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so that I felt confident, with the dis “God Almighty bless your soul, for ciplined few I had to depend on, I could it's all that'll be of you in about three keep them from their intention with minutes." out resorting to violence, and made my However, knowing the character of dispositions accordingly, assuring the the people, I was of a different opinion, Orangemen that the first appearance of and felt confident, although it was even a few forming a procession should certain they were led by strangers. be the signal to the police to arrest them On coming close to them a man with every one. None of them chose to be a double-barrelled gun stepped out, and the first to be taken, and so all remained pointing it at me, asked who I was, and quiet till about 9 o'clock.

what I wanted ; but he got his answer At this time an express came into the from an unexpected quarter, being seized town, where I remained on my horse by one of his own men and brought to with one mounted man at my back, to the ground, while a voice accompanied say the opposite party were assembling the act, “Don't you touch that man.” to the sound of horns about a mile and Another stranger then came forward a half from the town.

-a tall, red-headed, good-looking fellow Leaving the town in charge of a clever -also armed with a double gun. He sergeant, I galloped alone to the place did not point it at me, nor did he speak and saw a considerable assemblage on a uncivilly, but said if I had anything to hill-side, and small parties from all sides say, I was to say it to him. advancing to join them, while signals Without directly replying, I took him by blowing horns were heard among by surprise, and quickly read the Riot Act. the hills.

And then addressing the crowd, I On returning to the town and telling said, “Neighbours, after what I have what was going on, and appealing to the said, any of you caught assembled toOrangemen to leave me at liberty to go gether will be put in prison and severely and disperse this gathering, they replied punished. You know me, and that that they knew it was arranged, and only I should be sorry for that; so take waited for the police to leave the town advice from one you know, rather than to disperse them, in order to hoist their

from strangers.

Go home as quickly as flags and have their procession.

you can, and if you do so at once I will But they were disappointed when not have you pursued or punished." they were told that the police were Some cried out, “ Yes, yes, we will go brought, in the first instance, to prevent home!” the Orangemen from breaking the law The stranger leaders ran among them; and the peace, and that this was to be but the evident feeling was to go home, their first, even if their only duty. and their efforts were in vain.

On going a second time to the other One man shouted, “A cheer for Mr. assembly, I found them now drawn up Hamilton," which was responded to, and in ranks, and coming near enough I the field was mine. could count about three hundred with I only added, “Neighbours, I have firearms, and several hundreds with trusted myself unarmed among your such weapons as they could extemporize pikes and guns because I know you. with poles and scythes and such like. I now trust you to do as an old friend

Seeing but one chance to prevent a counsels you : do not delay, but go collision, I rode nearer; the road was

home at once.lined with old men and women, chiefly I left them dispersing. on their knees crying and praying. It was now advancing in the afterNear the place where the men were noon. As I rode towards the town I met drawn up was a hedge with a gap built a score of men running towards me, and up with loose stones.

An old man when they came near I recognized the knelt beside it, and as my horse leaped members of the Orange lodge who had the low wall, he cried out :

kept away according to their promise.

false message,

Their leader cried out, “Here we are, were several mounted police there. My sir, every man of us. God be praised horse was as tired as myself, and had you're safe.”

not the excitement which now gave me "Why," said I, “what is this? I life. A policeman's horse served me, thought I could depend upon you when and, with six or eight at my heels, I all else failed."

galloped to M—, but came back at a "And so you might ; a’n’t we here to more moderate pace, having found all rescue you if you were still in the hands quiet and at rest there. It was only a of a thousand murdering rebels. We trick of some of those whose plans for came the moment we got your message the day I had marred. that you were in danger and wanted us, This ride, perhaps, saved my life by and we will do your bidding if it is to the stirring-up it gave to my blood, fight the whole lot of them.”

which seemed to have begun to stagnate They had been deceived by a after the over-anxiety and excessive

as if from me, and exertions of the day. showed themselves as brave and true When I returned to the town I found in responding to it as they had been that my red-haired acquaintance of the in refusing to join their brethren in double gun, relying on my word, had breaking the law and their promise. come into the place to see some friends;

Their blood was up, and it was not he had been recognized by some of the the easiest task that day to send them police, who told the magistrates that he home quietly.

was one of the leaders of that party, On arriving in the town I found that and he was brought before them. He at length the magistrates who had gone pleaded my assurance of safety, which to B- had heard how matters stood, the others were not very willing to adand they arrived with a strong force of mit as a safeguard. I declared that it police and some soldiers on cars.

