Judas selleth his master.

Anno DOMINI 33.

I See Matt. 18. 28.

e Matt. 26. 14.

d Matt. 26. 17.



4 And there were some that had indignation within themselves, and said, Why was this waste of the ointment made?

5 For it might have been sold for more than three hundred || pence, and have been given to the poor. And they murmured against her.

6 And Jesus said, Let her alone; why trouble ye her? she hath wrought a good work on me.

7 For ye have the poor with you always, and whensoever ye will ye may do them good: but me ye have not always.

8 She hath done what she could: she is come aforehand to anoint my body to the burying.

9 Verily I say unto you, Wheresoever this gospel shall be preached throughout the whole world, this also that she hath done shall be spoken of for a memorial of her.

10 ¶ And Judas Iscariot, one of of the twelve, went unto the chief priests, to betray him unto them.

11 And when they heard it, they were glad, and promised to give him money. And he sought how he might conveniently betray him.


The holy supper instituted. 17 And in the evening he cometh Anno with the twelve.


18 And as they sat and did eat, Jesus said, Verily I say unto you, One of you which eateth with me shall betray me.

19 And they began to be sorrowful, and to say unto him one by one, Is it I? and another said, Is it I?

20 And he answered and said unto them, It is one of the twelve, that dippeth with me in the dish.

21 The Son of man indeed goeth, as it is written of him: but woe to that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! good were it for that man if he had never been born.



e Matt. 26. 20.

22 And as they did eat, Jesus f Matt. 26. 26. took bread, and blessed, and brake it, and gave to them, and said, Take, eat: this is my body.

23 And he took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them: and they all drank of it.


24 And he said unto them, This my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many.

25 Verily I say unto you, I will
drink no more of the fruit of the
vine, until that day that I drink it
new in the kingdom of God.

26¶ And when they had sung an
hymn, they went out into the Or, psalm.

12 ¶ And the first day of unlea1 Or, sacri vened bread, when they || killed the passover, his disciples said unto him, Where wilt thou that we go and pre-mount of Olives. pare that thou mayest eat the passover?

13 And he sendeth forth two of his disciples, and saith unto them, Go ye into the city, and there shall meet you a man bearing a pitcher of water: follow him.

14 And wheresoever he shall go in, say ye to the goodman of the house, The Master saith, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples?

15 And he will shew you a large upper room furnished and prepared: there make ready for us.

16 And his disciples went forth, and came into the city, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.

she brake the cement with which the box was closed up. It is still usual in the East to send wine, rosewater, &c. to great distances, in bottles stopped with cotton and closed with wax. Sir J. Chardin.

5.- three hundred pence,] About £9. 13s. 9d. of our money. Bp. Pearce.

27 And Jesus saith unto them, g Matt. 26. 31. All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered.

28 But after that I am risen, I will go before you into Galilee.

29 h But Peter said unto him, Al- h Matt. 26.33. though all shall be offended, yet will not I.

30 And Jesus saith unto him, Verily I say unto thee, That this day, even in this night, before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice.

31 But he spake the more vehemently, If I should die with thee, I will not deny thee in any wise. Likewise also said they all.

15.-furnished] The word thus translated seems probably to mean, having couches round the table spread with carpets or other coverings, for the reception of the guests. Dr. Lightfoot.

30.-before the cock crow twice,] See the note at Matthew xxvi. 34.

Christ's agony and prayer in the garden. in the garden. S. MARK.

Anno DOMINI 33.

i Matt. 26. 36.

k Matt. 26.47.


32 And they came to a place which was named Gethsemane and he saith to his disciples, Sit ye here, while I shall pray.

33 And he taketh with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy; 34 And saith unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful unto death: tarry ye here, and watch.

35 And he went forward a little, and fell on the ground, and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass from him.

36 And he said, Abba, Father, all things are possible unto thee; take away this cup from me: nevertheless not what I will, but what thou


37 And he cometh, and findeth them sleeping, and saith unto Peter, Simon, sleepest thou? couldest not thou watch one hour?

38 Watch ye and pray, lest ye enter into temptation. The spirit truly is ready, but the flesh is weak.

39 And again he went away, and prayed, and spake the same words.

40 And when he returned, he found them asleep again, (for their eyes were heavy,) neither wist they what to answer him.

41 And he cometh the third time, and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take your rest: it is enough, the hour is come; behold, the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. 42 Rise up, let us go; lo, he that betrayeth me is at hand.

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to be sore amazed,] To be in great consternation and anguish of mind. Dr. S. Clarke.

36.-Abba, Father,] "Abba" is the Chaldee for father. The word " Father" seems here added to explain the meaning of Abba. Dr. Lightfoot.

41.—it is enough,] Meaning, I give you your acquittance; you need do no more; the hour is come when I am to be betrayed. Dr. Hammond.

