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varied. He continued successively to ing the medicine, as I stood by his produce poetical pieces, and in the bedside, I expressed some fears reyear 1797 wrote a letter, since pub- specting its operation; he rose to conlished, to Washington, ou the subject vince me of its wonderful effects; he of negro slavery. If I mistake not, iu knew not how weak he really was, 1799 he wrote Mary Le More; the for as he attempted to walk, he reeled, outrages daily committed roused his and had I not caught him, would most slumbering genius, and induced him to likely have fallen. Hehowever walked write, not only this, but several other down stairs and appeared very cheerpieces on the same subject; all of ful; he gradually amended, and once them breathing that spirit which it or twice walked out alone. A slight was at once his pride and boast to complaint in the ear, with which he cherish.

had been troubled previously to takBut the principal event in the lattering the Eau Medicinale, now returnyears of his life was the recovery of ed, accompanied by a slight discharge. his sight; an event which tended to On Saturday evening, the 19th of Nomake those years much more comfort-vember, about nine o'clock, I left my able than any he had experienced father in high spirits, to attend my since his youth. In the autumn of sister home. I returned about eleven; 1805, hearing of the repeated suc. he was gone to bed. At nine in the Cesses of Dr. Gibson, of Manchester, morning, I passed through his room, as an oculist, he was induced to ob- and inquired how he was. He had tain his opinion : that opinion was had but a poor night, but he ordered favourable, and after enduring with his boots to be cleaned, intending to his accustomed fortitude five dreadful dine at my sister's. Not thinking any operations, in the summer of 1807 he thing unusual in his slight complaints, was again ushered into that world, I left him, and returned at twelve from which for more than thirty years with a gig, in order to take him to he had been excluded. His feelings my sister's. In the mean time he on this occasion, which I well re- grew worse, and had twice asked for member, are truly recorded in the me. I immediately procured medical lines addressed to Gibson on this assistance. When the doctor arrived happy event.*

the pulse was lost; the feet were cold; For the last few years he has not and my father was then troubled with written much, but those poems he a violent vomiting. Prompt measures has produced are excellent. The Fire were resorted to for the purpose of of English Liberty, Jemmy Arm- re-animation, and not without sucstrong, and Stanzas addressed to Ro A profuse perspiration broke bert Southey, are all strongly in fa- out, but in vain, his faculties became vour of those principles, which with more and more clouded, he was in" fire unabated," he preserved to the sensible to all around him, his childlast moment of his mental existence. ren he knew not after a very short

In January 1811, after a tedious ill- period, and gradually grew worse ness, my mother died. On the 25th until Monday noon, when he opened of May, in the same year, my sister his eyes and looked at those around Anne died also.

him. He took some little nourishFor three or four years my father ment, and perhaps possessed some had been in the habit of taking Eau little consciousness. Towards evening Medicinale for the gout. He again he seemed much better; at half past took this medicine about three weeks two in the morning a suffusion on the before his death. It is generally be- brain took place, the right side was lieved this was the remote cause of his paralized, the breathing became heavy death; its operation formerly was as and laborious. Medical assistance ima cathartic, but the last time it ope- mediately arrived, and arrived but to rated very forcibly as au emetic. So see him expire, for no assistance could severe was the shock his constitution be given. At five o'clock on Tuesday received, that the morning after tak- the 22d of November, 8114, Edward

Rushton died without a struggle, and Mr. Rushton's care is recorded, Mon without pain---leaving behind him a Rep. i. 388, where there are some compli- character, pure and immortal as the Inentary lines on Mr. R. from Mr. M‘Cree- principles he professed. ry's Poem, intitled The Press.

En.

cess.

,

a

Memoir of the late Rev. Herbert an assiduous and useful assistant to Jenkins.

