1310. (2 Cor. xii. 4.] The atmospheres called ether and 1315. [Eph. vi. 12.] If the invisible part of our world air, which receive and transfuse the heat and light of the sun, (as we may call the air and ether) be peopled with intelliare dead. These being dead, the whole subjacent earth and all gent, though not visible, inhabitauts; it seems not very its particular objects are, in themselves, dead also. Yet likely, that all the celestial globes, and all their ethereal the earth, its objects and atmospheres, are begirt or belted vortices should be quite destitute of appropriate inhabitants, round with spirilual spheres, which proceed and flow from earthly and spiritual, inferual and heavenly, in their rethe sun of the spiritual world. Were not the earth so begirt spective orders and degrees. with living spheres, it could not be actuated or kept in

See Boyle, on the High Veneration Man's motion ; it could not produce those useful forms, its vege

Intellect owes to God, pp. 72–76. tables ; nor those vital forms, its animals : neither could it administer the materials requisite for man's existence and subsistence. See SwedENBORG's Divine Love, n. 158. 1316. [Luke xvi. 23.] While the Earth wheels around

its axis, were a human being fixed beyond the vortex of its

atmosphere, he would behold rivers, oceans, kingdoms, whirl1311. [John iii. 12.] The spiritual world and the natural ing before him with a velocity almost thrice that of a cannon world are alike. In both there are atmospheres, waters and ball. Could his eye sustain the sight, he would behold our earths, from which all things exist with an infinite variety. Globe also whirling round the sun, as it describes its annual cirBut the natural atmospheres, though receptacles of the cle, seventy-five times faster than a bullet shot from a cannon. fire and light of their own sun, have not within them any

St. Pierre's Studies of Nature, thing from the sun of the spiritual world; yet they are sur

rol. ii. p. 21. rounded by spiritual atmospheres from that sun, in which angelic spirits breathe, speak and hear, like men in the natural world.

Ibid. nn. 173—176.


The distance between the earth and the sun is about seventeen million German miles; so that a can

non-ball, could it retain always the same velocity it had at its 1312. [Isai. xl. 22.]

first discharge from the earth, would be twenty-five years in High o'er the clouds, and empty realms of wind, The God a clearer space for hieav’n design’d;

passing to the sun.-Shot again, with the same swiftness, it

might reach Syrius, the nearest of the fixed stars, in about Where fields of light, and liquid ether flow,

700 years! Purg'd from the pond'rous dregs of earth below.

HUGEN, Cosmotheor, pp. 124, 137. GARTH's Ovid, b. i. l. 83, &c.

1313. [Dan. ii. 39, 40.] Were those four ages mentioned

1318. [Luke xvi. 26.] As a vortex necessarily throws off (in Dan. ii. 39, 40) produced successively around our earth by metallic effluvia, lying directly as so many terræ firme,

the heaviest bodies towards the circumference of its eddy,

Saturn and Jupiter go their rounds, as preponderous Globes, in concentric expanses, for the inmediate reception of disembodied souls ?" It is not impossible that we may

at a considerable distance from the centre of our Sun's disco

atmosphere. With what velocity must they fiy ? Our Earth, ver, in our atmosphere, certain substances naturally very

so much nearer the Sun, performs, it is alleged, every year compact, even metals themselves; as a metallic substance, for instance, only a little more volatile than mercury, might through the Heavens a round of sixty-four millions of leagues

in diameter! exist in that situation. It is even extremely probable, that,

See St. Pierre's Studies of Nature, both at the first creation, and every day, gases are formed,

vol. ii. p. 51. which are difficultly miscible with atmospheric air, and are continually separating from it. If these gases be specifically lighter than the general atmospheric mass, they must, of course, gather in the higher regions, and form strata that 1319.

The vortices, conceived by Descartes float upon the common air.

around each planet, are realities almost palpable. These may KERR's Transla. of Lavoisier's Chemistry, be proved from the effects which necessarily imply their 4th edit. p. 78.

existence. For instance : the moon keeps up at a certain distance from the earth, instead of being precipitated thereon,

because a globular or oval vortex spreading around the earth, 1314. [Isai. xl. 22.]

stops or lets the vortex of the moon roll over its outside, Earth first an equal to herself in fame

as an electrical atmosphere round a tube or cylinder causes a Brought forth, that covers all, the starry frame, bubble or particle of gold to roll over it without lelting the The spacious heav'n, of gods the safe domain,

gold-leaf bubble precipitate. Who live in endless bliss, exempt from pain.

See Abbe Pluche's Hist. of the Ilear. Corke's Hesiod, the Theogony, l. 206.

vol. ii. pp. 212, 214.

