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tents of my larder, which there was always I had been executed, all the male portion a difficulty in replenishing, as no eatable of the family (eleven) confronted him in food could be found within ten miles. a menacing attitude, each armed with a No one in the villages round indulged in pitchfork. A. was alone and unarmed, meat unless some ox or sheep had come but going up to the foremost he snatched to an untimely end. The old grandfather the pitchfork from his hand; the rest was in our eyes the flower of the flock. then dropped their weapons, and fled. He worked as hard as bis failing strength | After this, the family was of course given would allow; and one day my husband, notice to quit. They were rich, and had struck with compassion at his famished land of their own, therefore their ejectappearance, and touched by a way the ment caused them no pecuniary embar. old man bad of saluting him respectfully, rassment; but many generations had desired the servants to ask him in to lived and died in that bouse, and it was breakfast. Nonno," quite overwhelmed not without a certain feeling of commisby the honor, got himself into a clean eration that I saw the long procession of smock and a pair of boots, and, seated at men, women, and children, with all their our kitchen table, relieved his overbur- flocks and their herds, their wagons and dened heart. His grandchildren, he said, their asses, laden with goods and chattels, treated him in a most unfeeling manner; wend their way slowly towards another not only was he made to work hard and home, reminding me vaguely of a Scripnot given enough to eat, but when he tural exodus. We did not replace the alluded to bis savings, he was reminded peasants who left, but hired laborers and that they would come in handy for his cultivated these farms ourselves. This funeral expenses. It was long since he system was troublesome, but so much had bad such a good meal, and he was more remunerative than the former that much obliged to the padrone. Our rela. we have no reason to regret having been tions with this interesting family ended forced into it; and it is a significant fact by mutual consent, and never do I re that we obtained the next year, not double, member experiencing a greater sense of but four times the produce that had come relief than on their departure. This was to our share the year before. Something, not the only class of peasants with whom of course, may have been due to better we could not manage to get on. We cultivation ; but an improved system could found our coloni apparently humble even scarcely, in one year, have effected such to servility, but in reality unmanageable. extraordinary results. Labor is cheap; It was in vain that my husband endeav- for seventy-five centesimi a man, and for ored to introduce improved methods of forty-five a woman, will work from sunrise farming; they were strenuously resisted. to sunset through a long summer day, and The oxen had always trodden out the many will come from villages several corn, and it got done in the course of the miles off, and return when their work is summer; so why use the threshing-ma. done. One hour for repose and food was chine? Vines had always been trained demanded, and humanity induced us to up trees grown in the midst of corn-fields; prolong it during the extreme heat to two. and although the corn round the tree did | The dinner of our laborers consisted of not ripen, and the tree itself sucked up a loaf of Indian-corn bread, and any fruit the moisture necessary to the free growth which might happen to be in season of the vine, it was still maintained that apple, a pear, or a bunch of grapes; this such vineyards were the most economical. was all. Wine is a rare luxury with the The grapes had always been gathered poorer class of peasants, and meat or before they were ripe, and the wine had eggs rarer still. Between these wretched always been sour; but they liked it so. day laborers, who live from hand to mouth, The cattle could work even when half and those prosperous peasants who have starved; therefore why waste your sub- land of their own, there is a great disstance in giving them enough to eat? tinction, and a contadino grasso who The principal farmer on the property was marries one of the indigent of his own the most obstinate, and his resistance class is held to have made a mésalliance. was at last carried to a pitch which made I was walking once with a contadina a termination of his tenancy indispensa- whose husband was part proprietor with ble.

ourselves, and who enjoyed the proud One day when my husband went down title of vergara. We passed a woman to the farm of this troublesome tenant, who claimed acquaintance with her. This to assure himself that some orders he contadina wore a magnificent coral neckhad given respecting the feeding of cattle l lace and massive gold earrings, but her

