Images de page
PDF
ePub

DEVELOPMENT OF THE HARD MINERAL RESOURCES

OF THE DEEP SEABED

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON MINES AND MINING

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

NINETY-FIFTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

H.R. 3350
TO PROMOTE THE ORDERLY DEVELOPMENT OF HARD MIN-
ERAL RESOURCES IN THE DEEP SEABED, PENDING ADOPTION
OF AN INTERNATIONAL REGIME RELATING THERETO

AND

H.R. 3652
TO INSURE THE DEVELOPMENT OF UNITED STATES OCEAN
MINING CAPABILITIES AND TO SUPPORT THE CONTINUATION

OF THE LAW OF THE SEA CONFERENCE NEGOTIATIONS

HEARINGS HELD IN WASHINGTON, D.C.
MARCH 29, APRIL 4 AND 5, AND MAY 12, 1977

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS

House or REPRESENTATIVES

MORRIS K. UDALL, Arizona, Chairman PHILLIP BURTON, California

JOE SKUBITZ, Kansas, ROBERT W. KASTENMEIER, Wisconsin

Ranking Minority Member LLOYD MEEDS, Washington

DON H. CLAUSEN, California ABRAHAM KAZEN, JR., Texas

PHILIP E. RUPPE, Michigan TENO RONCALIO, Wyoming

MANUEL LUJAN, JR., New Mexico JONATHAN B. BINGHAM, New York

KEITH G. SEBELIUS, Kansas JOHN F. SEIBERLING, Ohio

DON YOUNG, Alaska HAROLD RUNNELS, New Mexico

ROBERT E, BAUMAN, Maryland ANTONIO BORJA WON PAT, Guam

STEVEN D. SYMMS, Idaho RON DE LUGO, Virgin Islands

JAMES P. (JIM) JOHNSON, Colorado • BOB ECKHARDT, Texas

ROBERT J. LAGOMARSINO, California GOODLOE E. BYRON, Maryland

DAN MARRIOTT, Utah JIM SANTINI, Nevada

RON MARLENEE, Montana PAUL E. TSONGAS, Massachusetts

ELDON RUDD, Arizona
JAMES WEAVER, Oregon

MICKEY EDWARDS, Oklahoma
BOB CARR, Michigan
GEORGE MILLER, California
THEODORE M. (TED) RISENHOOVER,

Oklahoma
JAMES J. FLORIO, New Jersey
DAWSON MATHIS, Georgia
PHILIP R. SHARP, Indiana
MATTHEW F. McHUGH, New York
JOHN KREBS, California
EDWARD J. MARKEY, Massachusetts
PETER H. KOSTMAYER, Pennsylvania
BALTASAR CORRADA, Puerto Rico
AUSTIN J. MURPHY, Pennsylvania
NICK JOE RAHALL II, West Virginia
BRUCE F. VENTO, Minnesota
JERRY HUCKABY, Louisana
LAMAR GUDGER, North Carolina

CHARLES CONKLIN, Staff Director

LEE McELVAIN, General Counsel
STANLEY SCOVILLE, Special Counsel
LOUIS STRIEGEL, Minority Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON MINES AND MINING

ABRAHAM KAZEN, JR., Texas, Chairman

JIM SANTINI, Nevada

PHILIP E. RUPPE, Michigan THEODORE M. (TED) RISENHOOVER, STEVEN D. SYMMS, Idaho Oklahoma

ELDON RUDD, Arizona
BOB ECKHARDT, Texas

DAN MARRIOTT, Utah
AUSTIN J. MURPHY, Pennsylvania
NICK JOE RAHALL II, West Virginia
JOHN F. SEIBERLING, Ohio
HAROLD RUNNELS, New Mexico
MORRIS K. UDALL, Arizona

THOMAS CAVANAUGH, Counsel

EVELYN BERTORELLO, Clerk
DALE NICHOLLS, Minority Counsel on Mines and Mining

(II)

CONTENTS

TUESDAY, MARCH 29, 1977

Statements:

