is all due reverence in heart (1), word (m), and behaviour (n); prayer and thanksgiving for them (o); imitation of their virtues and graces (p); willing obedience to their lawful commands and counsels (9); due submission to their corrections (r); fidelity to (8), defence (t), and maintenance of their persons and authority, according to their several ranks, and the nature of their places (v);


brotherly love ; in honour preter- ance of man for the Lord's sake : ring one another.

whether it be to the king, as su1) Mal. 1. 6. A son honour preme: Or unto governors, as eth his father, and a servant his unto them that are sent by him master; if then I be a father, for the punishment of evil-doers, where is mine honour ? and if and for the praise of them that I be a master, where is my do well. Heb. 13. 17. Obey them fear.

that have the rule over you, and cm) Prov: 31. 28. Her chil- submit yourselves : for they watch dren arise up, and call her blessed, for your souls, as they that must her husband also, and he praiseth give account: that they may do it her. 1 Pet. 3. 6. Even as Sarah with joy, and not with grief; for obeyed Abraham, calling him that is unprofitable for yon. lord: whose daughters ye are as (r) Heb. 12. 9. Furthermore, long as ye do well, and are not we have had fathers of our flesh, afraid with any amazement. which corrected us, and we gave

re) Lev. 19. 32. Thou shalt them reverence. rise up before the hoary head, (s) Titus 2. 9. Exhort ser. and honour the face of the old vants to be obedient unto their man, and fear thy God; I am the own masters, and to please them

well in all things ; not answering CO) 1 Tim. 2. 1, 2. I exhort, again. therefore, that first of all, suppli- (t) Esther 6. 2. And it was cations, prayers, intercessions, found written, that Mordecai bad and giving of thanks be made for told of Bigthana and Teresh, two all men : For kings, and for all of the king's chamberlains, the that are in authority : that we keepers of the door, who sought may lead a quiet and peaceable to tay hand on the king Ahasulife in all godliness and honesty. erus.

cp) Heb. 13. 7. Remember * ro Rom. 13. 6, 7. For, for them which have the rule over this cause pay you tribute also ; you, who have spoken unto you for they are God's ministers, atthe word of God: whose 'faith tending continually upon this very follow, considering the end of thing. Render therefore to all their conversation. Phil. 3. 17. their dues : tribute to whom tri. Brethren, be followers together bute is due, custom to whom cusof me, and mark them which tom, fear to whom fear, honour walk so, as ye have us for an en- to whom honour. Gal. 6. 6. Let sample.

him that is taught in the word · (9) Eph, 6. 1. Children, obey communicate unto him that teachyour parents in the Lord : for eth in all good things. Gen. 47. this is right, 1 Peter 2. 13, 14. 12. And Joseph nourished his Submit yourselves to every ordin- father, and his brethren, and all bearing with their infirmities, and covering them in love (w), that so they may be an honour to them and to their government (x).

Q. 128. What are the sins of inferiors against their superiors ?

A. The sins of inferiors against their superiors, are all neglect of the duties required toward them (y); envying at(z), contempt of (a), and rebellion (b), against their persons (c), and places (d), in their lawful counsels (e), commands, and corrections (f); cursing, mocking (g), and all such refractory and scandalous carriage, as proves a shame and dishonour to them and their government (h).


his father's household with bread, (d) 1 Sam. 10. 27. But the according to their families,

children of Belial said, How shall (w) 1 Pet 2. 18. Servants, this man save us and they debe subject to your masters with spised him, and brought him Qil fear; not only to the good and no presents : but he held his gentle, but also to the froward. peace.

roc Psal. 127. 3. Lo, chile (e) 1 Sam. 2. 25.--Notwitbdren are an heritage of the Lord. standing they (viz. the sons of Prov. 31. 23. Her husband is Eli) hearkened not unto the voice known in the gates, when he sit- of their father, because the Lord teth among the elders of the land, would slay them..

