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R. 14. How doth God execute his decrees?

Ā. God executeth his decrees in the works of creation and providence, according to his infallible fore-knowledge and the free and immutable counsel of his own will (ž).

Q: 15. What is the work of creation?

A. The work of creation is that wherein God did in the beginning, by the word of his power, make of nothing the world and all things therein for himself, within the space of six days, and all very good (a).

Q. 16. How did God create angels?

A. God created all the angels (b), spirits (c), immortal (d), holy (e), excelling in knowledge (f), mighty in power (g); to execute his commandments, and to :

same lump to make one vessel Prov. 16. 4. The Lord hath made. unto honor, and another unto dis. all things for himself; yea, even honor? What if God, willing to the wicked for the day of evil. shew his wrath, and to make his (6) Col. 1. 16. For by him power known, endured, with were all things created that are much long-suffering, the vessels in heaven, and that are in earth, of wrath fitted to destruction ? visible and invisible, whether they Mat. 11. 25. At that time Jesus be thrones, or dominions, or prin. answered and said, I thank thee, cipalities, or powers : all things O Father, Lord of heaven and were created by him, and for him. earth, because thou hast hid these (c) Psalm 104. 4. Who mathings from the wise and prudent, keth his angels spirits ; his miand bast revealed them unto nisters a flaming fire. babes. v. 26. Even so, Father; (d) Matt. 22. 30. For in the for so it seeined good in thy sight.. resurrection they neither marry, Jude 4. For there are certain norare given in marriage; but are men crept in unawares, who as the angels of God in heaven. were before of old ordained to (e) Mat. 25. 31. When the this condemnation, ungodly men, Son of man shall come in his glo. turning the grace of our God in- ry, and all the holy angels witla to lasciviousness, and denying him, then shall he sit upon the the only Lord God, and our Lord throne of his glory. Jesus Christ.

(f) 2 Samuel 14. 17. Then (2) Eph. 1. 11. In whom also thine handmaid said, The word we have obtained an inheritance, of my Lord the King shall now being predestinated according to be comfortable : for as an angel the purpose of him who worketh of God, so is my Lord the King all things after the counsel of his to discern good and bad : there own will.

fore the Lord thy God will be (a) (Gen. 1 chapter.) Heb. with thee. 11. 3. Through faith we under- (g) 2 Thess. 1.7. And to stand that the worlds were fra you who are troubled, rest with med by the word of God, so that us, when the Lord Jesus shall things which are seen were not be revealed from heaven, inade of things which do appear. his mighty angels.

praise his naine (h), yet subject to change (0). .,

Q. 17. How did God create man?

A. After God had made all other creatures, he created man male and female (!); formed the body of the man of the dust of the ground (1), and the woman of the rib of the man(m); endued them with living, reasonable and immortal sculs (n); made them after his own image (0), in knowledge (P), righteousness and holiness (q); having the law of God written in their hearts (r), and power to fulfil it (8), with dominion over the creatures (t); yet subject to fall (o).

(h) Psalm 103. 20. Bless the kill the body, but are not able to Lord, ye his angels, that excel in kill'the soul: but rather fear him strength, that do his eommand- which is able to destroy both soul ments, hearkening unto the voice and body in hell. of his word.

ro) Gen. 1:27. So God crea. (i) 2 Peter 2. 4. For if God ted man in his own image, in the spared not the angels that sin- image of God created he him : ned, but cast them down to hell, male and female created he and delivered them into chains them. of darkness, to be reserved unto (P) Col. 3. 10. And have put judgment.

on the new man, which is renews ik) Gen. 1.27. So Cod crea ed in knowledge, after the image ted man in his own image, in of him that created him. the image of God created he (9) Eph. 4. 24. And that ye him: male and female created put on the new man, which after he them.

God is created in righteousness ri) Gen. 2.7. And the Lord and true holiness. God formed man of the dust of (r) Rom. 2. 14, 15, For when the ground, and breathed into the Gentiles, who haye not the his nostrils the breath of life. law, do by nature the things ,con

(m) Gen. 2. 22. And the rib, tained in the law, these having not which the Lord God had taken the law, are a law unto themfrom man, made he a woman, Selves: Which show the work of and brought her unto the man. the law written in their hearts.

