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alty about to be inflicted upon her grace- Charlemagne's Daughter,” “ Nickar the less nephew, Randal. The offence com- Soulless," and the “ Fifteen Days of Judgmitted by the youth consisted in fishing for ment.” In these the style of old monkish pike, after a peculiar fashion recommended legends is cleverly imitated; the most amby Dame Juliana Berners. A gudgeon is bitious, the Fifteen Days of Judgment," fástened to the leg of a gander, which is then is also the least satisfactory. “ Charlethrown into the lake, near the haunt of the magne's Daughter” though resembling much pike. The latter swallows the bait, where too closely for accident the St. Agnes' Eve upon a combat ensues between the pike and of Keats, is, on the whole, the best, and rises the gander, very similar to that which, in at times to a considerable poetical elevation. modern days, we have witnessed in barbar- “ The Charm is very cleverly written, ous districts, when a duck, with an owl and embodies many forms of old superstifastened on its back, is thrown into water. tion:The whole of this opening poem is written with much humour. The following verses When at Easter on thy lea describe the fight which Randal, half wild First thick-legged lamb thou see, with delight, surveys from the shore :- If upon the greenwood side

Brock or crafty fox be spied,
Gabbling and plashing half across the pool,

Goodman, turn thy money!
A fleet of goose-down scudding in his wake,
Wrestles the gander, straining web and wing - If the magpie or the jay,
Suddenly halts, - a charm-wrecked argosy Or the lapwing, cross thy way,
Dreamily foundering in enchanted deeps, Or the raven from his oak
The feathery poop half tugged beneath the Ban thee hoarsely with his croak,

Goodman, turn thy money!
By a live anchor. Up he flaps again,
Like a mad trampler in a vintage-vat,

If when at the hearth thou sit
Churning the ripples into foam ; his head
Now ducking fruitlessly beneath the surge,

Spark from out the fire should flit,

If, when wintry tempests beat, Now lifted cackling his despair to heaven !

Candle wear a winding sheet, A lull! — Sir John fights sulky. Randal's

Goodman, turn thy money! bird Now prematurely jubilant, as before

If the wizarel's ring appear
Despairing prematurely, wags his tail
And prunes his ruftled pinions, gabbling low

Round the moon, or if thou see her
The while a ditty of gracious self-applause.

Full or new, — or, worse mishap,

New with old upon her lap, Again the poop bobs under ! - off he starts,

Goodman, turn thy money! The craziest he of biped lunatics, A gander desperate! Universal earth,

If the salt thou chance to spill, Itself fast shuddering into chaos, holds

Token sure of coming ill, But one thing certain, that the pool's be- If thirteen sit down to sup, witched !

And thou first have risen up, Within the unhallowed banks weird sorcery

Goodman, turn thy money! Jurks Fatal to goose-kind! With a spooming plunge Goodman true, wouldst fend thyself That trails his torturer-victim in his wake From witchcraft and midnight elf? He wrestles shoreward, paddling piteously Wouldst thou dree no faery harm ? With impotent neck outstretched beyond the Keep in mind my simple charm; marge,

Goodman, turn thy money! So freely near, so inaccessible, With that lithe fiend still jerking at his leg; Goodman, learn my charm and verse, Till Randal, conscious of the coming Dame, Learn to carry poke or purse ! Clutching the chance and outstretched neck at And, that not in vain thou learn,

Somewhat keep therein to turn ! With his right hand, falls flat, and with his left

Goodman, turn thy money! Gropes for his pike-line in the muddy ooze, Unmoors the hapless proxy of his rod,

Quoth Fabian. And lands Sir John in triumph.

