life of life may come at the eleventh hour, revolution which we may or may not conand confer a boon which, in its satisfying nect with Christianity, but which all must fulness, shall be indistinguishable from recognize as separating us from one who that which is the recompense of a life. lived before Christ. We have learnt to time of well-earned success.

know the might in all things feeble. We These remarks apply rather to the fico know the power of dependence. For us, titious brilliancy attached to youth, than even the nature that has not much other to the fictitious shadow cast on age, but charm becomes attractive, if once it acthe two are part of the same delusion. cepts the feebleness and the dependence And yet, in some respects, the advantages of advanced life. Only the endeavor to of youth are also the advantages of age. conceal or defy weakness can baffle that We have allowed ourselves to apply the reverence for weakness which bas become misleading epithet of " second childhood" an instinct of humanity. to a condition that is as unlike childhood To regard old age as a period of regret as possible, but the later stages of life is the same kind of illusion as to suppose correspond in many respects to its earlier that distant hills are blue. We must pass

What we miss, in the noonday of through much regret before we reach old our career, is that definiteness of relation age, no doubt. It would be too much to which enriches alike its morning and its assert that no life ever fulfilled all that it evening. It is not the selfishness of hu- seemed to promise, and there are some man beings which keeps them separate, lives, no doubt, that fulfil much more; so much as their blindness to each other's still, on the whole, there are not many needs. The simplicity of the claim of who would deny, in looking back on life, childhood is a great part of its beneficent that it has been both more painful and influence. Life takes its start in relation; more futile than they expected. It has the father and mother, brother and sister, brought much they did not venture to make up the world of the child; he is the hope for, but it has withheld more that constant recipient of service that he must they made almost sure of. To wake up accept, and of direction that he must fol- to the fact that our life is to be a poorer low; and where the ideal of childhood is thing than we thought it would be, is a not flagrantly outraged, the inere position dreary experience, but it is passed long in which he stands to his parents is enough before we reach the close of our career. to supply all that life needs of duty and The main circumstances of life have then of hope. And something of the same been accepted as a part of the scenery kind may be true, and often is true, of the through which the pilgrimage has lain. end of life. The distrusted heir, who has Its mistakes have borne fruit, but the read in the grudging looks of father or fruit has been less bitter at last than at uncle the constant question of Henry IV., first, and mistake and misfortune are Dost thou so hunger for mine empty blended to the eye of the aged as planet chair?" finds that a time is come when and constellation on the midnight sky. his is the hand most willingly accepted, Nor must this be regarded as a part of when his eyes are permitted to do duty the weakness of age; it is a poor and for those that are grown dim, and when morbid vanity that refuses to let past inisjarring views and incompatible tastes give take become present misfortune, and time way to the blessed simplicity of service. does for us in this respect what reason It is the absence of all sense of this op might do at once, if feeling were always portunity which is so marked in the trea. under its control. We speak of course tise of Cicero. He knew well the influ- of real mistake, and not of wrong-doing, ences of weakness on the baser side of the sense of which is a thing so hidour nature. “Every offence is more den and sacred that one can hardly say keenly felt when it is combined with in- whether it is keener at one time of lise or firmity,” is one of those sentences, at another, — and perhaps we overrate the least in the terseness of the original, importance of the fact that it is not likely which recur to one as summing up years to find much expression after a certain of experience. But he knew not that time of life. At any rate, it is an advan. the influences which quicken distaste are tage to escape from the regrets that are capable of a ready inversion, by which wholly unmoral. they bear us far beyond the reach of dis- We sum up the advantages of age in taste; he knew not how readily the pole trite, but yet significant words, when we of the magnet might be changed, and speak of it as showing us the events of the object of revulsion might become the life under the influence of time. Time, it object of reverence. This is the great | has been said, is no agent, but we should be driven to cumbrous and misleading that passage whether he remembered the paraphrase if we refuse to speak of its closing words of the De Senectute" with work. The objects of the external world their ardent anticipation, their thrill of and the events of experience bear witness confident hope. Perhaps he would have with a wonderful harmony to the soften- said that they are not the utterance of the ing, healing influences that come with the person in whose lips they are placed, but of mere rhythm of the seasons, the mere one who was destined to know nothing of succession of spring, summer, autumn, old age; and that were the actual Cato and winter. As we wander over a ruined speaking instead of the dramatizing Cic. castle, and reflect that where the ivy flings ero, we should not hear anything of those its shining mantle and the wallflower lav. yearning desires which must have reishes its gold, was once a charred and mained with all readers, as the most stirblackened mass, speaking only of the ring of all heathen testimony to the in. horror of massacre and conflagration, we pulse within us that points to immortality, have a type of the change that comes over and which is thus cited by one as little much experience, as we look back upon it dependent on heathen testimony as the through the vista of years: It is not poet Dante. It is true that Cicero wrote merely that all things are brought into in the fulness of a maturity which he proportion, though this is much. We deemed that a resolute energy of will should be startled, even at a time of life could render coeval with life, and his when youth is past, if we could look into thirst for “the life which alone deserves the future, and see how changed an as the name of life” affords no testimony pect would be taken by those events that that longing is characteristic of the which seem to leave all their neighbor- last period of our sojourn here; nor is it hood blackened and charred. We should from the lips of the aged that the hope refuse to believe in the wonderful trans-receives much encouragement, in ordinary muting power which is measured by the circumstances. As death draws near, beat of the pendulum and the great clock men become disinclined for any contemof the heavens, and which, at times, seems plation of the experience that lies beyond chronicled by moments and defied by it; they are weary, and shrink from every years. It is not that these things grow effort that involves emotion, even if the dim. That is often true, no doubt, but emotion be one of joy. And yet surely we would not reckon the loss of feeling recollections must be present to the minds among the advantages of old age. It is of most of our readers of some old age not that we feel the great emotions of life which they could least adjust to the beless in age than in youth, but that we feel lief that the end of this life was the end rather their meaning than their mere of all life, — of the closing years of some poignancy. A change has come over our long career that affect the ear of memory apprehension of them, and the far-off like a noble modulation bringing in a new storın reaches the ear as music. The key, and inevitably suggesting a much antithesis between pain and pleasure is richer melody than that which it opened often lost; we turn coldly from days in in this world. As the windows were which every moment seemed golden as it darkened, and the grasshopper became a passed, and seek to revive every moment burden, and as desire failed, have we not that, as it passed, seemed a barbed dart. all witnessed a revelation of new possi. This is not a description of all recollected bilities, within a character long familiar, experience; there is some pain that never rendering the notion that it should cease loses its painfulness. But it is true of to be as impossible as that a picture to much that we could not believe time had which we have seen the master-hand set. any power to transmute, till we have left ting its last touches was just about to be it far behind us.

