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On my return home, I thought the tonic in the attitude of the hero under matter over, and am inclined to agree the tree, where, after seeking for the with the lamented Von Schwindel, for Jammerwoch, he "took to thinking"! various reasons, which may be summed “ Auf” also must be original, for up as follows:
6 uffish thought” is manifestly inThe Jabberwock is only a Jammerwoch tended as a translation of it. But who with a cold in its head, like "the young is the hero? I think that the sixth Babood” for “the young May moon. stanza will reveal this to any one posAnd this name, “the week of woe,” is sessed of a historico-critical sense. If a mythical expression for the Seven it had been a North German who wrote Years' War, and hence for other devas- the ballad, no doubt the hero would tations of the Fatherland. Humpty have been Scharnhörst, or Blücher, or Dumpty's interpretation I of course some of the other Prussian heroes. utterly repudiate. He is a mere ra- But the language is rather Austrian tionalizing Euhemerist. My theory is (speaking of the Austrian Empire as it that the ballad is the product of the was at that date, without reference to war against Napoleon I.; and the Jam- nationalities); and no North German merwoch, of course, is “ the Corsican would have celebrated the “Böhm’sches Fiend” himself. Now, apply this Kind,” which is not as the English to the first stanza, which indicates copy so strangely translates it, “ beamthe patriotic combination against him ish,” nor even (which would have been of the "Burggoven” (Burggrafen, the happier) “my bumptious boy," but nobility in general); the “Rathe”
'my young Bohemian.” And there(whether “Hof” or 6 Geheim"), the fore I think that Von Schwindel's Bureaucracy; and
and the “ schlichte memory must have failed him. DoubtToven,” the simple coves of the lower less he was acquainted with other Lyres class, neither noble nor official. And and other Swords as well as Körner's, note the touch of irony with which in and he may have confused them. We the end the aristos leave these in the may safely identify the hero with the lurch, “wirrend und wimmelnd,” and Archduke Charles; who (it is true) did only “dig out” (ausgraben) the bureau- not slay the Jammerwoch, but did his cracy for their own purposes, keeping best to do it, and was a genuine hero of them 6
mum” (mohme) and voiceless. the Austrian Empire. There is something strikingly Teu
PLEASANT RECOLLECTIONS OF FIFTY YEARS' RESIDENCE
BY JOHN HAMILTON OF ST. ERNAN'S.
THE RED WOMAN.
terday at my fireside, for I was tired, and my wee baby on my lap, and I sees
a shadow like come over the place, and I was building a house for a tenant, I looks up and I sees amama-plaze, and among the labourers employed yer honour, I can't say it was a thing, was Johnny D-, a very industrious nor I can't say it was a Christen, but it house tenant of a few acres.
had the appearance of a wee wee body, One day as I was looking on, Johnny and I felt a creeping feel over me and a was sitting on the ground arranging fright; but I had heard it was good to the sprays of heather with which the speak civil to the likes of it, so I said, house was being thatched.
says I, “Would ye please walk in ?' for His wife came with his dinner in a it stood in the door. cloth. And when she saw him, she "Then it looked in my face with the broke out into the most dolorous la
wee bright eyes of it, and it said, mentation mixed with sobs.
'Jinny,' said it, where's Johnny ?' “Ogh, Johnny, Johnny, is it there “Says I, 'Johnny's at Mr. Hamilton's ye are, after all I said to you and work, earning a shilling for us.' prayed you? Ogh, Johnny, it's a widdy “That's good, Jinny,' says it. But I'll be, as sure as ye're there! Ogh, mark me, Jinny, he's not to go toJohnny, Johnny, ogh!”
morrow. Let him bide at home.' "Ah now, Jinny,” said he, "hould yer “I was going to ax another question tongue, and don't be deaving us with at it, but all of a moment it was away, yer nonsense, ye superstritious woman and not a bit of it was there at all.” that ye are !”
“Nor never was there at all,” cried But Jinny was not to be pacified; Johnny, nor never was nowhere, but she continued her lamentations and up in that woman's superstritious head. braidings, Johnny taking very little heed. Ye dhreamt it, Jinny-ye dhreamt it, I asked her to explain what it was
woman." all about.
“Ogh, Johnny, Johnny dear, ye'll “Ogh, sir, it's all about Johnny! Sure know to yer cost it was no dhream, I was warned, and I warned him, I did. It was a real, real, real thing, so it was. Didn't I, Johnny? Ogh yes, and for “Well then,” said Johnny,“ do ye see all that he would come. Ogh yes, ye
that" (holding up a stalk of heather): "if slipped away, Johnny, afore it was light, ye saw it and heard it, I say, if it come and when I woke up ye was away, from above to call me, why I'm ready Johnny, and it's bad'll befall ye, it is, to go; and if it come from t'other place, Johnny. Ogh, Johnny, I'm as good as I don't care that for it-let him go a widdy, so I am !"
home” (with a scornful gesticulation “Hould yer tongue, ye blathering, pointing downwards). superstritious woman that ye are !” re So Jinny gave up the argument and plied he.
went. And Johnny and Jinny are “Well, but tell me,” said I, “who gave now enjoying a ripe old age, many you the warning ? and what was it ?" years after the warning.