“ Judas Iscariot's Paradise” is written in The contents of the manuscript consist, verse in which the mysticism of monkish with the exception of " A Charm," of poet-chronicles is exceedingly well copied, and ical legends of the “ Three Kings of Co- the legend of Robin Hood has the ring of logne," St. Bernard," “ Robin Hood's Death the old ballads about it. « Nickar the and Burial,” “ Judas Iscariot's Paradise,” | Soulless One” is more modern in style, but


tells a quaint and very pleasing story. Corduroys all shaking, reeling, We can quote a few stanzas only:

Hob-nailed boot-soles toeing, heeling,

Stamping, shuffling, all in line,
Where by the marishes

Treading out the tune like wine.
Boometh the bittern,
Nickar the soulless one

Lines addressed to Garibaldi and to Ca-
Sits with the ghittern -

vour are not very successful; others, upon Sits inconsolable,

William Makepeace Thackeray, December Friendless and foeless,

24, 1863, are in a happier vein. The last Wailing his destiny Nickar the Soulless.

in the book, “ A Christmas Dream,”
is impressive. The following are its open-

ing lines :-
Mine, O to make her mine!
Mine, and for ever!

I dreamed a dream, towards Christmas Eve,
Why did I gaze on her ?

Of a people whose God was Make-believe,
Mine she is never !

And a time nigh come to do more than grieve.
Down by the river-aits
Walked she ai day-rise,

A dream of an old Faith shrunk to a Guess,
Beautiful, bright as a

And a Christian Church, and Senate, and Child of the Faeries ;


Which believed they believed in it more or less. “ Kirtled right maidenly, Broidered her bodice,

These extracts will enable the reader to Belted with emeralds

judge of the music of Mr. Evans' versificaFit for a goddess,

tion, and of the nature of the subjects he has Came where the whispering

selected. We have chosen them for their Aspen-leaves quiver, Just where the silver mere

beauty alone, and have not endeavoured by Spreads from the river,

quotation to fortify the opinion we have ex

pressed as to the faults and slovenliness of “ Came for a morning bath,

which he has been guilty. We believe that Lovely and lonely,

the faults we find in this volume, though Ornan the swan-breasted,

numerous, are all remediable ; and we see in Ornan the only!

what Mr. Evans has already done ample Came, and the silken fret,

ground for hope and encouragement to fuDeftly untwining,

ture effort.
Let fall the golden locks,
Ripple-like shining."

Mr. Capern, the rural postman of BideAmong the miscellaneous poems which ford, has already made himself a name form the later portion of the volume, “ The among our minor minstrels, and everything Harvest Home” is by far the best ; indeed, from his pen we receive with pleasure. we are inclined to rank it as the best in the Among our rural poets, our Bloomfields and volume. Its metre is happy and varied, Clares, he is entitled to a foremost rank, and charming rural pictures are continu- and there is a lyrical grace in his verses to ally presented :

which none of his compeers have attained.

His last volume is divided into two portions, Four grey horses, sleek and strong,

whereof the former is composed of lyrics on Bear the harvest wain along ;

various subjects, while the latter, entitled While the lime-trees, as it rolls,

“ Willow Leaves,” consists of poems having Snatch aloft the golden tolls

a common centre of interest in a domestic Immemorially due

calamity which is the theme of them all. In To their cloistral avenue.

the foremost portion, “Why so jealous The lines which follow are worthy of favourites. The former has been suggested

grown," and " The Missing Star," are our Wither or Herrick:

by a song of Sir H. Wotton. From the

“Willow Leaves " we quote the following Scrape it, fiddlers ! foot it, dancers !

short and melancholy poem, entitled " UnSee how heel to fiddle answers !

der the Snow":
Foot it, shuffling, shifting places,
Down the avenue of faces;
Shifting, shuffling, in and out,

Sweet little loving thing, low, low, low,
Up and down and round about;

Down in the cold, cold grave she lies ; Whirling skirts and ribbons streaming, Deep 'neath the daisy-knoll under the snow, Neat-laced ankles trimly gleaming,

Silenced for ever her carols and cries.

Sweet little Dimpled chin, how she would vient to the comforts of man, than to frame dance !

generalizations which have only an abstract Dear little Laughing eyes, how she would importance. How far this condition is to smile!

be admired, we do not pretend to say: Still are her tiny feet now, and her glance

The contemplation of Nature's works and Beams not on me for a weary long while.

the search for the laws by which she con“Dead !” do my neighbours say ?

trols the universe, are pursuits of the sub

Death limest type ; but in these days the man who is a dream : In the mid-Maytime she went out to play ;

is completely absorbed by them is often Daily I see her by meadow and stream,

looked on as a dreamer as one who does Couch’s ’mid the goldencups, sunny as they. Whether it be that Transatlantic tenden

not take his rank in the race of life.

