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The heavenly Jerusalem described. CHAP. XXI, XXII. The river and tree of life.
foundation was jasper; the second, 26 And they shall bring the glory DOMINI
27 And there shall in no wise enter
himself. 9 The angel will not be wor-
shipped. 18 Nothing may be added to the 22 And I saw no temple therein :
word of God, nor taken therefrom. for the Lord God Almighty and the
of water of life, clear as crystal,
and on either side of the river, was
25 h And the gates of it shall not nations. be shut at all by day: for there shall
3 And there shall be no more be no night there.
curse: but the throne of God and of
f Isai. 60, 19.
g Isai. 60. 3.
h Isai. 60. 11.
22. — for the Lord God &c.] The Almighty God and peculiar to the saints, and reserved for those who are Jesus Christ the Lamb were present in this city in a registered among true Christians. Lowman. much more glorious and perfect manner, than God was ever present in the temple of the earthly Jerusalem. Chap. XXII. ver. 1. And he shewed me a pure river Lowman.
&c.] The first five verses of this chapter are a conti23. — the city had no need of the sun,] The consola- nuation of the description of the new Jerusalem. It tory words at Isai. Ix. 19, 20; Zech. xiv. 6, 7, shall now is further described with “the river of life” and “the receive their proper completion. As much as to say, tree of life,” as if paradise were restored and improved. The happiness and spiritual comforts of this religious A river flowing through the midst of the streets, and kingdom will not be like the lights of the sun and trees growing on either side of the river, are wondermoon to the natural world, appearing only in certain fully pleasing objects, especially in hot Eastern climates. turns, with intervals of night and darkness; but the Of the fruits here is such plenty and abundance, that perfect knowledge of God, the light of Christ's words, all may freely partake of them at all seasons, and the and the comforts of His Holy Spirit, will be perpetual, very " leaves are for the healing of the nations ;" by all and uninterrupted by any future intervals of ignorance, which is signified the blessedness of immortality withvice, and superstition. Or, in the prophetisk sense of out any infirmities. Then too "there shall be no more sun and moon, no princes or prelates of arbitrary tem- curse, as there is and has been in this world, ever since per shall rule in the church of Christ. Pyle.
the fall of man; but the blessed inhabitants shall enjoy 24. And the nations &c.] This glorious city shall be the beatifick vision, shall live in the light of God's the residence of all who have believed with the heart | countenance, and “serve Him," and "reign for ever unto righteousness, and made confession with the mouth and ever.” Bp. Newton. unto salvation. All true Christians, out of every nation 2. was there the tree of life,] Both “the water of and people, shall have their portion in this glory, which life,” ver. 1, and “the tree of life,” are emblems of imshall be much greater than the richest and most power- mortality, Gen. iii. 22. The trees of life in this deful princes ever enjoyed; greater than if we were to scription are so planted that all the inhabitants may come imagine all the princes of the earth collecting all the at the fruit freely; they yield their fruit so plentifully riches of the world together, to beautify and adorn one and so constantly, that there can be no want, and even city. Lowman.
the leaves have a sovereign virtue against all sorts of 25. — for there shall be no night there.] The perpe- indisposition. How elegantly does this represent a pertual light of God's glory shall make perpetual day, the fectly happy state of immortal life! Lowman. inhabitants living in the undisturbed possession of all 3, 4. And there shall be no more curse : &c.] There peace, joy, and happiness. Lowman.
shall be no more any thing that looks like the curse 27. And there shall in no wise enter &c.] Though upon the first paradise ; nothing of the hardships or the gates of this city are always open, they are not open oppressions that were felt in the foregoing times of the for every one to enter in ; all who are unfit for this hap- Christian church: but, as the Prophet Zechariah expiness, shall be refused entrance; it is a blessedness presses the felicity of this same new Jerusalem, Zech.
b Chap. 19.10.
God the light of the city.
REVELATION. The angel will not be worshipped. the Lamb shall be in it; and his ser-, ship before the feet of the angel vants shall serve him :
which shewed me these things. 4 And they shall see his face; and
9 Then saith he unto me, his name shall be in their foreheads. thou do it not: for I am thy fellowa Chap. 21.23. 5 a And there shall be no night servant, and of thy brethren the
and they need no candle, nei- prophets, and of them which keep
10 And he saith unto me, Seal not
righteous, let him be righteous still :
12 And, behold, I come quickly;
xiv. 11, “Men shall dwell in it, and there shall be no tation of His providence, and all these are but so many more utter destruction, but Jerusalem shall be safely steps to prepare the way for His last coming to judginhabited ;" since every Christian in profession shall be ment. Bp. Newton. really what he professes to be ; and, as such, shall dwell 8. And I John saw these things] I John, who have under the sure protection of God and the love of Jesus committed these revelations to writing for the constant Christ. Pyle.
use of the church, do solemnly declare that I was an 3. — and his servants shall serve him : &c.] In these eye and earwitness to them, having really seen and words, our employment and our happiness in a state of heard them in the visions of prophecy, as I have faithblessedness are expressed; but what in particular our fully related them. Lowman. employment shall be, and wherein it shall consist, it is 9. - See thou do it not :] See note at chap. xix. 10. impossible now to describe. It is sufficient to know, in worship God.] Pay thy adorations to God Himthe general, that our employment will be our unspeak- self, to whom alone they are due. Pyle. able pleasure, and every way suitable to the glory and 10. — Seal not the sayings &c.] The angel desires happiness of that state, and as much above the noblest him not to seal this prophecy, as was that of Daniel, and most delightful employments of this world, as the Dan, xii. 4, 9. “For the time is at hand,” that is perfection of our bodies and the power of our souls will some of the particulars were soon to be accomplished, then be above what they now are in this world. Abp. as indeed all would in their due season and order. Bp. Tillotson.