committed by him to the flames ? It is in We have lately set before our readers the memories bequeathed by old age, no the striking and eloquent passage in which less than in the visions of childhood, that Mr. W. R. Greg contrasts the different we find a glimpse of those coloring taken by the hopes of the future

obstinate questionings beyond the grave, in youth and age, and Of sense and outward things, seems to allow that as it comes nearer, it Fallings from us, vanishings, is the less ardently desired. The desire Blank inisgivings of a creature of the old man, he would seem to imply, Moving about in worlds not realised; is not for a fresh start amid new conditions High instincts, before which our mortal nature of being, but simply for a blank of all exer- Did tremble, like a guilty thing surprised. tion and suffering. We wonder in writing We must not look for these in conscious utterance ; the time for anything requir- | slight exertion was enough to ensure ing so much effort is in earlier life, when them and their families an abundance of the spirit can face emotion and the intel- food. Kangaroo and wallaby, opossum lect retains its spring. But they will and bandicoot, turkey's and wild fowl, are come as stars in the twilight, to the eye all plentiful and easily got at, and when that has watched the evening, of mortal yams and the large potato-like roots of the life; in memories of new patience, new water-lily are added to the list it will be tenderness, new strength, when all out- seen that their diet was by no means to ward sources of strength were drying up. be despised. Did they wish for a change They will linger as a lesson of coura- they had only to take to their canoes to geous hope not only for the shortening be sure of an abundant supply of fish. future that is bounded by old age, but for Their nets, made by the gins by hand one of which they have helped us to re: out of a species of hibiscus, were of imgard many an old age, in its newness of mense size and very strong, and were genharmonious beauty, as the almost audible erally common property to three or four promise.

families. Their canoes, made of bark and sewn together with thread made of hibiscus bark, are light, easily managed, and wonderfully buoyant, though an inexpe

rienced white man on stepping into one From The Pall Mall Gazette.

will probably take a header into the water BLACKS IN QUEENSLAND.

on the opposite side. Their weapons are Of all the races to whom the contact of stone tomahawks, spears of various patcivilization has been fatal, there is none terns, some of them barbed with great more swiftly or surely dying out than the ingenuity, boomerangs semi-circular Queensland blackfellow. Dispersed” pieces of wood pared so that their rotaby the native police, poisoned by fiery tory motion is that of a screw — which colonial rum, and - if all stories be true they can throw with great force and accu— more than occasionally by other potent rate aim for eighty or ninety yards; and means, shot down in new country by nullas, short clubs with a knobbed head, every white man who sees them, until the which they use both for throwing and survivors are glad of peace at any price, hand-to-hand fighting. A beavy twoit is no matter for wonder that the strong. banded wooden sword and a shield comest tribe is soon reduced to a tithe of its plete the list of their offensive and defenformer numbers. And yet before the sive weapons. The use of the bow and whites came among them their life was arrow is fortunately unknown to them, not an unhappy one, especially in the except in the extreme north-east of the coast districts, where game is more plen- colony, where they have a considerable tiful than inland, and where they seldom dash of Malay blood, and are frequently know a day's hunger. Each tribe had its visited by blacks from the south of New own recognized head, who ruled by virtue Guinea, which is only about ninety miles of his superior fighting qualities, but distant. The only poison of which they whose control over the rest was but have found out the use is the bark of a slight. Each tribe had also its own dis species of myrtle, which, being pounded trict, out of which they seldom ventured up and then thrown into the water, sickens except in time of war or when attempting the fish and brings them to the surface to carry off a damsel from a neighboring where they become an easy prey. Their camp. Each small collection of families knowledge of medicine is very slight, but had their own totem or crest, and scrupu- then they are, or rather were, rarely sick. lously abstained from killing or eating the The bite of a scorpion or centipede they animal whose name they bore. Their cure by sucking and chewing the spot moral character would then have com- that was bitten. The bite of a deathpared not unfavorably with that of more adder or any deadly snake - of which civilized nations. Their marriage laws there are but two or three sorts — they were very strict, and no intermarriage was do not attempt to cure, but quietly lie permitted between members of the same down, and amid the howls of their rela. family. They were polygamous, but tions await the death that speedily fol. adultery was almost unknown, and surely lows the bite. A severe fesh ivound they punished by death. Honest to each plaster up with mud and keep moist sor a other, pilfering was not one of their vices, few days, and cure in this manner some and each tribe was almost a small com- frightful-looking wounds. A broken bone mune. Living in a land of plenty, a very they set to the best of their ability, and the result is usually a crooked or short-pitiate him by prayer or sacrifice. One ened limb. Measles they cure (?) by get- of their modes of cxecution is curious. ting into a water-hole, and sitting there when the death of a member of the tribe with their heads out until they recover, as bas been determined on by the elders, the they very rarely do froin this, to them, unsuspecting victim is made insensible by terrible scourge.

