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TITLE 50—WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE Chap. 1. Council of National Defense. 2. Board of Ordnance and Fortification (Re

pealed). 3. Alien Enemies. 4. Espionage (Repealed or Transferred). 4A. Photographing, Sketching, Mapping, etc.,

Defensive Installations (Repealed). 4B. Disclosure of Classified Information (Re

pealed). 4C. Atomic Weapons and Special Nuclear Ma

terials Information Rewards. 5. Arsenals, Armories, Arms, and War Mate

rial Generally. 6. Willful Destruction, etc., of War or Na

tional-Defense Material (Repealed). 7. Interference With Homing Pigeons

Owned by United States (Repealed). 8. Explosives; Manufacture, Distribution,

Storage, Use, and Possession Regulated

(Repealed). 9. Aircraft (Omitted, Repealed, or Trans

ferred). 10. Helium Gas. 11. Acquisition of and Expenditures on Land

for National Defense Purposes (Re

pealed, Omitted, or Transferred). 12. Vessels in Territorial Waters of United

States. 13. Insurrection. 14. Wartime Voting by Land and Naval

Forces (Repealed). 15. National Security. 16. Defense Industrial Reserves. 17. Arming American Vessels (Repealed). 18. Air-Warning Screen. 19. Guided Missiles. 20. Wind Tunnels. 21. Abaca Production (Omitted). 22. Uniform Code of Military Justice (Re

pealed or Omitted). 22A. Representation of Armed Forces Person

nel Before Foreign Judicial Tribunals

(Repealed). 23. Internal Security. 24. National Defense Facilities (Repealed). 25. Armed Forces Reserve (Repealed or Omit

ted). 26. Gifts for Defense Purposes (Repealed). 27. Reserve Officer Personnel Program (Re

pealed or Omitted). 28. Status of Armed Forces Personnel Ap

pointed to Service Academies (Re

pealed). 29. National Defense Contracts. 30. Federal Absentee Voting Assistance

[Transferred). 31. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmen

tal Relations (Transferred to Chapter

53 of Title 42). 32. Chemical and Biological Warfare Pro

gram.

Proclamations, Executive Orders, Joint Resolu

tions and Treaties Respecting War, Neutrali.

ty and Peace. Trading with the Enemy Act of 1917. Soldiers' and Sailors' Civil Relief Act of 1918

(Omitted). Selective Draft Act of 1917 (Omitted or Re

pealed). Selective Training and Service Act of 1940

(Omitted or Repealed). Office of Selective Service Records. Service Extension Act of 1941 (Repealed). Army Reserve and Retired Personnel Service

Law of 1940 (Omitted). Military Selective Service Act. Soldiers' and Sailors' Civil Relief Act of 1940. First War Powers Act, 1941 (Repealed, Omit

ted, or Transferred). Second War Powers Act, 1942 (Repealed or

Omitted). Exportation Restrictions on Certain Articles

(Repealed or Omitted). Requisition of Military Equipment, Materials

and Supplies (Omitted). Territorial Use of Army and Extension of Serv

ice Period (Omitted, Transferred, or Re

pealed). Civilian Protection From War Hazards (Omit

ted). Decorations, etc., for Merchant Marine (Re

pealed). Use of Public Lands for War Purposes (Re

pealed).

Miscellaneous Provisions Affecting Military Es

tablishment (Omitted, Repealed, or Trans

ferred). Photographing, Mapping or Other Representa

tion of Military or Defense Properties (Omitted).

TITLE 50, APPENDIX-WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE–Continued

General of Marine Corps (Omitted).
Admiral in Coast Guard (Repealed).
Exception of Navy or Coast Guard Vessels

From Certain Navigation Rules (Trans

ferred). Sale of Surplus War-Built Vessels. Rehabilitation of Philippines (Omitted). Return and Interment of Persons Buried Out

side United States (Repealed). Veterans' Emergency Housing Program (Re

pealed or Omitted). Naval Vessels as Atomic Targets (Omitted). Admission of Alien Fiancées Into United States

(Omitted). Military Assistance to Philippine Republic

(Omitted).