Hodsoll, Frank, chief committee negotiator and director, Office of the

Law of the Sea, and vice chairman, Interagency Group for Law of

the Sea.-----

-- 56

Monday, APRIL 4, 1977

Statements:

Breaux, Hon. John B., a U.S. Representative from the State of Louisi-

ana; and chairman, Subcommittee on Oceanography, House Com-

mittee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries.---

Dubs, Marne A., director, ocean resouces department, Kennecott

Copper Corp-------

310

Ely, Northcutt, counsel, Deepsea Ventures, Inc., Gloucester Point, Va_-85, 250

Fraser, Hon. Donald M., a U.S. Representative from the State of

Minnesota; and congressional delegate to the United Nations Con-

ference on the Law of the Sea.-..

-----------99, 274

Greenwald, Richard J., special counsel, Deepsea Ventures, Inc.,

-

"! IwM

-------82, 238

Murphy, Hon. John M., a U.S. Representative from

U S Representative from the State of New

York; and chairman, House Committee on Merchant Marine and

Fisheries.----------------------------

------------68, 193

Welling, Conrad G., program manager of ocean mining, ocean systems,
Lockheed Missiles and Space Co., Sunnyvale, Calif.

285

TUESDAY, APRIL 5, 1977

Statements:

Bedell, Hon. Berkley, a U.S. Representative from the State of Iowa -- 140,

385

Charney, Jonathan I., professor, School of Law, Vanderbilt University.

336

Honkala, Adolf, Association of Professional Geoscientists -----

147

THURSDAY, May 12, 1977

Statements:

Davenport, Joan M., Assistant Secretary for Energy and Minerals,

U.S. Department of the Interior.----

178,

399

Pollock, Howard W., Deputy Administrator, National Oceanic and

Atmospheric Administration ----

422

Richardson, Elliot L., Ambassador-at-Large, and Special Representa-
tive of the President for the Law of the Sea Conference-

154,

389

APPENDIX

Prepared statements and additional material submitted for the hearing

record...

193

Summary of H.R. 3350.--

209

Section-by-section analysis of H.R. 3350..

212

Comparison of H.R. 4582 with H.R. 3652.

222

(III)

---------

DEVELOPMENT OF THE HARD MINERAL RESOURCES

OF THE DEEP SEABED

TUESDAY, MARCH 29, 1977

U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

SUBCOMMITTEE ON MINES AND MINING,
COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met at 10 a.m., pursuant to notice, room 2118, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Abraham Kazen, Jr. (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Mr. KAZEN. The Subcommittee on Mines and Mining will come to order.

Today, the subcommittee is starting hearings on bills dealing with the development of the hard mineral resources of the deep seabed. The two principal bills which have been referred to the subcommittee are H.R. 3350_introduced by Mr. Murphy of New York, and H.R. 3652–introduced by Mr. Fraser.

We will recognize Mr. Frank Hodsoll, Chief Committee I Negotiator, Office of the Director, Office of the Law of the Sea, Department of State, and Executive Director of the Intergovernmental Group for Law of the Sea.

Let me say that we have been advised that the administration has not yet formulated a position on the ocean mining bills which have been referred to us. They expect to have a firm position developed by the first part of May. We will ask for additional testimony on the part of the administration a little later on.

The position of those in the private sector who are interested in the development of hard minerals in the deep seabed seems to be well established, and we will hear from public witnesses at our next two meetings scheduled for April 4 and 5.

Development of the mineral resources of the sea which lie beyond the boundaries of any nation has been the subject of extensive international discussion and negotiation. Most of the negotiation has taken place at the Law of the Sea Conferences. Although efforts are continuing, no agreement has yet been reached on a treaty.

What has and will be happening at the Law of the Sea Conference has a very direct bearing on the legislation which the subcommittee will consider. Because of that, it is important that the members have an understanding of the Conference and its work, and of the present status of the treaty negotiations. Mr. Hodsoll will provide us with that information.

Mr. Hodsoll, we are happy to have you with us this morning. I am sorry we delayed you, but you see what problems the committee had this morning.

(1)

« PrécédentContinuer »