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Hyde on his cheerfulness, adding that, for extreme minuteness into most of the points his own part, he could not be cheerful: on which his impeachment was grounded,
and to show, step by step, how unreason“You,” said Verney, “ have satisfaction in able they were, and how hardly he was your conscience that you are in the right; that used. This he does successfully enough, the King ought not to grant what is required but at wearisome length to a modern readof him
but for my part, I do not like er. One only of the personal scenes of the the quarrel, and do heartily wish that the King book is curious enough to be worth particuwould yield, and consent to what they desire. lar reference. It is the one in which he
I will deal freely with you. I have describes his behaviour on hearing of his no reverence for the Bishops for whom this daughter's private marriage to James II. quarrel subsists.”
When informed of the fact by the Marquis
of Ormond and the Earl of Southampton, Clarendon's intense partisanship for the
at the desire of Charles II., he behaved in King and the Bishops, wherever he got it,
a manner which it takes him two pages to certainly went a very long way, for it made describe, the nature of which is sufficiently him
thoroughly disingenuous in his subse- indicated by the marginal notes which illusquent account of the transactions in which trate them. “ The Chancellor struck with he was concerned.
No one would ever it to the heart” is the summary of about guess from his writings that he had voted half a page ; "and breaks out into a very for Strafford's attainder, or for the Bill for immoderate passion” is the summary of the perpetual Parliaments.
Other instances remainder. It is a most appropriate one, of great forgetfulness or deceitfulness have for the concluding sentences, the stately been exposed elaborately by Mr. Forster, style
of which are in strange contrast to in his Life of Eliot. It ought, however, to their character, are :be observed that both his History and his Life are exceedingly imperfect. He omits
He hoped their Lordships would concur with many matters which ought to have found a him that the King should immediately cause place in his writings. For instance, he the woman to be sent to the Tower, and to be does not even allude to the Act for abolish- cast into a dungeon, under so strict a guard ing feudal tenures.
that no person living should be permitted to In the second stage of his life — the civil come to her; and then that an Act of Parliawar, and the years of exile which followed ment should be immediately passed for the cutit-- the autobiography adds little to the ting off of her head, to which he would not History of the Rebellion except a certain only give his consent, but would very willingly number of personal anecdotes. The most knew the man will believe that he said all this
be the first man to propose it; and whoever interesting relate to his residence at Jersey,
very heartily. where he employed himself, between 1646 and 1648, in writing his History. As usual, He also observed that he had much rahe commends his own industry with that ther his daughter should be the Duke's grave, measured self-esteem which was pe- whore than his wife,” as, in the first case, culiar to him:
he might turn her out of doors, and have
done with her; whereas, in the second, his He seldom spent less than ten hours in the duty as a loyal subject, and as first Minister bardly be believed how much he read and writ of the Crown, would be to get her head there; inasmuch as he did usually compute cut off. This story is often told as a proof that during his whole stay in Jersey, which was of the passionate, bigoted loyalty of Clarsome months above two years, he writ daily endon. We agree with Lord Campbell in little less than one sheet of large paper with thinking that his lordship did protest too his own hand.
much, and that in truth he was by no
means so angry as he professed to be. The Creditable enough, but nothing to make a worst part of his whole character – and marvel of, one would think.
the fault is illustrated in endless ways -- is The third part of Clarendon's Life stands his frequent insincerity: No doubt the alone, relating as it does, to a period sub- events of his life afforded much excuse foi sequent to the termination of his llistory. it, but it shows itself continually, and al. It relates to the first years of the reign of most always in the same form. He keeps Charles II. It is a good deal occupied with continually saying, almost in so many words Clarendon's own personal affairs, which but at all events indirectly -"am a bave now fallen much out of date. He rough, honest, passionate, plainspoken man, finds it necessary, for instance, to go with proud of my sincerity, perhaps too secure
began to sell out when the shares were | decayed door was unfastened, and he entered a worth 3001 , and disposed of the last of them once elegant hall, whose ceiling had partially for 6001. apiece.