would be most unfair to take him while We went out in force to the place the armed leaders of the other party where the gathering had been, and saw were left at large, who had set me at the people going off in groups to the defiance, and persisted in breaking the different parts of the country.

law till a force came that could prevent Returning to the town, there was a them. meeting of magistrates. I was

However, it was said that he had proquite exhausted, having been on horse- bably come as a spy, and had his men from 4 A.M. till 7 P.M., in double outside the town to act when unsusanxiety for my sick at home and my pected ; so I assented to his being kept neighbours' dangers. A thunder-shower in custody till morning, while the poat six had also wetted me to the skin. lice should make strict search to disI found my doings were not considered cover if any of his people were in the good. I ought to have made no terms, neighbourhood. given no promise to those people.

Now

None were found.

Nevertheless, Between bodily weariness and wet, when I came into the town next mornmental anxiety and vexation, I sunk ing I found his committal made out, into a kind of stupor, and felt as if my and heavy bail required to prevent his very life was going, when a cry in the imprisonment. street aroused me.

I immediately put in the required “The rebels have reassembled at bail, and sent him off, I admit, with M—"(about three miles off), “and set small expectation of seeing that red the houses on fire.”

“There,” cried some one who had found The police who had been in the town fault with my day's work, “there, you were interrogated by the Government see the sort of fellows that have been authorities as to what they had seen, trusted."

and the result was that a dozen of the I rushed into the inn yard; there Orangemen were bound over to appear

head again.

70

Pleasant Recollections of Fifty Years' Residence in Ireland.

at the next assizes, to answer for their It was my opinion, as well as that of breach of the law.

the rest of the magistrates, that the At the assizes those out on bail were Orangemen had really not thought the called, and when the red-headed fel- law so decidedly against them, and that, low's name was called I saw many an eye when they were aware of the fact, they turned towards me, expressive of ex- would show themselves obedient to the pectation that I should have to pay my law. So I was deputed to represent forfeit. But no; a loud voice replied, our view to the judge, and to suggest a “Here !”

nominal punishment and a solemn warnAnd, thrusting aside the crowd, the ing from the judge. red head showed itself; while, looking He quite agreed with us; and, in an up he cried out:

excellent address, made the prisoners to " Here I am, your

honour;
I

know their fault, and then fined them a going to act the blackguard when you shilling, and discharged them. acted the gentleman to me. Let them They bowed, and thanked the judge do what they like to me, I'll see your

and the magistrates. bail safe.”

Red-head then added, wittily enough, So into the dock went my Green man aloud, “ Well! it's a fine thing to be and the dozen Orangemen.

at me,

am not

in good company for once in a body's They were all found guilty.

life !"

To be continued.

71

THE AUTUMN MANEUVRES AND ARMY ORGANIZATION.

AMID the mass of criticism which fol take the merits of their army on trust, lowed the Autumn Manæuvres, it was have at least been matched by the comonly natural that a good many foolish placency with which this imaginary things should be said, but perhaps the dictum of the foreign critics has been silliest of all has been the apocryphal accepted through the length of the land judgment upon the appearance of our at the bidding of the T'imes. The abtroops supposed to have been passed by surdity of the thing appears the greater the foreign officers present on the occa if we consider that the vast majority sion. That any of these gentlemen who of the people who have thus been satiswere asked for their opinion should fied to ticket off the attributes of our have given a polite rejoinder to their army in this fashion, have absolutely no hosts is likely enough, but the form better foundation for their belief than in which their opinions have been re the remark of an anonymous newsported is simply ridiculous. What pro paper correspondent. bably happened was, that a perfectly ir Of a piece with this sort of criticism responsible newspaper correspondent fell have been some of the lucubrations of into conversation with one or more of the the men who, describing their experiences foreign officers present, whereupon it is of the manæuvres, protest against the reported that the whole of these gentle want of reality displayed in them, men have collectively pronounced our because the troops exposed themselves artillery to be incomparable, our cavalry to a degree that would have been very superb, and our infantry very good; and dangerous in actual war.