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chemise was patched and her petticoat in off the stage ; for the exhibition of feeling rags. Annunziata was moved to tears at is thought so proper and becoming that the sight of her old friend so come down they feign it where they have it not. To in the world. This unfortunate person weep at every parting, even with the most was the daughter of a contadino grasso, casual acquaintance, is thought a point of and had married beneath her - a poor etiquette, and the art of pumping up tears fellow who kept one pig, and inhabited a at will is one of the first to be acquired. mud cottage! Many of the poorest of Knowing the amount of labor and rethe peasantry eke out their living by tak- hearsing necessary to getting up private ing care of soundlings, for whom a char- theatricals in England with any success, itable institution provides. These bas- I was surprised at the facility with which tardi abound, and the mystery of their the dullest and most uneducated Italian origin forms the basis of many a romantic would learn and recite his part, and with story. They are kept out at nurse until what grace and effect each point would be the age of twelve, when the institution given. He never mumbles or gabbles, or occupies itself with their education and looks as if he didn't know what to do with settlement in the world; sometimes they his arms and legs, or appears to be won. are adopted by their foster parents for dering why he is making such a ridiculous good and all. 'I have not described the fool of himself, as is the way of the En. looks of our peasants. They are seldom glish amateur. The; balls are not select; well made ; the bodies being long, and even the peasants are included; and the the legs short and often bandy, in conse- price of admission is but one sou. There quence, I believe, of 'the fascin. But is every variety of class and costume. some very pleasant, pretty faces may be some of the ladies will appear masked; seen among them. Blue eyes and flaxen others in what they fondly imagine to be hair are not at all uncommon - traces, I the height of the fashion; some in evensuppose, of their northern conquerors ing and some in morning dress, and some but the occhi branchi, as all light-colored in a happy mixture of both. One will eyes are called, are not prized as in most wear a low gown and her best bonnet; southern climes; they are lamented as an another will carry, in addition to fan and imperfection. _The prevalence of such smelling-bottle, her muff. The band plays

Ermenegilda,” “Elminia," on a raised scaffolding. Musicians and “ Geltrude," seem also to tell of mixture dancers cannot always agree. with a Teutonic race.

know what it is you are playing?” is occa

sionally shouted from below. AMUSEMENTS.

know what it is you are dancing ?” is the ALTHOUGH there is no attempt at any- tu quoque from above. More lively banthing which we should call society, no ter follows, ending, perhaps, in a quarrel. dinner or tea parties, no archery, no pic- The musicians strike work; the dancers nics — none, in fact, of our ways for reply that it does not matter; but it ends “bringing people together" yet our in a reconciliation, and all goes on as beneighbors manage to meet and amuse fore. The peasants prefer dancing in the themselves after their own fashion. It is open air. The only dance known to them a more hearty fashion than ours, and far in these parts is the salterello. The man more economical; for eating and drinking and woman dance opposite one another, is not that necessary element in amuse- she looking as if she must fall forwards, ment with Italians that it is with us. and he backwards. Hands are sometimes There is always a band, often very good; joined; but this is thought bad forın by and there is generally a theatre where, the peasant aristocracy. Two or three during the Carnival, some sort of dramatic fiddlers play a monotonous, bagpipe-like representation takes place, and this the tune, which is occasionally enlivened by a atre serves also for a ball-room ; then shout and a gust of song. Then an imthere are the fairs, which make a rendez- provisatore will be inspired by his muse, vous for all classes; and, at the risk of and, like some clergymen who preach exappearing irreverent, I must include pro- tempore, has a difficulty in leaving off. cessions amongst the entertainments. The energy which the peasants display Italian amateur actors are infinitely bet- after a hard day's reaping under a burnter than English. To simulate emotion, ing sun, seems amazing; but Italians, to speak distinctly, to suit the action to though sometimes averse to work, never the word – all this comes naturally to tire of their amusements. The band plays them. A great many are born actors and an important part in all festivities. Duractresses, and display their talents freely ling a wedding it will play operatic music

