« PrécédentContinuer »
COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE,
UNITED STATES SENATE
ONE HUNDRED FIFTH CONGRESS
APRIL 10, 1997
Printed for the use of the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1997
For sale by the U.S. Government Printing Office
SENATE COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE, SCIENCE, AND TRANSPORTATION
ONE HUNDRED FIFTH CONGRESS
JOHN MCCAIN, Arizona, Chairman TED STEVENS, Alaska
ERNEST F. HOLLINGS, South Carolina CONRAD BURNS, Montana
DANIEL K. INOUYE, Hawaii SLADE GORTON, Washington
WENDELL H. FORD, Kentucky TRENT LOTT, Mississippi
JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER IV, West Virginia KA BAILEY HUTCHISON, Texas
JOHN KERRY, Massachusetts OLYMPIA J. SNOWE, Maine
JOHN B. BREAUX, Louisiana JOHN ASHCROFT, Missouri
RICHARD H. BRYAN, Nevada BILL FRIST, Tennessee
BYRON L. DORGAN, North Dakota SPENCER ABRAHAM, Michigan
RON WYDEN, Oregon SAM BROWNBACK, Kansas
JOHN RAIDT, Staff Director
MARK BUSE, Policy Director
JAMES S.W. DREWRY, Democratic General Counsel
SUBCOMMITTEE ON SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND SPACE
BILL FRIST, Tennessee Chairman CONRAD BURNS, Montana
JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER IV, West Virginia KAY BAILEY HUTCHISON, Texas
JOHN F. KERRY, Massachusetts TED STEVENS, Alaska
RICHARD H. BRYAN, Nevada SPENCER ABRAHAM, Michigan
BYRON L. DORGAN, North Dakota
98-144027 NGOS 04-28-98
Gabriel, M. Christina, Acting Deputy Assistant Director for Engineering,
Excerpt from Report on Costs and Benefits National Hazard Mitigation ...
NATIONAL EARTHQUAKE HAZARDS
THURSDAY, APRIL 10, 1997
U.S. SENATE, SUBCOMMITTEE ON SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND SPACE COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE, SCIENCE, AND TRANSPORTATION,
Washington, DC. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 2:10 p.m., in room SR-253, Russell Senate Office Building, Hon. Bill Frist (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.
Staff members assigned to this hearing: Rosalind Parker, staff counsel, and Floyd Deschamps, detailee; and Lila Helms, minority senior professional staff.
OPENING STATEMENT OF HON. BILL FRIST, U.S. SENATOR
FROM TENNESSEE Senator Frist. Good afternoon. Today the Science, Technology, and Space Subcommittee will examine the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program.
I welcome all of our witnesses who are here with us today, as we seek ways to reduce the impact of future earthquakes on the lives of our citizens and property. The devastating consequences of the recent earthquakes in Japan and Northridge, California, emphasize the need for programs like NEHRP. The Northridge Earthquake caused 57 deaths and more than $25 billion on losses. The Kobe Earthquake caused more than 6,000 deaths and $200 billion in losses.
Approximately 38 States currently face significant risk of earthquakes. The probability of a moderate earthquake occurring in the Central United States within the next 50 years is greater than 90 percent. Earthquakes in the Central United States have a larger affected area, and therefore, the hazards are much greater than in the Western United States for earthquakes of similar magnitude.
The New Madrid Seismic Zone includes my home State of Tennessee. I am pleased that we will be able to hear from witnesses today from Memphis, Tennessee, which lies in the heart of this New Madrid Fault.
Although earthquakes happen less frequently and, in the aggregate, cause less economic loss than other types of natural hazards, they have the potential for causing intense, abrupt, sudden damage. A major earthquake could happen at any time in the United States. Insured losses from such an event could total as much as $80 billion, depending on the location and magnitude of the quake.