of publishing the Theological Works reach but can scarcely exceed sixteen of Dr. Priestley, on such a scale of such volumes. For their publication expense, as may render them an easy I shall propose a subscription, with purchase, considering their number a sum paid on subscribing, moderate, and extent.

compared with the extent of the unFor some time I indulged the hope dertaking, and such farther sum on that a friend peculiarly suited by the the delivery of each volume, that the nature of his own pursuits, and his whole works may cost the subscribers present intimate and happy connexion considerably less than by any other with a society which was the last mode of purchase. scene of Dr. Priestley's labours in On this plan of publication it would England, would have undertaken the be unreasonable to ask the assistance office of his Editor. My friend, how- of booksellers. I am therefore induced ever, assures me that his increasing to request any of your readers, espeengagements, which, from their im- cially those residing in the centre of portance, I know not how to regret, large districts, who may be disposed will render this impracticable, while to promote the object, by receiving he freely offers me every assistance subscriptions, to favour me, by an in his power towards the accomplish- early post, with their acqniescence, ment of such a design.

that I may mention their names in a In the theological works of Dr. Prospectus, designed for your next Priestley I include his papers, form- Number. ing about a third part of the Theo- It would gratify me to have an oplogical Repository, and all his other portunity of circulating widely, the publications, except the Scientific and theological works of Dr. Priestley, those on Miscellaneons Literature. I under the advantages of a connected propose to add occasional notes, con- form. Yet, should there appear, afcise, and chiefly employed to correct, ter a short experiment, only such a or supply references, to remark any number of subscribers as will merely variation in the author's opinions, to cover unavoidable expenses, I shall, preserve the original dates of his notwithstanding, immediately proceed pieces, and to describe any important in the execution of the task I have discussions which they occasioned. undertaken ; pleased thus to bear in For these purposes I shall solicit, and lively recollection my too short perhave no doubt of obtaining the kind sonal acquaintance with Dr. Priestley, assistance of several friends to the and to acknowledge what I owe, in memory of Dr. Priestley, whose own common with thousands, to the valu. pursuits have made them much bet. able information of his writings and ter acquainted with his writings and the edifying example of his life. the circumstances attending their pub

I remain, Sir, lication, than my general engagements have allowed me to become.

Yours, &c. Adopting the types of Lardner's

J. T, RUTT. Works for the text and notes, the same fulness of page and average bulk P.S. I shall thank any of your of volumes, I apprehend that the readers, inclined to oblige me on this theological works of Dr. Priestley, as occasion, to direct to me, by post,I have

described them, may possibly No. 39, Goswell Street, London.




Essay on Luke xxiii. 43, by the late and my God and your God." John Rev. J. Simpson.

xx. 17. Further, as the apostles will

not be with Christ till his second Rearsby, Oct. 19, 1815. Sir,

coming, we cannot suppose the maleAVING found among my fa- factor will be with him till that time.

See John xiv. 2, 3. ther's papers the following interpretation of Luke xxiii, 43, and If onde por be taken to denote only conceiving that on account of its bre- that it would appear to the man to be vity, it is more suited to the pages of on the same day, because while sleepthe Monthly Repository than to a se- ing in the grave he would not be conparate publication, I take the liberty scious of a moment elapsing between of requesting the insertion of a faith- his death and his resurrection to life; ful copy of the original.

it may be objected, that the previous I am, Sir,

ideas of the malefactor would not lead Yours most respectfully,

him to understand it in this sense ; for J. W. SIMPSON. the Jews and the Gentiles, both Luke xxii. 43, “ Verily I say unto thought that the state of the righteous

dead was

a condition of conscious thee, to-day (onuspor) shalt thou be happiness immediately after their dewith me in paradise."

parture from this life. And, in order By paradise, here, is meant the to answer the purpose for which Jestate of the righteous dead, which the

sus spake, the man must of course Jews imagined to be a state of con- comprehend the meaning of his words. scious happiness. If oyuepoy be un- As such great difficulties attend the derstood of the time when the event interpretation of compleegou to express will take place, it must signify either the time when, let us inquire for some the real, or the apparent time, either other meaning of the word that aca specific, fixed period, or an undeter- cords with the context, and with mined period.

