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There is a medallion of Romulus and Remus with a star over each of their heads, as we find the Latin poets speaking of their children of princes under the same metaphor.

On the medal stamped on the marriage of Nero and Octavia, you see the sun over the head of Nero, and the moon over that of Octavia.

Under Tiberius a inedal was stamped to the memory of Augustus, over whose head you see the star that his father Julius Cesar was supposed to have been (by death) changed into. See Reo. j. 20. See Addison, on Medals, pp. 100,

101, 127.

5340. (Acis vii. 55, 56.] A parhelion, seen so frequently at Spitsbergen, is said to be nothing more than a reflection of the sun's disc in the clouds.

See St. Pierre's Studies of Nature, vol. iii. p. 70. On Monday morning, March 16th, 1812, there was seen at Carlisle the beautiful phenomenon of two parhelia, or rock suns, in the heavens. They were first observed about 10 o'clock, and appeared of variable brightness till nearly twelve, when they vanished. While brightest, they almost rivalled the " Monarch of the sky” himself, being apparently of the same diameter, and of a steady light. - These curious appearances, which formerly filled with terror whole nations, who thought them the precursors of divine displeasure, of carthquakes and dreadful revolutions ; are now regarded with sensations of pleasure by the philosophic mind, it being generally known that they are produced by the principles of refraction and reflection, occasioned by the image of the sun impressed on the floating masses of bail, snow, or vapors, more or less condensed.

Public Prints

5337. (-45. Drave out] This word is improperly rendered destroyed every where in Joshua. .


When a beam of white depolarised light is transmitted through a doubly refracting crystal, the red rays go to the formation of one image, while the bluish green rays go to the forination of the other image.- Bat the doubly refracting crystal requires to be cut into a prism with a large angle, in order to separate the two images which it forins.

Phil. Trans. for 1814, part i. pp. 202, 206.

5338. [-65.] It has been shewn by Dr. Herschel, that the rays of caloric are refrangible, but less so than the rays of light : Hence the One Divine Spirit, in passing through our gaseous atmosphere of love, exhibits therein a Divine HUMAN APPEARANCE more central, thau it does as it passes through our subordinate gaseous atmosphere of wisdom; and consequently Stephen saw, in the two concentric circles of our spiritual atinosphere, Jesus standing on the right hand of God.

See also Dalton's Chemical Philosophy, part i.


On the 13th April, 17:36, I saw two suus very distinct successively set, they were in contact, and one esactly over the other.

BOUGUER’s Voy. to Peru, Pinkerton's


p. 102.

By the principle of refraction, the image of a candle is seen in as many different places as the MULTIPLYING GLASS has surfaces. See Ps. xvi. 8.

Joyce's Scientif. Dialogues;

Astronomy, p. 9.


The complex, spiritual) heaven, which is around our earth, is very extensive.

SWEDENBORG, Arcana, n. 10,784.

5344. [-- 58, 59.) Stephen was evidently twice stoned : first by the Sauliedriin, in the way of condemnatiou ; then by the witnesses and the mob, to whose fury and destruction he was given up by the sentence of outlawry.


In the New Christian Heaven, now looked into by Stephen, there are necessarily two concentric spheres ; one under the feet, the other over the heads of the spirits there. If a quantity of water be poured into a vessel containing quicksilver, two images of any object will be seen by reflection from them, one at the surface of the water, and the other at that of the quick-silver. (PRIESTLEY's Hist. of Vision, p. 415.) --- Two transparent concentric globes will produce the same effect by refraction.

5 u

6345. [Acts viii. 9. Simon used sorcery) The Sorcerer, by casting Lots, pretended to foretell things to come.

5353. [Acts ix. 18.] The crystaline humour, when dried, doth manifestly enough appear to be made up of many very thin spherical lamina, or scales lying one upon another.— See Lecuwenhoek's Cuts and Descriptions in Phil. Trans. No. 165, 293.


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5354. [-20.] Thus Paul, an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin, in the very heat of his zeal, was turned from being a persecutor of the godly to be a preacher of righteousness among Jews and Gentiles, to whom he was sent 10 turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of satar to, God, that they might receive forgiveness of sins and inheritance among them who are sanctified by faith in the Christ, Jesus.

Case of the Jeus, p. 15.