fallen. He ascended a dilapidated staircase,
” he continues, In that year, however, he was seventy-six not without danger. years old, and he had long before become found the Kit-Cat-Club-room, nearly as it ex
“I was well repaid for my pains. Here I famous for his wealth. It is clear that, isted in the days of its glory. It is eighteen apart from penuriousness in his personal af- feet high, and forty feet long by twenty feet fairs, he was willing to use freely his wealth, wide. "The mouldings and ornaments were in however gotten. * As he was a man of un- the most superb fashion of its age; but the bounded charity and universal benevo- whole was falling to pieces, from the effects of lence,” says Maitland, “ so was he likewise a the dry rot. My attention was chiefly atgreat patron of liberty and the rights of his tracted by the faded cloth-hanging of the room, fellow subjects; which, to his great honour, whose red colour once set off the famous porhe strenuously asserted in divers Parlia- traits of the Club that hung around it. Their ments, whereof he was a member.” He sat marks and sizes were still visible, and the in the House of Commons, as member for chalk, for the guidance of the hangers. Thus
numbers and names remained as written in Tamworth, from 1695 to 1707. In 1705 he was I, as it were, by these still legible names, built 'some almshouses at Tamworth. In brought into personal contract with Addison, 1707 he added three new wards to St. Steele, and Congreve, and Garth, and Dryden, Thomas's Hospital, and in 1720 his South and with many hereditary nobles, remembered Sea gains encouraged him to buy ground only because they were patrons of those natural for a new building. Guy's Hospital, com- nobles." pleted very soon after his death in 1724, cost 19,0001. in erection, and was endowed Of the Kit-Cat Club and its leading by him with 220,0001. Even if there members Mr. Knight gives some interesting were some irregularities in the acquiring of notices. His book is specially rich in dehis money, the good uses to which it was tails about the "old booksellers ” of that applied helped to excuse them.
time, the time of Dryden, Steele, and But Thomas Guy, at best, had little be- Swift. Thence he passes to the generation sides prosperity in common with most of the in whieh Richardson was the most famous booksellers of his time. The King of these bookseller, and one of the most famous auwas Jacob Torson, whose house at Barn thors as well, so famous that Edward Elms, near Barnes, was the summer meet- Young is reported to have said to him, ing place of the Kit-Cat-Club.
Suppose in the title-page of the Night
Thoughts' “ you should say, 'Published by Tonson's villa has gone into ruin, with the Author of Clarissa."" the famous room which he built for the meet
About William Hutton, the self-taught ings of the Club, whose walls were hung with and self-made printer of Birmingham, the the portraits of the members. Nearly half a
world knows less. This is part of Mr. century ago, their condition was described with some graphic power, by Sir Richard Phillips. Knight's excellent account of his up-hill He says: "A lane, in the north-west corner of work: the common, brought me to Barnes' Elms, where now resides Mr. Hoare, a barker of He took a shop at Southwell, fourteen London. The family were not at home; but, miles from Nottingham, paying for its use on asking the servants if that was the house of twenty shillings a year. Here he deposited his Mr. Tonson, they assured me, with great sim- stock of tattered volumes, and “in one day beplicity, that no such gentleman lived there. I came the most eminent bookseller in Southnamed the Kit-Cat-Club, as accustomed to as well.” He was not, however, a resident in this semble here; but the oddity of the name ex- little town, now better known than it was a cited their ridicule, and was told that no such century ago by being the scene of the first Club was held there; but perhaps, said one to sensible experiment in the administration of the other, the gentleman means the Club that the Poor Laws. The resolute and prudent assembles at the public house on the Common. man thus describes his course of life during a Knowing, however, that I was at the right rainy winter: "I set out from Nottingham at place, I could not avoid expressing my vexa- five every Saturday morning, carried a burthen tion that the periodical assemblage of the first of from three to thirty pounds weight to Southmen of their age should be so entirely forgotton well, opened shop at ten, starved in it all day by those who now reside on the spot; when upon bread, cheese, and half a pint of ale; took one of them exclaimed, 'I should not