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EXTRACT FROM LORD BUCHAN's their possessions. There was but LIFE OF FLETCHER.
one house of parliament; and in
this, unfortunately for Scotland the SIR,
priests had a privilege to sit in right The following extract I copied of their lands. But the Scots had from a book in a friend's library at no notion of such a monstrous organ, Cambridge about a month ago: the of power for their King, as a sepapassage is very singular; and the rate house for his servants and chasauthority of the present Earl of Bu- lains to stop the progress of laws in chan is certainly respectable. The favour of the rights of the people, extract is taken from his life of FLET- before they should come to receive cher, in a note at the foot of page 57. the royal assent. As to the idea
“ There never was such a thing of a perfect constitution being to as a Peer of Scotland. There were consist of three parts, this was a Trie Earls indeed, but they did not sit in nity in which the Scots did not beparliament in right of their Earldoms lieve; and they satisfied themselves but in right of their lands; and there with holding the doctrine of the they were on a par with other pro- unity, the Majesty, and the unconprietors of fiefs." James the first of troulable power of the legislative authe Scots indeed attempted to intro- thority." duce the English modes; and was If you think the above worthy of murdered like Cæsar by his kins- notice, and can spare a column in mån; and James the 6th by the sta- the Political Review, (I understand tute 1587 introduced the practice of that useful work is widely circulathe election of representatives of the ted and well received in Scotland,) freeholders; but the nobility as they perhaps your Scotch readers may were called, not the peerage of Scot- amplify the subject, some of whom land, were no more than the barons I know are very capable --or if or freeholders, barons of baron-rent, his lordship be incorrect (which I who by usage retained their privilege am not inclined to believe) they of sitting in parliainent in right of will have an opportunity of setting their lands, which if they sold, they him right.
T. H. lost their right of sitting along with Fleet Street, Sept. 6.
PROTEST AGAINST BONAPARTE.
cruel persecution we are comforted by the reflection, that we encounter
such a heavy misfortune, not för The dark designs, conceived by any offence given to the Emperor or the enemies of the apostolic see,
to France, which has always been have at length been accomplished.
the object of our affectionate paterAfter the violent and unjust spo- nal solicitude, nor from any intrigue liation of the fairest and most con
of worldly policy, but from an unsiderable portion of our dominions, willingness to hetray our duties. we behold ourselves, under unwor
To please men and to displease thy pretexts, and with so much the God is not allowed to any one pro grcater injustice, entirely stripped fessing the catholic religion, and of our temporal sovereignty, to which much less can it be permitted to its our spiritual independence is inti- head and promulgator. mately united. In the midst of this
As we, besides, owe it to God guilty of the acts of violence, against and the church, to hand down our which we have protested, as well tights uninjured and untouched, we really in so many declarations, that protest against this new violent spo- by our order have been issued by liation, and declare it void and null. our successive seeretaries of state,
We reject, with the firmest reso- as also in two consistorial collocalution, any allowance which the tions of the 16th of March, and the Emperor of the French may intend 11th of July, 1808, in common with to assign us, and to the individuals all their agents, abettors, advisers; composing our college.
and whoever else have been accessaWe should all cover ourselves ry to, or himself been engaged in, with ignominy in the face of the the execution of those attempts. church, if we suffered our subsistence Given at Rome; Santa Maria to depend on the power of him who Maggiere, June 10th, in the 10th usurps her authority.
year of our pontificate. We commit ourselves entirely to
Pius PAPA VIL Providence, and to the affection of the faithful, and we shall be contented piously to terminate the bit
AMERICA. ter career of our sorrowful days.
