4581. [Matt. v. 29.] A prime minister, in HERODOTUS, is called the king's eye.

See Clio, cxiv.

4589. (Matt. v. 30.] If a man steal a goat or a sheep, the magistrate shall cut off one of his hands.

Halhed's Gentoo Laws, p. 221.

4582. [-29, 30.] The temple at Mount Gerizim proved a constant asylum for apostate Jews, who never failed to go over to the Samaritans, as soon as they found themselves in danger of punishment for any enormous crimes,

Hecalaus Abder. ap. Joseph. Cont.

Apion, I. ii.


If a man strike his mother, his father, or his spiritual guide, with his hand, the magistrate shall cut off his hand.

Ibid. p. 235.


If Jesus Christ were delivering his discourse on Mount Gerizim, with this Temple full in his view, we perceive a peculiar point in the above animadversions ; also in the blessings with which the Sermon opens, &c. See Deut. xi. 29. — Xxvii. 12. Josh. viii. 33.


Abdallah, a Mahomedan of Arabia, a person of distinction lately converted to the Christian faith, was offered his life, forfeited merely by bis conversion, if he would abjure Christ. * No,' said he, 'I cannot abjure Christ.' Then one of his hands was cut off at the wrist. He stood firm, his arm hanging by his side but with little motion. A physician, by desire of the king, offered to heal the wound if he would recant. He made no answer ,

looking up, like Stephen, steadfastly toward Heaven. His other hand being now cut off; with a countenance of forgiveness, he bowed his head to receive the blow of death.

Christ. Research. in Asia, p. 200.


In the year 1814, two native women were discovered in New South Wales, each of whoin had the right eye destroyed, as if purposely.

Month. Mag. for Jan. 1815, p. 526.


At the Great Council held by William the Conqueror at Westminster in 1074, he animadverted on those who had rebelled against him ; banishing some, pulling out the eyes of others, and cutting off the hands of others.

See Hoveden, p. 262. Also Hody's

English Councils, p. 154.

4592. [ 32.] Among the antient Germans, the husband of an adulteress was allowed to assemble her relations in their presence to cut off her hair, strip her naked, turn her out of his house, and whip her from one end of the village to the other. A woman thus publicly exposed could never wipe away the stain of so foul an infamy; the most circumspect behaviour could never call back her lost character, nor could any motive ever prevail on another to marry her.

Dr. W.Alexander's Hist. of Women,

vol. i. p. 151.


Among the Gentile people of Cambaja, in a hospital for maimed or sick animals, Pietro della Valle (p. 37) saw among the beasts there a Mahometan thief, who had both his hands cut off,

4593. - When a Brahmin divorces his wife, which can only be done for adultery, he performs the same ceremopies for her, as if she had died.

Bucuanan, Pinkerton's Coll. vol. viii.

p. 655.

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4594. [-38, 39.] The grand principle of the Mosaic law, in the way of punishment, was retaliation and adequate retribution. But punishment by retaliation is, says MiChaelis, in almost every case, a much more, sensible evil, than the original injury : for every pain and every evil to which we look forward, is, by mere auticipation and fear, aggravated more than a hundred-fold; the pang of a moment is extended to hours, days, weeks, &c.; and when it actually


Stealing, among the Maldivians, is pupished with the loss of a hand.



4599. (Matt. vi. 2.) KNATCHBULL has shewn by several instances, particularly from Plutarch, that apecho (Grk.), properly signifies to forbid, hinder, or prevent.

takes place, every individual part of the evil is felt in the utmost perfection, by both soul and body, in consequence of its being expected. — The more nearly, indeed, that a people approach to a state of nature, the more suitable to their circumstances is the law of retaliation : in like manner, it agrees better with a deinocracy, than with any of the other forms of government : although, no doubt, to these it can accommodate itself, and did subsist in Rome under a strong mixture of aristocracy.

Smith's Michaelis, vol. iii. pp. 463,

473, 476.

4600. [-2,5, 16.] Apechousi (Grk.), they lose their reward : That is, their outward work, being hypocritical, has not its proper reward; this they prevent or hinder by having an interior design the very opposite to their external performances.

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1614. [Matt. vi. 19.] All the metals are oxidized by the Oxy-muriatic acid, and afterwards dissolved, forming salts denominated muriates.

Dalton's Chem. Philos. part ii. p. 299.

4607. [Matt. vi. 12.) The Jews had an express coinmand to remit all debts every sabbatic and jubilee year. The Jubilee year however, had this advantage over the sabbatic, that it annihilated all debis, and restored to every man, who had been incorporated by circumcision into the Jewish Church, all bis lands, houses, wife, children, and possessions, however alienated.

