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receive the free-will offerings of as many call to mind, in the long annals of the as cared to contribute towards the main empire, a single victory at sea which could tenance of the child. It should be called be said, by any fair stretch of language, " Bess's Box." This sacred duty per- to be of national importance, while he formed, the meeting dispersed, but only to would have no difficulty in discovering reassemble the next night to discuss an- naval disasters. In this respect they have other matter concerning the departed always appeared at a disadvantage, in Bess. It would not do to allow her grave comparison with their neighbors the Japto have no protection from the sacrilege anese, with whom the spirit of adventure of those who in a short time would see has ever been stronger, and who have only a green mound. They must protect played in the waters of the Far East the the sacred dust with a tombstone. The part of sea-rovers or pirates from imme. tombstone was erected, and the grave morial antiquity. This naval incapacity surrounded with hanging chains attached has always perplexed the historical stuto four small stone pillars.

dent, for' he has had to reconcile with it The landlord of the Rising Sun accom- the indisputable fact that the seaboard panied me to the churchyard, but not be population of China represents as excelfore showing me “Bess's Box," and lent a recruiting ground as any in the thanking me for my tribute. We stood world for the maintenance of a great navy, beside the little mound with uncovered In numbers, in physical endurance, and heads, and looked down upon the green even in experience of the sea, they are sod that covered the heroic woman who not to be surpassed by any other populahad had

tion similarly situated. From their ranks The homage of a thousand hearts,

arose the one popular naval hero that The strong, deep love of one.

China possesses, the pirate or patriot

Koshinga, of the seventeenth century. I thought of that cheery face, those spark. With these facts in our mind, we may ling eyes, the genial smile, and the wel. now take an instructive glance at the navy come voice silent forever.

which China is rapidly creating, and which On the neat little stone at the head of | already contains the promise of future the grave were the words, characteristic power. of the rough people who had inscribed The Chinese navy consists in all of them : “Here lie Bill THOMSON, and about seventy war vessels, constructed the Queen of Black Regis, Bess.” partly in foreign and partly in home dock

yards, but all on the lines of European ships of similar class. A commencement was first made in the formation of this

fleet twenty years ago, after the contest From The Spectator.

with the allied powers of England and THE CHINESE NAVY,

France had clearly shown the utter inaThe launch, a few weeks ago, at Stet. bility of the old war-junk to cope with tin, of the turret ironclad “ Ting.yuen even wooden vessels. The obligations serves to attract attention to the steps which the Chinese incurred under the which the Chinese government has for treaties of Tientsin and Pekin for the some time been taking towards strength. repression of piracy, rendered it neces. ening the naval defences of its territory.sary for them to purchase gunboats suitaThe activity recently shown by the Chi- ble for action in the estuaries of the great nese in this particular direction is the rivers and off the coasts of the maritime more important because, in thus seeking provinces. These gunboats, which were to establish a strong and efficient marine, generally the cast-offs of American or they are, in a greater degree than is ob English dockyards, formed the nucleus of servable in any other of their public the modern Chinese navy. Europeans departments, imitating the condition of and Americans were appointed to their thinys prevailing in Europe. Here, at command, and although utterly valueless least, they are casting tradition to the in war, they were held by many to suffice winds, and emulating with fervor the ex. for the requirements of the Chinese. ample of the West. The Chinese have During more than ten years, the Chinese rarely been famed as naval beroes, the themselves appeared to share the same genius of the nation has never shone on opinion, and nothing was done to increase the sea, and, strange as it may appear, it the efficiency of their navy. It is possiwould task the memory of the most eru- ble that even now no progress would in dite professor of the Hanlio College to this matter have to be recorded, but for