1320. [Luke xvi. 23.] In the spiritual (or intermediate) world, hell is under the universal angelic heaven, and our terraqueous globe ander both. The hells are around man, and thence contiguous to the earth. Eph. vi. 12.

SWEDENBORG's Div. Love, nn. 106, 343.

intermediate hells for wicked spirits to inhabit, previously to their judgment.

There is a vortex, gulf, or whirlpool, as a boundary to our solar system separating it from the other systems of the starry heavens: this great interstice cannot be passed by spirits, without leave given by the spirits underneath in that (limbo) gulf. (See SweDENBORG's Arcana, nn. 7482, 9582 : also Gal. iv. 3, 9.) — There is a similar gulf or eddy, necessarily around our revolving earth, and every other earth in the universe. Also, between the elementary and spiritual spheres, which encompass each earth.

1321. [Luke xxiii. 43.] The Bukhârs say, there will be eight different array, or paradises, for the good ; and seven hells

, where sinners are to be purified by fire, and where those who shall suffer most are liars, cheats, and make-bates.

Modern Univer. Ilist. vol. v. p. 139.

The meaning is, that the four degrees of Paradise are divided each into two kingdoms, or into an upper and a lower sphere: the four degrees of Hades are also similarly divided; except that the upper sphere of the highest degree, is so penetrated and changed by the lowest sphere of Paradise, as to leave only seven subordinate hells, or states of vastation.

1327. [Rev. xxi. 1.] The heaven (in the intermediate world) where the men of the external church are, is called sea, because their habitation in the spiritual world (surrounding our earth) appears at a distance, as it were, in a sea; for the celestial angels (there), who are angels of the supreme heaven, dwell as in an ethereal atmosphere, the spiritual angels, who are angels of the middle heaven, dwell as in an aereal atmosphere, and the spiritual-natural angels, who are angels of the ultimate (or lowest) heaven, dwell as it were in a watery atmosphere, which, as was observed, at a distance appears

like a sea.

SWEDENBORG's Apoc. Rev. n. 878.

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1328. [Luke xvi. 22.] Swedenborg makes a distinction between a “heaven of Angelic Spirits,” and a heaven of Angels :" the former is a distinct spiritual sphere around our earth ; the latter, a similar sphere around the throne of God.

The Lord's heaven is so immense, as to exceed all belief: the inhabitants of this earth are very few respectively.

The three heavens together constitute the Greatest Man.

Heaven, in the proper sense, is the Divine Good and the Divine True, which are (spheres) from the Lord.

Arcana, nn. 3474, 3631, 4805, 4330, 4931.

1324. (Heb. i. 2.] All the inhabitants, or men of every earth, after finishing their life in the world, become spirits, and remain around their own earth.

See SWEDENBORG's Arcana, n. 9578.

1325. [Ps. cxlvii. 10:] Those spirits who have not rendered themselves worthy of being admitted into the habitations of the blessed, go (in the elementary spheres around each earth, with their feet towards the circumference) alternately upwards and downwards (for a time, or, till they are cast thence into the hells at the extremity of the solar systein).

BARTOLOMEO, by Johnston, p. 337.

1329. [Luke xxiv. 39.] An Angelic Heaven (exhibited in the atmosphere of any earth) is in the sight of the Lord as one Man (the New Christian Heaven, as the Man Jesus Christ) whose soul and lise the Lord is. This Divine Man is in every particular of his form a man, not only as to his external members and organs, but also as to his internal members and organs, which are many; and cven as to his skin, membranes, cartilages, and bones. None of these parts however in that man are material, but they are all spiritual.

SWEDENBORG's Divine Prot. n. 254.

1326. [Luke xvi. 26.] SWEDENBORG says, there are spirits and angelic spirits on the different spheres around the planet Mars: the spirits, just deceased, are in a spiritual sphere that lies around on the aqueous vapor; the angelic spirits there, are in four concentric spiritual spheres, tha: lie discretely above the iron, copper, silver and golden gas ous spheres, which successively encircle every earth, prob bly, in the universe. These gaseous spheres are elementary; and

Thus there is one God, and one Mediator of God and man, the man Christ Jesus. 1 Tim. ii. 5.

We are members of His Body, of His Flesh, and of His Bones. Eph. v. 30.

He has reconciled is in the body of His Flesh through death, to present us holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight. Coloss. i. 21, 22.

