Principles of Nanotechnology: Molecular-based Study of Condensed Matter in Small Systems

Voorkant
World Scientific, 2005 - 341 pagina's
This invaluable book provides a pointed introduction to the fascinating subject of bottom-up nanotechnology with emphasis on the molecular-based study of condensed matter in small systems. Nanotechnology has its roots in the landmark lecture delivered by the famous Nobel Laureate physicist, Richard Feynman, on 29 December 1959 entitled ?There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom.? By the mid-1980s, it had gained real momentum with the invention of scanning probe microscopes. Today, nanotechnology promises to have a revolutionary impact on the way things are designed and manufactured in the future.Principles of Nanotechnology is self-contained and unified in presentation. It may be used as a textbook by graduate students and even ambitious undergraduates in engineering, and the biological and physical sciences who already have some familiarity with quantum and statistical mechanics. It is also suitable for experts in related fields who require an overview of the fundamental topics in nanotechnology. The explanations in the book are detailed enough to capture the interest of the curious reader, and complete enough to provide the necessary background material needed to go further into the subject and explore the research literature. Due to the interdisciplinary nature of nanotechnology, a comprehensive glossary is included detailing abbreviations, chemical formulae, concepts, definitions, equations and theories.
 

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Inhoudsopgave

Atomic and Molecular Basis of Nanotechnology
5
Ongoing Research and Development Activities
19
Interatomic and Intermolecular Potential Energies and Forces
33
Experimental and Theoretical Development of Interparticle Potentials
38
Phenomenological Interatomic and Intermolecular Potentials
49
Conclusions and Discussion
76
Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics
84
Laws of Thermodynamics
91
B Classification of Optimizations in Molecular Simulations
175
Conclusions and Discussion
186
The Gibbs Phase Rule
193
Fragmentation
203
Experimental Observations of Phase Transitions in Small Systems
205
Conclusions and Discussion
212
Positional or Robotic Assembly
218
Applications of STM for Positional Assembly of Molecules
230

Statistical Mechanics of Small Systems
99
Conclusions and Discussion
112
Generating Random Numbers
118
Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics and Monte Carlo Method
128
Application of Monte Carlo to Nonequilibrium Problems
138
Bibliography
145
ComputerBased Simulations and Optimizations
147
Integration of Newton Equation of Motion
152
Calculations Resulting from MD Simulations
164
Introduction
168
Bibliography
236
Some Examples of Controlled SelfAssemblies
240
Conclusions and Discussion
251
Dynamic Combinatorial Library DCL
258
Molecular Recognition
265
Some Examples and Applications of DCL
268
Diamondoids
288
Conclusions and Discussion
302
Index
335
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