That some on this the statement is taken up by the instances of this sort occurred deleading newspaper as representing an serving to be characterized as blunders unquestionable fact, and is henceforth

may be admitted. The cavalry fredragged in whenever the British army is quently appeared in positions where discussed, and no doubt accepted as an they either effectually masked the fire article of faith all over the country of the infantry and guns of their own wherever that paper is read. From side, or would have been destroyed by the sort of way in which the phrase the enemy's artillery ; the infantry, too,

to be bandied about, it manæuvred on occasions in a manner might be supposed that the foreign which would have been impracticable in officers in question had held a meeting actual warfare ; and the guns were freto consider the matter, General Blu- quently employed at ranges within menthal in the chair, and had passed infantry fire, where the gunners would a resolution to the effect, “ That, in the certainly not have been able to work opinion of this meeting, the British them. Mistakes of this kind occurred, artillery is unrivalled, the British cavalry and autumn campaigns will be very superb, and the British infantry very useful if they serve to teach those who good.” The idea that the officers of any have the handling of troops to apprecontinental nation should consider our hend at once, when in the field, the artillery to be more than a rival for their common-sense principles which underlie own is sufficiently absurd in itself. military movements. But when it is Whatever a foreigner may think of the gravely objected in the columns of a

army, we may be sure that his leading newspaper, that a general officer own at any rate stands first in his was seen standing on the top of an exestimation; but the proverbial vanity posed railway enbankment watching the of the French, and their tendency to enemy, whereas in fact he ought pro

has como

British

perly to have crept stealthily up the shrewd observer, who was present at reverse side, and shown only the top of the great review at Paris of the British his nose over the summit, it seems suffi- army after Waterloo, and who had cient to reply that there is already want himself borne a gallant part in that enough of reality about these sham battle says, in his diary, that the British fights, and that if the education of the troops, which were then at the summit British officer is not to be completed of their reputation, were conspicuous for until he has learned to play the fool in being the most undersized, ill-dressed, this way, it may be hoped the object and generally mean-looking lot among will not soon be realized. Further, we all the armies assembled there, and the would raise a protest against the assump- record may be grateful to those who fancy sion implied in much of what passes for they see evidence of physical degenecriticism now-a-days, that the main ob- racy in our present linesmen and militia. ject in fighting is to make use of cover. We have here however to do with the No doubt needless exposure of troops is results which can be exhibited by a Camp to be deprecated; but, from the sort of of Manæuvres, and of these there has stuff that has been written on this head, been an abundance afforded for imparting it might be supposed that battles are to useful experience. Not indeed that such be won by creeping from bank to bank proof was necessary in every case. There like the North American Indians of Fen- did not need a camp of exercise to tell imore Cooper's novels. Modern arms

any one who

was acquainted with carry far, but modern battles are not the subject that the Control Departmarked by heavier losses than those ment would prove unequal to its duties: fought with muskets and smooth-bore this was clearly foreseen by every one cannon; and the last great war showed who understood the nature of its orgathat bold attacks over open ground were nization, although the general public not a bit less effective than they have may have needed the evidence of an ever been before, and, what is very much actual breakdown, just as experiments to the point, that in such cases the serve to impress physical truths on the assailants have often suffered smaller

company at a popular lecture. For loss than the antagonists they over- that the Control Department did break threw. Tactics are, no doubt, very pro- down we take to be quite established. per things to study, and the scientific Whether the troops were kept without education of the army cannot be carried food and fuel for the exact periods too far, but to the common soldier the reported in the papers, appears immainterest of the day is centred in his im- terial ; that the distribution of rations mediate front, and the good old quality and forage was irregular and often of courage is just as useful as ever it tardy is an undoubted fact; and under was. There seems some danger lest this the conditions of the case, where the truth should be forgotten; at any rate troops were moving over a contracted we hold it to be quite needless to in- area of ground, always within easy doctrinate men with the notion that the reach of Aldershot, and with abundant first object when under fire is to seek and generally good roads, any such for cover; that lesson will be learnt irregularity is tantamount to failure, quite soon enough without any teaching. more particularly when the magnitude

This, however, is a digression from of the staff employed and the time the matter in hand, although we must allowed for preparation are considered. add, as was well remarked the other

The Department will perhaps throw day in our hearing, that, after all, these the blame on the hired carriage, which maneuvres left out the best side of the was certainly very defective, and as British soldier. Unless our foreign certainly was no creation of the execucritics could see how he fights, they have tive officers, who no doubt would have not seen the best side of him, which much preferred their own waggons view was fortunately here wanting. A and horses ; but the best use was not

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