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there a reason why the landlord should not rents relatively to the price of labour, dininish his rents, and is not the interest of which proved clearly that more things the consumer to be considered as well as were to be taken into consideration than that of the grower? The question was tried the landholders imagined, and several of in a part of Wiltshire in an extraordinary great property declaring themselves admanner, when a meeting was holden to pe- verse to the petition, the meeting broke up tition the legislature on the subject, and to the entire confusion of those who had the landholders who called it, very injudi- called it. In fact, the real interest of na ciously introduced into their petition the in- one class in the community is to be sacri. terest of the tradesman, the manufacturer ficed to the emolument of another. The and the labourer, which very early in the growers of corn have possessed great addebate appeared to be untenable ground, vantages, but it does not follow that they and the interests of the growers was only are to remain for ever the same. They must retained. But even with this emendation expect in common with the others good and the landholders' point was not carried, for bad years, and it will be for the interest of one, who seemed to have entered more the proprietors of land to let the whole deeply into the question than the others, community participate in the advantages to put some close questions on the increase of be expected from peace.
NEW THEOLOGICAL PUBLICATIONS.
ΑΙΡΕΣΕΩΝ ΑΝΑΣΤΑΣΙΣ : intended as a Preservative from Scepticism, or, a new way of deciding Old Controver- Indifference and Credulity. By the Rev. sies. By Basanistes. 3rd Edition. Enlarg- T. Finch, Minister of Salem Chapel, Lynn, ed. 8vo. 7s.
8vo. A Plain View of the Unitarian Christian The Scripture Account of the Attributes Doctrine, in a Series of Essays on the One and Worship of God, and of the Character God, the Father, and the Mediator between and Offices of Jesus Christ. By Hopton God and Men, the Man Christ Jesus. By Haynes, with a Biographical Sketch of the Richard Wright, Unitarian Missionary. Author, 4th edition 12mo. 5s. 12mo. 8s.
A Sermon, on the Use of Reason in An Examination of the supposed Scrip- Religion, Preached at George's Meeting, ture Proof of the Doctrines of the Trinity, Exeter, Dec. 18th 1814. By James and of the Deity of Jesus Christ: With an Manning, 8vo. 1s. Answer to the principal Objections of Tri- A Letter to the Bishop of St. David's, nitarians to the Unitarian Doctrine and its on some extraordinary Passages in a charge Professors. By the same. 12mo. 2s. [This delivered to the Clergy of bis Diocese, Pamphlet is a separate publication of the in Sept. 1813. By A Lay Seceder Appendir to the Plain View.]
8vo. Is. À Vindication of the General Baptists, The Progress of Intellectual, Moral and from some Aspersions cast upon them in Religions Improvement --a Discourse be. the Letters published by the Rev. Joseph fore the Unitarian Society, at Essex Street Ivimey, respecting the Catholic Claims : Chapel, March 31. 1814 : with an Ap. An Address at the General Baptist Meeting- pendix containing a Summary Review of House, Portsmouth. By A Member (Not the Bishop of St. David's Memorial, By a Minister). 12mo.
Thomas Belshain. 8vo. 58. A Practical Illustration of the Christian Jesus of Nazareth, a Man approved o System, shewing its Reasonableness and God. A Discourse before the Southern Moral Excellence; chiefly designed for Unitarian Society. By James Gilchrist the Consideration of Young People, and 12mo.
ERRATA AND ADDENDA IN VOL. IX. P.771. col. ii. line 2, for “ Petminster" read Pitminster.
776, Nole. At the end, add---Geddes was afterwards so dissatisfied with the term skip-offering that he wished another to be substituted for it. Memoirs of him by Good 344, 355 (Note).
778. col. i. line 20, from the top, after the word “ modest” place a note of ad miration.
780. col. ii. line 2, from the top, for “ Zenophon" read Xenophon. 784. col. ii. line 16, from the bottom, for “preeision” read precision.
787, col. i. line 21, from the top, place the inverted commas before the words, Christian Hebrews, &c.
HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY.
Short Account of Anthony Willium epistle made honourable mention. In
Ano, a learned Vegro. a programme (prospectus) publicly [Translated from the Abbé Gregoire's announced by the dean of the faculty Littérature des Nègres
. 8vo. Paris. of philosophy, it is said of this learned 1808. P 198, &e.)