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tbe jealousy and apprehension raised in /ence of Li Hung Chang, are also availatheir breasts by the rapid development in ble for the latter purpose. Nor are the the naval resources of Japan. The im- Chinese dependent alone on foreign dockminence of a hostile collision six years yards and manufacturers. The attention ago, in consequence of the Formosa dif- they have devoted to their arsenal and ficulty, first roused the attention of the shipyard at Kiangnan is beginning to rePekin authorities to the condition of their pay them well, as they now possess a dock navy, and their interest has been kept in which their men-of-war can be repaired; alive in the same matter by the possibility and in course of time they will be able, of complications arising from the unset by the aid of Western engineers and contled diplomatic questions relating to both structors, to build for themselves more Corea and the Loo Choo Islands. The ships from the models of those they have explanation of the steps taken a few years purchased. China is, therefore, on the ayo to increase the number of vessels road to obtain a fleet of war vessels which constituting the Chinese feet, is to be will place her on more than a par with found in the feverish anxiety of the Japan- her neighbor Japan, and which will enaese to obtain a powerful navy; but China ble her to maintain her dignity in her own awoke so late to the exigencies of her waters. The significance of this fact is situation, that appearances favored the the more striking, because China, unlike supposition that she had been hopelessly Japan, has not strained her material releft behind by her more agile and enter- sources by these purchases of gunboats prising rival in the race for paval superi- and ironclads. Good sense has characority. After due deliberation, the Chi-terized all her transactions, and unlike nese, who resolved to spend only a mod- most Eastern governments, she seems to erate sum in the purchase of men-of-war, have really obtained the full value of her gave that commission which resulted in money. the ordering from the eminent naval con- But the Chinese will have to remember, structor Sir W. Armstrong of the gun when all has been admitted in favor of boats known by the first twelve letters of the admirable type of war vessel which the Greek alphabet. The Chinese were they have selected, that the efficiency of so pleased with their new purchase, that a navy depends quite as much on the conthey gave a further order for two more dition and discipline of the men, as on war vessels of a superior class. These the capabilities of the ships. In the di. latter vessels are remarkable for their rection of training their sailors and of high rate of speed, and for the formidable organizing a corps of officers, they have character of their armament; and they still much to do, and, perhaps, everything are quite capable of taking part in a reg- to learn. The Pekin authorities will have ular battle, and of keeping at sea for a to encounter in this matter many deeply considerable period. The "Ting-yuen " rooted prejudices, and it will require much is a further addition to the sea-going ves-tact and patience on their part to eradi. sels of the Chinese marine, and carries cate them. The Chinese man-of-war's the growth of the navy one step further. man of the present may be open to ridiThere is no doubt that it is the most for- cule, but he has the stuff in him of which midable of them all, for whereas the ships good seamen are made. But the healthy constructed by Sir W. Armstrong are influences which are to assist in his ele. unarmored, and depend for their safety vation must come from above, and Li on the small object they present as a Hung Chang, who has taken the lead in mark, the “Ting-yuen” is a heavily ar. the founding of the Chinese navy, will mored, double-turretted corvette. A'twin have to exercise all his influence to revessel is in course of construction, and move incompetence and corruption from within the next few months the Chinese the ranks of the officers and superintendnavy will have been reinforced by these ents of his feet. The Chinese ambassatwo formidable men-of-war. China will dor at Berlin dwelt on the peaceful objects then possess a feet, as we said, of about of his government; but there is, evident. seventy vessels, of which sixteen will ly, more importance in the declaration of compare for efficiency with those of any the part a fleet will play, in "guarantee. other navy. The remainder consist of ing those rights to the Chinese empire gunboats and other ships well suited for mutually recognized and accorded by the the duties of the preventive service, and civilized States of modern times." Meanuseful as transports in time of war. The time, China is fast attaining a position steamers of the North China Navigation which will enable her to resist the en. Company, an association under the influ-l croachments of Japan. The Loo Choo

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dispute is so far from being settled that swoop on Heligoland, that the outrage, diplomacy has now given it up in despair, practically unimportant as it might be in but the last Chinese declaration on the material consequences, would be producsubject was that they “intended to main- tive of war? The case of Loo Choo is tain their rights.". In Corea, affairs are almost exactly similar, and the greatest also critical, and the interference of the nation of the Asiatic continent” is not Japanese on the mainland is regarded as likely to show less persistency in this an almost intolerable impertinence. With matter than it has already in the case of out a navy, China could do nothing; the Kuldja. The progress made by the Chi. activity shown in supplying the deficiency nese in naval matters is some further hardly leaves room for doubt as to the evidence that this empire, with its vast first use in which it will be employed. population, strange history, and enormous The Loo Choo question is one of scarcely material resources, is not standing still; more than fifth-rate importance, but who and the world can hardly remain unafdoubts, if France were to seize one of fected by its development and progress. the Channel Isles, or Gerinany to make a