Newton. 5. – there shall be no night] See chap. xxi. 25. Night 11. He that is unjust, let him be &c.] The providence and darkness, in the style of prophecy, signify often of God will indeed permit things to continue in this trouble and afliction. Light, on the contrary, expresses world, just as these prophecies represent the state of prosperity and joy. Lowman.
them. Men of evil principles and corrupt hearts will There shall be no more night to obscure our glory, as continue to commit acts of injustice and oppression, ver. 3, there shall be “no more curse” to embitter our and to promote false religion and wickedness, notwithsorrows. Abp. Tillotson.
standing all the cautions of religion, or judgments of and they shall reign for ever and ever.] This Providence. Yet the cautions, directions, and encouragebeing the last expression about the reign of the saints ments of these prophecies, and the judgınents of Proviin fuil glory, is as general and full as it is possible to dence foretold in them, will have a better effect on
good minds, so as to make them persevere in truth, We har now finished the prophetick part of the righteousness, and holiness. Lowman. In the prophevision oi S!. John, which concerns the destinies of the tical style, it is the same whether the things be uttered Christian church, from its beginning to its consumma- in the past or future, or in the imperative. So that to tion in glory. That which follows is an epilogue to say, He who is unjust, let him be unjust still," is confirm the truth of the prophecy, containing also some equal to saying, He that is unjust will still be so, and exhortations to observe the contents of it. Daubuz. will not be reclaimed, whatsoever persuasive reasons
6. And he said unto me, These sayings &c.] In the may be used for his recovery. Daubuz. conclusion the angel ratifies and confirms all these par- - he which is filthy,] All kinds of vice, but particulars by a repetition of the same solemn assurance ticularly the sin of idolatry, with all the degrees and which he had before given, chap. xix. 9; xxi. 5. Bp. acts of it, seem to come under this description. Darbu. Newton.
- he that is righteous,] He that keeps his righte7. Behold, I come quickly :) We may observe, that ousness, notwithstanding the persecution which he sufthe angel sometimes speaks in his own person, and fers on that account. Daubuz. sometimes in the person and character of Christ, whose 12. – and my reward is with me,] I will bring with ambassadour and representative he was. Christ is said Me due retributions to every man according to his to “come” upon any notable and illustrious manifes- I works. Bp. Hall.
d Isai. 41. 4. & 44. 6.
Nothing may be added to the word CHAP. XXII.
of God, nor taken therefrom. 13 I am Alpha and Omega, 4 the athirst come. And whosoever will, let beginning and the end, the first and him take the water of life freely. the last.
18 For I testify unto every man
in this book :
his part out of the book of life, and
saith, Surely I come quickly; Amen.
21 The grace of our Lord Jesus e Isai. 55. 1. eth say, Come. e And let him that is Christ be with you all. Amen.
13. I am Alpha and Omega, &c.] See note at chap. sume to add any thing to it, or take away any thing i. 8. I was from the beginning with God, and shall for from it. This ought to be seriously considered by all ever be with Him. Pyle.
visionaries and enthusiasts, on the one hand, who boast 14. Blessed are they that do &c.] Happy will it be their own inventions as divine revelations, and by all for those who, by virtuous practices and steady obe- scepticks and infidels, on the other, who depreciate the dience to the Divine laws, qualify themselves to enjoy value and authority of these predictions. Bp. Newton. the blessings of My reformed church in this world, and From the history of the times following the publicathe glories of My future and eternal kingdom in tion of the Apocalypse, we collect the necessity of this heaven, agreeably to the consolatory promise at Isai. prophetical injunction. For in the second century, xxvi. 1, 2. Pyle.
many spurious works, falsely attributed to Apostles of The books of Scripture, having set before men in Christ, were circulated in the world. And, in imitathe clearest light the commandments of God, as the tion of this “revelation of St. John," revelations of rule of their duty, and the happiness He has promised St. Peter, St. Paul, St. Thomas, and others, were fabrithem, as the reward of their obedience, are, at the con- cated. The threatenings here denounced against such clusion of the whole, closed with this noble and majes- fabricators, or those who shall attempt additions or tick, as well as affectionate, exclamation. Dr. S. Clark. alterations in this inspired work, united to that revethe tree of life,] See note at chap. ii. 7.
