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der which it had been called together, danger from the inroads of the peopley and exercised its functions,” he (Mr. than from the prerogative of the crown! Jacks) could not help thinking, that he Mr. Waithınan said, it had been his had greatly gone beyond that line of re- intention not to trouble the court with spect to parliament which it was his any observations of his, after hearing duty to have observed. He admitted the speech of the honourable gentleman that there were boroughs which were who introduced the motion, as that, corrupt, but the resolution,, as it stood, speech scarcely, called for any reply. conveyed a charge of a similar nature After the speech, however, which they against the whole house of commons. had just heard, lie should think himself No man, he declared, detested corrup- inexcusable, if he only gave a silent vote tion more than he did. He hoped, too, on the occasion. For what reason, he there was no man had a greater detesta- would ask, could they be called upon to tion of vice, taken in an abstract sense. rescind a motion, for the purpose of disHe believed corruptions to be as inherent cussing it at a future day! The arguin public bodies, as vice was in the mind of ments that had been advanced, he could

Each of these, therefore, required not help considering as altogether ridicuevery effort that could be used to restrain, lous. He had objected to the paragraph if not to eradicate them. Corruption, like concerning church preferments. He had the vicious habits of the mind, when they quibbled upon it, as that arch-quibbler, got beyond certain bounds, led on to Mr. Canning, had done before. But evils which again naturally produced there was fact to oppose to it. There disease. This we should find had been was the case of Doctor O'Meara, who the case in every age. Lord Bacon, the was brought before his Majesty, for the father of modern philosophy, was guilty purpose of advancing his corrupt views; of receiving bribes, as Lord Chancellor. could any quibble or equivocation do It had been found as early after the re- away the charge of disposing of church volution as the year 1694, by a commit- preferments, in opposition to this fact? tee of the house of commons, that He had also quibbled upon the disposal 90,000l. had been spent in bribes, for of seats in the legislature, because the the purpose of insuring the passing of Speaker's speech did not apply to them: that bill. To Sir J. Frimmer, the then but the Speaker's speech did apply: Speaker, 1000l. had been given, who as did also, perhaps in a stronger senses was so much ashamed, that he after- the speech of Lord Liverpool, who had wards absented himself from the house. said, that the disposal of seats was never At the same time, the house of cominons broudly and openly avowed in parlia

impeached the Duke of Leeds for re- ment, until that moment! The Speaker ceiving a bribe of 50001. on the same had observed, that it was necessary to account. Sir W. Pulteney declared, in put an end to such traffic in the legislar his time, that corruption had come to ture, or that seats would be publicly so high a pitch in the state, that our sold, which would bring upon that house, constitution could not stand! Thirty and country, a greater scandal than ei

years, however, had since elapsed, and ther had ever before experienced. With we still remained as entire and unbroken respect to the paragraph that implicated as at the moment the words were spoken. Lord Castlereagh, the worthy gentleman Sir W. Windham, had, in the year 1740, had stated, that reflections were thrown loudly complained of the corrupt state out against the greatest characters in the of our boroughs, and yet the present country; but was Lord Castlereagh to resolution held out only 200 seats in par- be ranked amongst its greatest charcliament as being dependent on the govern- ters? If so, he must say, that the counment! Gentlemen talked of the changes try was lost; with such men for great in the opinions of men. But was this characters, there could be no hope for peculiar to the present day? Had not Mr. them as a nation. With respect to the

Pitt been the greatest reformer, and did corruptions complained of, at the prehe not afterwards change his opinion? sent day, it was objected that they were

Mr. Fox coalesced with Lord North, not greater than those of former days; and called him his noble friend. Mr. but could that be any reason why they Burke, too, had changed his opinions; should not make a perpetual war against and why should this be conceived such them? It was thus that Mr. Canning had a crime at present? He was decidedly resisted the charge; it was upon this prinof opinion, that there wus now more ciple that both parties had made a stand to oppose it. He would ask the worthy candles, of the value of 4001. per annum gentleman whether he had ever known a let out part of his house for a guinea government to be overthroun, unless by a week, and has his coals and candles some dreadful faults existing in itself? sent to his house in the country-who There were many men in parliament, he neglected all these duties, that he might was persuaded, who would have made act as surveyor of taxes; and who, on efficient and able ministers, if they had Mr. W. Dundas's retiring, had received only to deal with a vigilant parliament. a pension of 150l. per annum, for exHe would ask, what would their own traordmary service rendered to Mr. W. situation be, in what manner would the Dundas during the two years he held business of the city be conducted, if the office of secretary at War. He also they had not a strict eye over their of- mentioned a servant of Mr. C. Jeukinficers ?