(w Matthew 15.4. For God, (f) Deut. 21.18, 19. If a man commanded, saying, Honour thy have a stubborn and rebellious sen, father and mother; and, He that which will not obey the voice of curseth father or mother, let him his father, or the voice of his modie the death.

ther, and that, when they have (2) Numb. 11. 28. And Joshua chastened him, will not hearken the son of Nun, the servant of unto them: Then shall his father Moses, one of his young men, and his mother lay hold on him, answered and said, My Lord Mo- and bring him out unto the eklers ses, forbid them.

of the city, and unto the gate of ra) 1 Samuel 8. 7. And, the his place." Lord said unto Samuel, Hearken (9) Prov. 30. 11. 17. There is unto the voice of the people in all a generation that curseth their that they say unto thee : for they father, and doth not bless their have not rejected thee, but they mother. The eye that mocketh have rejected me, that I should at his father, and despiseth to not reign over them.

obey his mother, the ravens of (b) 2 Sam. 15. from 1-12. the valley shall pick it out, and And it came to pass after this, the young eagles shall eat it. that Absalom prepared him cha- (h) Prov. 19. 26. lie that riots, and horses, &c.

wasteth his father, and chaseth (c) Exod. 21. 15. And he away his mother, is a son that that smiteth his father, or his causeth shame, and bringeth romother, shall surely be put to proach. death.

Q. 129. What is required of superiors towards their inferiors ?

A. It is required of superiors, according to that power they receive from God, and that relation wherein they stand, to love (i), pray for (k), and bless their inferiors (0), to instruct (m), counsel and admonish them (n); countenancing (0), commending (p), and rewarding such as do well (9), and discountenancing (r), reproving, and chastising such as do ill (s); protecting (t), and providing for them all things necessary for soul (V) and body (wo),

pi) Col. 3. 19. Husbands, love of evil doers, and for the praise your wives, and be not bitter of them that do well. Rom, 13. against them. Tit. 2. 4. That 3. For rulers are not a terror to they may teach the young women good works, but to the evil. Wilt to be sober, to love their husbands, thou then not be afraid of the to love their children.

power? Do that which is good, and (k) 1 Sam. 12. 23. Moreover, thou shalt have praise of the as for me, God forbid that I same. should sin against the Lord, in raEsth. 6. 3. And the king ceasing to pray for you: but I said, what honour and dignity hath will teach you the good and the been done to Mordecai for this? right way."

Then said the king's servants that ri) i Kings 8. 55. And he ministered unto him, There is stood, and blessed all the congre- nothing done for him. gation of Israel, with a loud voice, rr) Rom. 13. 3. For rulers

(m) Deut. 6. 6,7. And these are not a terror to good works, words which I command thee this but to the evil. Wilt thou then day, shall be in thine heart. And not be afraid of the power? Do

thou shalt teach them diligently that which is good and thou shalt • unto thy children, and shalt talk have praise of the same.

of them when thou sittest in thine (8) Prov. 29. 15. The rod house, and when thou walkest by and reproof give wisdom : but a the way, and when thou liest child left to himself bringeth his down, and when thou risest up. mother to shame. 1 Peter 2. 14.

(n) Eph. 6. 4. And ye fathers, (See above, letter p.) provoke not your children to r t Job 29. 12, 13. Because wrath : but bring them up in the I delivered the poor that cried, nurture and admonition of the and the fatherless, and him that Lord,

had none to help him, The blessro) 1 Pet. 3. 7. Likewise, ye ing of him that was ready to husbands, dwell with them accord- perish came upon me, ing to knowledge, giving honour (v) Eph. 6.4. And ye fathers, unto the wife as unto the weaker provoke not your children to vessel, and as being heirs together wrath : but bring them up in the of the grace of life; that your nurture and admonition of the pravers be not hindered.

Lord. * cp) 1 Peter 2. 14. Or unto ( w ) 1 Tim, 5. 8. But if any governors, as unto them that are provide not for h sont hy him for the punishment pecially for those of his own house,

at are provide not for 2: 8. But if any

own, and es

and by grave, wise holy, and exemplary carriage, to procure glory to God (x), honour to themselves (y), and so to preserve that authority which God hath put upon them (x).

Q. 130. What are the sins of superiors ?

A. The sins of superiors are, beside the neglect of the duties required of them (a), an inordinate seeking of themselves (b), their own glory (c), ease, profit, or pleasure (d); commanding things unlawful (e), or not in the power of inferiors to perform (f); counselling (g), encouraging (h), or favouring them in that which is evil(i); dissuading, discouraging, or discountenancing them in

he hath denied the faith, and is down, loving to slumber. Yea, worse than an infidel.

they are greedy dogs, which can (3) 1 Tim. 4. 12. Let no man never have enough, and they are despise thy youth, but be thou an shepherds that cannot understand: example of the believers, in word, they al} look to their ow in conversation, in charity, in every one for his gain, from his spirit, in faith, in purity.