wonder from 1s. to 6s., shut up at four, and by trudgif the gentleman means the philosophers' ing through the solitary night and the deep room!” He was conducted across a detached roads five hours more, I arrived at Nottingham garden, and brought to a handsome structure, by nine, where I always found a mess of milk evidently the building, which he sought. The porridge by the fire, prepared by my valuable sister." But as might be expected, the labour ple exhibited a short sight, a narrow principle, of such a life was great and the profit small and the exultation of power over the defenceIn 1750, therefore, he made a journey to Bir- less." The adroit purchase of two suits of mingham, where he found that three book- clothes from the draper in office was an unquessellers were thriving. One of these, Mr. War- tionable assurance of William Hutton's " reren, I have mentioned as having been associ- spectability.” The next year he took a better ated with the early literary efforts of Samuel shop and a dwelling house. He had now a Johnson. Ile was one of three mentioned by prosperous trade, and read the signs of the times Hutton as the “
great men of that active, aright when he set up the first Circulating Liprosperous, and intelligent community. He brary established in Birmingham. thought, however, that there might be room for a fourth in a small way. His way was,
Contemporary with Hutton was Edward indeed, a small one. He agreed to pay a shilling a week for the rent of half a very little Cave, the starter of the Gentleman's Magshop. His stock was not an expensive one. azine, and Dodsley and Newberry were Upon the invitation of a dissenting minister, only a few years younger. Of them and with whom bis sister had once lived as a ser- others Mr. Knight speaks in his later chapvant, he walked to Gainsborough, and there ters. The last chapter is upon James purchased of his sister's old master a lot of Lackington, son of a journeyman shoebooks at his own price. He estimates their maker, born in 1746. He began life as a weight at two hundred pounds, and he pays baker's boy: for them by the following note: 'I promise to pay to Ambrose Rudsall one pound seven His first steps in the paths of bookselling are shillings when I am able.' It is difficult to imagine a more forlorn con- with the baker, my name became so celebrated for
thus described : “During the time that I lived dition of life than that of William Hutton as selling a large number of pies, puddings, &., he sat amongst his old books, looking in vain that for several years following, application was for customers. There was not a face that he made to my father for him to permit me to sell knew in this populous town. He was sepa- Almanacks a few market days before and after rated from his sister. He saw little hope of Christmas. In this employ I took great demaking his way in the world without money light, the country people being highly pleased and without friends. But gradually two or with me, and purchasing a great number of my three young men came to know the intelligent almanacks, which excited envy in the itinébookseller, and to talk with him upon subjects rant vendors of Moore, Wing, Poor Robin, &c., something higher than those belonging to an
to such a degree, that my father often expressed ordinary retail trade. A popular demand for his anxiety lest they should some way or other literature was growing up. The dealer in sec. do me a mischief. But I had not the least conond-hand books had odd volumes of poets and cern; for possessing a light pair of heels, I alessayists to tempt the youth who had a six- ways kept at a proper distance. O, my friend, pence or a shilling to lay out; and if Hutton little did I imagine at that time, that I should could purchase any books of greater value, he ever excite the same poor mean spirit in many could smarten them up by his skill in binding of the booksellers of London and other places. By the most rigid economy he found himself at the end of the first year twenty pounds better than when he began business. He felt that he At fourteen he left the baker to become was at the beginning of a prosperous career. But a shoemaker's apprentice at Taunton. In suddenly there arose a dark cloud which due time he set up a shop of his own at threatened to shut out all the sunshine of his Bristol, and soon began to sell old books as hopes. There were official tyrants a hundred well as new boots. Before 1780 he reand fifteen years ago, who have continued to ex-moved to London, to open a shop for the ist up to this very time, although their power sale of books alone, the boots being altoof injury has been gradually diminishing. He
