Handicapped Children's Protection Act of 1985: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on the Handicapped of the Committee on Labor and Human Resources, United States Senate, Ninety-ninth Congress, First Session, on S. 415 ... May 16, 1985

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Page 78 - Title 42 which he had knowledge were about to occur and power to prevent; (3) To redress the deprivation, under color of any State law, statute, ordinance, regulation, custom or usage, of any right, privilege or immunity secured by the Constitution of the United States...
Page 109 - If successful plaintiffs were routinely forced to bear their own attorneys' fees, few aggrieved parties would be in a position to advance the public interest by invoking the injunctive powers of the federal courts.
Page 44 - All of these civil rights laws depend heavily upon private enforcement, and fee awards have proved an essential remedy if private citizens are to have a meaningful opportunity to vindicate the important Congressional policies which these laws contain.
Page 62 - NSBA is a federation of state school board associations, with direct local -school board affiliates, constituted to strengthen local lay control of education and to work for the improvement of education. Most of these school board members are elected public officials.
Page 109 - In many cases arising under our civil rights laws, the citizen who must sue to enforce the law has little or no money with which to hire a lawyer.
Page 112 - Before the Subcomm. on the Constitution of the Senate Comm. on the Judiciary, 99th Cong., 1st Sess.
Page 45 - If the cost of private enforcement actions becomes too great, there will be no private enforcement. If our civil rights laws are not to become mere hollow pronouncements which the average citizen cannot enforce, we must maintain the traditionally effective remedy of fee shifting in these cases.
Page 38 - Commission under the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934.
Page 56 - ... award for work done in state proceedings following EEOC referral and deferral should not depend upon whether the complainant ultimately finds it necessary to sue in federal court to obtain relief other than attorney's fees. But our agreement with the District Court compels us to reject its conclusion. It would be anomalous to award fees to the complainant who is unsuccessful or only partially successful in obtaining state or local remedies, but to deny an award to the complainant who is successful...
Page 109 - ... the private market for legal services failed to provide many victims of civil rights violations with effective access to the judicial process. See House Report, at 3. These victims ordinarily cannot afford to purchase legal services at the rates set by the private market. See id., at 1 ("Because a vast majority of the victims of civil rights violations cannot afford legal counsel...

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