cies have taken possession of us or not it is Weep, my eyes, scalding tears, weep, weep, difficult to determine, but one thing is cer

weep! Bleed, my soul; throb, my heart, heavy with tain – we of the nineteenth century pride

ourselves above all things upon being pain! When shall my tender one wake from her

practical men.” Need we adduce proofs sleep?

that the utile is the fetish of the age ? Can When shall I gaze on my beauty again? we not flash our thoughts with the rapidity

of lightning to the remotest portions of the Sweet little loving thing, low, low, low, globe ? — nay, can we not even cause them

Down in the cold, cold grave she lies ; to be written down in enduring letters by Deep 'neath the daisy-knoll under the snow, Casselli's recording telegraph ? Have we Silenced for ever her carols and cries.

not turned the spectroscope towards the

sun and stars, and investigated their chemiThe “ Wild Garland” is a collection of cal constitution? Do not our microscopes, whimsical verses, rebuses, epigrams, inscrip- in fulfilling the highest anticipations of options, &c. It has an introduction and notes tical theorists, enable us almost to penetrate by Mr. Reeve. Our language is not par- into the molecular condition of matter? ticularly rich in this description of litera- Can we not with the most rigid accuracy ture. Epigram has never been so important forecast the hurricane, explore the bowels a weapon of ridicule in England as, since of the earth, and examine the very recesses the time of the Mazarinades, it has been in of the human frame? These surely are France, and we possess only single speci- sufficient examples of the practical science mens of those Macaronic verses which in of to-day. Italy constitute almost a literature. Many There is, however, anotherinstance which, curious trifles are, however, preserved in from its familiarity and the infinity of its this volume. Mr. Reeve, quoting the well- possible applications, is better testimony to known verse containing the rhyme to Ipecac- what we have said than any of the foregouanha, ascribes it, we fancy erroneously, to ing we allude to the art of sun-painting. Canning. He does not, moreover, seem Photography, which is the application of a to be aware of the existence of more than very simple chemical principle, has done, one verse, whereas the poem consists of and promises to do, more for man than any four.

J. K.

other invention save that of the steam-engine. Already it has lent its aid to the painter, the sculptor, the philosopher; but it now extends its sphere of usefulness, and gives a helping hand to “the arts," properly

so called. " By M. Williême's curious apFrom the London Review. paratus, photography has been made to do ENGRAVING WITH A SUNBEAM.

the greater portion of the work formerly

achieved by the sculptor's chisel. Through This is assuredly the age of scientific the exertions of Mr. Brooke, it has been wonders. If in point of philosophic ab- made the handmaid of meteorology - the straction our generation is omewhat in- records of the various indications of scienferior to preceding ones, in all that concerns tific instruments being now intrusted to this the practical application of theories it is far“ genius of the lamp.” It is wonderful to in advance of its predecessors. Our modern think that, through the long hours of the savants are of the utilitarian school, and they night, when the whole world is at rest, seek rather to discover the mode in which photography takes the place of human lascientific speculations may be made subser- bor, and moment by moment writes down

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a history of the natural phenomena which by decomposing it, the lightestshades (those are taking place around us; yet this is no most illuminated) are represented on the freak of the imagination. In the Royal glass plate by dark portions, and the dark Observatory at Greenwich the night assist- shades, being less decomposed, are fainter. ants have been, in a great measure, done In this case, the object photographed has away with, and the unerring pen of photog- been represented by lights and shades. raphy records, in legible and truthful sym- There are, however, certain combinations bols, the operations of the physical universe. other than those of silver, which are differThe combination of lithography and sun- ently affected by light. Now, a compound painting is another important illustration of of gelatine and bichromate of ammonia is what photography has done. Photo-lithog- one of these. When this is exposed to the raphy is undoubtedly a most useful appli- action of light, it becomes perfectly insolacation of the art, but its field of action is a ble; so that when a photograph taken with limited one. white alone is required, the process of were least exposed are disolved away, and