51.—a certain young man, having, &c.] This circumstance seems to be recorded to shew the consternation of our Lord's disciples; the young man choosing to quit his only covering in cold weather, rather than be detained by those officers. Bp. Mann.

Judas betrayeth him with a kiss.

soever I shall kiss, that same is he; take him, and lead him away safely.

45 And as soon as he was come, he goeth straightway to him, and saith, Master, master; and kissed him.

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46 And they laid their hands on him, and took him.

47 And one of them that stood by drew a sword, and smote a servant of the high priest, and cut off his ear.

48 And Jesus answered and said unto them, Are ye come out, as against a thief, with swords and with staves to take me?

49 I was daily with you in the temple teaching, and ye took me not: but the scriptures must be fulfilled.

50 And they all forsook him, and fled.

51 And there followed him a certain young man, having a linen cloth cast about his naked body; and the young men laid hold on him:

52 And he left the linen cloth, and fled from them naked.




53 And they led Jesus away to 1 Matt. 26. 57. the high priest and with him were assembled all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes.

54 And Peter followed him afar off, even into the palace of the high priest: and he sat with the servants, and warmed himself at the fire.

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Christ is falsely accused and condemned. CHAP. XIV.



n Matt. 24. 30.

stroy this temple that is made with hands, and within three days I will build another made without hands.

59 But neither so did their witness agree together.

60 And the high priest stood up in the midst, and asked Jesus, saying, Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against thee?

61 But he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the high priest asked him, and said unto him, Art thou the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?

62 And Jesus said, I am: " and ye shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.

63 Then the high priest rent his clothes, and saith, What need we any further witnesses?

64 Ye have heard the blasphemy: what think ye? And they all condemned him to be guilty of death.

65 And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say unto him, Prophesy and the servants did strike him with the palms of their hands.

58. — made with hands,] That is, the work of man. "Made without hands," the work of God. 61.

Son of the Blessed?] Son of the most high God. Dr. S. Clarke. The Jews, when they named God, generally added, "Blessed for ever;" hence the title here used is that of God the Father. Dr. Hammond. 62.-I am :] I am He. At Matt. xxvi. 64, "Thou hast said." These two phrases have the same meaning in the Hebrew idiom. Dr. Whitby.

66. — beneath in the palace,] Below in the hall. ver. 54. Bp. Pearce.



67.- warming himself,] See note at John xviii. 18. 72. And when he thought thereon, he wept.] St. Peter, who was not only an Apostle, but one amongst them who was singled out as a companion of our Lord's privacies, admitted to the honour of his most intimate friendship, and who, on all occasions before this period, had expressed his sense of these uncommon favours, by all possible instances of gratitude, love, and more than ordinary zeal, now disowned and denied his Master; repeated that denial thrice; repeated it after sufficient space for recollection; and, at last, bound the lie upon his soul with solemn oaths and dreadful imprecations. Ah, where was now that gallant faith, which made so glorious a confession of this Jesus being the "Christ, the Son of the living God?" Where that eager courage, that did not fear to meet his Lord walking upon the sea? Where that bold promise, that though "all should be offended" and leave their dear Lord in His distress, yet would "he never be offended?" Where that becoming resolution, "Though I should die with Thee, yet will I not deny Thee in any wise?" Where all that fire and intrepidity, which but a very little while ago had singly engaged a whole band of armed men, in hope to rescue the Lord he now abjures?

What two men ever differed more from one another,

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Peter's denial and repentance.

66 ¶ And as Peter was beneath in the palace, there cometh one of the maids of the high priest:

67 And when she saw Peter warming himself, she looked upon him, and said, And thou also wast with Jesus of Nazareth.

68 But he denied, saying, I know not, neither understand I what thou sayest. And he went out into the porch; and the cock crew.

69 And a maid saw him again, and began to say to them that stood by, This is one of them.


70 And he denied it again. And

little after, they that stood by said again to Peter, Surely thou art one of them: for thou art a Galilean, and thy speech agreeth thereto.

71 But he began to curse and to swear, saying, I know not this man of whom ye speak.



o Matt. 26.69.