the President of it, particularly in R. HERBERT JENKINS was communicating, as a gentleman who where his father was minister of the portant information on the structure Independent Congregation. He re- of the English language, and on toceived the rudiments of classical learn- pics connected with it. Here a close ing under the Rev. John Wiche, the intimacy commenced between Mr. Baptist Minister in the same town:* Jenkins and Dr. Addington, which but his proficiency was greatly as- lasted as long as the latter lived. sisted by the attention and paius be- When he appeared in the public stowed on his improvement by his character of the preacher, he became father, whom he had the infelicity to first, a colleague with the venerable Jose early in life. But, stimulated by Mr. Hampton, at Banbury, Oxfordhis own thirst after knowledge, he shire, in 1792. From whence he reprepared himself, by assiduous appli- moved to Stourbridge, in Worcestercation and study, pursued under un- shire, July, 1796. He resigned his favourable circumstances, to support pastoral connexions there in 1808, the character of a private tutor to youth and settled at Hinckley. He had not in families of the higher rank. A vi- resided much more than two years in gorous and capacious mind, united that town when it pleased Providence with a quick and lively imagination, to visit him with a long and severe aided his acquisition of a large share illness. His life was in imminent danof information upon almost every sub. ger; and though his days were not ject; which was fully known to those immediately cut off, he never recovered only who dwelt under the same roof his former vigour and health; and with him. His system of instruction found it necessary to withdraw from was rendered very complete and va- the stated services of the pastoral ofluable, we have learnt, by an im- fice, at least in a large congregation, provement of almost every circum- and where his appearance in the pulstance and occurrence of the passing pit on both parts of the day was reday, upon which some useful infor- quired. That severe illness he bore mation might be grafted; and it was with pious resignation and Christian often remarked, that he had a pecu- fortitude ; though he devoutly acquiliar happiness in his method of con- esced in the will of heaven, he deeply veying his ideas to others. He spent felt the affliction of being obliged to some years, before he entered on relinquish the public functions of the theological studies, in the capacity of Christian ministry, even in part, a tutor in several families; particu- In the duties of his public characlarly in that of Sir George Staunton, ter he evidently took a high pleasure. whom he accompanied into Ireland; In the performance of them he was and by whom he was invited to at- ambitious to excel and to be thought tend his son in the embassy to China. to excel, and had, it may

be regretThis alluring offer he declined, parti- ted, too lively a feeling of the recepcularly from an apprehension that an tion his services met with. A soliciacceptance of it might draw him off tude, as to the justness and propriety from his views and purposes of settling, of his elocution, originating probably as a dissenting minister. During this from the nature of his early studies, period of his life, as he had bestowed was thought by some to have given peculiar attention on the study of clo- too studied an appearance to his de.. cution, he was engaged to read lec- livery, so as to be unfavourable to the tures on that subject, it the new Col- effect of discourses well-suited, by lege in Hackney,

the subject, sentiments and spirit of Relinquishing these useful employ them, to excite attention and impress ments, he commenced a student in the heart: so difficult is it for frail divinity, in the academy under the di- man, even in the pursuit of excellence, rection of the Rev. Dr. Addington, at to avoid faults: so difficult is it, where Mile End, near London. From his we aim to merit praise, to escape entrance into this seminary, he was blame. In estimating human attain

See a Memoir of Mr. Wiche in the ments and human characters, much Protestant Dissenter's Magazine for 1797, allowance ought to be made for unVol. iv. p. 121.

known but very supposable imprer

sions in early life, for difference of ful and important department were, constitutions, for latent seeds of dis- alas ! soon terminated, by a sudden ease, for peculiarities in the animal dismission from this scene of activity system, acting with an imperceptible and trial. He was, indeed, prepared influence on the temper and manners, for the awful close of life. He had and for unknown circumstances that anticipated it. He had wished for it: give a peculiar colour to the charac- he had no fear of death, and met it, ter. Though men may not take in the few moments of recollection, these things into the account in the which, after awakening from sleep, opinion which they form of others, preceded it, with composure of mind our heavenly Father, it is a consola- and resignation, Oct. 23, 1814, aged 53. tory thought, “ knoweth our frame." “ Blessed are the dead who die in The worthy person, whose history the Lord; who sweetly fall asleep in we are giving, to return from this di- Jesus: they rest from their la bours, gression, united with the gifts of the and their works do follow them.” Christian minister a love of literature, Feb 2, 1815.