5348. [- 35.] This he might easily do, as Jesus Christ is professedly spoken of by the mouth of all the prophets, who had been since the world began. John v. 39. Luke i. 70. Acts iji. 18, 24. X. 43. Rom. i. 2. Accord. ingly He Himself began at Moses and all the Prophets, and expounded in all the Scriplures the things concerning himself; and said, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the Law of Moses, and in the Prophets and Psalms concerning Him --Luke xxiv. 27, 44. Acts xiii. 27, 29. In consequence the Apostles, preaching none other things than those which the Prophets and Moses did say should come, expounded and testified of the kingdoin of God, persuading men concerning Jesus, both out of the Law of Moses, and the Prophets, from morning till evening. Acts xxvi. 22. xxviij. 23. -- xvii. 23. xviii. 28.

5355. (26. When Saul was come to Jerusalem] the first time. - It is absurd to suppose that the Church at Jerusalem were, for three years, ignorant of Paul's conversion.

5356. [-35.] In mature age, virtue is generally the fruit of reason; in youth, it is always that of feeling. (St. Pierre's Studies of Nature, vol. iv. p. 95.) — Conversions by miracle, effected on the feelings, are sudden but short-lived.

5349. [40.] Cesarea is the capital of Judea.

TACITUs Hist. b. v. ch. x.

39.) The great art of moving is to oppose sensible objects to intellectual. The soul, in that case, takes a daring Aight. It soars from the visible to the invisible, and enjoys itself, wherever it pleases, in the unbounded fields of sentiment and intellection. — When a great man dies ainong the 'Tartars, his groom, after the interment, leads out the horse which his master was accustomed to ride, places the clothes which he used to wear on the horse's back, and walks him, in profound silence, before the assembly, who by that spectacle are inelted into tears.

St. Pierre's Studies of Nature,

vol. iii. p. 44.

5350. [Acts ix. 3, &c.] The Lord can appear in the spiritual sphere of a man, as he appears in the spiritual atmosphere of our earth.

5351. [5.] Opposed to Thee, O God, all power is weakness ; supported by Thee, weakness becomes irresistible strength.

St. Pierre's Studies of Nature,

vol. i. p. 101.

5352. [ - 16.] He who is preparing to serve mankind, with the spirit on the principles of the Redeemer, may expect to receive froin them in return, the worst of treatment.

See No. 1122.

5358. [Acts x. 10. A france] A man is then reduced into a certain state which is between sleeping and waking. In this state he knows no other than that he is wide-awake; all his senses being as much awake as in the most perfect state of bodily wakefulness, both the sight and the hearing; and, what is wonderful, the touch, which is then more exquisite than it is possible for it to be in bodily wakefulness. In

this state, says SWEDENBORG from bis own experience, spirits and angels were seen to the life, and were also beard ; and, what is wonderful, were touched, and then scarce any thing of the body intervened. - This is the state expressed by being taken away from the body (or by trance); and of which it is said by those who are in it, that they know not whether they are in the budly or out of the body.

Arcana, n. 1883.

5363. [Acts x. 44.] When in a Gentile's ignorance, there is innocence, and the tenderness of love, all the things appertaining to faith are received by him, as it were spontaneously, and with joy.

SWEDENBORG, Arcana, n. 2598.

5364. [ Acts xi. 3.] The Smartal brahinins allow of no pardon for eating in company with persons of another caste, or of food dressed by their impure hands.

Dr. Francis BUCHANAN, Governor-general

of India.

19.] Antioch is the capital of Syria.

Tacitus' Hist. b. v. ch. x.

5359. [ Acts x. 11 - 16.) When angels are in affections (as their emanated spheres), and at the same time in discourse concerning them, then at the spirits in an inferior sphere such things fall into representative species of animals. When the discourse is concerning good affections, there are presented beautiful, mild and useful animals; such as in the representative Divine worship in the Jewish Church, were served up around the sacrifices, as (being vessels like) lambs, sheep, kids, she-goats, rams, he-goats, calves, bullocks, beeves. But the discourse of angels concerning evil affectious is represented by beasts of a terrible aspect, fierce, and not useful (to man); as by, tigers, bears, wolves, scorpions, serpeuts, mice, and the like. See Mark xi. 16.

Ibid. n. 3218. These latter forms of zodiacal animals, as used by Gentiles in their sacrifices, were what Peter thought he could not conscientiously devote to pour from in administering the Lord's supper. He was, however, taught that the form of the vessel is not to be regarded, provided the contents be cleansed from idolatry by being consecrated as a mediúin for spiritual communion to mau from the One living and true God.

Respecting the Jewish vessels, as used in the Temple service, see John ii. 14.

See No. 923.


