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Help us to save free conscience from the paw Of hireling wolves, whose gospel is their maw.

XVII.

* To Sir HENRY VANE the younger.

Vane, young in years, but in fage counsel old,

Than whom a þetter senator ne'er held
The helm of Rome, when gowns not arms TE

pelld
The fierce Epirot and the African bold,

Whethe

1.

No less renown'd than war:] In

but in fage counsel ok? the printed copies it is

This is much better than the pris

ed copies peace has her victories No less than those of war:

in sage councils old,

7. Then to advise &c. In the and afterwards in secular chains for Manuscript there was at firft Adil with secular chains.

instead of Then: but afterwards it

was corrected as it stands in the There is no knowing for printed copies. But in the remaincertain when this sonnet was com- der of these two verfes, as they pos'd; but we follow the order stand in the printed copies, the wherein they stand and are num- meter is spoil'd in one, and che ber'd in Milton's Manuscript, and sense in the other.' probably it was compos'd loon af

Then to advise how war may be ter the foregoing one to Crom- best upheld, well, and upon the fame occasion

Mann'd by her two main nerves, of the ministers proposals relat- iron and gold. ing, I suppose, to their maintenance, which was then under con- Move by was at first in the Manufideration,

fcript Move on her two main c.

9.- befoder

Vhether to settle peace, or to unfold

5 The drift of hollow states hard to be spellid, Then to advise how war may best upheld Moye by her two main nerves, iron and gold, n all her equipage: besides to know

9 Both spiritual pow'r and civil, what each means, What severs each, thou hast learn’d, which few

have done :
The bounds of either sword to thee we owe:
Therefore on thy firm hand religion leans
In peace, and reckons thee her eldest fon.

On

9. -- befides to know &c] In the Both spiritual pow'r and civil, printed editions this third stanza what each means wants one whole line, and gives us Thou hast learn'd well, a praise another line so much corrupted as

which few have won. to be utter nonsense:

At last it was corrected, as we have - besides to know caused it to be printed, What serves each, thou haft learn'd, which few have done.

13. Therefore on tby firm hand The Manuscript supplies the one, better in the Manuscript than in

&c] These two lines are infinitely and corrects the other. In the Ma

the printed editions ; nuscript it was originally thus,

Therefore on thy right hand rebesides to know

ligion leans, What pow'r the Church, and what

And reckons thee in chief her the Civil means,

eldest son. Thou teacheft best, which few have ever done.

It was at first in the Manuscript Afterwards thus

right hand, but alter'd to firm

hand. besides to know

Among

1 XVIII. * On the late massacre in Piemont. Avenge, O Lord, thy flaughter'd saints, whose bones

Lie scatter'd on the Alpine mountains cold;
Ev’n them who kept thy truth so

pure When all our fathers worshipt stocks and stones, Forget not: in thy book record their

groans 5

Who

of old,

Among our author's state-let- “ they apply'd themselves to your ters there are several in Cromwell's “ Royal Highness in a mort supname address’d to the Duke of “pliant manner, imploring a reSavoy, and other potentates and“ vocation of the said edict, and ftates, complaining of this perse. " that being receiv'd into priftin cution of the protestants. His let. “ favor, they might be restored to ter to the Duke of Savoy begins “the liberty granted them by your thus. “ Redditæ sunt nobis Ge- “ predecessors, a part of your army “ nevâ &c. Letters have been “ fell upon them, most cruelly flew “ fent us from Geneva, as also “ several, put others in chains, and « from the Dauphinate, and many “ compelld the rest to fly into « other places bordering upon “ desert places and to the moun

your territories, wherein we are “ tains cover'd with snow, where “ given to understand, that such “ some hundreds of families are “ of your Royal Highness's sub- “ reduced to such distress, that it si je&s às profess the reform'd re- " is greatly to be feared, they will “ ligion, are commanded by your “ in a short time all miserably pe* edict and by your authority, " rish, thro' cold and hurger. &c." " within three days after the pro- These letters are dated in May “ mulgation of your edict, to de. 1655, and about the same time it * part their native seats and habi- is probable this fonnet was com. • tations, upon pain of capital pu- posod, which was added in the edi“ nishment, and forfeiture of all tion of 1673. " their fortunes and estates, unless “ they will give security to relin- 1. Avenge, O Lord, &c) Nor "quish their religion within 20 was this prayer in behalf of the e days, and embrace the Roman persecuted protestants entirely with*' catholic faith. And that when out effect." For Cromwell exerted

himself

Who were thy sheep, and in their ancient fold Slain by the bloody Piemontese that rollid Mother with infant down the rocks. Their moans 'he vales redoubled to the hills, and they 19 To Heav'n. Their martyr'd blood and ashes sow

O'er all th’Italian fields, where still doth sway The triple Tyrant; that from these may grow

A

imself in cheir favor, and his be. “ merly enjoy'd. So great was aviour in this whole transaction is “ the terror of his name ; nothing greatly to his honor, even as it is “ being more usual than his sayelated by an historian, who was ing, that his ships in the Mediterar from being partial to his me- ranean should visit Civita Vecchia, nory. “ Nor would the Protector and the found of his cannon should

be backward in such a work,be heard in Rome." See Echard which might give the world a Vol. 2.

particular opinion of his piety 6 and zeal for the protestant re- 3. Evin them who kept thy truth

ligion ; but he proclam'd a fo- so pure of old, &c) And so in " lemn fast, and caused large con. his letter to the States of the Unit

tributions to be gather'd for them ed Provinces he calls them Alpinos

throughout the kingdom of Eng- incolas orthodoxam religionem anti“ land and Wales. Nor did he quitus profitentes, the inhabitants at ** reft here, but sent his agents to the feet of the Alps, ancient pro" the Duke of Savoy, a prince feffors of the orthodox faith ; and « with whom he had no cor- afterwards in the same letter, apud " respondence or commerce, and quos noftra religio vel ab ipfis E-van" the next year so engag'd the gelii prinis doloribus tradita per “ Cardinal of France, and even nus incorrupte fervata, oil multo " terrify'd the Pope himself, with- ante quam apud ca tıras gentes fincia " out so much as doing any favorritati priftinæ reftituta ef, among “ to the English Roman catholics, whom our religion was either diflia " that that Duke thought it necef- minated by the first doctors of the “ fary to restore all that he had ta. Gospel, and preservd from the “ken from them, and renew'd all defilement of luperstition, or else " those privileges they had for- restor'd to its priitin fincerity long VOL. II.

R

ma

A hundred fold, who having learn'd thy way
Early may fly the Babylonian woe.

XIX,

On his blindness.

When I consider how my light is spent

Ere half my days, in this dark world and wide,
And that one talent which is death to hide,

Lodg’d with me useless, though my soul more bent To serve therewith my Maker, and present 5

My true account, lest he returning chide;
Doth God exact day-labor, light deny'd,

I fondly ask: But patience to prevent
That murmur, foon replies, God doth not need

Either man's work or his own gifts; who best 10

Bear his mild yoke, they serve him best: his state Is kingly; thousands at his bidding speed,

And

10

before other nations obtaind that talents, Mat. XXV. and he speaks felicity.

with great modesty of himself, as 14. the Babylonian woe. ] if he had not five, or two, but only The woes denounced against Rome, one talent. under the name of Babylon, in Scripture.

* This Mr. Lawrence was the 3. And that one talent which is son of the President of Cromwell's

death to hide,] He speaks here council: and this sonnet was also with allusion to the parable of the in the edition of 1673.

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