This shop, often enhas described this crisis, in which the fortunes gether abandoned. of one of the greatest benefactors of Birming- larged, was burnt down some years ago : ham were very nearly wrecked : “ The overseers, but Mr. Knight describes it as he knew it fearful I should become chargeable to the par- in his youth: ish, examined me with regard to my settlement, and, with a voice of authority, ordered me to At one of the corners of Finsbury square, procure a certificate, or they would remove me which was built in 1789, there was a block of from the town. Terrified, I wrote to my father, houses which had been adapted to the purposes who returned for answer, 'that All Saints, in of a great shop or warehouse, and preDerby never granted certificates, I was hunt- sented an imposing frontage. A dome rises ed by ill-nature two years. I repeatedly of- from the centre, on the top of which a fered to pay the levies (rates), which was re- flag is flying. This royal manifestation fused. A succeeding overseer, a draper, of (now become common to suburban publicwhom I had purchased two suits of clothes, houses), proclaims that this is no ordinary value 10l., consented to take them. The scru- commercial establishment. Over the prin
cipal entrance is inscribed, “Cheapest Book- - hear what was once said about the young sellers in the World.” It is the famous shop bride who became afterwards so “snutly of Lackington, Allen and Co., “where above and plain,”_such a homely little German Half a Million of Volumes are constantly on " frau.” Pretty and witty” carried the Sale.” We enter the vast area, whose dimen- day then ; for, above the thunder of the sions are to be measured by the
assertion that a welcome which England gave to the royal coach and six might be driven round it. In
er bride, Horace Walpole heard nothing but the centre is an enormous circular counter, within which stand the dispensers of knowledge, proclamations of her beauty ;” an opinion ready to wait upon the country clergyman, in which he confirms after his introduction on his wig and shovel-hat; upon the tine ladies, in the same day at St. James's, adding to the feathers and trains ; or upon the bookseller's remark, “ She looks very sensible, cheerful, collector, with his dirty bag. If there is any and is remarkably genteel.” This last word chuffering about the cost of a work, the shop- sounds strangely in our ears, when issuing man points to the following inscription : “ The from a patrician pen. Even the Times, lowest price is marked on every Book, and no which (ignoring the wrath of the Saturday broad staircase, which leads to "The Loun- Reviewer) still insists upon the birth of ging Rooms,” and to the first of a series of cir
a prince,” never sank so deep in the cular galleries, lighted from the lantern of the “ Jeames” phraseology as to describe our dome, which also lights the ground floor. Hun- princess, in all her graceful loveliness, as dreds, even thousands, of volumes are display- a remarkably genteel.” But it has been the ed on the shelves running round their walls. abuse of the word, not the use of it, which As we mount higher and higher, we find com- has made it revolting to our ideas of refinemoner books, in sabbier bindings; but there is ment. It has been made to stand for some still the same order preserved, cach book being of the great shams which have been held numbered according to a printed catalogue. This is larger than that of any other booksel- up to everlasting ridicule in Thackeray's lers, and it comes out yearly.
“ Snob Papers,” and as the outward sign of
superficial refinement only we have rejectWe must make no more extracts from The description of the arrival of the Prin
ed it from our vocabulary with contempt. this entertaining book. Let those we have
cess Charlotte is not uninteresting .now, made commend it to all who care to under- with the welcome of our own fair bride to stand the history of bookselling. Its inter
our shores still fresh in our recollections. est also is doubled when we recognize in it We seem to hear again “ the noise of the the work of one who will himself hereafter coaches, chaises, horsemen, and mob,” that take the first place among booksellers who assembled to see her pass through the town have earned for themselves the truest hon- with clamour “so prodigious" that, like our and have done the most essential service the bachelor of Strawberry-hill on the octo their country.
casion of the arrival of “ Madame Charlotte,” we could “hardly distinguish the guns.” It was too dark for the weary spectators to notice whether the Princess Alexandria turned pale, when the royal
towers of Windsor loomed grandly on her PRETTY WOMEN AND WITTY WOMEN.