Naval Aid to China (Omitted).

Exemption of Certain Articles From Import

Duties and Taxes (Omitted or Repealed). Temporary Appointments, Promotions, etc., of

Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard Offi

cers (Omitted or Repealed). Jurisdiction of Prizes and Prize. Proceedings

(Transferred). Certain Allowance Assistance for Civilian and

Military Personnel (Repealed or Omitted). Free Entry of Gifts From Members of Armed

Forces (Omitted). Free Postage for Armed Forces Personnel

(Omitted). Emergency Price Control Act of 1942 (Omit

ted). Stabilization Act of 1942 (Omitted). Extension of Sugar Controls (Omitted). Missing Persons Act (Repealed). Small Business Mobilization Act (Omitted,

Transferred, or Repealed). War and Defense Contract Acts (Omitted or

Repealed). National Emergency and War Shipping Acts. Farm Labor Supply Appropriation Act, 1944

(Omitted). War Overtime Pay Act of 1943 (Repealed). Training of Nurses Through Grants to Institu

tions (Omitted). Civilian Reemployment of Members of Mer

chant Marine (Repealed). War Labor Disputes Act (Omitted). Voluntary Enlistments in Regular Military Es

tablishment (Repealed). Women's Army Corps (Repealed). United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Ad

ministration (Omitted). Temporary Appointments of Army Nurse Corps

Members, etc., as Officers of Army of United

States (Repealed). Disposal of Materials on Public Lands (Omit

ted). Surplus Property Act of 1944. War Mobilization and Reconversion Act of 1944

(Omitted). Fleet Admiral of Navy and General of Army

(Repealed). Disposal of Censored Mail (Omitted). Disbursing Officers' Additional Functions

(Transferred).

Naval Aid to Foreign Nations (Omitted).
Housing and Rent Acts.
Stabilization of Economy and Commodity

Prices.
Domestic Rubber-Producing Industry (Omit-

ted). Disposal of Government-Owned Rubber-Pro

ducing Facilities. Displaced Persons, Refugees and Orphans

[Omitted). American-Japanese Evacuation Claims. Restitution for World War II Internment of

Japanese-Americans and Aleuts. Medical Care for Philippine Veterans (Re

pealed). War Claims. Micronesian War and Postwar Claims (Omit

ted). Export Controls (Omitted). Alien Property Damage Claims (Omitted). Defense Production Act of 1950. Domestic Minerals Program Extension. Domestic Tungsten, Asbestos, Fluorspar and

Columbium-Tantalum Purchase Programs

(Omitted). Dependents Assistance Act of 1950 (Omitted or

Repealed).

Civil Defense.
Emergency Food Aid to India (Omitted).
Korean Combat Pay (Repealed).
World War II License Agreements.
Emergency Ship Repair Program (Repealed).
Export Regulation.

TITLE 50—WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE

Sec.

Chap.
1.
2.

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1451

31.

3.
4.
4A.

11 21 31

1501

32.

Federal Absentee Voting Assistance

(Transferred]............. Advisory Commission on Intergovern

mental Relations (Transferred to

Chapter 53 of Title 42)............. Chemical and Biological Warfare Pro

gram..... War Powers Resolution.......... National Emergencies.... International Emergency Economic

45

1511 1541 1601

33. 34. 35.

4B.

46

4C.

Powers .............

1701 1801

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1901

6.

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance... National Security Scholarships, Fel

lowships, and Grants......... Central Int ce Ag cy Retire

ment and Disability Spoils of War..

38.