We adore with profound humility God's inscrutable decrees; we in- By the President of the United States of voke his commiseration upon our
America. good subjects, who shall ever be munication from his Britannic Majesty's
Whereas in 'consequence of a comour joy and our crown; and after envoy extraordinary and minister plenihaving in this hardest of trials done potentiary, declaring that the British what our duties required of us, we orders in council of January and Noexhort them to preserve always un- vember, 1807, would have been withtouched the religion and the faith, drawn on the 10th of June last; and by and to unite themselves to us, for virtue of authority given, in such event the purpose of conjuring with sighs gress, entitled, “ An act to interdict the and' tears, both in the closet and commercial intercourse between the before the altar, the supreme father United States and Great Britain and of light, that he may vouchsafe to France, and their dependencies, and change the base designs of our per- for other purposes," I, JAMES MADIsecutors.
son, President of the United States, did Given at our Apostolic Palace, the 19th of April last, declaring that
issue my proclamation, bearing date on del Quirinale, this 10th of June, the orders in council aforesaid would 1809.
have been so withdrawn on the said 10th Pius PAPA VII. day of June, after which the trade sus*
pended by certain acts of congress might By the authority of God Almighty, be renewed : and whereas it is now oftiand of St. Paul and St. Peter, we cially made known to me that the said declare you, and all your co-opera
orders in council have not been withdrawn tors in the acts of violence which agreeably to the communication afore you are executing, to have incurred and consequently that the trade renewthe same excommunication, which able on the event of the suid orders being we, in our apostolic letters, contem- withdrawn, is to be considered as under poraneously affixing in the usual the operation of the several acts by rohick places of this city, declare to have such trade was suspended. been incurred by all those who, on
Given under my hand and seal of the violent invasion of this city on
the United States at the city of Washingthe 2d of February last year, were year of our Lord' one thousand eight
ton, the ninth day of August, in the
EXCOMMUNICATION OF BONAPARTE.
hundred and nine, and of the indepen- or until otherwise instructed, seizures dence of the said United States the or prosecutions for supposed contraventhirty-fourth.
tions of either of the above mentioned J. MADISON, President. acts, or of the non-intercourse act of the
R. SMITH, Sec. of State, 1st of March last, arising from acts The following circular letter has which would, in conformity with his been addressed by the secretary of proclamation of the 19th of April last,
have been considered as lawful, shall be the treasury to the respective collec
suspended in the following cases :tors, in consequence of the above
1st. All vessels which shall have entered proclamation.
a British port since the 10th of June Treasury Department.
last, or which may hereafter enter such SIR-You will herewith receive the port, having sailed for the same before copy of a proclamation to the president information of the inclosed proclamation of the United States, annou
ouncing that had been received at the port of deparcertain British orders in council were
ture, so far as relates to such forfeiture not withdrawn on the 10th day of June or penalty which may accrue, or have last, and consequently that the trade, accrued, by reason of their having thus renewable in the event of the said or- entered a British port. ders being withdrawn, is to be consi- 2d. All vessels which have arrived dered as under the operation of the sea either from British ports, or with British veral acts by which such trade was merchandize, in the United States, subsesuspended.
quent to the 10th of June last; and also, The act to amend and continue in all vessels which may hereafter thus arforce certain parts of the act intitled rive, having sailed for the United States
an act' to inderdict the commercial in- before information of the inclosed protercourse between the United States and clamation shall have been received at Great-Britain and France and their de- the port of departure, so far as relates pendencies, and for other purposes,” forfeiture or penalty accruing passed on the 28th day of June, is there- from having arrived, or arriving, in the fore, in every respect, applicable to United States, from British ports, or Great Britain and her dependencies, as with British merchandize. well as to France and her dependencies; 3d. All vessels now owned by citizens any thing in my circular of the 29th of of the United States, and sailing under June last to the contrary notwithstanding. the American flag, which, being in a
It results, from the receipt of this, foreign port at the time when the inyou must in every instance, except as closed proclamation will be made known hereinafter expressed, refuse clearances at such port, shall, with all due dilifor British ports, requiring, as usual, gence, depart therefrom, and return bonds from all vessels bound to permitted without delay to the United States, so ports, in the manner provided by the far as relates to any forfeiture or penalty, Srd section of the act above inentioned. accruing from their arriving in the United But as many British vessels may come States from British ports, or with British into the ports of the United States, in merchandize. consequence of the President's procla- In the above-mentioned cases of vega mation of the 19th of April last, he di- sels arriving in the United States, and rects, that you will permit such Britisha which are for the present exempted from vessels to depart without giving honds, seizure, the vessels and cargoes may be either in- ballast or with cargo on board, permitted to enter, when notified of the inclosed proclama- The time when the inclosed proclamar tion : it being, however, understood, tion shall have been known at the ports that this indulgence shall not be extended of departure respectively, must be ascer.. any
other vessels than such as are tained by the best means in your power, dow in the ports of the United States, and you may refer doubtful cases to this or such as may hereafter arrive, having department. sailed froin a foreign port before infor- Application may of course still be mation of the inclosed proclamation shall made, in all cases, for an absolute re have been received at such port.
