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- envying the gifts (V), grieving at the advancement or
prosperity one of another (W); and usurping pre-eminence one over another (X).
Q. 133. What is the reason annexed to the fifth commandment, the more to enforce it ?
A. The reason annexed to the fifth commandment, in these words, That thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee (y), is an express promise of long life and prosperity, as far as it shall serve for God's glory and their own good, to all such as keep this commandment (z).
Q. 134. Which is the sixth commandment?
Q. 135. What are the duties required in the sixth commandment ?
A. The duties required in the sixth commandment are, all careful studies, and lawful endeavours, to preserve the life of ourselves (b) and others (C), by resisting all
ro) Acts 7. 9. And the patri- among them, receiveth us not. archs, moved with envy, sold Luke 22. 24. And there was also Joseph into Egypt ; but God was a strife among them, which of with him. Gal. 5. 26. Let us not them should be accounted the be desirous of vain-glory, provo- greatest. king one another, envying one an- Cy) Exodus 20. 12. other.
(2) Deut. 5. 16. Honour thy (w) Numb. 12 2. And they father and thy mother, as the said, Hath the Lord indeed spöLord thy God hath commanded ken only by Moses ? hath he not thee, that thy days may be prospoken also by us? and the Lord longred, and that it may go well heard it. Esther 6. 12, 13. And with thee, in the land which the Mordecai came again to the king's Lord thy God giveth thee. Eph. gate : but Haman hasted to his 6. 2. Honour thy father and mohouse, mourning, and having his ther (which is the first commandhead covered. And Haman told ment with promise), v. 3. That Zeresh his wife, and all his friends, it may be well with thee, and thou every thing that had befallen him. mayest live long on the earth. Then said his wise men, and Ze. a) Exodus 20. 13. resh his wife unto him, If Morde- 16) Eph. 5. 28. Su ought men cai be of the seed of the Jews, to love their wives, as their own before whom thou hast begun to bodies : he that loveth his wife fall, thou shalt not prevail against loveth himself. v. 29. For no man him, but shalt surely fall, before ever yet hated his own fiesh , but him.
nourisheth and cherisheth it, even rx) 3 John 9. I wrote unto as the Lord the church. the church : but Diotrephes, who (o) 1 Kings 18. 4. For it was loveth to have the pre-eminence sn. when Jezebel cut off the pro
thoughts and purposes (d), subduing all passions (e), and avoiding all occasions (f), temptations (8), and practices, which tend to the unjust taking away the life of any (h), by just defence thereof against violence (i); patient bearing of the hand of God (k); quietness of mind (1), cheerfulness of spirit (m), a sober use of meat (n), drink (o), physic (p), sleep (9), labour (r) and recreations (8); by
phets of the Lord, that Obadiah them that are drawn unto death, took an hundred prophets, and and those that are ready to be hid them by fifty in a cave, and slain. fed them with bread and water. (
k James 5. 7. Be patient (d) Jer. 26. 15. But know therefore, brethren, unto the ye for certain, that if ye put me coming of the Lord. Behold, the to death, ye shall surely bring in- husbandman waiteth for the prenocent blood upon yourselves, and cious fruit of the earth, and hath upon this city, and upon the in- long patience for it, until he rehabitants thereof.
ceive the early and latter rain. (e) Eph. 4. 26. Be ye angry, ( i Thess. 4. 11. And that and sin not: let not the sun go ye study to be quiet, and to do down upon your wrath : v. 27. your own business, and to work Neither give place to the devil. with your own hands, as we com
(f) 2 Sam. 2. 22. And Abner manded you. said again to Asahel, Turn thee (m) Prov. 17. 22. A merry aside from following me : where- heart doth good like a medicine; fore should I smite thee to the but a broken spirit drieth the ground ? Deut. 22. 8. When thou bones. buildest a new house, then thou (1) Prov. 25. 16. Hast thou shalt make a battlement for thy found honey ? eat so much as is roof, that thou bring not blood up- sufficient for thee, lest thou be on thine house, if any man fall filled therewith, and vomit it. from thence.
ro) 1 Tim. 5. 23. Drink no (g) Mat. 4. 6, 7. And saith longer water, but use a little wine unto him, If thou be the Son of for thy stomach's sake, and thine God, cast thyself down: Jesus often infirmities. said unto him, It is written again,
Isa. 38. 21. For Isaiai, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord had said, Let them take a lump thy God.