2001 2201

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RATIFICATION OF JAPANESE TREATY The Treaty of Peace with Japan, signed at San Francisco on Sept. 8, 1951, was ratified by the United States Senate on Mar. 20, 1952. For Resolution of Ratification, see Congressional Record, Vol. 98, No. 46, Thursday, Mar. 20, 1952, p. 2634. According to Proc. No. 2974, eff. Apr. 29, 1952, 17 F.R. 3813, 66 Stat. c31, terminating the national emergencies proclaimed on September 8, 1939, and May 27, 1941, and set out as a note preceding section 1 of the Appendix to this title, such treaty came into force on Apr. 28, 1952.

10. 11.

Council of National Defense ...... Board of Ordnance and Fortification [Repealed )..............

................................... Alien Enemies.......... Espionage (Repealed or Transferred)... Photographing, Sketching, Mapping,

etc., Defensive Installations (Re

pealed).... Disclosure of Classified Information

(Repealed)................. Atomic Weapons and Special Nuclear

Materials Information Rewards. Arsenals, Armories, Arms, and War

Material Generally......... Willful Destruction, etc., of War or

National Defense Material [Re

pealed )..... Interference With Homing Pigeons

Owned by United States (Repealed).. Explosives; Manufacture, Distribution,

Storage, Use, and Possession Regu

lated (Repealed) Aircraft (Omitted, Repealed, or Trans

ferred )......... Helium Gas Acquisition of and Expenditures on

Land for National-Defense Purposes

(Repealed, Omitted, or Transferred). Vessels in Territorial Waters of United

States. Insurrection Wartime Voting by Land and Naval

Forces (Repealed) National Security ..... Defense Industrial Reserves... Arming American Vessels (Repealed)... Air-Warning Screen Guided Missiles Wind Tunnels ... Abacá Production (Omitted )................ Uniform Code of Military Justice (Re

pealed or Omitted .............. Representation of Armed Forces Per

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sonnel Before Foreign Judicial Tri.

bunals (Repealed)
Internal Security.
National Defense Facilities (Repealed)
Armed Forces Reserve (Repealed or

Omitted)...............
Gifts for Defense Purposes (Repealed).
Reserve Officer Personnel Program

(Repealed or Omitted) ..... .......
Status of Armed Forces Personnel Ap-

pointed to Service Academies (Re

pealed )........
National Defense Contracts

22A.

751 781 881

23. 24. 25.

901 1151

26. 27.

1181

28.

8 1. Creation, purpose, and composition of council

A Council of National Defense is established, for the coordination of industries and resources for the national security and welfare, to consist of the Secretary of the Army, the Secretary of the Navy, the Secretary of the Interior, the

1411
1431

29.

Page 1

Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of Com- 1972, 86 Stat. 770, 776, set out in the Appendix to Title merce, and the Secretary of Labor.

5, Government Organization and Employees. (Aug. 29, 1916, ch. 418, § 2, 39 Stat. 649; July 26, 83. Duties of council 1947, ch. 343, title II, $ 205(a), 61 Stat. 501.)

It shall be the duty of the Council of NationCODIFICATION

al Defense to supervise and direct investigaSections 1 to 5 of this title are from section 2 of act tions and make recommendations to the PresiAug. 29, 1916, popularly known as the Army Appro- dent and the heads of executive departments as priation Act for the fiscal year 1916.

to the location of railroads with reference to CHANGE OF NAME

the frontier of the United States so as to render

possible expeditious concentration of troops Department of War designated Department of the

and supplies to points of defense; the coordiArmy and title of Secretary of War changed to Secre

nation of military, industrial, and commercial tary of the Army by section 205(a) of act July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title II, 61 Stat. 501. Section 205(a) of act July

purposes in the location of branch lines of rail26, 1947, was repealed by section 53 of act Aug. 10,

road; the utilization of waterways; the mobiliza1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 641. Section 1 of act Aug. 10,

tion of military and naval resources for defense; 1956, enacted “Title 10, Armed Forces" which in sec- the increase of domestic production of articles tions 3010 to 3013 continued Department of the Army and materials essential to the support of armies under administrative supervision of Secretary of the and of the people during the interruption of Army.