When a picture in black and it is placed in hot water, the parts which photo-lithography is admirably adapted to those submitied to the light remain, thus the cheap reproduction of the original rep- leaving a representation in relief. Upon this resentation. But when it is necessary to quality of bichromatized gelatine depends preserve a variety of gradations of shading the principal feature in the new process.

when a number of half-tints have to be in the first instance, a negative (that is, a delineated — the photo-lithograph cannot photograph of a special kind on glass) is be employed.

taken of the picture or object of which it One of the most valuable qualities which is wished to obtain an engraving, and this photography possesses is its precision. By is placed over a plate of talc, bearing a it we get an undeniably faithful picture of stratum of the prepared gelatine, and in the object portrayed, and one whose accu- this position exposed to the light. The racy can never be called in question. sun's rays, in passing through the negative, Therefore in all pictorial illustrations which fall upon the gelatine, with various intensity, are not merely works of the imagination, hardening the parts least covered, and leavphotography surpasses the pencil in truth- ing those parts unaltered which are completefulness, and would necessarily be universal- ly protected by the shadows of the negative. ly employed were it not for the time and After sufficient exposure, the gelatine plate expense attending the production of copies is removed, and placed in hot water, which on a large scale. To illustrate cheap works dissolves away all those parts unacted on by photography alone, would necessitate an by the sun, leaves those completely exposed expenditure which no experienced publish- intact, and partially removes the portions er would dream of. This difficulty of re- of the plate which were slightly protected. production, then, has hitherto trammelled When, therefore, the gelatine plate, with the application of photography to literary its support of talc, is removed from the purposes. We say hitherto, for a new in- water, it presents a series of elevations and vention removes all obstacles, and hence- depressions which exactly correspond in forth we hope to see the reliable labours of extent and height to the lights and shades the photographer substituted for the less as- of the picture. It is in fact an intaglio suring results of the pencil and the graving- plate in gelatine, but one which, as its detool.

pressions correspond to the light portions of The title of our article is by no means the picture, cannot be used for engraving. figurative. We can now dispense with the A cast must be taken ; and this is effected engraver, and employ the sunbeam in his either by metallic deposition, as in electrostead. The new process by which this rev- typing, or by pressing the hardest gelatine olution is to be effected is that of Mr. Wal- plate into one of soft lead. The latter ter Woodbury, and has been recently de- method is the one which Mr. Woodbury scribed in the scientific journals. As it is employs, and although it seems hard to benot a complex one, we shall try and convey lieve, it is unquestionably the fact that by an idea of its general features. In taking pressure alone a perfect impression of the an ordinary photograph, a solution of silver gelatine is produced on type-metal. is placed upon glass, and has projected on it, The next stage in the process is that of through the medium of a camera obscura, an printing. An intaglio block, i. e., one in image of some object which it is desired to which the depressions are to be filled with represent. This image consists of several ink and the surface to be left clean, has been combinations of light and shade, and, as the produced, but it remains to be shown how it effect of light is to darken the silver solution is used. If it were simply coated with or

dinary printing ink the “proof” would even the most delicate half-tints are exquibe as devoid of half-tones as the worst sitely brought out. Indeed, the result is photo-lithograph, and therefore a peculiar somewhat similar to that of " washing” in ink, suggested many years ago by Mr. Gau- water-colour painting, the greatest quandin, is employed. This ink consists of gel- tity of colour producing the greatest shade, atine holding colouring matter, of whatever and conversely — every tint in the gradahue is desired, in solution ; it is a translu- tion being preserved. cent preparation and is not densely colour- The inventor of the exceedingly ingenied. This compound is poured into the in- ous method we have described considers taglio mould — for a mould it really is — that one man at work with four “presses and the latter is pressed down upon the pa- could produce as many as one hundred and per which is to receive the print. The ink, twenty prints per hour, and at a cost which which has become semi-solid, falls from the would be very trifling. If in practice Mr. depressions in the block somewhat in the Woodbury's process turns out as successful manner of jelly from a jelly-mould, and results as those we have already seen, we soaks into the paper. In this way the deep- have no doubt of its coming into general est depressions, corresponding to the dark- use. At present we can only testify to the est shades, throw down the greatest number beauty and perfection of the specimens we of layers of ink, and the shallowest ones the have inspected. least; so that a picture is produced in which

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