mission of the forfeitures and penalties, The President also directs, that until in the manner provided for by law; the the decision from congress on that uns instructions herein given to abstain from expected point shall have been abtained, prosecution and seizures, in the above.
mentioned cases, being only intended April, substituted in the foom of the to prevent the expence and inconvenience previous orders, the prices of those comto which the parties concerned' would modities in British ports have actually otherwise be exposed. I am, &c sunk, and may be expected to fall much
ALBERT GALABİN. more; and the American merchant, inTo the collector of
stead of making a profit, will incur a
ruinous logs. A large portion of these Washington, July 28.
shipments to England were, doubtless, [The following is considered as an of- meant to be deposited in that country, ficial àrticle :)
with a view to future transportation to There are features in the late order of the continent. This resource being now the 24th of May, that it may be of some almost entirely cut off, a great and steady service distinctly to notice.
depression of prices will be inevitable. 1. The arrangements made by Mr. By the disavow al. of the British minisErskine, it is said, are not such as were try, the order of April last comes into authorised by his Majesty's instructions, operation in lieu of the orders of January
or such as his Majesty can approve." and November, 1807. Now the order Here is an avowal by the British govern- of April, although otherwise represented ment of an inflexible purpose, unlimited in most of the public prints, will be by time or circumstance, either not to found even more rigorous and oppressive make a proper reparation for the outrage to our trade than the preceding orders. committed on the Chesapeake, or not Under these orders, the direct trade beto rescind the principle of her orders of tween the United States and the colonies the 7th of January and 11th of November. of the enemies of Britain, and from the
2. The temporary relaxations of the United States to the continent of Europe old orders in council are all coupled through a British port, and the transporwith one sweeping condition, to wit: a tation of American produce, cotton exwithdrawal of protection from any vessel cepted, through a British port, to enethat shall attempt to enter any port mies ports, under certain conditions, “ actually blokaded by any of his Ma- were allowed. By the order of April " jesty's ships of war.” Is there not rea- they are, with trifling exceptions, interson to fear that the whole of the enemies dicted. The principal trade authorized ports will in this way be blockaded by a with the continent by this order is to the naval force altogether insufficient for ports of the Baltic, allowed, no doubt the complete investment requisite to a by Britain, for the express purpose of legal blockade, and that véssels leaving obtaining naval supplies through Ameports thus c blockaded,” will
, on their ricán bottoms, a trade which will be return voyage, be seized on the highlikely to be inhibited, as soon as it is seas by British cruizers, and carried into seen to have this effect, and which, inBritish ports for adjudication for a vio- dependently of this circumstance, would lation of the blockade? There is the beofvery little value to us, as hut a small more reason to apprehend that the spe- portion of our produce would thère find cies of blockade here referred to is not a market. Besides this trade, the order that recognized by the law of nations, as, allows a trade to the southern parts of if it were, there would have been no rea- Italy, comprising Naples and a part of son for such a provision.