foreign commerce; the development of seagoing TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

transportation; data as to amounts, location, For transfer of certain membership functions, inso

method and means of production, and availabil

ity of military supplies; the giving of informafar as they pertain to Air Force, which functions were not previously transferred from Secretary of the Army

tion to producers and manufacturers as to the and Department of the Army to Secretary of the Air

class of supplies needed by the military and Force and Department of the Air Force, see Secretary

other services of the Government, the requireof Defense Transfer Order No. 40 (App. C(11)], July ments relating thereto, and the creation of rela22, 1949.

tions which will render possible in time of need

the immediate concentration and utilization of CROSS REFERENCES

the resources of the Nation. National Security Council and Central Intelligence Agency, see section 401 et seq. of this title.

(Aug. 29, 1916, ch. 418, § 2, 39 Stat. 649; Nov. 9,

1921, ch. 119, $ 3, 42 Stat. 212.) § 2. Advisory commission

CODIFICATION The Council of National Defense shall nominate to the President, and the President shall

The words "extensive highways and” which precedappoint, an advisory commission, consisting of

ed "branch lines of railroad" omitted on authority of not more than seven persons, each of whom

act Nov. 9, 1921, which transferred powers and duties

of Council relating to highways to Secretary of Comshall have special knowledge of some industry, public utility, or the development of some natural resource, or be otherwise specially qualified, 8 4. Rules and regulations; subordinate bodies and in the opinion of the council, for the perform

committees ance of the duties hereinafter provided. The members of the advisory commission shall serve

The Council of National Defense shall adopt without compensation, but shall be allowed

rules and regulations for the conduct of its actual expenses of travel and subsistence when

work, which rules and regulations shall be subattending meetings of the commission or en

ject to the approval of the President, and shall gaged in investigations pertaining to its activi- provide for the work of the advisory commisties. The advisory commission shall hold such

sion to the end that the special knowledge of meetings as shall be called by the council or be

such commission may be developed by suitable provided by the rules and regulations adopted

investigation, research, and inquiry and made by the council for the conduct of its work.

available in conference and report for the use

of the council; and the council may organize (Aug. 29, 1916, ch. 418, § 2, 39 Stat. 649.)

subordinate bodies for its assistance in special TERMINATION OF ADVISORY COMMISSIONS

investigations, either by the employment of ex

perts or by the creation of committees of speAdvisory commissions in existence on Jan. 5, 1973, to

cially qualified persons to serve without comterminate not later than the expiration of the 2-year period following Jan. 5, 1973, unless, in the case of a

pensation, but to direct the investigations of excommission established by the President or an officer

perts so employed. of the Federal Government, such commission is re

(Aug. 29, 1916, ch. 418, § 2, 39 Stat. 650.) newed by appropriate action prior to the expiration of such 2-year period, or in the case of a commission established by the Congress, its duration is otherwise

TERMINATION OF ADVISORY COMMISSIONS provided by law. Advisory Commissions established Advisory commissions in existence on Jan. 5, 1973, to after Jan. 5, 1973, to terminate not later than the ex- terminate not later than the expiration of the 2-year piration of the 2-year period beginning on the date of period following Jan. 5, 1973, unless, in the case of a their establishment, unless, in the case of a commis- commission established by the President or an officer sion established by the President or an officer of the of the Federal Government, such commission is reFederal Government, such commission is renewed by newed by appropriate action prior to the expiration of appropriate action prior to the expiration of such 2- such 2-year period, or in the case of a commission esyear period, or in the case of a commission established tablished by the Congress, its duration is otherwise by the Congress, its duration is otherwise provided by provided by law. Advisory Commissions established law. See sections 3(2) and 14 of Pub. L. 92-463, Oct. 6, after Jan. 5, 1973, to terminate not later than the ex

merce.

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