Jewish phraseology. If oyuepoy be interpreted literally, Our Lord's discourses at different that on the very day when Christ times, and upon different occasious, spake the words, the malefactor should were all consistent with each other. be in a state of conscious happiness, Also, whatever he introduced with this would not accord with the image the word verily, was always distinct, under which our Lord represents pointed, just and important. We death, namely, as being a state of may conclude, then, that the sensleep, out of which he says, that he tence which we are considering, esshall awake mankind at the general pecially as it was a consolatory ad. resurrection. John v. 25, 28, 29. dress to a man dying in agony, would xi. 11–14. Luke viii. 52, 53. Nor be strictly true, and be clearly comwould an assertion, that the man prehended by him. should on that very day be in a state Now, in the prophetic style, future of conscious happiness, correspond events are often represented as prewith his being with Christ, for the sent, or as having actually taken place, history mentions that Christ was alone in order to denote the certain accomin a sepulchre till the third day after plishment of a prediction. Thus this. Not the least intimation is given Isaiah 1x. 1, “ Arise, be thou enin it that he left the sepulchre during lightened, for thy light is come: and that time. Nor do either he or his the glory of Jehovah is risen upon apostles give any reason to suppose thee." Isaiah ix. 2, “ The people he did, though every thing they say that walked in darkness, have seen upon the subject expresses, or seems a great light, they that dwelled in evidently to imply, the contrary, the land of the shadow of death, unto Jesus himself says to Mary, soon af- them hath the light shined.” Ver. 9, ter bis resurrection, “I do not yet “ Unto us a child is born, unto us a ascend to my Father, but go to my son is given." Also lxv. 17, lxvi. brethren, and say unto them, I 22, liii. 2-9, lv. 4, xlix. 7, I. 6, xl. cend to my Father and your Father, 1, 2, , 9, and Isaiah's triumphal


song upon foreseeing the fall of the

king of Babylon. xiv. 4–19.

John iv. 23, The hour cometh, and
The very term omuegov, also, as now is, when the true worshipers will
well as quega and wpa are often used worship the Father in spirit and in
to signify, not the exact time when truth.”
an event will come to pass, but only v. 25, “ The hour cometh and now
the certainty that it will take place. is, when the dead shall hear the voice
Instances of this occur in the follow- of the Son of God."
ing quotations.

xii. 23, “ The hour is come that the

Son of man should be glorified."
Deut. ix. 1,2 Israel, thou art Comp. ver. 16 and xiii. 31, 32. xvi.
to pass over Jordan this day." Comp. 14, xvii. 1, 2, 5.

xvi. 32, “ The hour cometh, yea
Josh. i. 1, 2, 10, 11, iii. 1 to 5.

i Sam. xv. 28,
« The Lord hath

now come, that ye shall be scat-
rent the kingdom of Israel from thee tered every man to his own (home)

and shall leave me alone."
this day, and hath given it to a neigh-

Rev. xviii. 10, “ Alas, alas, O great
bour of thine." Compare ch. xxxi.
- Psalm ii. 7, Acts xiii

. 33, Heb. i. city of Babylon, for in one hour thy
5, v. 5, “ Thou art my son, this day and Dan. vii. 26, and Dr. Wood-

judgment is come." Comp. xiv. 7,
have I begotten thee."

house's note on Rev. xvii. 10.
Jerem. i. 9, 10, “ The Lord said
unto me, behold, I have put my by the Hebrews to express an uncer.

Fixed numbers, also, are mployed
words in thy mouth. See, I have

tain number.
this day set thee over the nations,
and over the kingdoms, to root out,

Two is used to denote a few.

1 Kings xvii. 12.
and to pull down,” &c. Here, this day,
is applied only to the period during Jerem. iii. 14, &c.

One and two for a few, Isa. vii. 21.

See Noluius,
which God imparted to Jeremiah an

Note 1871.
ability to predict future events.

From the specimens, then, which

we have given of the language of
Gen. ii. 17, “ İn the day that thou prophecy it appears that our Lord,
eatest thereof thou shalt die.” Comp. in Luke xxiii. 43, did not intend to
ii. 17 to 24, v. 3 to 5.

particularize the exact time when the
Deut. xxvii. 2 to 5, In the day malefactor would be in a state of hap-
when thou shalt have passed over piness, but' only to assure him that
Jordan,” &c. Comp. Josh. viii. 30 his present anguish on

the cross
to 32.

would certainly be succeeded by
1 Sam. xxviii. 18, “ The Lord hath happy condition of being in the next
done this thing unto thee this day.” life. And Christ who manifested,
Comp. verses 17 and 19, aud on xv. during his ministry, that he well
28, above; and Rev. xiv. 7.