72 P And the second time the cock p Matt. 26.75. crew. And Peter called to mind the word that Jesus said unto him, Before the cock crow twice, thou shalt Or, deny me thrice. And when he abundantly, thought thereon, he wept.

he wept

or, he began to weep.

than this man in an hour or two differed from himself; from what himself had oft been proved, and had been all along, till that very hour or two; from what he hoped and believed he should, and no doubt intended fully to continue to the last moment of his life? But this fall of St. Peter, as it ought to be applied for a necessary mortification of our vanity, so may it likewise serve us for a support under our frailties and temptations. For, as his fault was sudden and surprising, so was his recovery speedy and effectual. Long it was not, before he was awakened into recollection by a pitying look of his injured Master, and the crowing of the cock. Immediately upon the reflection he forsook the guilty scene of his foul offence, sought a convenient place for retired thoughts, melted away in tears for the horrour of his crime, and from thenceforward became again the same faithful, affectionate, undaunted St. Peter, he had been before. The book of the Acts informs us at large what noble reparations he afterwards made for this breach of faith: how vigorous and bold he was in preaching, how forward and even joyful in suffering for the Gospel of his once denied Lord. And the same Jesus, who foretold by what means he should offend, did shortly after let him understand "by what death he should glorify God." All which are testimonies of greater value, because these were the long and constant practice of a settled faith, the course of many years, the habit and the sense of the man: whereas his crime, though exceeding great, was however of short continuance, the effect of fear and infirmity in great measure, and not so much the act of the man, as the effect of violent passions and temptations, which had then almost unmanned him.

The same methods must we be sure to follow, when it shall please God to suffer any grievous temptation to overtake us. We must, upon the first sense of our fault, burst through and break our snare; afflict our

Jesus is accused before Pilate,

Anno DOMINI 33.

a Matt. 27. 1.

Matt., 27. 13.



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and delivered to be crucified.

11 But the chief priests moved the people, that he should rather release Barabbas unto them.



12 And Pilate answered and said again unto them, What will that I shall do unto him whom ye ye the King of the Jews?

13 And they cried out again, Crucify him.

14 Then Pilate said unto them, Why, what evil hath he done? And they cried out the more exceedingly, Crucify him.

15 And so Pilate, willing to content the people, released Barabbas unto them, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged him, to be crucified.

16 And the soldiers led him away into the hall, called Pretorium; and they call together the whole band.

2 And Pilate asked him, Art thou the King of the Jews? And he answering said unto him, Thou sayest it. 3 And the chief priests accused him of many things: but he answer-purple, and platted a crown of thorns, ed nothing. and put it about his head,


4 And Pilate asked him again, saying, Answerest thou nothing? behold how many things they witness against thee.

5 But Jesus yet answered nothing; so that Pilate marvelled.

6 Now at that feast he released unto them one prisoner, whomsoever they desired.

7 And there was one named Barabbas, which lay bound with them that had made insurrection with him, who had committed murder in the insurrection.

8 And the multitude crying aloud began to desire him to do as he had ever done unto them.

9 But Pilate answered them, saying, Will ye that I release unto you the King of the Jews?

10 For he knew that the chief priests had delivered him for envy.

souls with a sorrow that may carry some proportion to the sad occasion of it: nor tarry a moment in the way of temptation; never look back upon our misdemeanors without a just abhorrence; and, above all, use our utmost diligence to bring honour to virtue and religion by our future practice. It is true, indeed, we cannot do all or any part of this, without the assistance of Divine Grace. It is that alone can strengthen them that stand; it is that alone must raise up them that fall. But the same Jesus who turned upon St. Peter, and brought him back to himself, will not leave us to perish in our folly, but will find out some happy, some awakening dispensation: and, provided we be as careful as St. Peter was, to observe, to strike in with, to improve it, He will convert even our temptations and past sins to His glory and our own profit. The same powerful Intercessor

17 And they clothed him with

18 And began to salute him, Hail, King of the Jews!

19 And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and bowing their knees worshipped him.

20 And when they had mocked him, they took off the purple from him, and put his own clothes on him, and led him out to crucify him.

Anno DOMINI 33.

21 And they compel one Simon e Matt. 27.32. a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross.

22 And they bring him unto the place Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, The place of a scull.

23 And they gave him to drink wine mingled with myrrh: but he received it not.

24 And when they had crucified

prays for every sincere though feeble servant, that his faith fail not: but they that are sincere, should remember they are feeble too; and should not, with this Apostle, sleep in the hour of danger; but watch and pray; watch constantly, pray fervently, that they enter not into temptation. As knowing by this example, and feeling by their own experience, that the willingness of the spirit is not preservative sufficient against the weakness of the flesh. Dean Stanhope.

Chap. XV. ver. 1. And straightway &c.] For further notes on this chapter, see Matt. xxvii.

21.-father of Alexander and Rufus,] These persons were then probably living at Rome, as St. Paul salutes Rufus there. Grotius. We may suppose they were persons well known at the time when the Gospel was written.

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28 And the scripture was fulfilled, d Isai. 53. 12. which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors.

A miraculous darkness.

30 Save thyself, and come down from the cross.

31 Likewise also the chief priests mocking said among themselves with the scribes, He saved others; himself he cannot save.

32 Let Christ the King of Israel descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe. And they that were crucified with him reviled him.

33 And when the sixth hour was come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour.


Anno DOMINI 33.