of figs, and lay it for a plaister up(h) 1 Sam. 24. 12. The Lord on the boil, and he shall recover. judge between me and thee, and C Psalms 127.2. It is vain the Lord avenge me of thee; but for you to rise up early, to sit up mine hand shall not be upon thee. late, to eat the bread of sorrows; 1 Sam. 26. 9. And David said to for so he giveth his beloved sleep. Abishai, destroy him not: for who (r) Eccl. 5. 12. The sleep of a can stretch forth his hand against labouring man is sweet, whether the Lord's anointed, and be guilt. he eat little or much : but the less?
abundance of the rich will not ri) Psal. 82. 4. Deliver the suffer him to sleep. poor and needs : rid them out of (s) Eccl. 3. 4. 11. A time to the hand of the wicked. Prov. weep, and a time to laugh ; a 24. 11. If thou forbear to deliver time to mourn, and a time to
charitable thoughts (t), love (V), compassion (n), meekness, gentleness, kindness (x), peaceable (y), mild and courteous.speeches and behaviour (z); forbearance, readipess to be reconciled, patient bearing and forgiving of injuries, and requiting good for evil (a); comforting and succouring the distressed, and protecting and defending the innocent (b).
Q. 136. What are the sins forbidden in the sixth commandment?
A. The sins forbidden in the sixth commandment are,
dance. He hath made every thing wisdom that is from above, is first beautiful in his time : also he hath pure, then peaceable, gentle, and set the world in their heart. easy to be intreated, full of mercy
(t) 1 Samuel 19. 4, 5. And and good fruits, without partiality, Jonathan spake good of David un- and without hypocrisy. to Saul his father, and said unto (2) 1 Pet. 3. 8, 9. Finally, him, Let not the king sin against be ye all of one mind, having his servant. For he did put his compassion one of another, love life in his hand, and slew the Phi- as brethren, be pitiful, he courte. listine, and the Lord wrought a ous: Not rendering evil for evil, great salvation for all Israel : thou or railing for railing : but contrasawestit, and didst rejoice: where- riwise, blessing ; knowing that ye fore then wilt thou sin against in- are thereunto called, that ye nocent blood, to slay David withshould inherit a blessing out a causc ?"
ra) Mat. 5. 24. Leave there (0) Rom. 13. 10. Love work thy gift before the altar, and go eth no ill to his neighbour: there thy way; first be reconciled to fore love is the fulfilling of the thy brother, and then come and law.
offer thy gift. Epb. 4. 2. 32. With rwo) Luke 10. 33, 34. But a all lowliness and meekness, with certain Samaritan, as he journey- long-suffering, forbearing one an. ed, came where he was : and other in love. And be ye kind one when he saw him, he had com- to another, tender-hearted, forpassion on him, And went to him, giving one another, even as God and bound up his wounds, pouring for Christ's sake hath forgiven in oil and wine, and set him on you. Rom. 12. 17. Recompense his own beast, and brought him to io no man evil for evil. an inn, and took care of him. (b) 1 Thess. 5. 14. Now we
Cor) Col. 3. 12, 13. Put on exhort you, brethren, warn them therefore (as the elect of God, that are unruly, comfort the holy and beloved) bowels of mer feeble-minded, support the weak, cies, kindness, humbleness of be patient toward all men. Job mind, meekness, long-suffering : 31. 19, 20. If I have seen any Forbearing one another, and for perish for want of clothing, or giving one another, if any man any poor without covering; If his have a quarrel against any : even loias have not blessed me, and if * as Christ forgave you, so also do he were not warmed with the ye.
ilcece of my sheep. cyj James 3. 17. But the
all taking away the life of ourselves (c), or of others (d), except in case of public justice (e), lawful war (f), or necessary defence(g); the neglecting or withdrawing the lawful and necessary means of preservation of life (h); sin-, ful anger (i), hatred (k), envy (1), desire of revenge (m); all excessive passions (n), distracting cares (0); immoderate use of meat, drink (p), labour (9), and recrea
(c) Acts 16. 28. But Paul gave me no drink : I was a strancried with a loud voice, saying, ger, and ye took me not in: naDo thyself no harm; for we are ked, and ye clothed me not: sick, all here.
and in prison, and ye visited me (d) Gen. 9. 6. Whoso shed- not. deth man's blood, by man shall (i) Mat. 5. 22. But I say unto his blood be shed : for in the im- you, That whosoever is angry age of God made he man
with his brother without a cause, re) Numb. 35. 31. 33. More shall be in danger of the judga over, ye shall take no satisfaction ment: and whosoever shali say for the life of a murderer, which to his brother, Raca, shall be in is guilty of death ; but he shall danger of the council : but whobe surely put to death. So ye soever shall say, Thou fool, shall shall not pollute the land wherein be in danger of hell-fire. ye are ; for blood it defileth the (k) 1 John 3. 15. Whosoever land: and the land cannot be hatcth his brother, is a murderer; cleansed of the blood that is shed and ye know that no murderer therein, but by the blood of him hath eternal life abiding in him. that shed it.