quarter. :) 1 Kings 3. 28. And all . (e) Acts 4. 18. And they called Israel heard of the judgment them, and commanded them not which the King had judged, and to speak at all, nor teach in the they feared the King: for they name of Jesus. saw that the wisdom of God was (f) Exodus 5, from verse 10 in him, to do judgment.

to the 18. And the task-masters (z) Tit. 2. 15. These things of the people went out, and their speak and exhort, and rebuke officers, and they spake to the with all authority. Let no man people, saying, Thus saith Phadespise thee.

raoh, I will not give you straw. (a) Ezek. 34. 2. Son of man, rấ) Mat. 14. 8. And she, prophesy against the shepherds of being before instructed of her Israel ; prophesy and say unto mother, said, Give me here John them, Thus saith the Lord God Baptist's head in a charger. unto the shepherds, Wo be to the Ch) 2 Sam. 13. 28. Now Abshepherds of Israel that do feed salom had commanded his serthemselves : should not the shep- vants, saying, Mark ye now when herds feed the flocks?

Amnon's heart is merry with (6) Phil. 2. 21. For all seek wine, and when I say unto you. their own, not the things which Smite Amnon, then kill him, fear are Jesus Christ's.

not: have not I commanded you ! ro) John 5. 44. How can ye be courageous, and be valiant. believe which receive honour one r i 1 Sam. 3. 13. For I have of another, and seek not the ho told him, that I will judge his nour that cometh from God only ? house for ever, for the iniquity

(d) Isa. 56. 10, 11. His watch- which he knoweth ; because his men are blind : they are all igno- sons made themselves vile, and rant, they are all dumb dogs, they he restrained them not cannot bark; sleeping, lying

that which is good (k); correcting them unduly (1); careless exposing, or leaving them to wrong, temptation and danger (m); provoking them to wrath (n); or any way dishonouring themselves, or lessening their authority, by an unjust, indiscreet, rigorous, or remiss behaviour (0).

Q. 131. What are the duties of equals ?

A. The duties of equals are, to regard the dignity and worth of each other (p), in giving honour to go one before another (9); and to rejoice in each other's gifts and advancement, as in their own (r).

Q. 132. What are the sins of equals ?

A. The sins of equals are, beside the neglect of the duties required (s), the undervaluing of the worth (t),


ck) Col. 3. 21. Fathers, pro- nurture and admonition of the voke not your children to anger, Lord. lest they be discouraged. Exod. ro Genesis 9. 21. And he S. 17. But he said, Ye are idle, drank of the wine and was drunk ye are idle : therefore ye say, en, and he was uncovered within Let us go, and do sacrifice to the his tent. 1 Kings 12. 13, 14. And

the king (Rehoboam) answered (1) Deut. 25. 3. Forty stripes the people roughly, and forsook he may give him, and not exceed: the old men's counsel that they lest if he should exceed, and beat gave him. And spake to them him above these with many after the counsel of the young stripes, then thy brother should men, saying, My father made seem vile unto thee..

your yoke heavy, and I will add (m) Genesis 38. 11. 26. Then to your yoke ; my father also said Judah to Tamar his daughter. chastised you with whips, but I in-law, Remain a widow at thy , will chastise you with scorpions. father's house, till Shelah my son re1 Pet. 2. 17. Honour all be grown: (for he said, Lest per- men. Love the brotherhood. Fear adventure he die also as his bre. God. Honour the king. thren did); and Tamar went and ro) Rom. 12. 10. Be kindly. dwelt in her father's house. And affectioned one to another; with Judah acknowledged them, and brotherly love, in honour prefersaid, She hath been more righte- ring one another. ous than I; because that I gave in Romans 12. 15. Rejoice her not to Shelah my son ; and with them that do rejoice, and he knew her again no more. Acts weep with them that weep. 18. 17. Then all the Greeks took ro Rom. 13. 8. Owe no man Sosthenes, the chief ruler of the any thing, but to love one another: synagogue, and beat him before for he that loveth another hath the judgment-seat: and Gallio fulfilled the law. cared for none of those things. (t) 2 Tim. 3. 3. Without

(n) Eph. 6. 6. And ye fathers, natural affection, truce-breakers, proroke not your children to false accusers, incontinent, fierce, wrath · but bring them up in the despisers of those that are good.

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