the territory of the church, the whole 3. The order professed to indemnify of but inconsiderable importance, comAmerican merchants, indeed to avoid pared with the ports of Genoa and Lega any interference with their adventures horn in the northern part of Italy, with under the arrangements made with Mr. which all trade is interdicted, To this Erskine. But this will be found, on iné nay be added a qualified trade to cervestigation, to be an idle pretext. The tain parts of Spain and Portugal, de larger number of Ainerican vessels were pendant upon their possessiou by · Enga destined for, and will have entered, Bri- land, which are, however, too trifling tith ports, with commodities, in part and precarious to be of much value meant for consumption in England, in to us. Under this vient of the subpart for consumption on the continent. ject, the arrangements made with Mr. The value of these commodities must "Erskine, attended by their recent dismaterially depend on a sale for them on avowal, will be found to operate as a the continent. This, being almost to- mere decoy, the emollient lenitives of tally cut off by the order of the 26th of the order of May 24th to the contrary
notwithstanding. - Washington Intelli- as solemnly executed as any engagements gencer.
made by man, are disatowed und an
nulled, not in part, but altogether, as Extract from one of the New York well those relative to the Chesapeake as Papers.
those relative to the orders in council, “ The conduct of the British ministers in the language of Lord Batburst, has capped the climax of atrocity to- wholly unauthorized!" wards this country. Their first act, the “ How can that be? Is Mr. Erskine outrage of the Chesapeake, was an in- a traitor to his government, a fool, or a jury of the deepest dye, and instead of madman, thus to commit himself, and making a just reparation, a mission was to have acted in a way (in the language instituted, whose termination added in- of Lord Liverpool) not only unauthorized sult to injury. Close upon the heels of by his instructions, but in direct opposithis mission followed the celebrated or- tion to them. We all recollect the landers of November 11th, wbich produced guage of Mr. Erskine, and if we believe with other causes, the embargo and him a man of common honesty, and of non-intercourse with England. This co- the meanest understanding, we must operating, with the disasters of her arms, conclude that he was authorized to make produced the arrangement made by. Mr. the overtures he proposed. They were Erskine with our government.--After not extorted from him : he was the first this négociation congress adjourns in to propose them, and as proposed, versecurity, when, to the astonishment of batim et literatim, they were adopted by every honest man, these engagements, our governinent."
REVIEW OF BOOKS,
Zeal without Innovation, or the pre- be their fate, so long as such writers
sent state of Religion and Morals' exist : they will go on complaining, considered ; with a view to the dis- and admonishing; but while they positions and measures required for profess“ Zeal,” and deprecate“ Inits improvement. To which is sub- novation," or to speak correctly, joined an Address to young clergy- whilst they are zealous that all men; intended to guard them against things, in our ecclesiastical estasome prevailing errors. 8vo. blishment should remain as they are,
The author of this work appears and that not any of those numerous to be in a situation similar to that " innovations" which have made of many
of his clerical brethren; such havock with the faith and the and plainly perceiving the discredit morals of christians, should be done and disregard into which the esta- away ;-whilst temptations to disblished church is falling, owing to honesty and worldly mindedness, rethe gross defectiveness of her con- main incorporated in the very frame stitution, and the contradictory opi, and constitution of the church, adnions, and inconsistent conduct of monitions to piety, virtue, and conher ministers, and members in ge- sistency of conduct. will be of little neral, has taken the alarm, and avail. It is melancholy to see a whilst expressing his fears respecting writer like the present, waste his the safety of his Alma Mater, sug- time and his talents in penning 400 gests a variety of important hints Svo pages, which, although they sugrespecting the conduct of his brc- gest much good advice respecting thren ; at the same time deprecating the conduct of individuals, display any alteration of what has been so a narrowness and bigotry of mind, long established. What has hitherto and a persecuting spirit towards been the fate of writers of this class, those who are firmly convinced, that will, we venture to predict continue to it is their bounden duty as christians