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THE

HISTORY
PHILIP'S WAR,

COMMONLY CẢLLED
THE GREAT INDIAN WAR, OF 1675

AND 1676.

ALSO,
OF THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WARS AT THE EASTWARD,

IN 1689, 1690, 1692, 1696, AND 1704.

from the notes of Benjamin Church .
By THOMAS CHURCH, Esq.

WITH
NUMEROUS NOTES
TO EXPLAIN THE SITUATION OF THE PLACES OF BATTLES, THE
PARTICULAR GEOGRAPHY OF THE RAVAGED COUNTRY,
AND THE LIVES OF THE PRINCIPAL PERSONS
ENGAGED IN THOSE WARS.

ALSO, .

AN APPENDIX,
Containing an account of the treatment of the natives by the early voyag-
ers, the settlement of N. England by the forefathers, the Pequor
War, narratives of persons cirrled into septivity, anecdotes
of the Indians, and the most important late Indian

wars to the time of the Creek War. '

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The unexampled achievşinents of our fathers should not be forgotten.

WASHINGTON..
What wars they wag’d, wniť šaš, wat langers past,
What glorious empire crownd their teils at last..................CAMOENS.

BOSTON:
PRINTED BY THOMAS B. WAIT AND SON.
FOR SALE BY THE BOOKSELLERS.

1827.

Checked
May 1913

Price $ 1 50.

PUBLIC LISBARY

633025 ATE, LEANNA AND ư :, - 1 MÔN

DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS—TO WIT ::

District Clerk's Office. BE IT REMEMBERED, That on the eighth day of January, A.D. (L. S.) 1827, in the fifty-first year of the Independence of the United

States of America, Samuel G. Drake, of the said District, has deposited in this office the title of a Book, the right whereof he claims as proprietor in the words following, to wit:

" The History of Philip's War, commonly called the Great Indian War of 1675 and 1676. Also, of the French and Indian Wars at ihe Eastward, in 1689, 1690, 1692,1696, and 1704. By Thomas Church, Esq.-With nu. merous notes to explain the situation of the places of Battles, the particular Geography of the ravaged Country, and the lives of the principal persons engaged in those wars. Also, an Appendix, containing an account of the Treatment of the Natives by the early voyagers, the settlement of N. England by the Forefathers, the Pequot War, narratives of persons carried into captivity, anecdotes of the Indians, and the most important late Indian Wars to the time of the Creek War. By Samuel G. Drake. Second Edition with plates. The unexampled achievements of our fathers should not be forgotten.

Washington. Whal ivarr's they wag'd, whåt seas, what dangers past,

What glorious empita erówno& thelr toils at last. Camoens." In conformity to the act of the Congress of the United States, entitled “ An Act for the Exaburagebeint of Learning, by securing the Copies of Maps, Charts.and: Books, do the Authors and Proprietors of such Copies, during the times therein mentioned :” and also to an Act entitled An Act suppementary to ao Açt entitled, An Act for the Encouragement of Learviðgʻ by scaun the Copies of Maps, Charts and Books to the Authofs and Proprietors of such Copies during: the times therein mentioned : and extending the bediefits thereof.to the Arts of Designing, Engraving and Etching Historical and other“prints** •

JOHNN. ÞÁTIS. Clerk of the District

of Massachusetts.

THE EDITOR'S PREFACE.

CHURCH's History of King Philip's War,” &c. was first published at Boston, in 1716, in quarto. It was reprinted in Newport, in 1772, in octavo. I have never met with a copy of the first edition, therefore I copy from the second. This is now very scarce and rarely to be met with. It is however preserved in some private libraries in the old colony, in the Atheneum at Boston, and other literary institutions there and elsewhere. * The lamentable manner in which Hutchinson in his History of Massachusetis passed over the Inihan wars, causes us much regret, and a desire to catch at every thing that can give any light. porr them. He is particular in relating the witchi affairs of the colony, but when we have followed hiin: intc Philip's war, being led at first with ảnteresting particulars, he stops short and says, “ It is':1100 mý design to enter into every minute oircumstance of the war.” But does not tell us why. This is the more to be lamented, as his means were more ample for such history than can now be hari ini ii í

În 1825 I published a small edition of this history, containing however but few additions to the old, which being immediately taken up, occasioned the early appearance of this. In an early period it was designed to publish the work as it now appears. Accordingly many valuable papers and rare works had been collected, but not used in the first edition, on

account of the magnitude and early promise of the work.

The papers had been much forwarded previous to the Courtstreet fire, of 10 November, 1825, in the time of which a trunk was stolen, containing many of the manuscript notes, relating particularly to the biography of the principal persons that figured in the Indian wars. These in many instances I could not restore, which is very much regretted; though not more than my want of information on subjects in general. But a consciousness is felt, that something though small, is redeemed from oblivion, which will be thought valuable by posterity.

Of such gentlemen as have had the opportunities of many years to examine the history of our country, together with every advantage from access to all publick and private documents, I have every indulgence to ask.

In regard to the accurate performance of the work, I can only observe, that a scrupulous regard to accuracy has been paid; yet, errours may have bečn committed, but in no case inadvertently. And as our most authentick historians have failed in many of these points, perfection will not be expected in mē.

The same indựlgence for the commission of literal errourz, as for others, is solicited, though the excuse for such cannot be eggood; but if every thing be found simple, and easy to be understood, my chief aim is answered. For so call historical memoirs (says Dr. Colman) should be writien. In a number of particulars I have deviated from coinmun usage; but in none without good rčasons, and to me satisfactory. As one instance it is observed, that.compound names of places, in general, are written like simple names. For this deviation from general custom, no apology will be expected of me, as it has been proved to be preferable by a writer of great eminence.*

* Joel Barlow, Esq. See his Columbiad, printed 1807, Philadelphia, 4to.

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