A FRIEND. a taste for the belles lettres, and the P.S. On occasion of Mr. Jenkins' manners of the gentleman. His spirit ordination at Banbury, in 1793, the and principles, as a professor of Chris- late Rer. Samuel Palmer delivered a tianity and a Protestant Dissenter, very appropriate, judicious, and imlike those of a consistent friend to re- pressive discourse, from Cantic. i. 6. ligious inquiry, were liberal and ca- under the title of a charge, “On the tholic. His temper and manners in Necessity of keeping our own vinethe social relations of life were affec- yards;" which, in the course of the tionate and generous. “ To serve a next year was repeated at an associafriend and to relieve distress," it has tion, and published at the request of been observed by one who knew him several ministers. From the apology well, “ were to him the most delight- for undertaking that part in the serjul offices :" and he had a very lively vices of the day, and with which the sense of the respect and friendship discourse opens, it appears that Mr. sbewn to him by others; and, though Jenkins had stood, in a former cona warmth and hastiness of temper, nexion with Mr. Palmer; perhaps, as truth will concede was a principal an assistant in his seminary. failing in his natural disposition, can During Mr. Jenkins' residence at dour will hear with pleasure, that he. Banbury he entered into the matriwas known to have laboured very monial relationship with a young lady hard to regulate and subdue it. His do- of a respectable family, in the conmestic character will live in the me. gregation. At that time the parish mory and in the mournful regrets of church was rebuilding, and the memhis widow, his children and his pupils. bers of the Establishment met for re

On being laid aside from the stated ligious worship at suitable times, in and usual services of the pulpit, he the Meeting House of the Protestant removed to Leicester, and engaged in Dissenters, under the sanction of an a plan of education. He had, during act of parliament, which was passed his residence at Stourbridge, to legalize marriages and other paducted, with great reputation, a se- rochial services performed in it, till minary for young gentlemen. For the the parish church was opened again. education of youth he was, by dispo- Under these peculiar circunstances, sition and acquirements, particularly. Mr. Jenkins was married by the paqualified. He was now induced to rochial clergyman in a pew in his own change the objects of his literary la- meeting-house. bours, by directing them to the cul The Funeral Sermon, for Mr. Jentivation of the female mind, in con- kins, was preached by the Rev. Dr. junction with Mrs. Jenkins, a lady Toulmin, of Birmingham, from Rev. well-qualified herself to form the xiv. 7. The everlasting gospel. A poem youthful intellect and manners of the by Mr. Jenkins was inserted ix. 572. sex. His laudable efforts in this use

con

State of France.

That of the Benedictines, a noble From “ Notes on a Journey through structure, is the Hotel de Ville. The

France, from Dieppe through Paris and libraries of the other convents have
Lyons to the Pyrennees, and back been collected, and deposited in this
through Thoulouse, 1814. By Morris building for public use. It is open
Birkbeck. 8vo.]

five days in the week. A splendid THE

every object denotes prosperity same manner, is also open (and really and comfort. Since I entered the open) to the public. The garden, forcountry I have been looking in all di- merly belonging to this convent, is rections for the ruins of France; for kept in good order, and forms an the horrible effects of the Revolution, agreeable promenade, which is much of which so much is said on our side frequented by the citizens. of the water: but instead of a ruined Gypsum, in large quantities, is country I see fields highly cultivated, brought down the Seine from the and towns full of inhabitants. No neighbourhood of Paris. It is used houses tumbling down, or empty; in the interior of buildings; and for no ragged, wretched-looking people. manure on clover, after the first crop. I have inquired, and every body as- July 17.---Visited a small farmer a sures me that agriculture has been few miles from Rouen. Labourers' improving rapidly for the last twenty- wages 10d. per day, and board ; 20d. five years; that the riches and com- per day without board. As all proforts of the cultivators of the soil have visions, cvery article of expenditure, been doubled during that period; may be taken at something under half and that vast improvement has taken the English price, by doubling their place in the condition and character wages, we may find the proportion of the common people. In the early they bear to our's. Great numbers part of the revolution, more was done of turkeys are kept here, and fowls in promoting the instruction of the of all descriptions. Poultry is an imlower orders than the sinister policy portant object of French farming: it of the late Emperor was able to de- is a question whether there is more stroy: and, though much remains to weight of mutton consumed than of be desired on this point, enough has poultry. The daughters of this farbeen effected to shew that a well-edu- mer were both notable and polite : cated commonalty would not be want- and the ploughman and boy were ing in industry or subordination. eating an omelet with silver forks,

On my first landing I was struck On a sheep-walk above Deville, a with the respectable appearance of man was collecting fresh sheep dung, the labouring class; I see the same which he sold at three farthings per marks of comfort and plenty every ib. It is used in dyeing cotton red. where as I proceed. I ask for the I note this trifle because it may be wretched peasantry, of whom I have worth knowing; but especially as an heard and read so much; but I am instance of the danger of observing always referred to the Revolution : it superficially. I thought that he must seems they vanished, then.