1330. [2 Cor. v. 1.] Allmen, in the universal orb or ness visible, it suddenly appeared all on fire: not exhibiting round of earths, have their situation either in the Grand man; the stream or character of aurora-borealis ; but an immensity that is, in heaven ; or, out of the Grand Man, in hell, as to vivid and clear, through which the stars, detached from the their souls, or, what is the same thing, as to the spirit which firmament, traversed in eccentric directions, followed by is to live after the body's decease. All are in heaven accord- trains of light of diversified magnitude and brightness. ing to the good of love and truth of faith thence derived ; | Many meteors rose majestically out of the horizon : and and in hell, according to the evil of hatred and the false having gradually attained an elevation of thirty degrees, theuce derived.

suddenly burst; and descended to the earth in a shower of SWEDENBORG's Arcana, n. 3644. brilliant sparks, or glittering geing. This splendid pheno.

menon was succeeded by a multitude of shooting-stars, and

balls and columns of fire; which, after assilming a variety 1331. [Heb. i. 2.] The spirits of other earths appear not of forms (vertical, spiral, and circular), vanished in slight within the sphere, where the spirits of our earth are ; but flashes of lightning, and left the sky in its usual appearance out of it (in the spheres encompassing their own respective

and serenity. earths); some at a greater, some at a less distance; and also in different directions. But in the inmost heaven (which is immediately around the Lord) they do not appear separated from each other (but united into ONE BODY iu that Eternal 1334.

According to the observations of Messrs. Son, the offsprung Glory of the Father's Substance, the Benzenberg and Brandes, many of the falling stars seen Heir of all.)

in Europe were only sixty thousand yards high. One Departed spirits appear near their own planet, but out of it. (fall) was even measured, which did not exceed twenty-eight

The spirits of every planet are separated from each other ; thousand yards, or 15 miles. These measures, which and are near their own orb.

can give no result but by approximation, deserve well to be Wherever in the universe there is an earth or moon, there repeated. In warm climates, especially under the tropics, human inhabitants exist; for man is the end for which every the falling stars leave a tail behind them, which remains earth was created, as a supply for heaven.

luminous 12 or 16 seconds; at other times they seem to Ibid. nn. 7078, 7171, 7800, 9237. burst into sparks, and they are generally lower than those iu

the north of Europe. We perceive them only in a serene and

azure sky : they have, perhaps, never been seen below a 1332. [Luke i. 79.] In hell, there is not darkness but an cloud. Falling stars often follow the same direction for obscure luminousness, like what proceeds from a coal-fire ; several hours; which direction is then that of the wind. in which they see each other : they would not otherwise be able These meteors, most frequently seen in the vicinity of volto live. This luminousness with them has its rise from the canoes, are perhaps modified by the nature of the soil and light of heaven ; which, when it falls into their wild notions, the air, like certain effects of the looming, and the terthat is, into their falses and lusts, undergoes such a change. restrial refraction peculiar to the coasts of Calabria and The Lord is every-where present with light, even in the Sicily hells : otherwise the inhabitants would not have any faculty

See HUMBOLDT's Trav. in S. Ainerica. of thinking and thence of speaking : but it is inade a light,

Or Suppl. to Month. Mag. for according to the reception. This luminousness is what is

Jan. 1815. here (Luke i. 79) called the shadow of death, and is compared to darkness. It is also turned by them into darkness, when they approach the light of heaven : when they are in darkness, they are in stupidity and infatuation.


From the eclipses of Jupiter's satellites, Ibid. n. 4531. it appears, that light takes 8 minutes and 13 seconds in

passing across the semidiameter of the earth’s orbit. Thus, moving at the astouishing rate of about 167,000 geographical miles in one second, it passes from the sun to the earth in little more than eight minutes. Consequently, from its leav

ing the nearest of the fixed stars, which is, at least, four SIGNS OF THE JUDGMENT.

hundred thousand times more remote than the sun, it is

nearly six years in its progress to our eyes; so that a star 1333. [Matt. xxiv. 29.] Immediately after the tribula- placed at that distance would be still visible for six years tion of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the after its destruction (or fall), supposing that process actually moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall to take place. from heaven, and the powers of the heaven shall be

See Accum's Chem. vol. i. p. 140 shaken.