34 And at the ninth hour Jesus 29 And they that passed by railed cried with a loud voice, saying, on him, wagging their heads, and say-Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which Matt. 27.46. ing, Ah, thou that destroyest the is, being interpreted, My God, my temple, and buildest it in three days, God, why hast thou forsaken me?

25. — it was the third hour,] See note at John xix. 14.

32.—that we may see and believe.] This they said, not that they either desired or would have yielded to further conviction, but merely for the purpose of insulting him. Dr. S. Clarke.

The rejection of Christianity by the great bulk of the Jewish nation, assuredly forms no valid objection to the connexion and consistency of the Law and the Gospel. This rejection was not obscurely intimated by the Prophets, Ísai. xlix. 16; liii. 1-9; was expressly predicted by our Lord, Matt. xvi. 21; xxvi. 2; and was the natural consequence of that national ambition, that carnal and worldly temper, which induced the great bulk of the Jewish nation to misunderstand and misinterpret the prophecies; by directing their attention exclusively to those predictions which speak of the supremacy and extent of the Messiah's kingdom, and which they understood of a temporal instead of a spiritual reign, by which the Jewish nation, as they vainly imagined, was to be rescued from the Roman yoke, and exalted to the dominion of the world; while they wilfully overlooked the equally clear predictions of the same Messiah's humiliation and sufferings, and the express declarations, that the new dispensation should not be confined to one chosen people, like the old; but should embrace, without distinction, all nations, who, according to the original promise of God to the great Patriarch Abraham, were to "be blessed in his seed." But the true interpretation and application of the prophecies is not obscured, or the proof of Divine foreknowledge and co-operation in the establishment of the Gospel arising from them subverted, by the errours or the obstinacy of the Jews. The prophecies are open to our inspection as well as theirs; and, when by combining the temporal humiliation with the spiritual dominion of the Messiah, both which the Gospel attests, we perceive all the predictions respecting Him accomplished, however apparently opposite; the proof hence resulting is the more decisive, as it was more difficult for mere human sagacity to anticipate, or mere human agency to produce, so extraordinary a coincidence. Dr. Graves.

34. Eloi, Eloi,] St. Matthew gives the words Eli, Eli, in the Hebrew, exactly the same as they occur at Ps. xxii. 1. St. Mark gives them according to the Syrochaldaick dialect; which was in common use at the time of our Saviour. Dr. Lightfoot.

We should observe what calmness of mind is conspicuous in the unimpassioned but not unfeeling manner

in which the Evangelists relate the cruel sufferings of their Divine Lord, as well as the obstinacy, the perverseness, the insatiable malignity of His enemies; in all their narration, not one opprobrious epithet, not one severe expression escapes them. How completely does this distinguish them from fanaticks, whose fury and hatred generally burst forth, when roused by opposition of any kind, much more when such opposition inflicts the severest personal injuries, and pursues, with contempt and persecution, the most sacred objects of religious reverence. Calmness such as this, which is rarely attained by philosophick wisdom, is surely most inconsistent with every possible suspicion of fanaticism. Dr. Graves. If we compare the particular predictions with the historical passages of our Lord's sufferings, if we join the Prophets and Evangelists together, it will most manifestly appear that the Messiah was to suffer nothing which Christ has not suffered. If Zechariah say, Zech. xi. 12, "they weighed for My price thirty pieces of silver," St. Matthew will shew, Matt. xxvi. 15, that Judas sold Jesus at the same rate; for the chief priests "covenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver." If Isaiah say, Isai. liii. 5, that " He was wounded;" if Zechariah, Zech. xii. 10, "they shall look upon Me whom they have pierced;" if the Prophet David yet more particularly, Ps. xxii. 16, "they pierced My hands and My feet;" the Evangelists will shew how He was fastened to the cross; and Jesus Himself, John xx. 25, "the print of the nails." If the Psalmist tells us, Ps. xxii. 7, 8, they should "laugh Him to scorn, and shake their heads, saying, He trusted on the Lord that He would deliver Him: let Him deliver Him, seeing He delighted in Him;" St. Matthew will describe the same action and the same expressions: for, Matt. xxvii. 39, 43, "they that passed by reviled Him, wagging their heads;" the chief priests, &c. said, "He trusted in God, let Him deliver Him now, if He will have Him: for He said, I am the Son of God!" Let David say, Ps. xxii. 1, “My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?" and the Son of David will shew in whose person the words were spoken, "Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?" Let Isaiah foretell, Isai. liii. 12, "He was numbered with the transgressors," and you shall find Him, Mark xv. 27, crucified between two thieves, one on His right hand, and the other on His left." Read in the Psalmist, Ps. Ixix. 21, "in My thirst they gave Me vinegar to drink ;" and you shall find in the Evangelists, John xix. 28, 29, and Matt. xxvii. 48, "Jesus, that the Scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst; and they took a spunge, and filled it with


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