knew the characters of those with
Hosea vi. 2, “ After two days will whom he conversed, could accurate-
he revive us, in the third day he will ly discern the fitness of this man for
raise us up, and we shall live in his such a state. This case is quite sin-
sight." Comp. ver. 1, 3 to 5, &c. gular. No one therefore can fairly

Ezek. xxi. 25, “ Thou prophane, apply it now to any person. In the
wicked prince of Israel, whose day is interpretation of scripture it is neces.
come, in the time of the punishment sary to attend closely to the peculiar
of iniquity, in the end thereof." See circumstances in which our Lord
also vii. 10, 12, with which comp. spake, in the particular instance un-
vers. 2, 6, 7, 8.

der consideration.

Lines suggested by a visit to the Tomb of The plaintive tale shall pity oft renew

the late Rev. Samuel Cary, in the Bu- As, sad, she lingers near the stranger's
rial Ground belonging to the Unitarian tomb.
Church, Hackney.

And oft the love that vainly strave to save
A life so dear; by meddling memory led,

Shall pass, in thought, the vast Atlantic
'In distant lands, to find a mortal's

doom :

While Fancy paints these dwellings of the



Nor clos'd thy day by fondest cares ur- Whelm o'er thy mind, producing black blest,

despair Nor meets thy corse the angry bigot's (Like the mad whirlwind, which tormeats scorn;

the air)?. Midst scenes that Priestley lov'd thy ashes Prosperity's fair calm returns to morrow,

rest, And wait, in hope, the promis?d rising

The Robin. Nov, 1, 1815.

J. T. R.

[From the Morn. Chron.]
The Summer's past the Swallow's fied,

The Linnet seeks her half-leaf'd shed,
Address to the Deity.

And mourns the sun's decline;

But thou, my ROBIN! constant bird, Author of All! whose conscious eye per- With sweetly plaintive voice art heard, vades

Though storins uproot the pine !
Alike the blaze of noon or midnight shades;
By whom, upheld from day to day, we

November's blast no fears create,

With Hope's soft strain thou cheer'st the Hear, heav'nly Parent ! and my faults mate, forgive.

Although vo sun-beams shine ; From chains of sloth and passion set me

For in this season doubly rude, free;

The bumble song of gratitude, And teach my wav'ring thoughts to rest Sweet Robin, still is thine ! on Thee :

M. B. D. Inspire the high resolve ;-confirm the

will ; Give me to love thy law, and loving, to Latin verses by the Rev. M. Marron, Prefulfil!

sident of the Protestant Consistory, 6th Nov, 1815.

S. Paris, written on his lale visit to En-

The Storms of Life.

Hunc, toto quisquis Libertatem colis orbe, « Horrida tempestas cælum contraxit, et Servilis cui sunt vincla perosa jugi, imbres,” &c.

Suspice! Libertas hoc sanctam pectore se

dem Lo! the black storm obscures the skies,

Fixerat, et digno suererat ore loqui. The snow descends in feathery flakes

Æmula virtutis tibi laus calcaria subdat: Mingled with hail and rain, and swells the

Vivit honoratâ Foxius effigie. lakes O'er their contracted bounds; the billows

Hollandus. rise, Rear'd by the northern Boreas' mighty

Libertatis amor, decet ut sine labe Bripow's

tannum, That from the Thracian cloud-capp'd moun

Et patriæ, et sanctæ religionis amor, tains shakes

Ingenui et mores, cunctique scientia sacli, The leafy arms of aged trees that grow

Eloquioque animos suada movere potens, In forests vast and drear, while deep be

Hollandi spirant bene junctæ in imagine blow

dotes, The massive roots far spreading mock the

Albion ô! meritum suspice rite virum. scene!

Andreas Bellus. Man! breast the storm, when howling tempests blow,

O Britonum grata huic adsurge, adsarge And toss thy bark o'er the rough sea of juventus! life,

Anglia, fer merito civica serta viro! Peace in the conscience, virtue in the Ille indefessus teperæ bona semina pubi breast,

Inserit, haud ullo deperitura die. And hope shall guide thee through the Ile Denm et patriam sancto colere urget impassioned strife

amore, And land thee quickly on the shores of Plebeiosque animos non sinit esse rudes. rest!

