A STORM. may be capable of serving her with more than words or songs.In doing this he has

Oh, I have suffered acted judiciously in mingling with such With those that I saw suffer! A brave vessel, popular strains as · Mackenna's Dream, who had no doubt some noble creatures in her, • The Green Little Shamrock,'• The Boys of Dash'd all to pieces. Oh! the cry did knock Wexford,' • The Galloping O’Hogan,' * The Against my heart. Poor souls, they perished.” Western Winds,' and * Arthur M.Coy,' some of the less directly rebeNious poems of

OFTEN during the summer months just writers like Mr. De Vere. Very few, how- past, and while looking at the gentle ripever, of his verses have penetrated the ears pling surface of Carmarthen Bay, I have of the peasantry. The only one, indeed, heard the exclamation, “ How I should like that seems to have caught the fancy of the to see a storm!”, The summer visitors common people is a mysterious little effu- went their way, however, without being sion, in which he speaks of Ireland under gratified by witnessing that grandest of her mystical names. —

all nature's sights, a storm at sea; but winter has come in with a noisy herald, and the trumpet voice of the blast that proclaimed the last month of 1865 will long be

remembered. The Little Black Rose shall be red at last ;

For nearly a fortnight there had been What made it black but the March wind dry,

warning voices in the air, " the sea and the And the tear of the widow that feM on it fast? It shall redden the hills when June is nigh!

waves roaring,” hungry for human prey.

The heavens one hour hung with heavy The Silk of the Kine shall rest at last;

black clouds; another, great white pillowy What drove her forth but the dragon-fly?

masses, between which drifted a fleecy veil. In the golden vale she shall feed full fast,

Then again an even grey pall would be With her mild gold horn and her slow, dark drawn across the ethereal blue; earth and eye.

heaven would seem to unite; and the vaLIVING AGE.

1481.

THE LITTLE BLACK ROSE.

THIRD SERIES.

VOL. XXXII.

poury screen press almost palpably upon old Welch superstition of the goblin hounds, you; hiding away the fierce blast, you knew, who are said to sweep through the air, by the action and tremble in the thick hot chilling the listener's blood by their yells air, must be blowing somewhere.

and shouts. How the sea muttered and thundered The wind did not treat us long to this upon the sands at low water; and then as gentle music; Old Boreas was only striking the tide rose again, what a sheet of angry the key-note, presently he began sounding foam there came up, as if the depths had the chords, gently at first, taking breath, as been at war; foam which, caught by the it might be, between each effort, and listensudden gusts of wind, was whirled bigh up ing for the effect. the cliffs and hung upon the many-hued Until just as the waves touched the cliffs, rocks and yellow furze.

and the harsher roar told me they were There is not usually much sea-rack here, breaking against Selwyne, a fierce gust of but we have had plenty of it these three wind swept over the hill, striking the house weeks past; and there it now lies,“ rugged like a hammer, and causing the roof to ratand brown,” dire witness of storms out in tle again. There was a crash, a shiver, and the heart of the Atlantic; lies, grim enough all was over for the present, although you by day, but by night gleaming with phos- could still hear the mighty rush of the blast phorescent light.

as it careered along on its course, and by Day after day the warning grew plainer; the time it had sighed itself out, the waves until at last the storm king himself was were rushing into the caves, and the vaulted close upon us.

roofs resounded again with hollow mockery. Upon Monday the symptoms grew more Some minutes passed, the distant moandemonstrative; the rose red and ing of the tide and soughing of the wind angry, and sank in a perfect glory of only heard, and then the very hill seemed rainbow hues, drawing down upon his de- to bend, while over it came a mighty rushparting footsteps a dark curtain, as if to ing wind. shut out the havoc and distress that he left Shorter and shorter grew the pauses in to revel during the long wild night. the storm, nearer and louder the distress of

It was low water just after sundown, and the sea, until the hurricane was upon us. for awhile all was tolerably calm. Then a What a scene it was then; how the distant throbbing went vibrating along the waves and winds seemed to outvie each crests of the hills, most resembling the echo other in wild defiance, drowning any poor that lingers in the vaulted roof of a cathe- weak human voices, appalling the senses, dral after a mighty burst from the organ. and forcing upon the mind that verily God's Far away upon the low level beach the sea voice is in the tempest ! song was murmuring, exquisitely sweet and But is there no other voice? solemn, but in it weird voices seemed What is it that wakes the dull sinking mingling in eerie song, voices broken by sickening, pain at the listener's heart, as shrill cries and shrieks, which it was almost there wells up the involuntary prayer – impossible to believe the piping of wild “ God help those at sea." birds, and which amply accounted for the

sun

SCRIPTURE ENIGMAS.