Phenicia, bounded by Syria on the north and east, by Judea on the south, and by the Mediterranean on the west, lies between the thirty-second and thirty-fifth degrees of north latitude.-On its coast are the famous cities of Sidon, Tyre, Aradus, Tripoli, Byblius, and Berytus. There were four different places in Phenicia, which bore the celebrated name of Tyre. (See Univer. Hist. dol. ii. pp. 294, 295, 296.) - Antioch, the metropolis of Syria, was afterwards known by the name of Tetrapolis, being divided, as it were, into four cities, each of them having a proper wall, besides a common one which inclosed them all. The walls are still remaining; but as the houses are entirely destroyed, its four quarters look like so many enclosed fields.

It is now a small and contemptible village known by the name of Anthakia, and remarkable for nothing bat its ruins.

Ibid. vol. viii. p. 443.

5360. (13.) The Greek word thuson, which is here translated kill, does in the original signify to sacrifice or consecrate.

5361. [-12, 28, 35.] By comparing these three verses we shall learn that the animal appearances in the vision, were the hieroglyphical characters of the whole Gentile world, civilized and uncivilized, Greeks and Barbarians. See Gen. ii. 7, 19, in the Note.

See No. 1347.

5367. [21.] The Christians were wont, on a stated day, to meet together before it was light, and to sing a hymn to Christ, as God, alternately; and to oblige themselves by a sacrament (or oath), not to do any thing that was ill, but that they would commit no theft, or pilfering, or adultery ; that they would not break their promises, or deny what was deposited with them, when it was required back again.

Pliny's Letter to Trajan.

5362. [

-28.] During the first seven years after the death of Christ, the Gospel was preached to none but Jews. The Gentiles were unclean in the opinion of the Apostles, and not to be conversed with ; till, in the eighth year, according to Usher and the best chronologers, this Cornelius became the first-fruits of the Pagan world.

6368. [-26.] None in the Christian church, at first, were ever called so much as by the name of an Apostle : We never heard of Petrians, or Paulians, or Bartholomæans, or Thaddæans; but only of Christians, from Christ.

EPIPHAN. Haer. 42. Marcionit. Item.

Haer. 10.

6375. [Acis xii. 17.] Whither did he go at this time? The St. David's Society in Wales (1815) offers a premium for the best Essay on the Evidence that St. Peter never was at Rome.

Month. Mag. for Jan. 1815, p. 54.

5369. [Acts xi. 26.] And the disciples first styled themselves Christians in Antioch. (See Dr. Gregory's Notes and Observations, 8c., p. 167.) - St. Luke, being a physician of Antioch, here uses the word cñrematisai (Grk.), in the particular sense in which it had been anderstood by the inhabitants of that city ever since Caius Julius Cesar first entitled them publicly to all the privileges, immunities, &c., of free citizens. See Rom. vij. 3.

Ibid. See No 882.

5376. - 22.) Flattery corrupts both the receiver and the giver; and adulation is not of more service to the people than to kings.

BURKE, on the French Revolution, p. 9.

5377. [ - 23. He was eaten of worms] JOSEPHUS says, he was seized with such violent pains in his heart and bowels, that he could not but reflect on the baseness of those Aatterers, who had complimented him with a kind of divine immortality, even when he was about to expire in all the horrors and agonies of a miserable mortal.

Univer, llist. vol. x. p.


5370. 128.] In the 21st of Claudius, which was the 44th of Christ.


5391. (Aets xii. 1.] Agrippa, son of Aristobulus, and grandson of Herod the Great, at first put into prison by Tiberius, and afterwards made king of Judea by Caligula, was he who put James the brother of John to death, imprisoned Peter, aud was smitten with death at Cesarea.

See Univer. Hist, vol. x. p. 197.

6378. (Acts xiii. 9.] Expositors suppose the Israelites, and other Eastern people, had several names : but this is an error. The reason of their being called by different names is, because they frequently change ihein, as they change in point of age, condition, or religion. (CHARDIN.) - Some, as Abraham and Sarah, were invariably called by the new naine after it had heen given them: others, as Peter and Paul, were called sometimes by the one, sometimes by the other, and occasionally by both joined together -- as Simon Peter, Joha xiii. 6. xx. 2. xxi. 15.

6372. [- 4.) Thus Galileo, for asserting the true system of the world, was twice imprisoned by the holy inqui. sition, in 1612 and in 1632 : instead of being allowed to defend his opinions by word or writing, he was obliged to renounce them as heretical ; and his books being condemned also, were publicly burnt at Rome !