Bellus honoratum ferat hinc per sæcula Why then bewail to-day? Shall bootless nomen,

Ipsa in quo dentes fregerit Invidia.





name, a respectable old man, after having Persecution of the Protestants in France. defended bimself for above an hour, was

No further back than the 17th October, a basely murdered. The next day the assasfresh persecution of the Protestants broke out sins divided the fruits of their plunder. Seat Nismes-seven of its most respectable in- veral houses had been demolished; several habitants were on that day assassinated. victims had been sacrificed. However, the TRESTAILLON, the leader of this Catholic band armed force put an end to these disorders. has since been taken into custody by the mi. M. de RocheMont at the head of it, distinlitary foree. This man had already been guished himself by his zeal. seized for similar ontrages; but was set at TRESTAILLON was taken just as he had liberty in consequence of threatening to fired on the Commandant of the place, and discover his employers. Morn. Chron. conducted nuder an escort to Montpellier, Nor. 8,

with three or four of his principal confiWe are concerned to learn, that among dants. the innunerable victims who have sealed On the 18th tranquillity was restored in with their blood at Nismes, their faith in the town, and it was hoped that it would be the pure doctrines of our bóly religiou, we preserved. have to enumerate the Rev. M. Desmont, Versailles, Nov. 8.-Credible persons senior Protestant Minister of that city. arrived from Nismes confirm the accounts This venerable clergyman had attained the of the dreadful scenes which took place 80th year of his age, and had passed his there in the night of the 17th ult. It seems life in teaching the gospel to his flock, and that the unhappy Protestants are again in edifying thein by his example. But persecuted with the greatest fury; these his grey locks and unblemished life were persons affirm that the tocsin was sounded no protection to him against the ruffians at Nismes, and that the neighbouring peaswho now desolate the south of France in the antry, armed with sticks and spades, came name of the Bourbons. Inflamed by their in ambers with the horrible cry of “ Vive bigoted priests, and misled by a speech at- le St. Barthelemy!" to join in the assassitributed to the Duke of ANGOULEME, they nations in the town. General La Garde, have sworn the destruction of the Protestant however, to whom the Protestants are under Religion in France, and consider themselves the greaiest obligations, succeeded by his as having rendered an acceptable service to wisdom and firmness in restoring tranquilo their God and their King, when they have lity. It is positively affirmed in Paris, that immolated a heretic or destroyed a meeting- it has been resolved in the Council of the Mihouse. It is a strange neglect, or rather a nisters to bring to justice the notorions culpable indifference of our government, to Trestaillon, who was arrested some months view these scenes without interfering. Our ago, but set at liberty again, and that orarins have placed the Bourbons on that ders to that effect are sent to Nismes. throne which they have already stained Lausanne, Nov. 7 -The accounts from with the blood of our fellow Protestants. Toulouse state, that in the South people's Our arms maintain them on it, in opposition minds are still excited; all those who were to the wishes and opinions of their subjects. in place under Napoleon bave been removed. But if we are strong enough to smother the The officers who have returned home cangeneral voice of France, can we not employ not avoid the ill usage of the people, exthe means which Providence has placed in cept by laying aside their uniform, and our hands, to proenre one act of justice for appearing as simple citizens. our Protestant brethren ? Morn. Chron. The misfortunes of the Protestants in the Nov. 18.

South have not been listened to with indifLausanne, Oct. 31. ference by the Allied Sovereigns. While The letters from Nisines had been the King of Prussia was at Paris, M. de for some time satisfactory, but the most Chateaubriand attempting to soften the pic. deplorable agitations base again disturbed ture in the eyes of that Sovereign, attri. its tranquillity. The 15th announced me- buted these disorders to political opinions, lancholy scenes. Detachments from Bouils rather than religious dogmas; “ you are largues and the neighbouring places had wrong, Sir,” replied his Majesty, “these advanced to the gates of the town to second erimes cannot be covered—and if the Prothe factions. The Protestants were insult- testants have been friends of the revolution, ed, menacing and ferocious cries were it gave them rights which they scarcely had heard about their houses. On the 16th any idea of, and they perhaps saw but too these symptons of insurrection became still clearly what they were threatened with by more alarning. At last in the night of the the fanaticism of some incendiaries.” 16th the explosion was dreadful. A cer- Nismes, Nov. 11.—The national guards tain Trestaillon commanded the brigands. of St. Mamert, Tous Moulezan, and MontBlood flowed in many houses in the city. pezal, proceeded the 7th of this month in Mr. Lafond, father of the Colonel of that the road from Nismes to Lunel, to present

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