son, who held the office of a messenger Mr. S. Dixon, after audibly soliloqui- in the war office for upwards of 30 years, zing (as is his frequent custom,) rose to during all of which time he never quitorder, and trusted that the Lord Mayor ted bis master's (then Lord Liverpool) would protect the officers of the court service: that Mr. Fitzpatrick's secretary from insult.

had also, on his retiring, received a penMr. Waithman recommended to the sion as Mr. W. Dundas's had done. Mr. worthy gentleman to reserve his defence W. then said that these were shameful for himself

. He was satisfied there was proceedings; he did not hesitate to de not an officer belonging to the court who clare, that a man who would take money believed that he meant any thing perso- out of the publie purse, in order to pronal to them. Under any administration, vide a pension to his own domestic, who even though Chatham himself was at had never done the public any service, the helm of public affairs, we must have, was a character he would never trust in and even such a minister would require private concerns. So much would he a vigilant house of commons to look af- suspect him, that if he had money on a ter him. The hon. gentleman said that table, he would not turn his back upon Mr. Wardle caused derision in the house, it, if a person of such a character was by the mention of a house in the city within reach of that money. The hon. for the sale of offices. True he did so; gentleman said there were only 200 but those same persons who then laugh- members of the house of communs who ed at his information, availed themselves were supposed to be influenced by the of it by prosecuting the offenders, char- miuister. He (Mr. Waithman) mainging the offence as one calculated to tained that there were not twenty in vilify and degrade the government, and the whole house who were completely to bring it into contempt. He (Mr. disinterested, he meant thro' themselves Waithman) had looked into the reports or relatives, or through peers with whom of the Finance Committee, which ac- they might be connected, or in stations counts were as voluminous as Rapin's naval or military; men might be as History of England; and it was true, as much influenced by expecting as by haMr. Windham had said, we were cor- viug; and what immense influence must rupt from top to bottom, and could ne- not a revenue of 78 millions per annum ver expect to do good, till things were be supposed to create? When Lord completely changed. In the war office Amherst was commander in chief, the there was a yearly allowance for sala- whole expence of his office was 1000l. ries to the amount of 28,0001, yet this a year, now it amounted to 8,000.sum remained at the disposal of the se- Col. Gordon, the secretary to the comcretary to the treasury, and was no mander, had 20001. a year, being double doubt, given away in pensions, &c. for the whole expence in Lord Amherst's here the arrear of accounts was explain- time, yet it surely would not be contened on the ground that there was not a ded that the business was pot as well sufficient number of clerks, or that they done then as it is now. The worthy were not qualified for the duty. He gentleman seemed to forget some parts proceeded to mention a Mr. Hamilton, of his former conduct; he seemed to who with a salary of 1401. per annum forget the time when he had said that in the war office, was also secretary to they ought to go up with an address Mr. W. Dundas, with a salary of iool. every week, upon the subject of reform, sper annum; barrack master for the tow- until it was obtained. It was the daty er of London, with a house, coals, and of that court to stand up and defend

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every public man when they saw him worthy member (Mr. K.) was very well attacked by both parties. If the court contented to support the vote so long rescinded this vote, they would thereby as the censure and reprobation of the pass a censure on Colonel Wardle, and conduct of the King's favourite son, degrade themselves and their consti- were implicated in the discussion. But tuents. If so, he hoped meetings of the the moment the conduct of ministers citizens would be called to consider of was impeached, the very men who protheir conduct, If they acted so unwor- fess on all occasions a total indifference thily, he should not desire again to have to party, start up, to defend those mia seat in that court.

nisters, who one gentleman had, with Mr. $. Dixon and Alderman Atkins exquisite and ridiculous absurdity, called supported the motion.