5379. ( 20. About - four hundred and fifty years) That is, from the covenant with Abraham to the birth of Isaac was one year; from Isaac to the birth of Jacob, sixty years; thence to the going down into Egypt, 130; thence to their return, 210; thence to the entrance into Canaan, 40; thence to the division of the land, 7 years; and thence to the appointment of the Judges after the 7 years' residence iu Canaan, at least one year : In all 419, about, as Paul says, 450 years, when the Judges that continued till Samuel were first appointed.


Easter was, originally (in this country), a feast sacred to a female idol of that name, who was worsluipped by our Saxon ancestors. It was kept about the time at which Easter is now observed.

Bib. Researches, vol. i. p. 99.

5380. [41] Behold, ye despisers! be amazed, and hide yourselves.


5374. [-6.] It was the Roman method, in securing a prisoner, to tie his right hand to the left hand of one soldier ; and his left hand to the right hand of another soldier.

See SENECA, Epist. v. and Lib. de

Tranquil. x.

5381. [--- 44. To hear the Word of God] That is,

the religious sense of the word, commit fornication; and should they revert to the corruptions of Judaism, or other exploded ceremonies of the prior dispensations, they would in that case, spiritually commit adultery with a Church that had been espoused by a former Shechiuab.

Paul preached to them the WORD OF Gov, or he preached to them Christ (Acis ix. 20), as Jaines says, Moses is preached in the synagogues every sabbath-day, Acts xv.

21. The fact is this : every law and every prophecy, whether in the Old or in the New Testament, were distinctly delivered, as one man speaks to another, by the Logos, the Shechinah, the Christ; when therefore any thing so SPOKEN was preached or expounded, THE WORD was preached. See John v. 39. Acis ii, 4. X. 36 - 38. And I Sam. jjj. 1-7, respecting the revealing or manifesting this WORD of the Lord,

6386. [Acts xv. 20 — 29.] How this injunction is to be understood, we see from various parts of the Epistles of Paul, especially from Rom. xv and 1 Cor. viii and x. The propositions which he lays down are these :

1. Idol-offerings, eaten iu au idol-temple, or at an idolbanquet, form a participation in idolatrous worship. — But,

2. Exclusively of this case, it is lawsul to eat idol-offerings; for the idol is a nonentity, and has no properly; for every thing on the face of the earth, even the idol-offering itself, belongs to the True God.

3. Yet ought we, for the sake of the weak, to abstain from eating of any such offering, if they are thereby scandalized, and tell' us for warning, that it is an idoloffering.

Smith's MICHAELIS, vol. iv. p. 36.

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Antiently, when superintendent priests or bishops were to be elected, the members of the Church assembled collectively, and chose some one person, some another ; but that it mighl appear whose suffrage won, the electors used ekteinein las cheiras (Grk.), 10 stretch forth their hands, and by their bands so stretched forth or up, they were numbered who chose the one and who the other. And him who was elected by the greatest number of suffrages or votes, they placed, in the high-priesthood, that is, made him bishop. It was from this circumstance that the Fathers of the first Christian Councils are found to have called their suffrage Cheirotonia (Grk.).

See Zonaras, in his Scholia on the first Canon

of the Apostles. - Also KNATCHBULL, in loco.

5384. [Acts xv. 20.] False worship among nations not espoused, the Apostles here call fornication ; as it was called in Sodom and Gomorrah, Jude 7. The same also amongst the Jews was called fornication in Egypt, and afterwards adultery. Ezek. xxiji. 30, &c.



The various Sects of the Japanese, though much divided in other respects, all agree in observing the five following maxims or precepts. 1. Not to kill, nor to eat any thing that is killed. 2. Not lo steal. 3. Not to defile another man's bed. 4. Not to lie ; and, 5. Not to drink wine. Their chior food consists of rice, pulse, fruits, roots and herbs ; but niostly of rice, which they have in great plenty and perfection, and which they dress in so many different ways, and give to it such a variety of tastes, flavor avd color, that a stranger would hardly know what he were eating. — And their chief liquor at meals is water made a little warm; but as soon as they have dined or supped, thev drink a pretty large quantily of tea, which they use as their common drink or refreshment, whenever they are thirsty, weary, or faiut. They affect a surprising neatness and decency in their eating, drinking, furniture, dress and conversation ; but have an abhorrence of intemperauce, luxury, and defamation. They are all very industrious and laborious; and being much given to study and reading, they are generally very acute, aud of a quick appreliension, good understanding


If Christians should adopt such Gentilism as had never been espoused of God, they would, in

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