“Ogh, yer honour, then I'll tell ye the One of his fellow-labourers, winking whole thing. Ye see I was sitting yes to the others, said :
“Ah now, Johnny, you shouldn't de "Mother, honey,' said I, “I'll make spise Jinny that way. Sure you know it all straight, for I'll be off this morpeople do see and hear quare things tial minute. It's only a mile across the betimes, besides superstitions.”
bog, and the moon's riz, so never heed "Maybe they do," said he ; “but for all the potaties ; I'll get something at the that she's nothing but a superstritious wake house, I'll warrant.' poor thing, so she is."
“So I clapt on my hat and away wi’ The other whispered to me, “If yer honour would ax him about the red “When I come to the house, there it woman ?”
as full as it could be. Lots of “What's that you say ?” said Johnny. neighbours, and whisky, and backy
I replied, “What is it, Johnny, about smoke; and the red woman in her the red woman ?"
coffin on the bed, and a table at the "Ogh, no matter, sir ; don't be heed foot, with whisky bottles, and pipes, ing the likes of them.”
and backy, and a plate with a red " Johnny,” said the other, “shall I herrin' on it. tell his honour ?”
“So, after a word here and a word “You ! ye couldn't; ye'd tell it all there, I said, says I, ‘Boys, have ye wrong, and make a nonsense of it, so never a bit for a body that's hungry?'
“. Troth yer late, Johnny,' says they ; “Well, Johnny, if you would stop me, 'there's lashings of drink, though ; ye must just tell it yerself, or else I will.” and one of them hands me a glass of
“ You hear that,” said I; “so, whisky. So I took it off, and lit a Johnny, you may as well.”
pipe, and had a smoke and another “Ay, and better than let him. A glass. pretty sort of a story he'd make of it; "What made ye so hungry, Johnny?' so I will tell it to yer honour. But it's all true as yer standing there, troth it is. “. Becase,' says I, 'I et nothing all
“So, ye see, I was a lad of eighteen, day. Maybe ye'd be hungry yerself if or some under twenty years, and my ye were as empty.' mother was a widdy woman, and we “Well, Johnny,' says he; 'it's a pity two lived together in a wee house. So, but ye come a bit sooner, for there was sir, on the fair-day of M I went a big pile of fine red herrins there, and away before day with two sheep to every one got one that inclined for it, sell, and when I sold them I came and now there's none but the one left straight away home, for I knowed for the corp, in course.' my mother'd be thinking long while "Well,' says I, “I must be off home I away.
So about night to my mother. But sure a corp can't falling I come home, and “Mother,' ate, and what's the use of keeping a says I, 'I'm mighty hungry, and small herrin' for the red woman that's in blame to me, for I didn't eat a mortial glory, I hope, while a cratur is hungry bit to-day, but the scrap of oat-bread for it?' ye put in my pocket. Haven't ye “Why, Johnny,' says they, 'it's cussomething for me, mother?'
tom to have it, and no one would go “So she set to to make something for to take the last herrin' away from ready, and she said, says she, Johnny, the corp.' it's sorry I
ye were away all the day, “But I didn't see it at all, at all; so for ye know the wake is at Billy I says, 'Gi' me that herrin' and I'll eat L's house, and his wife they called it for my supper, if all the corps and the red woman is under boord, and to the red women in the county must be buried to-morrow; and she's a far
wanti' away friend (relation), so ye should “So they wouldn't give it, and so I have been there with the rest
. They'll makes a grab at the herrin', and away take it bad of us, I'm feared.'
and they riz the hullabaloo
after me, but I made for the door, and “ Then I picked myself up and looked put the herrin' in my breeches pocket about me, and there was a glimmer of as I ran, and away for home I made a live coal in the chimney; so I galike fire.
thered a few dry turfs about it, and “When I ran across one field, I hears blew it into a nice wee fire. And then a puffin' and russellin' after me, and I I took the tongs, and I laid them across looks behind me-and, sir, it's true as the coals, and I took the herrin', and death-didn't I see the red woman after laid that across the tongs, and I roasted me, and her winding-sheet flying out it, and a potato to that; and I et it, and her long red hair in the wind, and yer honour, so I did, and I didn't care her long thin arm reached out at me, the snap of my fingers for all the red and her screechin' Johnny, my herrin'; women and all the corps in Ireland, Johnny, my herrin'.'
so I didn't, that's the truth.” “Well, if I didn't run ! I was swift
“Well, Johnny,” said I, “I think on my foot then. But she got nearer that's as curious as Jinny's story.” and nearer. Well,' says I to myself, “Ay, sir, and a great heap curiouser : “ there's a tearing big shough [ditch] at but the differ is in it, what she says is no the bottom of this field ; a corp can better than a superstritious dhrame, and never lep it.' So I took heart, and what I tell you is as true as that sun's made desperate at it, and jumped it in the heavens, so it is. Ay! ye all clean, and away along the stubble, but may laugh, but ye wouldn't dare laugh there it was in the field with me. I
if ye saw it as I did.” heard it screeching Johnny, my herrin'!' and I dursn't look back for my life. “ The next fence was a thicket of
VIII. black sallys and brier bushes, and,
GOOD NEIGHBOURHOOD, thinks I, the sheet or the long hair of it will stick in the bramble, and this In the year 182— I had occasion to give me courage again. So I made a make a road across a tideway, about a great push, and thrust myself through furlong wide, and, at spring-tides, fourthe hedge, and away across the bog for teen feet deep in the middle. home.