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inside the church; it brings up the rear | stern business. I was once taken to a in all processions; it celebrates the Be- fair where an enterprising attempt at fana (Epiphany) by going about, much as horce-racing had been made. There had our “waits” do, from house to house, arisen un po' d'imbroglio, was explained and, like the “waits,” it is apt to become to us on our arrival at the scene of action. a nuisance. On occasions such as a Two jockeys were in vain endeavoring to birth, or a christening, or an electoral tri- get started. One steed stood still and umph, or the return from a journey, we kicked; another presently bolted off in have suffered much from the midnight the opposite direction from the goal; and, serenade of a particularly zealous band far ahead, the winning horse was indeed belonging to a neighboring village. galloping at full speed, but with an empty

Fairs are in force all the year round, saddle, leaving behind nim a cloud of dust, and to them flock an immense crowd, of from which his rider was seen to emerge all classes and of all ages. The peasants and straightway follow in pursuit. The are mostly bent on business. They may gaine of bowls, or voccie, is a very favorite be seen, early in the morning, leading amusement, but is often forbidden by the their cow, or their pig, or their donkey to authorities, on account of the danger to sell to the highest bidder; and, late in the passers-by, wlio have to dodge these evening, they return with some newly- wooden balls as they fly from one side of acquired treasure. The fine folks will go the road to the other. Of that most imlater, neither to buy nor to sell, but to moral amusement (if amusement it can be meet one another, and amuse the child called) the lottery, it is not my province dren, who will be given soldi to exchange to speak at length. I believe it is a great for sugar plums and toys. The fair is not source of revenue to the government, and always beld in the market place of the vil. I know it is a great source of misery and lage, but in any open space that may be crime to the people, in illustration of found available, sometimes far from any which I will tell an anecdote, which, village. At a distance, what strikes the strange as it may seem, is absolutely eye is a heaving, surging sea of white ox- true. backs; on nearer approach, many other A lady took her little boy to a neighborobjects become visible – mules, donkeys, ing fair. He was a lovely child, with pigs, sheep, goats, fowls, pots and pans, flaxen hair, blue eyes, and a dazzlingly fair and earthen utensils, fruit and vegetables. complexion. To this pair a well-dressed Booths are decked out with gay-colored woman of the middle class, fascinated stuffs, with kerchiefs, necklaces, and ear. apparently by the extraordinary beauty of rings, with cheap toys and sugarplums- the child, approached : “I have a carriage in short, all articles of use or luxury that here,” said she to the mother; "may I the peasantry can require. The noise is take your boy for a little drive? I will indescribable. What with the lowing, bring him back almost immediately.” braying, grunting, and cackling of the The lady was young and unsuspecting; various animals the greeting, bargain the child eager to go. He was carried ing, and quarrelling of their owners the off, and in vain the mother waited and disorder and confusion that prevail make watched. The stranger woman the threading of one's way through the brought back her child. The kidnapper crowd a difficult and dangerous exploit

. was not a native of those parts. No one Having passed with trepidation by the there knew who she was, whence she heels of a mule of vicious aspect, you find came, or whither she had gone. There yourself in danger of impalement on the seemed no clue to the mystery. The horns of a bull who is trying to break poor mother went more than half disaway from his keepers. in terror you tracted; but the father, a man of energy step back upon a set of cups and saucers, and shrewd sense, succeeded in tracking whose owner does not let you escape his child to a village far south. Accomwithout paying your damages three times panied by carabinieri, he discovered his

Of course no seller dreams of of- son in a loft, and rescued him only just in fering his wares at less than double the time from an awful fate. He was about price he intends to take, and the buyer to be murdered, and an altar had been would be thought a simpleton indeed erected on which the victiin's blood was were he to offer at first more than half to spurt. The motive of the intended what he means to give. Bargaining, crime was to ensure his murderess a therefore, is a long business; it begins prize in the lottery; for a soothsayer had soon after dawn, and ends at sunset. recommended for this purpose the sacri. Sometimes a few recreations relieve this . fice of a fair and rosy child. The ghastly