expectant gaze ; but as it was also too dark THERE are two words, somewhat irrever- for her to distinguish them, the probabiliently made use of when describing a royal ties are that she did not. But then her and illustrious lady, which will perhaps bridegroom was at her side, the prince of suggest themselves to the reader's imagina- her romance, as in a fairy tale. In the tion when the shade of the good old Queen other case, the unknown wooer was a stranCharlotte floats before his mind's eye. ger, and a king; and we read that, as the “ Snuffy and plain,” — " plain and snuffy; bride elect caught the first glimpse of his sometimes the sentence runs this way, some- palace, that she “trembled and turned times that; but in any case it is an irrev- pale.” The Duchess of Hamilton smiled erent, and, as we hope to prove, an unjust at her distress; upon which the princess sentence upon the little princess, who came naïvely remarked, " My dear duchess, you chirping so blithely from her dingy German may laugh — you have been married twice; home, to take her place amongst us as the but it is no joke to me.” When the king first lady in the land. Ladies who have bad grown old, and roamed about his been younger, and now are – what shall palace — feeble, blind, mad — did the good we say ? — older, — not old, of course; wife, the homely German frau, ever call to ladies are never old in “ London Society” mind the halcyon days of her youth, or think that it might have been the forecast what he has witnessed of its effects in health shadow of time which made her tremble for training, in convalescence for enabling and turn pale then ? She was nervous the valetudinarian to commence exercise, when her bridesmaids and future court and in disease as a remedy or palliation, were presented to her, and exclaimed aloud, “ I am not afraid,” he says, " to stake my " Mon Dieu ! il y en a tant! il y en a professional chajacter by declaring my betant!” The bridesmaids, who were par- lief in its efficacy.” Accordingly, he has ticularly distinguished for their beauty of collected, from the writings and speeches of figure anıl face, were Lady Caroline Rus- Mr. Urquhart, an account of the principles sell, Lady Sarah Lenox, and Lady Eliza- of its action, a description of the best mode beth Keppel. Of Lady Sarah, Walpole of its construction, and practical instrucsays, that she was by far the chief angel ;” tions as to its employment, and has edited and as she was once supposed to have en- the whole as a “Manual of the Turkish tertained hopes of engaging the royal af- Bath.” Its beneficial effects appear to be fections herself, it was particularly amiable most remarkable in diseases of the liver in her to look angelic on that occasion. and the kidney; the dropsy attending the The Duchess of Hamilton was radiant that latter certainly sometimes disappearing as day, and almost in possession of her for- if by magic under its regular use. In all mer beauty.” The absence of three of the diseases of a rheumatic nature, however, the celebrated beauties, Lady Waldegrave, bath is likely to produce improvement; in Lady Kildare, and Mrs. Fitzroy was calcu- most cutaneous diseases it is an effectual lated, according to Mr. Walpole, to reassure remedy or an important auxiliary of treatthe new Queen upon the subject of her own ment; and Sir John Fife has found it to be charms, which, without being particularly most valuable in bronchial and laryngeal siriking, could, in his opinion, hold their affections. The book contains also the own with most of the women whom she testimony of other physicians to the benefit saw assembled round her on that eventful which they have witnessed from the theraoccasion. Surely this praise is not to be peutical use of heat by means of the bath. despised when coming from the cynical Mr. Urquhart, with that enthusiastic faith Horace, who was not apt to exaggerate, which is so needful in a reformer, appears excepting where his prejudices or passions to believe that no disease, not hydrophobia, had been keenly excited, which could not nor cholera, nor consumption, nor cancer, have been the case, either for or against, in could long withstand the proper use of the the case of the German princess. — London Turkish Bath at a sufficiently high temperaSociety.
ture; and certainly this strong faith is nowise surprising in one who believes himself to have been more than once rescued from the very jaws of death by its means. Though it cannot quite be admitted that
the use of heat, however carefully graduMR. URQUHART AND THE TURKISH ated in its application, and however high BATH.
the temperature may be raised, will do all
that Mr. Urquhart claims for it, and is in When we consider the immense energy every case as harmless as he seems disposed and perseverance which must be applied in to think; and, though assent must be withorder to obtain due attention to, much held from some of the startling physiologimore to obtain acceptance of, a new thera- cal principles which he boldly enunciates, peutical means, we cannot but congratulate yet every one must heartily sympathize with Mr. Urquhart on the encouraging success that unparalleled energy and unfaltering which he has already had, both with the perseverance wbich has succeeded in formedical profession and with the public. It cing the acceptance of a great boon in spite is now some years since Sir John Fife, of strong prejudice and general opposition. having satisfied his own mind of the efficacy What is most needed now, however, is that of the Turkish Bath in the treatment of the medical profession, having accepted the disease, induced the committee of the New- bath as a valuable remedial agent, should castle Infirmary to construct such a bath no longer vaguely extol it, but determine, for the bospital. A continued experience by exact investigation of its effects, those since that time has strengthened his con- diseases in which it may be properly used. victions of the value of the bath ; from Westmister Review.