Who suffered deeds of which he was afraid?

What youth, the sage's counsel disobeyed ? Who left St. Paul for worthless mammon's Who would not leave king David in his woe? sake?

Whose kindly works did grieving widows What sleeping prophet did an angel wake?

show? Whose offering of faith did God accept? Who boldly slew the oppressor of his land, What gentlewoman's death the widows wept? And then led on a valiant patriot band? What Jewish maiden, from a lowly place,

In the initals of these names, A mighty monarch's throne was called to grace ?

A world-wide fault we find, By the initials find the doom

Which sows the seeds of hate and fear To which the path of sinners tend;

And misery 'mid mankind. Which casts o'er life its awful gloom,

And deeply darkens to the end.

From the Sunday Magazine. commercial undertakings. It is owing to AN EVENING WITH DR. LIVINGSTONE.

the slave-trade that Dr. Livingstone has

failed to establish any centres of missionary Who does not enjoy an evening with a and commercial operations on the banks of traveller — a genial, kindly, Christian man, the Zambesi or its tributaries; and there is who has been among the strangest people, little reason to hope for anything better, seen sights that no one else has ever seen, until measures be taken to repress the inand, full of interest himself in distant and famous traffic on the East, similar to those neglected races, strives to communicate that that have proved so successful on the West interest to the party that haye come togeth- Coast of Africa. er to hear about them? To meet for an For, according to Dr. Livingstone, and hour or two with such a man as Dr. Living, he is so shrewd and careful a man that we stone, and hear him give a plain, familiar can hardly fancy him wrong in this, - the account of some of his African journeys, English squadron on the West Coast of and of the means best fitted, with God's Africa has been an extraordinary blessing to blessing, to benefit the African race, would that part of the world. Many persons have probably be one of the first wishes and an opposite impression, and think that Enggreatest pleasures of a majority of the read- land has spent her treasure and the lives ers of the SUNDAY MAGAZINE. Every of her seamen in vain, in watching those inone, we suppose, knows that Dr. Living- famous lavers, with which we associate such stone himself has again left England, and accursed scenes. Dr. Livingstone is of a is engaged once more in his noble endeav- very different opinion. There, at the disour to establish the means of missionary tance of hundreds of miles from the ocean, labour and of commercial enterprise among he found the very decided influence of our some of the populous tribes of Eastern and national policy: the slave-trade so far supCentral Africa. We cannot, therefore, have pressed that even the Portuguese spoke of him personally to chat with us of an even- it as a thing of the past; lawful commerce ing; but we can have what is second best: immensely increased; more than twenty we may take the large volume which he has Christian missions established; and comjust published, and cull from it what we may parative peace enjoyed by millions of insuppose he would have told us, if it had habitants. And as regards those missons been our good fortune to spend a Sunday in Western Africa, of which Captain Burevening in his company. Unhappily, there ton spoke so disparagingly, Dr. Livingstone is little or nothing to tell of the results of entertains a most favourable opinion. At missionary labour. Dr. Livingstone is a Sierra Leone and elsewhere, Christian napioneer, a forerunner of missionaries, rather tives can be numbered by thousands, who, than himself an acting missionary. He whatever defects they may have, at least goes to see what can be done, and to possess the qualification of being trustarrange for others coming to do it, rather worthy trade-agents among their countrythan to do it bimself. Ilis idea of his men. 'Making allowance for the fact that own mission seems to be that he is to many of the native Christians have been conciliate the natives, to disarm their the lowest of the low - liberated African prejudices, to give them a favourable slaves, — and also for the strong language opinion of the British people, to work upon of traders annoyed at being prevented from them by kindness and disinterestedness, and using the people as brutes, Dr. Livingstone thus dispose them to trade with the mer- thinks that the conduct of England of late chant, and listen to the missionary. But if years on the West Coast deserves the there be little to say of the results of Chris- world's arlmiration, and that her generosity tian missions, except that they have hither- will appear grand in the eyes of posterity. to done nothing in those parts, there is, un- Neither is it true, as Captain Burton bas happily, far too much to tell of a devil's mis- maintained, that Mahometanism is the only sion that has been frightfully active and religion that is making proselytes in Africa. successful the slave-trade, partly as pur- The native Christians of Africa contribute sued by the natives, but chiefly by the no less a sum than £15,000 yearly for the atrocious Portuguese settlers and adven- spread of the Gospel. The Mahometans are turers. In fact, the slave-trade has in every even beneath the native Africans in their way been the ruin of Africa; and, besides ordinary moral tone. Dr. Livingstone making the poor negroes ten times more gives an anecdote in illustration of this. He miserable and degraded than they would has seen a party of natives plunge into the otherwise have been, it has proved a most water to rescue a woman from a crocodile. effectual barrier to all missionary and to all On the other hand, when a party of his own sailors, who were Mahometans, were scour off in dismay; and hens, abandoning coming to the ship after sleeping ashore, their chickens, fly screaming to the tops of one of them walked into the water with the the houses. Unfamiliar sights everywhere intention of swimming off to the boat; and present themselves. Here and there may while yet hardly up to his knees was seized be seen rows of elephants two miles long; by a crocodile and dragged under; the poor in the rivers, crocodiles and hippopotamuses, fellow gave a shriek, and held up his hand by no means pleasant to bathe with; and for aid; but none of his countrymen stirred even on board ship, one may be aroused, as to his assistance, and he was never seen Dr. Livingstone was in his steamer, by five again. On asking his brother-in-law why feet of cold green snake gliding over one's he did not help him, he replied, “ Well, no face. But however peculiar the country, one told him to go into the water. It was and however different the people, Dr. his own fault that he was killed.” This was Livingstone has no patience with what has the part of the priest and the Levite in the often been said of the negro race.