" the greatest men in the country." Mr. Kemble assured the court, that for his (Mr. M's.) part, when he com if he could have bad any idea that the pared our ministers with those, who, in motion could be construed into an in- his opinion, ought to be the ministers tention to injure the reputation of Col. of this country, he thought the present Wardle, he should not have brought it set more contemptible than any, which forward.

had ever disgraced the unnals of this naMr. Miller said Col. Wardle had ne- tion. ver sought the thanks of that court; it The previous question being loudly was their spontaneous tribute to bis vir- . called for, was then put and carried by tuous, and manly conduct, by which a very great majority, not more than that court, and the nation at large, had 20 hands being held up against it. obtained inestimable advantages. The


REMARKS ON THE DOWNFAL OF that might inspire them with real dea THE PAPAL SEE.

votion, they are stupified with fear at

the frown of a priest, or are raised to To the Editor of the Political Review. enthusiasm at the sight of the crumbe SIR,

ling walls of an old monastery. Had Had the clamour lately excited the most bigoted of the inhabitants against the Emperor of the French, of Estramadura, poured forth their in consequence of the incorporation earnest prayer, in the language of a of the papal territories with his other toast lately given at Cadiz, " That extensive dominions, been confined “ the pope might be delivered from to those nations on the continent, “ bondage like the children of Israel where the press is more immediately “from Egypt," such expressions under the controul of monks and might for a moment excite our surfriars, or their tools the wretched prise; but a very little consideration oligarchies who compose most of the would change that sensation inte

regular governments of Europe," pity: to argue with them would not it might not have been considered be to convince them: but they have unnatural. Much is not to be ex-' not the advantage of hearing both pected from the inhabitants of those sides, nor would they use it if they regions, where the least ray of truth had. Their maļady is a mental is scarcely permitted to gleam through darkness, that can only be dispersed the veil of superstition; where the by the gradual diffusion of knowbodies of the populace are not only ledge. But Sir, it is melancholy to driven like herds over the dominions observe, what will nevertheless arof a petty 'tyrant, but their minds rest our observation, that the state are contined by still more galling papers and documents published in chains.--Strangers to every thing Austria and Spain on this subject, in defence of the pope and popish attempting to exculpate Bor.aparte institutions, have been circulated in from censure on the obscure and this country with more than ordi- mouldy title deeds of Charlemagne, nary exultation: they have been ap- I shall endeavour to shew that there plauded with a religious as well as exists a close connection between political enthusiasm, and ushered into actions, the consequences of which thecountry with the additional weight are at present the " theme of our of whole columns, written in that song," and those for which the impassioned diction that so eminently character of the French Emperor distinguishes the Morning Post and has been loaded with abuse. Courier. To such frantic ebullitions, It would not indeed be



to it is not my intention to reply: more decide on the justice of the case, by sterling arguments, and weightier filing a bill in a court of equity: the reasons than can be here given, are divisions of lands there are seldom necessary to convince those who are so extensive, and few precedents not only bigoted, but paid for their could be found. It is argued that bigotry: but I beg leave to point actions so flagrant ale scarcely reout to those who are open to con- corded in the pages of history : it viction, the inconsistency as well as may be true that precedents of this folly of such conduct.

kind are not very common; but it Among all the complaints made should be recollected, that few, very against the conduct of Napoleon, I few men have risen from the depths believe it is not pretended that he of obscurity to the summit of power; has rendered the situation of the especially when opposed by men who majority of the people worse than have adopted such " vigorous” meait was under their old governments : sures, (by taxation I mean,) of oppohe has not deprived them of their sing an enemy, as a--Pitt, a Melliberties, for they had none to lose; ville, or a Castlereagh: their vinor degraded their national charac- “ gour” is like the Egyptian darkter ; that is impossible. The cha- ness-it may be felt.—That a man racter of these countries, has been thus opposed should dictate to Emwell described by the late Mr. Dyer perors and Kings the terms on which near the conclusion of his “Ruins he will accept their submission, is a of Rome," and by Dr. Goldsmith in circumstance as rarely recorded in his - Traveller" the passages though history, as the parallel of his deeds. well worth the perusal, would take Perhaps there are few who have up too much room; the reference is committed his crimes; but very

few sufficient I presume for your readers. have gained his triumphs, and no

The injustice and perfidy of Na- one ever obtained similar conquests poleon is therefore confined to the by a strict adherence to justice. clergy only, and its principal opera- There is however, a period in our tions against the sovereign pontiff, history, which may not be entirely who has been considered by our dissimilar to the present: I allude to political writers, sometimes as the the earlier periods of the reformation. head of the church, at others only The personal character of the moas the head of one of the “ regular narch-the motives hy which he governments” of Europe. Without was actuated, as well as the actions trespassing on the time of your rea- themselves, are necessary to be conders, I would offer a few observa- sidered in order to the forming a just tions on the subject, as considered judgment. on both sides, as far as it has come A modern writer concludes his within the little observation I have character of Henry VIII. as follows: been able to make, and without-"Some kings have beer tyrants

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