In Asie's Travels in America, (Vol. i. p. 16.) we are told that, one night after the heavenly vault had been for some time shrouded in the intensity of a 'dark

others. The diameter of the arches gradually altered, as the

sun rose above the horizon; and the whole, after continuing THE SECOND COMING OF CHRIST.

a long time, insensibly faded away. In the beginning, the diameter of the joward iris, taken from its last color, was

about five degrees and a half; and that of the white arch, 1336. [Matt. xxiv. 30.] Then shall appear the sign which surrounded the rest, was not less than sixty-seven deof the Son of man in heaven : and then shall all the grees. At the beginning of the phenomenon, the arches tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of seemed of an oval, or eliptical figure, like the disk of the man coming in the clouds of heaven with power und great

sun; and afterwards became perfectly circular. Each of glory.

these was of a red color, bordered with an orange; and the Although there are many places of the last bordered by a bright yellow, which altered into a straw earth to which the sun is vertical at noon, and, couseque:tly, color, and this turned to a green; but, in all, the external his rays can suffer no refraction at that time, because they color remained red.” come perpendicularly through the atmosphere ; yet there is no place to which the sun's rays do not fall obliquely on the top of the atmosphere, at his rising and setting ; and, conse- 1339. [Matt. xxiv. 29, 30.] In the spiritual heavens quently, no clear day in which the sun will not be visible above and around our earth, the Lord appears to the angels, (as to his refracted image, the emblem of the Son of man in in their Sun, as a Man encompassed with a solar fiery sphere. heaven) before he rises in the horizou, and after he sets in These angels have all the light of their respective heavens it: and the longer or shorter, as the atmosphere is more or from that sun. Its heat is the Divine Good Sphere; and less replete with vapors.

its light, the Divine True Sphere: each from the Divine FERGUSON's Lectures, the vii. Love, which is a fiery emanation appearing around the Lord.

But that sun, or solar sphere, appears only to the upper

angels there, not to the spirits beneath ; these being more 1337.

On Feb. 5th, 1674, near Marienburg in remote from the reception of what is the good of love and the Prussia, I saw the sun, says HEVELius, in a sky every where true of faith, than the angels in the heavens above. -As to serene enough, being yet some degrees above the horizon, the natural sun of our world, it appears openly to no one in and shining very bright, yet lancing out very long and red- the other life ; yet it is presented in idea there as a dark dish rays, 40 or 50 degrees to wards the zenith. Under the sun obscure, opposite to the Lord, the son of heaven. towards the horizon, there hung a somewhat dilute small

SWEDENBORG's Arcana, n. 10,809. cloud, beneath which there appeared a mock sun of the same size, to sense, with the true sun, and under the same vertical, of a somewhat red color. Soon after, the true sun more and 1340. [Nast. xvi. 27.] In the spiritual atınosphere of an more descending to the horizon, towards the said cloud, the earth beyond our solar system,

«lliere was seen,” says spurious sun beneath it grew clearer and clearer, so as that


an obscure cloud towards the east descending the reddish color in that apparent solar disc vanished, from a certain altitude. In descending it appeared by deand put on the genuine solar light, and that the more, the grees lucid, and in human form. At length this form was in less the genuine disk of the sun was distant from the false a flaming radiance: around which were little stars of the same sun : till at length the upper true sun passed into the lower color. Thus the Lord exhibited Himself present with the counterfeit one, and so remained alone.

spirits there (as the sun appears to lie ou an elevated, interAbridg. Phil. Trans. vol. ii. p. 130. vening cloud ; and would apparently come down in such a

descending medium, as stars seem to fall in precipitated bazy

flakes of the partially condensed aqueous vapor). To the 1338. [Ezek. i. 26-28.] “At day-break," says ULLOA, presence on this occasion were gathered together (for judgthe whole mountain of Pambamarca, where we then resid- ment) - from all parts, all the spirits belonging that earth. ed, was encompassed with very thick clouds; which the ris- When they came near, the good were separated from the evil; ing of the sun dispersed so far, as to leave only some vapors, the good to the right, the evil io the left : and this, instantly as too fine to be seen. On the side opposite to the rising sun, of their own accord. Those to the right were arranged in order and about ten fathoms distant from the place where we were according to the quality of the good, those to the left accordstanding, we saw, as in a looking-glass, each his own image; ing to the quality of the evil, appertaining to each respecthe head being, as it were, the centre of three circular rain- tively. The good were left to form a heavenly socieiy among bows, one without the other, and just near enough to each themselves; but the evil were cast into hells. I saw afterwards cther as that the colors of the internal verged upon those more that the flaming radiance descended into the lower spheres of exterual; while round all was a circle of white, but with a that earth to a considerable depth ; appearing at one time greater space between. In this nainer these circles were lucidly flammeous, at another obscurely lucid, and occasione erected, like a mirror, before us; and as we moved, they ally quite obscure. Such varied appearance, I was told by moved, iu disposition and order. But, what is most remark- the angels there, is according to the reception of what is true able, though we werè six in number, every one saw the from good, and of what is false from evil, with those who pheuemenon, with regard to himself, and not that relating to inhabit the lower spheres of that earth; but not at all owing to that flaming radiance, undergoing such varieties. They water; for things in air that are reflected from the said also, that the lower spheres of that earth are inhabited water, inust have, when placed over the water, their as well by the good as by the evil; but that the good are dark or shadowed sides reflected from it, which renders the entirely separated into distinct degrees above the evil, in images obscure. On the contrary, the inhabitants of the order that the latter may through the former be governed by waters have almost a bemisphere of light falling on their the Lord. They added, that the good are by turns thence upper sides which are the sides that are reflected from the elevated into heaven by the Lord, while others succeed in air, which consequently renders such images lighter, and their place, continually. After a similar manner, in that de- more striking to the eye, thail reflections of obscured things scent the good were separated from the evil, and all things in air, when reflected from the water. reduced to order; for the evil by various arts and cunning

