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v>^*-A* &- S. HBO. 98-141

CONTROLLING SPACE WEAPONS

HEARINGS (\ JUL 191323

BEFORE THE \>V .

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS
UNITED STATES SENATE

NINETY-EIGHTH CONGRESS

FIBST SESSION
ON

S. RES. 43

A RESOLUTION EXPRESSING THE SENSE OF THE SENATE
THAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES INVITE THE
SOVIET UNION TO NEGOTIATE A VERIFIABLE BAN ON ANTI-
SATELLITE WEAPONS AS A FIRST STEP TOWARD PROHIBIT-
ING AT.T, SPACE-BASED AND SPACE-DIRECTED WEAPONS

S.J. RES. 28

A JOINT RESOLUTION CALLING FOR IMMEDIATE NEGOTIA-
TIONS FOR A BAN ON WEAPONS OF ANY KIND IN SPACE

APRIL 14 AND MAY 18, 1983

Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Relations

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COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS

CHARLES H. PERCY, Illinois, Chairman

1 COWARD H. BAKER, Jr., Tennessee CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island

JESSE HELMS, North Carolina JOSEPH R. BIDEN, JR., Delaware

HICHARD Q. LUGAR, Indiana JOHN OLENN, Ohio
CHARLES McC. MATHIAS, Jr., Maryland PAUL S. SARBANES, Maryland

NANCY L. KASSEBAUM, Kansas EDWARD ZORINSKY, Nebraska

RUDY BOSCHWITZ, Minnesota PAUL E. TSONOAS, Massachusetts

LARRY PRESSLER, South Dakota ALAN CRANSTON, California

KRANK H. MURKOWSKI, Alaska CHRISTOPHER J. DODD, Connecticut

Edward Q. Sandirs, Staff Director
Gertld B. Christianson, Minority Staff Director

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April 14, 1983 1

May 18, 1983 71

Statement of—

Adelman, Hon. Kenneth L., Director, Arms Control and Disarmament

Agency 77

Deudney, Daniel, senior researcher, WorldWatch Institute, Washing-

ton, D.C 31

Garwin, Richard L., IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, adjunct

professor of physics, Columbia University, Andrew D. White

professor-at-large, Cornell University; adjunct research fellow,

Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Yorktown

Heights, N.Y 130

Gayler, Admiral Noel (USN, Ref.), former D'reetor, National Secu-

rity Agency; former Commander in Chief, U.S. Forces in the

Pacific; former Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (research and

development), Fairfax, Va 139

Gottfried, Kurt, director, Union of Concerned Scientists, Washington,

D.C 112

Graham, Lt. Gen. Daniel O., U.S. Army (Ret.), director, High Fron-

tier, Washington, D.C 29

Ikle, Hon. Fred. C, Under Secretary for Policy, Department of

Defense 100

Lodal, Jan M., former staff member, National Security Council,

Arlington, Va 16

Rathjens, George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, former
Deputy Director, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency,
West Newton, Mass 21

Rosin, Carol, president, Institute for Security and Cooperation in

Outer Space, Inc., Clarksville, Md 149

Insertions for the record:

Text of Senate Resolution 43 and Senate Joint Resolution 28 4

Excerpts from President Reagan's speech of March 23, 1982 10

Letter to Senator Pressler from former Secretary of State Dean Rusk,
dated June 1, 1983, concerning the arms race in outer space 11

Avoiding a crippling space-weapons race—reprinted from the Los
Angeles Times, January 6, 1983 12

Bar weapons in space—reprinted from the New York Times, Janu-
ary 13, 1983 13

Warning: Danger in space—reprinted from the New York Times,
April 11, 1983 14

Prepared statement of Jan M. Lodal 19

Biographical data of George Rathjens 21

Prepared statement of George Rathjens 24

Biographical data of Daniel Deudney 31

, Prepared statement of Daniel Deudney 34

Excerpted statement of Dr. Robert Cooper. Director, DARPA, before

the Senate Armed Services Committee, March 1982 49

Dr. Cooper's response to Senator Warner on the ABM Treaty 63

No, Mr. Reagan, it won't work—reprinted from the Washington Post,

March 27, 1983 57

Reagan's new idea—what about it?—reprinted from the Washington

Post, March 27, 1983 W

It may be plausible—and it may be ineffective—reprinted from the

v Washington Post, March 27, 1983. 60

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Insertions for the record—Continued p*««

An expensive technological risk—reprinted from the Washington Post,

March 27, 1983 82

100 percent defense? Hardly—reprinted from the Washington Post, March 27, 1983 63

Excerpts from Secretary of State William Rogers' letter transmitting

the ABM Treaty to President Richard Nixon (June 1972) 64

Excerpt of statement by Secretary of State William Rogers before the

Senate Foreign Relations Committee (June 1972) 68

Excerpt of statement by Ambassador Gerard Smith, before the Senate

Armed Services Committee (June 1972) 68

Heading off bad space policies—reprinted from the Christian Science

Monitor, April 19, 1983 73

Prepared statement of Hon. Paul E. Tsongas 75

Prepared statement of Hon. Kenneth L. Adelman 82

The hole in Andropov's Space-Weapons Treaty, a letter to the editor, by Senator Pressler—reprinted from the New York Times, May 8,

1983 87

Prepared statement of Hon. Fred C. Ikle 102

Prepared statement of Kurt Gottfried and the report of the Union of

Concerned Scientists 114

Biographical data of Richard L. Garwin 129

Prepared statement of Richard L. Garwin 132

Scientists fault charges of Soviet cheating—reprinted from Science,

May 13, 1983 145

Prepared statement of Carol Rosin 152

ACDA's responses to additional questions submitted for the record 160

Dr. Gottfried, Admiral Gayler and Dr. Garwin's responses to additional questions submitted for the record 163

Appendix:

War and peace in the space age—address to the U.N. Committee on
Disarmament, Geneva, September 31, 1962, by Arthur C. Clark,

chancellor, University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka 167

The High Frontier proposal: a CDI Critique 171

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