Univer. Hist. dol. iii. pp. 192, 195.


A Stranger indeed, might have his delits demanded in the seventh year, and afterwards even to the Jubilee, but not beyond that year of general release.



Among the Maldivians, an insolvent debt. or is obliged to become a servant to his creditor ; and both he and his children must work the debt out, before he obtain his liberty.


4615.--21.) Without experience, it would be astonishing to observe how widely men are divided in their opinions of the same things. This opposition of sentiment is no where so evident as in cases where religion is concerned. I do not speak here of points of speculation, but of practical truths,

of matters of fact, of actions and their consequences,

of the most important concerns of human life. Thus the ambitious man persuades himself that the object of his pursuit is real honor and dignity ; while another, viewing it with the cool and enlightened eye of religion, sees that it is nothing but delusion and deceit. He whose heart is inflamed with the thirst of gain, and who devotes himself to the pursuit of it, imagines all the while that this is nothing but a just foresight and wise provision for the time to come; while religion pronounces it to be altogether vanity and vexation of spirit. Ainongst the numerous instances that might be produced, the opposition betwixt the sentiments inspired by religion, and those by the love of sensual pleasure, is the most palpable of all. The sensual man is apt, with an air of triumph, to boast of his superiority above the man of temperance and piety, as if himself were by far the happier of the two, and indeed, sole master of the true taste of life; while in the other's judginent, he is so far from knowing how to live, that he is in truth dead! . dead, in the most melancholy signification of the word ! Tu be carnally minded, says the Gospel, is Death.


4610. [— 13.) Suffer us not to be led into temptation. (Pilkington's Remarks, p. 109.) — " Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God : for God cannot le tempted with evil, neither tempts he any man. James i. 13.

4611. — Into the ages. Amen.] Coclus reigns in the first compartment of the zodiac, beginning with the sign Taurus; Saturn reigns in the second compartment; Jupiter in the third, and Apollo in the last or brazen age.

Month. Mag. for July 1812, p. 509. And bring us not into a temptation, but deliver us from the evil : Jas. i. 13, 14. For thine is the kingdom, the power, and the glory, into the worlds (Heb. xi. 3), or into the ages ; 1. e. the four spiritual heavens, encompassing our earth successively arising from the Adamic, the Noahic, the Jewish, and the Christian Churches.

4616. [-24. No man can serve two masters] Yet in the present sectarian church, men will not suffer you to be a Christian inerely, but you must also be a Calvinist, a Lutheran, a Methodist, or a Swedenborgian !


The plain meaning of Mammon, is riches ; of Rakah, cursed wretch ; of Belial, one that will not be subject to any law.

Essay for a New Translation, p. 4.

4612. [ 15.] He forgives us our sins; but not by word of mouth, by any sort of temporal pardon, or only by forbearing retaliation or punishment, but by taking away the very guilt and pollution of sin out of the soul.

Bp. Browne's Divine Analogy, p. 334.

4613. [- 19.] In Sweden the larva of a small fly, which LINNEUS calls musca frit, lives in the ears of barley, and destroys, he says, at least every tenth grain, to the great loss of the husbandman.

4618. [ - 26.] The caterpillar weaves its covering in autumn, to pass in comfort a winter which it has never known, and leaves an opening in it to go out as a butterfly in spring, a season of which it can have no knowledge.

St. Pierre's Harmonies of Nat.

vol. iii. p. 4.

4619. (Matt. vi. 30.] Myrtle, rosemary, and other plants are made use of in Barbary to heat their ovens.

Shaw's Trav.



and so pe fect was the resemblance, that they could hardly be distinguished by the eye from nature; especially as the color was imitated to the greatest perfection, some represented the yellow maize, some the white; and in others the grains seemed as if smoke-dried by the length of time they had been kept in their houses.

Ulloa's Voy. to South Ame rica,

vol. i. p. 465.

4620. [

-33. But seek ye first the kingdom of God] This kingdom is nothing but Justice : whereas the kingdoms of men are, alas! generally founded either in the will of the Prince, or in the will of the people ; and that will is frequently governed by interest or ambition.

4621. [-34.] The order of influx is such, that evil spirits first influence; and that angels dissipate those influences.

SWEDENBORG, Arcana, n. 6308.

See Matt. iv. 1 - ll. See No. 1139, 1146, 1149, 1169, 1161, 1165, 1168, 1169, 1172, 1174, 1175.

4626. [Matt. vii. 10.] Origen says in express terms that St. Matthew wrote in Hebrew : Eusebius says the same, not only where he quotes from other writers, but where he speaks in his own person, and where he speaks professedly on the subject.

See Marsh's MICHAELIS, vol. iii.

part i. p. 135.

