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and misery (i); filled with inconceivable joys (k), made perfectly holy and happy both in body and soul, in the company of innumerable saints and holy angels (1), but especially in the immediate vision and fruition of God the Father, of our Lord Jesus Christ, and of the Holy Spirit, to all eternity (m). And this is the perfect and full communion, which the members of the invisible church shall enjoy with Christ in glory, at the resurrection and day of judgment. my Father, inherit the kingdom church of the first-born, which prepared for you from the foun- are written in heaven, and to God dation of the world.
the judge of all, and to the spirits () Eph. 5. 27. That he might of just men made perfect. present it to himself a glorious (m) 1 John 3. 2. Beloved, now church, not having spot, or wrin- are we the sons of God; and it kle, or any such thing ; but that doth not yet appear what we shall it should be holy, and without be: but we know, that when he blemish.
shall appear, we shal be like him,' (k) Psal. 16. 11. Thou wilt for we shall see him as he is. í shew me the path of life : in thy Cor. 13. 12. For now we see presence is fulness of joy ; at thy through a glass, darkly ; but then right hand there are pleasures face to face: Now I know in part; for evermore,
but then shall I know even as also Cl) Heb. 12. 22, 23. But ye I am known. 1 Thess. 4. 17. are come unto mount Sion, and Then we which are alive and reunto the city of the living God, main, shall be caught up together the heavenly Jerusalem, and to with them in the clouds, to meet an innumerable company of an- the Lord in the air ; and so shall gels, To the general assembly and we ever be with the Lord.
HAVING SEEN WHAT THE SCRIPTURES PRINCIPALLY TEACH
US TO BELIEVE CONCERNING GOD, IT FOLLOWS TO CON-
A. The duty which God requireth of man, is obedience to his revealed will (n).
Q. 92. What did God at first reveal unto man as the rule of his obedience ?
A. The rule of obedience revealed to Adam in the es
rn 1 Samuel 15. 22. And voice of the Lord ? Behold, to Samuel said, Hath the Lord as obey is better than sacrifice ; great delight in burnt-offerings and to hearken, than the fat of and sacrifices, as in obeying the rams.
tate of innocence, and to all mankind in him, beside a special command not to eat of the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, was the moral law (0)
Q. 93. What is the moral law ?
A. The moral law is the declaration of the will of God to mankind, directing and binding every one to personal, perfect, and perpetual conformity and obedience thereunto, in the frame and disposition of the whole man, soul and body (p), and in performance of all those duties of holiness and righteousness which he oweth to God and man (9): promising life upon the fulfilling, and threatening death upon the breach of it (r).
Q. 94. Is there any use of the moral law to man since the fall ?
A. Although no man, since the fall, can attain to righteousness and life by the moral law/s); yet there is great use thereof, as well common to all men, as peculiar either to the unregenerate, or the regenerate (t).
Q. 95. Of what use is the moral law to all men ?
ro) Romans 10. 5. For Mo- And herein do I exercise myself, ses describeth the righteousness to have always a consciencc void which is of the law, That the of offence toward God, and toman which doth those things, shall ward men. live by them. Gen. 2. 17. But of
Romans 10. 5. For Mothe tree of the knowledge of good ses describeth the righteousness and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: which is of the law, That the man for in the day that thou eatest which doth those things, shall thereof, thou shalt surely die live by them. Gal. 3. 10. For
( Luke 10. 26. 27. He said as many as are of the works of unto him, What is written in the the law, are under the curse : for law ? how readest thou ? And he it is written, Cursed is every one answering said, Thou shalt love that continueth not in all things the Lord thy God with all thy which are written in the book of heart, and with all thy soul, and the law to do them. with all thy strength, and with all (8) Rom. 8. 3. For, what the thy mind; and thy neighbour as law could not do, in that it was thyself. 1 Thess. 5. 23. And the weak through the flesh. God. very God of peace sanctify you sending his own Son in the like. wholly : and I pray God" your ness of sinful flesh, and for sin, whole spirit and soul and body be condemned sin in the flesh. Gal. preserved blameless unto the 2. 16. For by the works of the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. law shall no flesh be justified.
C) Luke 1. 75. In holiness (t) 1 Tim. 1. 8. But we know and righteousness before him, all that the law is good, if a man use the days of our life. Acts 24. 16. it lawfully.
of the holy nature and will of God (v), and of their duty, binding them to walk accordingly (W); to convince them of their disability to keep it, and of the sinful pollution of their nature, hearts, and lives (x); to humble them in the sense of their sin and misery (y), and thereby help them to a clearer sight of the need they have of Christ(2), and of the perfection of his obedience (a).
Q. 96. What particular use is there of the moral law to unregenerate men ?
A. The moral law is of use to unregenerate men, to awaken their consciences to flee from the wrath to come (b), and to drive them to Christ (c): or, upon their continuance in the estate and way of sin, to leave them inexcusable (d), and under the curse thereof (e)
(o) Lev. 11. 44. For I am the given life, verily righteousness Lord your God: ye shall there should have been by the law. But fore sanctify yourselves, and ye the scripture hath concluded all shall be holy ; for I am holy: nei- under sin, that the promise by ther shall ye defile yourselves with faith of Jesus Christ might be any manner of creeping thing given to them that believe. that creepeth upon the earth. (a) Rom, 10. 4. For Christ is
(w) Mic. 6. 8. He hath shewed the end of the law for righteousthee, O man, what is good ; and ness to every one that believeth, what doth the Lord require of. (6) 1 Tim, 1. 9. Knowing this, thee, but to do justly, and to love that the law is not made for a mercy, and to walk humbly with righteous man, but for the lawless thy God?