An) Gen. 2.7. And the Lord (8) Eccl. 7. 29. Lo, this only God formed man of the dust of have I found, that God hath made the ground, and breathed into man upright; but they have his nostrils the breath of life : sought out many inventions.. and man became a living soul.

Gen. 1.28, And God blessCompared with Job 35. 11. Who ed them, and God said unto then, teacheth us more than the beasts Be fruitful, and multiply, and reof the earth, and maketh us wiser plenish the earth, and subdue it; than the fowls of heaven. And and have dominion over the fish with Eccl. 12. 7. Then shall the of the gea, and over the fowl dust return to the earth as it was: of the air, and over every liv. and the spirit shall return unto ing thing that moveth upon the God who gave it. And with Mat. earth. 10.28. And fear not them wlucha ra) Gen. 3. 6. And when the

· R. 18. What are God'e works of providence ? :

A. God's works of providence are his most holy (v), wise (x), and powerful preserving (y), and governing all his creatures (2); ordering them, and all their actions (a), to his own glory (b).

Q. 19. What is God's providence towards the angels?

A. God, by his providence, permitted some of the angels, wilfully and irrecoverably, to fall into sin and damnation (C), limiting and ordering that, and all their sins to his own glory (d); and established the rest in holiness and happiness (e); employing them all (f); at his pleasure, in the administrations of his power, mercy and justice (g).

Q. 20. What was the providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created ?

A. The providence of God toward man in the estate in woman saw that the tree was good (c) Jude 6. And the angels for food, and that it was pleasant to which kept not their first estate, the eyes, and a tree to be desired but left their own habitation, he to make one wise; she took of hath reserved in everlasting the fruit thereof, and did eat, and chains under darkness, unto the gave also unto her husband with judgment of the great day. her; and he did eat. Eccl. 7. 29. d) Job 1. 12. And the Lord Lo, this only have I found, that said unto Satan, Behold, all that God hath made man upright"; he hath is in thy power, only but they have sought out many upon himself put not forth thine inventions.

hand. So Satan went forth from (w) Psal, 145. 17. The Lord the presence of the Lord. is righteous in all his ways, and re) 1 Tim. 5, 21. I charge thee holy in all his works..

before God, and the Lord Jesus ( x) Psal. 104. 24. O Lord, Christ, and the elect angels, that how manifold are thy works! in thou observe these things without wisdom hast thou made them all. preferring one before another,

(y) Heb. 1. 3. Upholding all doing nothing by partiality. things by the word of his power. (f) Psalm. 104. 4. Who ma

(2)Psal. 103. 19. The Lord keth his angels spirits ; his minis. hath prepared his throne in the ters a flaming fire. heavens; and his kingdom ruleth & 2 Kings 19. 35. And it over all.

came to pass that night, that the ra) Mat. 10. 29. 30. Are not angel of the Lord went out and two sparrows sold for a farthing? smote in the camp of the Assyriand one of them shall not fall on ans án hundred fourscore and five the ground without your Father. thousand : and when they arose But the very hairs of your head early in the morning, behold they are all numbered.

were all dead corpses. Heb 1. 14. (6) Rom. 11. 36. For of him, Are they not ali ministering and through him, and to him, are spirits, sert forth to minister for all things, to whom be glory for them who shall be heirs of Galyaeyer, Amen.

tion.

which he was created, was, the placing him in paradise, appointing him to dress it, giving him liberty to eat of the fruit of the earth (h), putting the creatures under his dominion (i), and ordaining marriage for his help(K); affording him communion with himself (1), instituting the sabbath (m), entering into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of personal, perfect, and perpetual obedience (n), of which the tree of life was a pledge(o); and forbidding to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon pain of death (p).

Q. 21. Did man continue in that estate wherein God at . first created him ?

A. Our first parents being left to the freedom of their own will, through the temptation of Satan transgressed the commandment of God, in eating the forbidden fruit ; and thereby fell from the estate of innocency wherein they were created (9).