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plot was invented by a priest, for what effect. After having paraded three times end I do not know. The priest escaped ; round the town, the procession enters the the woman was put in prison, where she church, where the crucifix is now brilshortly died. She had not borne a bad liantly illuminated. They range themcharacter, and the dreadful guilt she med selves around it, and another dramatic itated appears to have been the result of sermon takes place. On leaving the a sort of madness which the fascination church the population proceeds to view of the lottery is said to bring upon its various little shows representing phases victims. Perhaps it is fair to add that of Christ's passion and crucifixion this happened many years ago.

Christ in the garden, a pasteboard figure Processions, such as mark certain kneeling, and surrounded by plants, well feasts of the Church all over Italy, have lighted up; Christ scourged, etc. The been described so often that I will confine next morning, early, men go about hammyself to an account of one now nearly mering bits of wood, and crying out, obsolete, which takes place once in three " Come to mass, in memory of Christ's years, in a few remote villages. It is on death.” This is called the tric-a-trac. Good Friday. At the morning function in church the whole scene of Christ's cruci.

COURTSHIP. fixion is gone through. A life-sized paste- COURTSHIP and marriage go on of board figure is seen nailed to the cross, course in remote Italian villages as elseand is taken down amidst the sobs and where ; and it has been incumbent on me groans of the audience. The preacher to assist at many weddings, and to listen explains and dilates upon the crucifixion to many confidences as to how it all came in a sensational manner, gesticulating and about; the efforts made to get settled, raving in a way which seems more adapted and the difficulties encountered, being for a theatre than a church. After sunset, told on both sides with engaging candor. the stseets are all illuminated with Chi. The pros and cons are discussed openly; nese lanterns, hung in festoons across the friends and acquaintances are asked if street, and the procession forms. The they will kindly look out for a young lady first figures are draped in long grey cloaks with a handsome dot for Antonio, or if with hoods over their faces. Some of they will just mention all excellent qualithese drag long and heavy chains attached ties of Maria to the parents of an eligible to their feet; others flagellate themselves young man. The relations on both sides over the left shoulder with chains; these baggle and bargain until'each side thinks are incognito, having some terrible sin to it has “done” the other pretty completely. expiate. Stories are told of great but not When all the preliminaries are settled, good signori, arriving in the dead of night but on account before, the young from their distant palaces, in the greatest couple are introduced to one another and secrecy, in order to do penance in this told to fall in love. A young lady of my procession. Having flogged themselves acquaintance came to me for my congratthree times round the town, they return ulations on her approaching marriage. I to their homes before the village has dis- gave them heartily, as she had previously covered how great a personage thus hu- confided to me that having spared no miliated himself. After these come a pains with her trousseau, and having it less weird procession in white gowns, all complete, and tied up with blue riband blue or red cloaks – all carry long bons, it was annoying that the sposo tapers. Then come little children in should alone be wanting, especially as her spangled dresses, with wings fastened to younger sister was always having offers their

shoulders, burning incense before a which she could not accept; for the father hearse draped with black velvet, and sur- was a methodical man, and would on no mounted by a crown, on which is laid the account have a daughter married out of pasteboard figure of Christ. The hearse her turn. Having offered the proper feliciis followed by a procession of pasteboard tations, “Well, and what is his name?” figures, all life size, borne upright on I inquired. Oh, I don't know! Papa wooden stands. First the Madonna in has not yet told me that," answered the black, with her handkerchief to her eyes; bride elect. then St. John, stretching forth his hands The necessity of giving wedding prestowards her; the Magdalen; and, finally, ents is imposed only upon the near relaSt. Veronica, displaying the handkerchief tions of the bride. Odes are cheaper, on which is impressed the face of Christ. and many a poet unknown to fame will These life-sized figures borne aloft, and rhyme industriously when any young lady tottering on their stands, have a ghastly of his acquaintance gets married. He


will then bave his effusions printed on

From The Gentleman's Magazine. ornamental paper, and on the wedding

MADEMOISELLE ANGELE. day the tables are strewn with original

BY ALICE CORKRAN. poems, some sentimental, others facetious, and many what we English are