Abridg. Phil. Trans. vol. xii.p. 4. devices have there introduced themselves into the abodes of the good, and infested them : this caused the visitation we are describing. — That cloud, which in descending appeared 1344. [Rev. xvii. 15.] As upon viewing the bottom of the by degrees lucid, in human form, and afterwards as a flaming

oceau from its surface, we see an infinity of animals moving radiance, was an angelic society; in the midst of which was therein, and seeking food; so were some superior being to the Lord, as he predicted He would come to judgment in the

regard the earth at a proper distance, he might consider us superior regions above and around our earth, and as Jobu the

in the same light: he might from bis superior station, behold Kevelator saw Him come, “in the glory of his father with

a number of busy little beings, immersed in the atrial fluid, his angels.”

that every where surrounds them, and sedulously employed in See SWEDENBORG's Arcana, nn. 10,810, 10,811. procuring the means of subsistence. This fluid, though too And Rev. i. and xiv.

fine for the gross perception of its inhabitants, might, to his

nicer organs of sight, be very visible; and, while he at ouce 1341. The Indian philosophers enumerate five

saw into its operations,, he might smile at the varieties of principal places for the more or less elevated reception of

human conjecture concerning it: he might readily discern, departed spirits. The lowest, situated on and above the

perhaps, the height above the surface of the earth to which common atmospheric air in the “ sublimed aqueous vapor,"

this fluid atinosphere reaches : he might exactly determine they represent as a first and common receptacle for all. The

that peculiar form of its parts, which gives it the spring or highest they describe as a heaven from which souls have no

elasticity with which it is endued : he might distinguish need of again descending towards the earth ; for in it they

which of its parts were pure incorruptible air, and which only

made for a little time to assume the appearance, so are already cleansed, having attained there the highest

as to be perfection on this side the heaven of heavens or the im

quickly returned back to the element from whence it came. mediate throne of the eterual Gud. From all the subor

But as for us who are iminersed at the bottom of this gulph, dinate spheres they are now and then sent down ; but they

we must be contented with a inore confined knowledge; and again ascend to them or vot, according as their past conduct

wanting a proper point of prospect, remain satisfied with a in life has been meritorious or deserving of punishment.

combination of the effects. See BARTOLOMEO, by Johnston, p. 339.

GOLDSMUTH's Hist. of the Earth, &c.

vol. i. p. 298.


1342. [Reo. xx. 12.) I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God: and the books were opened ; and another book was opened uhich is the book of life.

In the four spiritual spheres, of Love, Wisdom, Goodness and Truth, God beholds the images of earthly objects, as see ideas of things in looking on their names in books of different languages. Hence those spheres, when the under-strata of their opposites are removed, are the books opened.

1345. [Rev. iv. 1. Come up hither] Objects must appear to rise in the elevation of a sphere, equally as in the ebullition of a spring. —About six miles from Lake George in America, there is a crystal fountain which incessantly throws up, from dark, rocky caverns below, tons of water every minute, with such amazing force, as to jet and swell perpendicularly upwards two or three feet above the commou surface. In its transparent waters are seen innumerable bands of fish, some clothed in the most brilliant colors : you imagine the picture to be within a few inches of your eyes, and that you may without the least difficulty, touch any one of the fish, when it really is twenty or thirty feet under water.

See BARTRAM’s Truv. p. 163.


1343. [Luke x. 20.] The shadows of things floating in water, a little below its surface, are reflected froin the air above the water, more strongly than objects above the surface of the water are reflected from the water : consequently, fishes playing beneath the surface of a still water may see their images distinctly playing in the air, with this advantage over men who view their faces in the

1346. Rev. xvii. 8.) At a clear break of day, persons standing on the top of Ætua, which is considerably raised above the region of common air, may plainly see the whole island of Sicily, and all the towus thereof, as if it were ele. vated and hanging in the air, ucar the eye, just as, by retrac

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