4622. (Matt, vii. 4. First cast the mote out of thy own eye) As all political evils derive their original from moral, these can never be removed, until those are first amended. He, therefore, who strictly adheres to virtne and sobriety in bis conduct, and enforces them by his example, does more real service to a state than he who displaces a bad minister, or dethrones a tyrant; this gives but a temporary relief, but that extirminates the cause of the disease.

Works of Soan E, JENYNS, vol. i.

4627. [--- 13.] In the spiritual world there are actaally ways which tend to every society of heaven, and to every society of hell. (SWEDENBORG, on Divine Providence, n. 60.) — This may be understood wlien it is considered, that in the absorbent systein of the Grand Man of heaven, as also of the monstrous form of hell, there are spiracles of egress and spiracles of ingress for two contrary effluxes and influxes from and to heaven and hell through the intermediate world of departed souls, down to us men here on earth ; and that hell being the nearer to us and grosser in its interceding Auxes, has necessarily wider gales and broader ways than those which lead to the supernal life and interior glory of heaven.

See Swedenborg, Arcana, n. 3477.

p. 139.

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make for him, are dignified as facts ; and the strongest facts, if they inilitate against him, are degraded as surmises. Thus a castle in the air is first formed, and then search is made for a foundation to support it.

Walker's Essays on Natural History, and

Rural Economy, p. 337.

4635. [Matt. viii. 32.] The proprietors of the swine, being Jews, were justly punished by the loss of those animals which their law prohibited as unclean.

See St. Pierre's Studies of Nature, See No. 1202.

vol. i. p. 347.

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4636. [Matt. is. 5, 6.] For which is easier i to say, Thy sins are forgiven thee or to say, Arise and walk ? but thus ye may know that the Son of man has power on the earth to forgive sins. Then He says to the sick of the palsy, Arise, take up thy bed, and walk to thy own house.

See 2 Peter iii. 10.

Every double-minded man has a devil, a Satan, or a Demon in the wrong part of his mind, sin in the wrong part of bis life, and a disorder suiting the nature of his sin in his body. See James i. 8. — iv. 8. Rom. vii. 22, 23. Matt. vi. 22, 23, &c. &c.

4632. [Matt. viii. 2.] The leprosy was an inveterate cutaveous disease, appearing in dry, thin, white, scurly scales, either op the whole body, or on some part of it, usually attended with violent itching, and often with great pain. The eastern leprosy was a distemper of the most loathsome kind, highly contagious, so as to infect garments (Lev. xiii. 47, &c.), and houses (Lev. xiv. 34, &c.), and was deemed incurable by any human means. Dr. Mead mentioas a remarkable case of this kind which came under his observation : A countryman whose whole body was so miserably seized with it that his skin was shining as covered with flakes of snow ; and as the furfuraceous or bran-like scales were daily rubbed off, the flesh appeared quick or raw underneath.”

See his Medica Sacra, ch. ii. The use of swine's flesh, in union with ardent spirits, is in all likelihood, the grand cause of the scuroy, which is so common in the British nations, and which would probably assume the form and virulence of a leprosy, were our climate as hot as that of Judea.

Dr. A. CLARKE, in loco.

4637. [- 17.] The ideas of thought, which are of the interior memory, flow into the things of the exterior memory, as into their recipient vessels, and are there joined together.

SWEDENBORG, Arcana, n. 2470.

4638. [-- 18.] My daughter is even now dying. From the parallel accounts in Mark v. 23, and Luke viji. 42, it is evident, the young woman was not actually dead when the Ruler spoke to Jesus.

4639. 23.] The funerals of the elder sort, says SERVIUS, were ushered forth with the trumpet; those of the younger, with the flute or pipe.

4633. [4.] God never wrought a miracle to conviuce atheists; because in his visible works He had placed enow to do it, if they were not wanting to themselves.

Sir Francis Bacon, as quoted by The

Honourable Robert Boyle, in his
Christian Virtuoso, p. 8.

4640. (-34.] Men are by nature curious enough to know the causes of things, but they are not patient enough in the search : and so will rather assign any cause, though ever so absurd ; than suspend their judgments, till they discover the true cause.

TOLAND's Hist. of the Druids, p. 116.

4634. [- - 28.] These burying grounds frequently afford shelter to the weary traveller when overtaken by the night; and their recesses are also a hiding-place for thieves and murderers, who sally out from thence to commit their nocturnal depredations.

Forbes' Orient. Memoirs, vol. iji.


Beelzebub, the Lord of flies : ironically, as a kind of secondary Deity (being the Sun) which can only, at best, turn grubs into fies.

See No. 1188, 1183, 1288.

p. 102.

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