and disobedient, for the ungodly cx) Psal. 19. 11, 12. More. and for sinners, for unholy and over, by them is thy servant warn- profane. ed : and in keeping of them there (c) Gal. 3. 24. Wherefore is great reward. Who can under the law was our schoolmaster to stand his errors ? cleause thou me bring us unto Christ, that we from secret faults. Rom. 3. 20. might be justified by faith. Therefore by the deeds of the rd Rom. 1. 20. For the inlaw, there shall no flesh be justic visible things of him from the fied in his sight : for by the law creation of the world are clearly is the knowledge of sin.
seen, being understood by the (y) Rom. 3. 9. 23. What then things that are made, even his are we better than they? No, in eternal power and Godhead; so no wise : for we have before pror- that they are without excuse. ed both Jews and Gentiles, that Compared with Romans 2. 15. they are all under sin ; For all Which shew the work of the law have sinned, and come short of written in their hearts, their conthe glory of God.
science also bearing witness, and ra) Gal. 3. 21, 22. Is the law their thoughts the mean while then against the promises of God? accusing, or else excusing one ano God forbid : for if there had been other. a law giren which could have re) Gal. 3. 10. For as many
Q. 97. What special use is there of the moral law to the regenerate ? · A. Although they that are regenerate, and believe in Christ, be delivered from the moral law as a covenant of works (f), so as thereby they are neither justified (g) nor condemned (h); yet, beside the general uses thereof common to them with all men, it is of special use, to shew them how much they are bound to Christ for his fulfilling it, and enduring the curse thereof in their stead and for their good (i); and thereby to provoke them to more thankfulness (k), and to express the same in their greater care to conform themselves thereunto as the rule of their obedience (1).
Q. 98. Where is the moral law summarily comprehended.
A. The moral law is summarily comprehended in the ten commandments, which were delivered by the voice of God upon mount Sinai, and written by him in two tables of stone (mal; and are recorded in the twentieth chay
*as are of the works of the law, sus, who walk not after the flesh, are under the curse : for it is but after the spirit. written, Cursed is every one that i) Gal. 3. 13. Christ hath continueth not in all things which redeemed us fi'om the curse o are written in the book of the law the law, being made a curse for to do them.
us; for it is written, Cursed is (8) Rom. 6. 14. For sin shall every one that hangeth on a not have dominion over you : for tree. ye are not under the law, but un ck) Luke 1. 68. Blessed be der grace. Rom. 7. 4. Where. the Lord God of Israel, for he fore, my brethren, ye also are hath visited and redeemed his become dead to the law by the people. Col. 1. 12. Giving thanks body of Christ : that ye shonld unto the Father, which hath he married to another, even to made us meet to be partakers of him who is raised from the dead, the inheritance of the saints in that we should bring forth fruit tight. unto God,
ru) Rom, 7. 22. For I de. Cg Rom. 3. 20. Therefore light in the law of God, after the by the deeds of the law there inward man. Rom. 12. 2. And shall no flesh be justified in his be not conformed to this world : sight : for by the law is the know- but be ye transformed by the reledge of sin.
newing of your mind, that ye ch) Gal. 5. 23, Meekness, may prove what is that good, temperance : against such there and acceptable, and perfect will is no law. Rom. 8. 1. There is of God. therefore now no condemnation (m) Deut. 10. 4. And he to them which are in Christ Je. wrote on the tables, according to
ter of Exodus. The first four commandments containing our duty to God, and the other six our duty to man(n).
Q. 99. What rules are to be observed for the right understanding of the ten commandments ?
A. For the right understanding of the ten commandments, these rules are to be observed :
1. That the law is perfect, and bindeth every one to full conformity in the whole man unto the righteousness thereof, and unto entire obedience for ever; so as to require the utmost perfection of every duty, and to forbid the least degree of every sin (0).
2. That is spiritual, and so reacheth the understanding, will, affections, and all other powers of the soul; as well as words, works, and gestures (p).
3. That one and the same thing, in diverse respects, is required or forbidden in several commandments (9).
4. That as, where a duty is commanded, the contrary sin is forbidden (r); and, where a sin is forbidden, the the first writing, the ten com. and yet offend in one point, he mandments which the Lord spake is guilty of all. Mat. 5. 21. to the unto you in the mount, out of the end. midst of the fire, in the day of ro Romans 7. 14. For we the assembly : and the Lord gave know that the law is spiritual : but them unto me. Exod. 34. 1. And I am carnal, sold under sin. Deut.. the Lord said unto Moses, Hew 6. 5. Thou shalt love the Lord thee two tables of stone like unto thy God with all thine heart, and the first : and I will write upon with all thy soul, and with all thy these tables the words that were might. in the first tables which thou (0) Col. 3. 5. Mortifv, therebrakest.
fore, your members which are in Mat. 22. 37. 40. Jesus upon the earth : fornication, unsaid unto him, Thou shalt love cleanness, inordinate affection, the Lord thy God with all thy evil concupiseence, and covetous. heart, and with all thy soul, and ness, which is idolatry. with all thy mind. This is the Cry Mat. 15. 46. For God first and great commandment commanded, saying, Honour thy And the second is like unto it, father and mother; and, Helihat Thou shalt love thy neighbour as curseth father or mother, let him thyself, On these two commande die the death. But ye say, Who. ments hangs all the law and the socver shall say to his father or hig prophets.
mother, It is a gift by whatsoever "To Psal. 19.7. The law of thou mightest be profited by me, the Lord is perfect, converting And honour not his father or his the soul : the testimony of the mother, he shall be free. Thus Lord is sure, making wise the bave ye made the commandment simple. James 2. 10. For whoso- of God of none effect by yours, ever shall keep the whole law, tradition.