(h) Gen. 2. 8. 13. 16. And the the Lord God walking in the Lord God planted a garden east- garden in the cool of the day : ward in Eden; and there he put and Adam and his wife hid them. the man whom he had formed. selves from the presence of the And the Lord God took the man Lord God amongst the trees of and put him into the garden of the garden. Eden, to dress it, and to keep it. rm Gen. 2. 3. And God

And, the Lord God commanded blessed the seventh day, and • the man, saying, Of every tree of sanctified it: because that in it :

the garden thou mayest freely eat. he had rested from all his work, i () Gen. 1. 28. And God bless- which God created and made,

ed them, and God said unto them, rn Rom. ro. 5. For MoEe fruitful and multiply, and re- ses describeth the righteousness plenish the earth, and subdue it: which is of the law, That the and have dominion over the fish man which doeth these things of the sea, and over the fowl shall live by them. of the air, and over every living ro) Gen. 2. 9. And out of thing that moveth upon the earth. the ground made the Lord God

(1) Gen. 2. 18. And the Lord to grow every tree that is pleaGod said, It is not good that the sant to the sight, and good for man should be alone : I will make food : the tree of life also in the him an help meet for him

midst of the garden, and the tree (1) Gen. 1. 29. And God said, of knowledge of good and evil. Behold, I have given you every co Gen. 2. 17. But of the herb bearing seed, which is upon tree of the knowledge of good the face of all the earth, and and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: every tree in the which is the for in the day that thou eatest fruit' af a tree yielding seed: to thereof, thou shalt surely die. you it shall be for meat. Gen. 3. ) Gen. 3. 6. 13. And when 8. And they heard the voice of the woman saw that the tree was

R. 22. Did all mankind fall in that first transgression

A. The covenant being made with Adam, as a public person, not for himself only, but for his posterity; all mankind descending from him by ordinary generation (r), sinned in him, and fell with him in that first transgression (s).

Q. 23. Into what estate did the fall bring mankind? - Ă. The fall brought mankind into an estate of sin and misery (t).

Q. 24. What is sin? Ā. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression ef any law of God, given as a rule to the reasonable creature (v).

Q. 25. Wherein consisteth the sinfulness of that esiale whereinto man fell?

1. The sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fel! consisteth in the guilt of Adam's first sin (w), the want of that righteousness wherein he was created, and the corruption of his nature, whereby he is utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite unto all that is spiritually good, and wholly inclined to all evil, and that conti

good for food, and that it was the bounds of their habitation : pleasant to the eyes, and a tree ro Gen. 2. 16. And the to be desired to make one wise ; Lord God commanded the man, she took of the fruit thereof, and saying, of every tree of the gardid eat, and gave also unto her den thou mayest freely eat: v. husband with her; and he did 17. But of the tree of the knoweat. And the Lord God said unto · ledge of good and evil, thou shalt the woman, What is this that not eat of it: for in the day that thou hast done? And the woman thou eatest thereof, thou shalt said, T'he serpent beguiled me, surely die. (Compared with Rom. and I did eat. Eccl. 7. 29. Lo, 5. 19, 20.) this only have I found, that God re) Rom. 5. 12. Wherefore, made man upright; but they as by one man sin entered into the have sought out many inventions. world, and death by sin ;' and so 2 Cor. 11. 3. But I fear lest by death passed upon all men, for anyimeans, as the serpent beguil- that all have sinned. Rom. 3. 23. ed Eve through his subtilty, 80 For all have sinned, and come your minds should be corrupted short of the glory of God. from the simplicity that is in ru ) 1 John 3. 4. Whosoever Christ.

coinmitteth sin transgresseth also ir) Acts 17. 28. And hath the law : for sin is the transgresmade of one blood all nations of sion of the law. . men for to dwell on all the face cu) Rom. 5. 19. By one of the earth, and hath determined man's disobedience many were: the times before appointed, and made sinners.

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