rential care, with which the Fathers of the church pre15. For without are dogs, &c.] There can be no served the true reading of the sacred books, seem to admission into this heavenly Jerusalem granted to such have preserved this prophecy free from material interas remain unreclaimed in inhumanity, deceit and fraud, polation. Dean Woodhouse. in uncleanness and cruelty, idolatry and falsehood. 20. — saith, Surely I come quickly :] He not only Pyle.
attests these prophecies to be true, but says that He 16. I Jesus have sent] It was not deemed sufficient will come speedily to accomplish them; to which St. to represent the angel speaking in the person of Christ, John answers, and in him the whole church, “Amen. but Christ Himself also is here introduced, speaking in Even so, come, Lord Jesus.” Bp. Newton., His own person, confirming the Divine authority of 21. The grace of our Lord &c.] He closes all with this book, and attesting it to be properly His revelation. the usual apostolical benediction, wishing “the grace Bp. Newton.
of our Lord Jesus Christ” to the churches of Asia in I am the root and the offspring of David,] I am particular, and to all Christians in general. The conboth the root of David, whence he had his beginning, clusion is truly excellent, as well as all the other parts according to My divinity, and the branch that issued of this book; and nothing could be contrived to leave from David, according to My human nature. Bp. these things with a stronger impression on the mind of Hall.
the readers. In the whole, from first to last, appears the bright and morning star.] Giving light to the majesty of the Divine Revealer, “the Alpha and the world, after a long night of ignorance and super-Omega,” the beginning and the end, the author and stition; and, to those who love such light, a certain finisher of every good work, and more especially of this. prelude and earnest of increasing knowledge and glory Bp. Newton.
shining forth more and more unto the perfect day.' To every mortal, short is the time leading to that Dean Woodhouse,
awful instant, when he “shall stand before the pre17.- the Spirit and the bride] “The Spirit,” the sence of God.” Be it our endeavour, by the assistance Holy Spirit in the hearts of believers ; "the bride,” the of His Holy Spirit, so to direct our thoughts and whole catholick church. Dr. S. Clark. This is the actions, that we may have trust in our Redeemer, and response made to the promise of Christ, “I come be of the number of those "who love His appearquickly,” ver. 12. Daubuz.
ing,” 2 Tim. iv. 8. Thus may we be enabled cordially 18. For I testify unto every man &c.] The book being to unite with the beloved Apostle, in his concluding of this high importance and authority, a solemn adju- prayer, “Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus.” Dean ration is added by Christ Himself, that no man pre- Woodhouse.
The following Chapters and Verses from the Revelation of St. John are appointed for Proper Lessons, or as
portions of Scripture for Epistles, on Sundays and Holydays:
St. John the Evangelist,
ver. 2-12, All Saints' day,
7–12, St. Michael and All Angels, XIV.
1- 5, Holy Innocents' Day,........
1-17, All Saints' Day, XXII.
St. John the Evangelist,
INDEX TO THE HOLY BIBLE;
OR, AN ACCOUNT OF
The most remarkable Passages in the Books of the OLD and NEW TESTAMENTS:
Pointing to the time wherein they happened, and to the Places of Scripture wherein they are recorded.
Before Genesis IX. (with Noah and his seed, promising
9, never more to destroy the world by
water ; as a token whereof he placeth
20. the rainbow in the cloud. The same
year Noah begins to plant vines, and
2247. 16. Peleg born : so called, because in his
days the earth was divided.
exalt himself, by laying the first founda-
tion of the Assyrian monarchy.
11. Nineve, the metropolis of Assyria,
2233. XI. 4, 6, About this time the posterity of
Nimrod begin to build the city and
8,9. tower of Babel, so called from the con-
fusion of languages which God sent
among the workmen.
2217. 18. Reu born.
Mizraim, the grandson of Ham, leads
colonies into Egypt, and layeth the
Psalm CV. foundation of a kingdom, which lasted
1663 years; whence Egypt is called
Isai. XIX. the land of Ham, and the Egyptian
11. Pharaohs boasted themselves to be the
sons of ancient kings.
Enos, the third from Adam, dieth, 2:55. 22, Nahor born.
2126. 24, Terah, Abraham's father, born.
2008. 19, Peleg, the sixth from Noah, dieth.
Mahalaleel, the fifth from Adam,|| 2007. 25, Nahor, the ninth from Noah, dieth.
1998. IX. 28, 29. Noah dieth, aged 950 years, 350
years after the flood.
when his father Terah died, aged 205
26, years; so that Terah begat not Abram
in the 70th year of his age, but Nahor
and Haran, and in the 130th year
of his age begat Abram. See Acts
Sarai Abram's wife, (called also Is-
XVII. 17. cah) Haran Abram's brother's daugh-
ter, born ten years after her husband.
1978. XI. 21, Reu, the seventh from Noah, dieth.
Serug, the eighth from Noah, dieth.
2, 3, &c. of Elam subdueth the kings of Sodom,
Gomorrah, Admah, Zebojim, and
Bela; who serve him twelve years.
1922. XI. 31. Terah with his family leaveth Ur of
the Chaldeans, and dwells at Haran.
The third Age of the World.
carried in with him, comes out of the 1921. Genesis B RAM, after his father's decease,
1, 2, 3, commanded by God to enter upon the