I was assured, by an engineer whom “I don't know how she ever got I consulted, that there must be an arch through that bramble, but before I was or two of considerable size, as a large half across the bog there she was at my extent of an inland bay discharged its heels screeching.
waters through this channel. I was "Well, sir, I got sight of our house on obstinate enough to dispute this, and the hill-side, and that put hope in me;
said I would force the tide to take a so I made the last dash for it, and I felt new course through certain sand-beds, her breath blowin' on my
I which were only covered with shallow up to the door. It was shut, and she water at full tide. put her cowld hand on my collar, and We set to work with a hundred give me one push that sent me flyin' wheelbarrows; the ground was favourbang through the door, and left me able, being high at each side, and of a dead on the floor inside.
very stiff clay, full of round stones, “After a bit I come to, and I was often large ones: these answered for feared to look for fraid I'd see the corp coating the sloping sides of the mound with its red hair glow'ring at me ; but of clay which we began to drive forI took heart and peeped up, and saw
ward from both sides—the purpose in nothing but the moon shining in at the view being to make a practicable road broken door.
from the mainland into an island. "So I put my hand in my pocket to The whole population for miles feel for the herrin', and, troth, there it around took an extraordinary interest in was all safe.
this work; and it frequently happened
that I was roused at daybreak by drums B— was to dig first, for two hours, and fifes, or by horns blowing, which and T to wheel. announced the arrival of fifty or a hun- How they did work! The object of dred stout fellows, with spades on their the B- men was to fill the barrows shoulders.
so full as to overload the T-men, or They would then divide into two so quick as to have time to rest on their parties--one to dig the clay and fill the spades and cry : barrows, the other to wheel—and with “ Five pounds for a T-man to a will they did work, for a whole long take this barrow away from before me; summer day; making one bargain, I'm kilt waiting for one of them Twhich was, that I should give neither men! where are they all ?" food por money.
A drink of whisky But the T-men were active fel. and water, once or twice in the day, lows, and sometimes brought back empty was all that they would accept; and barrows quicker than the B-s could in the evening they shouldered their fill, and then the cry was on their side : spades, and with three cheers for the “Five pounds for a B-man to work, would set out on their walk fill a barrow;" and then the wheeler home, sometimes fully ten miles off. would sit down on his barrow and say, One morning in July a loud drum- “Boys, hasn't one of ye never a pipe, ming told me of the arrival of a strong till I take a smoke, while I'm waiting party from a village six miles off ; they for a B-boy to fill to me!" were the members of a yeomanry corps, So they worked, alternately, till late and all Orangemen, fine stout fellows, in the evening ; neither party would but hot-blooded.
be the first to stop, though many of They had hardly arrived when a them were sorely tired, to which it was fiddle and fife proclaimed another ar- probably owing that I succeeded in perrival, and I was a little dismayed when suading them to stop at last, and to I found about an equal force on the give three cheers for B- and Tground from a mountainous property which they did heartily; and striking about seven miles off in an opposite di- up each their own tune, they marched rection, every man of them not only off in the best of humour. Roman Catholics, but exactly of that The work went on prosperously for class and character most opposite to my some time. But at last, when the mole Orange friends ; in fact, it was more projecting from the mainland and that than supposed that most of them were from the island approached each other, Ribbonmen. However, before I could the current became so strong, that it interfere, the two parties met on the not only carried away all the material green
field where our work went on. as fast as we threw it in, but it cut I had to cross from the island in a the channel in the middle deeper every boat, and certainly felt rather alarmed
I began to fear my engineer was when I saw the two parties approach right, after all. However, something each other. Just as I arrived they re- must be done; and after due consideracognized one another, and the Orange- tion I told my men, “There's but one men, perceiving the accident which way to do it: the tides are at the lowest brought two sets of men the same day, now, and to-morrow's tide must come they greeted the others with a hurrah. over the bank of sand there ; we must " Hurrah for the boys of T- -!” which close the opening between the two was replied to with energy,
" Hurrah mounds in one tide." for the B- boys !”
They looked doubtful, but said if I Nothing could be more friendly than led them they would do all that men their bearing towards each other.
could do. We mustered all the hands It was arranged that they should that we could. Horses, and carts too, came day prove which, B
or T- and drew stones along the sand below, could show the best men.
and work they did like madmen.