The noparable of the Good Samaritan re-enacted tions commonly entertained of their lanwith additional hard-heartedness; for neith-guage he regards as absurd; their answers er the priest nor the Levite was brother-in- to questions on ordinary topics are about as law of the man who fell among thieves. intelligent as are usually got from the com

The aspect of intertropical Africa – mon people at home; and if they are adEastern, Western and Central — must, by dicted to low motives and mean actions, so this time of day, be as familiar as his own likewise unhappily are many of those among country to Dr Livingstone ; but the feelings ourselves who are not under the influence of a stranger setting foot in it for the first of Christian principles and civilized habits. time “ resemble in some respects those Dr. Livingstone is full of hope for the negro which the First Man may have had on his race; his life of single-hearted devotion to entrance into the Garden of Eden. He them is a proof of his confidence in what has set foot in a new world ; another state they may become, if Christianity, and her of existence is before him; everything he daughter Civilization, should find a home sees, every sound that falls upon his ear, has among them. Even the unwholesomeness all the freshness and charu of novelty. The of the climate would in that case be greatly trees and plants are new ; the flowers overcome. It is the very richness of the and the fruits, the beasts, the birds, and the country, in connection with the neglect of insects, are curious and strange; the very its inhabitants, that makes it so nnhealthy. sky itself is new, glowing with colours, or The luxuriance of the vegetation is such sparkling with constellations, never seen in that when it decays an extraordinary northern climes.” Everything in Africa, it amount of putridity is generated; the very was long ago remarked, is contrary:"Wool rivers are poisoned by it, and fever bovers grows on the heads of men and hair on the on every side. Were the plains cultivated, backs of sheep.” The men often wear their drained, and reaped, not only would the hair long, the women wear it short. Where most splendid harvests be obtained, but the there are cattle, the women till the ground, cause of fever would be to a large explant the land, and build huts. The men tent removed. The beautiful fulfillment of stay at home to sew, spin, weave, and talk, the sixty-seventh Psalm, which would result and milk the cows. The nursery hobgoblin from missionary enterprise in such a counwith us is black, but in Africa he is white. try, will strike every reader:-“God be Foolish mothers biel their children be quiet, merciful to us and bless us, and cause His or they will call the white man to bite face to shine on us.

That Thy way may be them. To the unsophisticated natives of known on earth, Thy saving health among Africa there is something frightfully repul- the nations.