of course be a wretched pauper, who July 16.-Corn market, Rouen : was collecting sheep dung to sell as -A retail business chiefly. Wheat manure: this excited my curiosity, about 34s. per quarter, coarse and which was agreeably relieved by the light; oats good, 13s. 6d. per quar- above information. At a very poor ter; vetches for pigeons and fowls, inn in a remote village, where we 24s. per quarter ; oil cake 4d. for 6 lb. stopped on our morning's ride, the 12 oz. English weight.

landlady kept a child's school, and Formerly there were, in Rouen, her daughter was weaving cotton furty convents. These buildings are check; her sister kept a little shop, mostly now the property of indivi- and was reading a translation of duals, and are applied to a variety of Young's Night Thoughts. This was useful purposes : a few remain unsold, more than we should have expected as public warehouses, barracks, &c. in a village alehouse in England,

A dirty fellow, with a good voice, whole detail of the business. Just so, and a fiddle with three strings, alter- near Rouen, the wife of the largest Dately chanting and preaching to the farmer in that quarter, conducted me crowd in one of the market places at to the barus and stables; shewed me Rouen, attracted my attention. The the various implements and explained morale was the collection of three sous their use : took me into the fields, each from his hearers, for a sacred and described the mode of husbandry, charm : being much amused and some- which she perfectly understood; exwhat edified, I purchased a packet. patiated on the excellence of their falIt contained two papers of prayers lows; pointed out the best sheep in and saintly histories; a small crucifix, the flock, and gave me a detail of and a very small bit of the real cross. their management in buying their When I displayed my treasure at the wether lambs and fattening their hotel, our landlady's son, a boy of wethers. This was on a farm of about about thirteen, who spoke a little 400 acres. In every shop and warebroken English, cries out, on seeing house you see similar activity in the the crucifix, “ Dat is God, "---“ Dat females. At the royal porcelain mais God."

nufactory at Sevres, a woman was

called to receive payment for the arSunday is but stightly observed in ticles we purchased.' In the Halle de this part of France, (fifty miles Bled, at Paris, wonen, in their little south of Paris,) at any season ; very counting-houses, are performing the slightly indeed in harvest. Some oshce of factors, in the sale of grain go to church for about an hour ; but, and flour. In every department they before and after, no great marks of occupy an important station, from one Sabbath are perceptible. This is to extremity of the country to the other. be regretted a day of rest is at least In many cases, where women are an excellent political regulation : good employed in the more laborious ocfor man and beast. It is, however, cupations, the real cause is directly pleasant to perceive how little hold the opposite to the apparent. You see church has upon the minds of the them in the south, threshing, with people. Surely it can never recover the men, under a burning sun ;---it its infinence. The churches here are is a family party threshing out the modest structures; not so imposing crop of their own freehold : a woman as those of Normandy; and I funcy is holding plough ;---the plough, the they have less influence on the imagi- horses, the land is her's ; or, (as we Ration of the inhabitants.

have it) her husband's; who is pro

bably sowing the wheat which she Roanne. Sunday. Religion seems is turning in. You are shocked on to be monopolized by the women, if seeing a fine young woman loading a we may judge by the attendance at dung-cart ;---it belongs to her father, church. Twenty women to one man who is manuring his own field, for is about the proportion. At the Pe- their common support. In these intits Minims here, to-day, there might stances the toil of the woman denotrs be 800 persons present to hear the wealth rather than want; though the sermon; 40 of them men!

latter is the motive to which a super

ficial observer would refer it. Ang. 14. (St. Urban.) In every part Who can estimate the importance, of France women einploy themselves in a moral and political view, of this in offices which are deemed with us state of things? Where the women unsuitable to the sex. Here there is in the complete exercise of their menDo sexual distinction of employment: tal and bodily faculties, are performthe women undertake any task they ing their full share of the duties of are able to perform, without much life. It is the natural, healthy connotion of fitness or unfitness. This dition of society. Its influence on the applies to all classes. The lady ofone female character in France is a proof. of the principal clothiers at Louviers, of it. There is that freedom of acconducted us over the works; gave tion, and reliance on their own powes patterns of the best cloths; ordered ers, in the French women, generally, the machinery to be set in motion which, occasionally, we observe with for our gratification, and was evident- admiration in women of superior taly in the habit of attending to the lents in England,

TOL X.

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