IN RAPHAEL'S TIME. — The pope spent | place is more humble than you think,” and, eight thousand ducats a month on his table. raising the hangings, he showed his Holiness Yet all his biographers describe it as having that the dining-ball was no more than a stable. been of the simplest character, as he gave to Leo laughed good-humoredly at this rather his guests neither expensive wines nor delicate dangerous pleasantry, and promised to come viands. Intellectual pleasures were foremost again. Upon the same occasion Chigi gave even at his feasts. When any one gave him a another proof of his savoir faire. Eleven composition, either in prose or verse, he at massive silver plates of great weight having once read and discussed it, and the rapidity of disappeared, doubtless stolen by some of the his judgments amazed his companions as much pope's retinue, Chigi ordered ihe fact to be as their correctness. To complete the picture kept secret to avoid annoyance to his guests. of this gay and worldly existence we must not As soon as the feast was over a hundred omit to mention hunting expeditions, of which borses took their places in the hall. In a secLeo was so passionately fond. Those which ond banquet given to the pope a few months took place at the Villa Magliana and in the later, Chigi showed that he possessed wit as country about Viterbo are still famous in the well as a love of magnificence. The feast was annals of venery.. The court, of course, fol. held in his pavilion on the bank of the Tiber, lowed the lead of its master, and Rome seemed and each splendid:dish, as it was emptied, was almost to have returned to the time of pagan- cast by servitors into the water, which was as ism. The banquets given to the pope by much as to say that Chigi was so rich in silver Agostino Chigi displayed a pomp worthy of plate that he could afford new dishes for each the Roman Empire itself. In the biography of course. The wonder of the guests was great, his grandfather, Fabius Chigi, the future pope, They did not know that their cunning host had Alexander VII., has devoted a chapter to these spread nets below the surface of the yellow festivities. The feast given in 1918 by the water, and that after the feast his servants Siena banker to Leo X., fourteen cardinals, would go a-fishing for silver. At a third banand numerous ambassadors, deserves special quet the pope himself, twelve cardinals, and a mention. It took place in the famous stable crowd of prelates, were served upon silver just completed by Raphael. We may premise dishes, each of which bore the arms of him that it took place before the rightful four- before whom it was placed. In applauding footed owners had taken possession. The all this rather vulgar magnificence, Leo X. was walls were hung with superb tapestries of a traitor to the teachings of his own family. golden tissue, which concealed the racks and The ostentation of the Siena banker bad little mangers. On the floor was laid a gorgeous in common with the refined luxury of Cosmo, silk carpet made in Flanders. The repast cost the “father of his country," of his son Pietro, two thousand golden ducats, and Leo X., or of his grandson, “ Lorenzo il Magnifico.” amazed at all this magnificence, said to his The Medici palaces had sheltered as many host: “ Agostino, your banquet has made mc treasures as the villas of Chigi, but a delicate afraid of you." “Do not alter your feelings, taste and a true love of art had alone dictated holy father,” replied the artful banker, “this I their collection. – Raphael, Eugène Muntz.

Fifth Series, Volume XXXVII.

No. 1967. - March 4, 1882.

From Beginning,

Vol. CLII.

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CONTENTS.
1. ANCIENT ANIMALS IN SOUTH AMERICA, Edinburgh Review,
II. “LET NOBODY Pass.” A Guardsman's Story, Cornhill Magazine,
III. Bishop THIRLWALL'S LETTERS,

Blackwood's Magazine,
IV. THE FRERES. By Mrs. Alexander, author of

• The Wooing O't.” Part XXVIII., Temple Bar, V. DR. SHERIDAN,

Fraser's Magazine, VI. “ LORD OF ALL ” A Love Story, .