Lev. 19, 17. Thou shalt not bate Cf) Jer. 48. 10. Cursed be he thy brother in thine heart; thou that doeth the work of the Lord shalt in any wise rebuke thy deceitfully, and cursed be he that neighbour, and not suffer sin upon keepeth back his sword from him. blood. Deut. 20. 1. When thou (I Prov. 14. 30. A sound goest out to battle against thine heart is the life of the flesh : but enemies, and seest horses and envy the rottenness of the bones. chariots, and a people more than (m Rom. 12. 19. Dearly be thou, be not afraid of them : for loved, avenge not yourselves, but the Lord thy God is with thee, rather give place unto wrath : for which brought thee up out of the it is written, Vengeance is mine : land of Egypt, &c.
I will repay, saith the Lord. . (g) Exodus 22. 2. If a thief (1) Eph. 4. 31. Let all bitterbe found breaking up, and be ness, and wrath, and anger, and smitten that he die, there shall no clamour, and evil-speaking, be blood be shed for him. v. 3. If put away from you, with all ma. the sun be risen upon him, there lice. shall be blood shed for him ; for r o) Mat. 6. 31. Therefore he should make full restitution : take no thought, saying, What if he have nothing, then he shall shall we eat? or what shall we be sold for his t
drink? or wherewithal shall we (h) Mat. 25. 42, 43. For I be clothed ? was an hungered, and ye gave me cp) Luke 21. 34. And take no meat; I was thirsty, and ye heed to yourselves, lest at any
tions (r); provoking words (s), oppression (1), quarrelJing (v), striking, wounding (w), and whatsoever else tends to the destruction of the life of any (x).
Q. 137. Which is the seventh commandinent ?
A. The seventh commandment is, Thou shalt not commit adultery (y)?
Q. 138. What are the duties required in the seventh commandment ?
A. The duties required in the seventh commandment are, chastity in body, mind, affections (z), words (a), and
time your hearts he overcharged he shall die in his iniquity. Exod. with surfeiting, and drunkenness, 1. 14. And they made their and cares of this life, and so that lives bitter with hard bondage, day come upon you unawares. in mortar, and in brick, and Rom. 13. 13. Let us walk honest- in all manner of service in the ly as in the day; not in rioting field; all their service wherein and drunkenness, not in chamber- they made them serve, was with ing and wantonness, not in strife rigour. and envying.
(0) Gal. 5. 15. But if ye bite (9) Eccl. 12. 12. And further, and devour one another, take by these, my son, be admonished: heed that ve be not consumed one of making many books there is of another. Prov. 23. 29. Who no end, and much study is a hath wo? who hath sorrow? who weariness of the fesh. Eccl. 2. hath contentions? who hath babe 22, 23. For what hath man of all bling? who hath wounds without his labour, and of the vexation of cause. his heart wherein he hath la. (w Numb. 35. 16, 21. And if boured under the sun ? For all he smite him with an instrument his days are sorrows, and his tra- of iron, (so that he die) he is a vail grief; yea, his heart taketh murderer: the murderer shall not rest in the night, This is also surely be put to death. Or in en. vanity.
mity smite him with his hand, (1.) Isa. 5. 12. And the harp that he die : he that smote him and the viol, the tabret and pipe, shall surely be put to death ; for and wine are in their feasts ; but he is a murderer; the revenger they regard not the work of the of blood shall slay the murderer, Lord, neither consider the opera- when he meeteth him. tion of his hands.
( x) Exod. 21. from verse 18 (8) Prov. 15. 1. A soft answer to the end. (Containing laws for turneth away wrath : but grievous smiters, for an hurt by chance, words stir up anger. Prov. 12. for an ox that goreth, and for him 18. There is that speaketh like that is an occasion of harm.) the piercings of a sword : but the cy) Exodus 20. 14. tongue of the wise is health. (2) 1 Thes. 4. 4. That every
(t) Ezek. 18. 18. As for his one of you should know how to father, because he cruelly op- possess his vessel in sanctification pressed, spoiled his brother by and honour. Job. 31. 1. I made violence, and did that which is not a covenant with mine eyes; why good among his people, lo, even then should I think upon a maid?