Let the people sive in the appearance of white men. On praise thee, O God, let all the people praise entering villages previously unvisited by thee. Then shall the earth yield her increase, Europeans, if a child should be met coming and God, even our own God, shall bless us." quietly and unsuspectingly along, the mo- No wonder though Dr. Livingstone sighs ment he raised his eyes and saw the whites, when he sees regions of such capabilities he would take to his heels in an agony of ter-turned, literally and figuratively, into the ror, such as we might feel if we met a live valley of the shadow of death. No wonder Egyptian mummy at the door of the Brit- though it cuts him to the heart to come on ish Museum. Alarmed by the child's wild masses of skeletons where he might have cries, the mother rushes out of her hut, but looked for living men. His soul is fired darts back again at the sight of the same with the purpose to dispossess Fever, Fafrightful apparation. Dogs turn tail and mine, War, and the Slave Trade from those

fertile regions, and to see the Angel of| In the country of the Makololos a man Peace and Love spreading his wings over was met with who pretended to be able to them. When he thinks of his father's na- change himself into a lion. Dr. Livingtive Hebrides,

stone bid his native attendants ask him to

perform this feat at once, and they would Of Ulva dark and Colonsay,

give him for his performance a piece of cotAnd all the group of islets gay

ton cloth — the article most valued by the That guard famed Staffa round, natives. “Oh, no,” was their reply ; " he

may come when we are asleep and kill us.” inhabited by a comparatively happy and This man-lion would sometimes go forth to peaceful people, why, he asks, should not the forest to kill game, and then, graciously those regions of Africa — not by any means returning to the human form, would tell bis the sandy deserts that used to be thought, neighbours where to find the buffalo or but as rich and fair as any country on the antelope which he pretended to have killed, globe be peopled by industrious and but had probably found dead. It is believed peaceful tribes, worshipping the God of also that the souls of departed chiefs enter love, trusting in the work of Christ, and into lions and render them sacred. Dr. adorning the doctrine of God their Saviour? Livingstone tells how a lion came near to

The primitive faith of the African people, his encampment one night, which his native he conceives to be, that there is one Al- followers believed to be tenanted by the mighty Maker of heaven and earth; that spirit of a chief, and how one of them bulHe has given the various plants of earth to lied him, and another coaxed him, while med to be employed as mediators between the Doctor himself, a terrible unbeliever, Him and the spirit-world, where all who supplied him with a piece of meat prepared have ever been born and died continue to with strychnine. In another region the live; that sin consists in offences against monkey is a sacred animal, and is their fellow-men, either here or among the never killed, because the people believe departed; and that death is often a punish- devoutly that the souls of their ancestors ment of guilt, such as witchcraft. The occupy these degraded forms, and anticiGreat Spirit lives above the stars; but they pate that they themselves must, sooner or never pray to him, and know nothing of later, be transformed in the same manner. their relation to him or of his interest in Many of their superstitious notions are them. As might be expected, they are very grotesque. When a man has his hair great believers in spells and nostrums. In cut, he is careful to burn it or bury it one district, the medical profession is sub- secretly, lest, falling into the hands of one divided to an extent unknown even in Lon- who has an evil eye or is a witch, it should don or Paris. There is the elephant-doctor, be used as a charm to afflict him with headwho prepares a medicine indispensable to ache. In certain parts there is a widehunters when attacking that animal; the spread belief that if one plants the mangocrocodile-doctor, who sells a charm that pro- stone he will die. Even among the native tects its owner from crocodiles; the dice- Portuguese of Tette there is a superstition, doctor, a combination of the detective that if a man plants coffee he will never be officer and the physician, part of whose happy afterwards. There are also superduty is to discover thieves by means of dice; stitions among the people that have a more the gun-doctor, the rain-doctor, and number- tragical aspect. The ordeal of the muave less others. The various schools deal in is often resorted to. If a person is accused little charms, which are hung round the of crime he has to drink the muave, a purchaser's neck to avert evil; some of them deadly poison. If the stomach rejects the contain the medicine, others increase its poison, he is declared innocent; if it is repower. On one occasion, near the Victoria tained, his guilt is proved. Even chiefs Falls, Dr. Livingstone put himself under are not exempted, and in some cases seem the guidance of one Tuba Makoro, “ smash- rather to enjoy the thing. A chief, maker of canoes," an ominous name; but he ing some assertion that could hardly be alone was believed to know the medicine received, said, “ If you doubt my word, give that insured against shipwreck in the rapids me the muave to drink.” The people of a above the Falls. In spite of this, one of the chief who had successfully gone through the canoes struck a rock and was nearly de- ordeal the day before Dr. Livingstone stroyed. But Dr. Livingstone was assured reached his villiage, manifested their joy it was not the medicine that was at fault: by drinking, dancing, and drumming two the accident was owing entirely to Tuba days and nights. It is surmised that the having started without his breakfast. native doctor who prepares the poison may

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