CHAPTER I. supposed to think shoking (always with- CHATEAU JOUy, on the confines of Norout the c), and which are indeed calcu- mandy and Brittany, stood amidst its lated to startle one brought up accord. woods, some way out of the village that ing to our ideas of decorum. These bore its name. improprieties are especially observable in It was July, and it had rained incesthe odes written by priests. It is thought santly, not for a day or two, not with correct to endow the bride in these com- cheery intervals between the showers, not positions with every virtue and grace, but with an occasional streak of sunshine jomore emphatically that particular virtue vially pushing aside heaven's door, just to or grace in which she is most deficient. assure the world that all was right, and Thus an ugly girl will be extolled for her dry weather would come yet, but disamazing beauty, a stupid one for her ex- mally, doggedly, sullenly for a whole week traordinary talents, and an ill-tempered together. It was still raining. Outside one for her angelic meekness of disposi. the château a trackless, uncharted sea of tion. The mother and sisters of the mud spread, in which stood crest-fallen bridegroom do not go to the wedding- trees, spiritless hedges, and pallid flowers. they sit at home to receive the pair, who Over it the birds flew dejectedly, lowdo not immediately start on their honey-spirited horses ploughed through it, and moon, but betake themselves first to the some cows stood mid-leg deep in it, re. bride's new home, where some relations gardless of consequences. It was a limp of her own will perhaps accompany her, world, that had lost all pluck and show of and stay until the next morning. bravery under the drip-drip scolding of the

A young man is but little consulted rain. about the choice of his partner in life, Inside the château, the company was and a girl is seldom allowed any voice at assembled in the hall round the log fire all in the matter. A father who said that that burned in the deep hearth. It was a he would not marry his daughter without handsome apartment, hung with sober her own consent, created quite a sensa- tapestries and furnished with splendid old tion by the declaration. The daughter in oak. Mademoiselle Angèle de Say, the question exclaimed: “Now, isn't that young châtelaine, was wont to draw a good of papa ? Perhaps it is because vivid and gloomy picture of the château to mama poveretta had never seen him till her friends in Paris, painting it as a somshe married, and at first she didn't like bre abode, buried in the woods, with a him at all.”

sinister northern tower haunted by a The peasants have a freer choice in ghost; but it was, in truth, a fine manmarriage; pretty peasant girl will change sion of no great antiquity. It was roomy, her betrothal a good many times before commodious, and bore in its exterior and she finds one to her mind. Well, and interior arrangements the stamp of a cerwhen are you going to marry Pasquale ?” tain stateliness and fine taste. one inquires of Assunta, who replies : Whatever may have been the sombre “Oh, I have got tired of Pasquale; he colors in which it was the young lady's beat me the other day, so I have broken fancy, to paint Château Jouy to her with him, and now I am going to see how friends, certain it is, that when she came Giacomo will suit me." By the time she to it, the place was transformed into an does marry, neither Pasquale nor Gia: enchanted residence, a summer palace, a como, but Arigo, she will be very proud centre of movement and gaiety. She of the number of pairs of earrings of filled it with her Parisian friends. She which she has despoiled her discarded always carried a bit of Paris with her suitors. She, too, has been working at wherever she went. Walks in the mornher corredo from an early age, and will ing; rides on horseback through the have an oaken chest full of linen for the woods in the afternoon; music, dancing, house and for herself. She returns home charades in the evening, were the order of after the marriage ceremony and remains the day, and had continued till this spell with her parents for two or three days; of wet weather had set in. the bridegroom then comes to fetch her Mademoiselle Angèle's spirit had manhome, and it is at his house that the festa fully borne up against it. She had kept takes place.

her guests alive by her gaiety, but now

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