As for clothing, they a blow on the head, and his kidney fat is content themselves with the costume of taken out through a small slit made beour first parents in their days of inno-tween the ribs. He wakes with probably cence, though occasionally, on grand oc. a headache and certainly a sore side, but casions, the young gins wear a plaited recovers sufficiently to go about for two loin-cloth. During the short Queensland or three days, when he dies vomiting inwinter they use possum rugs, which they cessantly. The blacks who are not in the make very neatly. Their houses consist secret are told, and believe, that a snake of three or four sheets of bark put up in made the cut and got into the body, and a semi-circle on the windy side of a small so caused death; and as the wretched fire, round which they lie. Their only man is dying the old blacks who alone are time of hardship is during the wet sea- allowed to get rid of their enemies in this son, when sometimes it rains incessantly fashion pretend to see the snake coming for a fortnight, and they have soine diffi- out of his mouth. Formerly they used to culty in getting about after the game, and cremate their dead with considerable cere. cannot fish in the flooded creeks. Their mony, but now they bury like whites. life, before the whites came, was as happy that they were at one time cannibals an animal existence as could be imagined. there is no reason to doubt; and in the Plenty to eat and drink and little else to older days, when white men were not do, a genial climate, and few enemies, unfrequently surprised and killed, their what niore could any savage desire ? Of a cooked and half-eaten remains were refuture state of existence they had not the peatedly found in the blacks' camp by the faintest idea. They had laws; but they avenging native police. Of cultivation knew that if they broke them a blow on they are guiltless; they get their food the head from a nulla or a spear through with little trouble, so have no inducement the body would be the result, so they to work. Now that they are half-civilized, wisely abstained. Superstitious, like all their old customs and laws are nearly forignorant races, they had a sort of idea of gotten; their marriage laws are no longer some evil power, who sent snakes and kept as of yore, and the few survivors are crocodiles and similar troubles, but they allowed to follow their inclinations regard. never went to the length of trying to pro- less of relationship.


A NEW WHEAT-BEARING DISTRICT IN IN- , soil so rich in alluvial deposit from the Hima

The India Office is lending its sanction layas that we may reasonably anticipate the just now to an enormous scheme for the recla- time when a great region, now suffering only mation of the waste lands of the Punjab. The from want of water, will become the great waters of the five rivers which give a name to wheat-bearing territory of India. Some porthat region Now wastefully away to the sea, tions of the great doab which it is proposed to leaving a large tract of desert land, some of reclaim - a doab fifty thousand square miles which was once fertile, to be the home of noth. in extent — have undoubtedly been both ining and nobody. Those same rivers are suffi- habited and highly fertile in their day. In cient to make that same desert blossom as a some cases the canal is almost inade, the un.

The work of cutting canals, which would used bed of diverted rivers lying ready to be afford means both for navigation and irrigation, again filled with the life-giving stream. So would be enormous; but so far is it thought that the earlier portion of the great work will feasible that the India Office has undertaken be comparatively easy. But, whether easy or to use the canals, paying tolls for its transit, hard, the reclamation of fifty thousand square and to buy the irrigating water, undertaking miles of land in an over-populated country, the on its own account to collect the water rent irrigation of a tract so enormous in a country from the natives. Engineering experts declare visited so frequently by famine, is a task the that the special work can easily be done, and magnificence of which, from an engineering reports have been made to the India Office and from a political point of view, almost which show that the land to be reclained has overweights the imagination.



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Edinburgh Review, II. A Bit of Loot,

Cornhill Magazine,

Cornhill Magazine,

Macmillan's Magazine,

Times, .

Morning Post,
VII. Bess! A Character'Sketch,

Chambers' Journal, VIII. THE CHINESE Navy,



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