Fraser's Magazine, VII. THE CHANNEL TUNNEL,

Spectator, VIII. SOME OLD COMEDIES,

Belgravia,

548

556

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IN SUMMER FIELDS,
THE OUTLOOK (A PICTURE),

POETRY.
514 | THE DOUBT RESOLVED,
514

514

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LITTELL & CO., BOSTON.

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. For Eight Dollars, remitted directly to the Publishers, the Living Age will be punctually forwarded for a year, frec of postage.

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Single Numbers of The LIVING AGE, 18 cents.

IN SUMMER FIELDS.

One dimpled shoulder leans beyond SOMETIMES, as in the summer fields

The time-worn grayness of the stone; I walk abroad, there coines to me

And to the heavings of her breath,

Tumultuous as of strife with death,
So strange a sense of mystery,

Or with the.tumult of young life,
My heart stands still, my feet must stay,
I am in such strange company.

That struggles and yet loves the strife,
I look on high — the vasty deep

Her beaded necklace falls, to rise Of blue outreaches all my mind;

And fall again. And bright eyes gleam, And yet I think beyond to find

And watch and watch along the way, Something more vast--and at my feet And now grown dreamy seem to say The little bryony is twined.

That with the roosted birds they keep

Their vigils in the land of sleep.
Clouds sailing as to God go by,
Earth, sun, and stars are rushing on ;
And faster than swift time, more strong

But they awake to hear a step
Than rushing of the worlds, I feel

Come measured down the dusty road.

It is the way that fathers come, A something is, of name unknown.

Expected at the sunlit home :
And turning suddenly away,

And be it dappled sward they tread,
Grown sick and dizzy with the sense With canopy of blue o'erhead,
Of power, and mine own impotence,
I see the gentle cattle feed

Or be it laden with some gift,
In dumb, unthinking innocence.

Or be it:weary from his toil,

Or be it over ice and snow, The great Unknown above; below,

In winter when the chill winds blow, The cawing rooks, the milking-shed;

Where hearts are beating, homes shall be God's awful silence overhead;

Sunlit to fathers such as he.
Below, the muddy pool, the path
The thirsty herds of cattle tread.

The soft eyes brighten. He is come!
Sometimes, as in the summer fields

A shrill sweet welcome parts the;air. I walk abroad, there comes to me

What heeds she that the passers look So wild a sense of mystery,

Soft smiling, at the homely nook

Where this small Patience takes her stand, My senses reel, my reason fails, I am in such strange company.

While evening glories gild the land? Yet somewhere, dimly, I can feel

He comes. She passes from our sight. The wild confusion dwells in me,

The window place, an empty square, And I, in no strange company,

Looks blankly out upon the world. Am the lost link 'twixt Him and these,

The sentinel is gone, and furled
And touch him through the mystery.

Are all her colors; and alone
C. C. FRASER TYTLER. The tall pinks lean against the stone.

C. C. FRASER TYTLER.

THE OUTLOOK (A PICTURE).
The shadows deepen in the room,

As down behind the trees there slopes
The summer sun, who fills the sky
All with a hazy ecstasy :
And from the shadows to the light
A quaint face flashes into sight.
On the old window-sill she leans,

Her warm hands pressed upon the stone :
The tall carnations breathe their prayer
Of fragrance on the evening air,
And soon for Day the skies shall weep,
Passed gently to the realms of sleep.

THE DOUBT RESOLVED.
To go or stay, I scarcely knew,

Perplexed by mandates twain,
For while my love pronounced “Adieu,"

Her aspect said "Remain.”
'Twixt what I saw and what I heard,

My judgment wavered quite,
Whether she meant by glance or word

To part us, or unite.

But still the glory gilds the land,

And still the flicker comes and goes
Among the wayward locks that lie
Upon her forehead, who can spy
With keen sweet eyes, a mile away,
Her beacon of the closing day.

But now each lover I advise,

Like me, to make his choice;
In duty to his lady's eyes,

To disregard her voice.
Such orbs with kinder light are filled,

The nearer we adore ;
And pouting lips, if bravely stilled,

Will banish us no more.
Spectator.

J. S. D.

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