Negro, that having examined the sys. a native of Guinea, was brought had selected and proposed what apto Amsterdam in 1707, when very peared excellent in either.3 young, and presented to Anthony Amo, now become a Doctor, mainUlric, Duke of Brunswick Wolfen- tained, in 1744, at Wittemberg, a buttle. That prince gave him to thesis, and published a Dissertation his son Augustus William, by whom upon Sensations considered as distinct he was sent for education to the Uni- from the Soul and present to the versities of Halle, in Saxony, and Body." In a letter which the presiWittemberg. In the first, in 1729, dent wrote to him, he is entitled a under the presidency of the Chancellor most noble and enlightened man, vir de Ludwig, be maintained a thesis, nobilissime et clarissime. Thus the and published a dissertation de jure University of Wittemberg was free Maurorum, on the Law of the Moors. from those absurd prejudices, re
Amo was skilled in astronomy, and specting difference of colour, which spoke Latin, Greek, Ilebrew, French, so many men have discovered who Dutch and Germuni.
pretend to be enlightened. The preHe so distinguished himself by hissident declared that he had corrected talents and good conduct that the nothing in the Dissertation of Amo, rector and the council of the Univer- because it was so well finished. Cer: sity of Wittemberg thought proper in taiply that work discovers a mind ac755 to pay him a public compliment, customed to reflection. He endeaby a congratulatory epistle, in which yours to determine the differences in they recollected that Terence was also the phenomena, between beings exof Africa, that many martyrs, doctors, isting without life, and living beings. fathers of the church were natives of A stone exists but it is not alive. that country where learning once
Abstruse questions appear to have Aourished till, with the loss of Chris- possessed for our author a particular tianity, it reverted to barbarism.
charm. After he becaine a Professor, Amo devoted himself with success
he maintained, in the same year, a to the particular studies of which the
3 Excussis tam veterum quam novorum 1 This prince published the reasons placitis optima quæque selegit, selecta which determined him to become a Catho- enncleatè ac dilucide interpretatus est. bc, in a short but excellent work, entitled,
* Dissertatio inauguralis philosophica Fifty Reasons why the Roman Catholic de humanæ mentis ATTAQEIA seu senApostolic Religion ought to be preferred tionis ac facultates sentiendi in mente huto all the Sects, &c. in 12mo. London. "manâ absentia, et earum in corpore nostro
organico ac vivo præsentia, quam præ• Beschreiburg des Saal Creises, or a side, etc. publicè defendit autor Ant. Description of the Circle of Saale, in Fol. Guil. Amo, Guinea---afer philosophiæ, et Halle. 1749. Vol. ii. p. 28. I owe this L. C. magister, etc. 1734, 'in 4to. Wittenreference, and the greatest part of the in- bergæ. At the end are printed many pieces, formation concerning Amo, to Blumen- among others the letters of compliment of hach.
the Rector, &c. VOL. X.
thesis analogous to the preceding, on future preferment, of which, by his the difference to be observed between connexion with some noble families, the operations of the mind and those as well as his abilities and course of of the senses. The Court of Berlin studies, he might have entertained very had conferred on him the title of reasonable expectations. He left CatCounsellor of Státe, but after the terick in 1773. The sermon, which death of the Prince of Brunswick his he preached on leaving his parishionbenefactor, Amo, fallen into a deepers, was his first publication. melancholy, resolved to quit Europe Mr. Lindsey next published, An where he had lived thirty years, and Apology for resigning the Living of to return to his native country of Ax- Catterick, which was followed by a im on the Gold Coast. There he was Sequel to it. On April 17, 1774, he visited in 1753 by the learned travel. opened a new Chapel at Essex House, ler and physician, David Henry Gal. in Essex Street, London, the worship landat, who mentions him in the Me- of which was conducted according to moirs of the Academy of Flushing, Dr. Clarke's amendment of the Liof which he was a member.
turgy of the Established Church. Amo, then about the age of fifty, The arrangements made for this form passed his life at Axim in solitude. of worship were conducted much in His father and his sister were still union with Dr. John Jebb.* living, and his brother was a slave at The leading aim of the reformed Surinam. Some time after, he quitted Liturgy (as its advocates call it) is, to Axim, and settled at Chama, in the exclude the worship of a Trinity of Fort of the Dutch Company of St. Persons, and to ascribe Deity alone Sebastian.?
as a unity to the Father. Mr. LindI have attempted, without success, sey and his disciples have chosen to to discover whether Amo published call themselves rather Unitarians, than any other works, and at what time he Socinians, not professing to follow Sodied.
cinust in all points: and this is the
leading view in Mr. Lindsey's writings, Sketch of the Life of the lute Rev. Theophilus Lindsey.
* Dr. Disney's Life of Dr. Jebb, p. 84, [From Dyer's History of the University 85.
and Colleges of Cambridge.] + In the use of names to different parties THEOPHILUS LINDSEY, (a of professing Christians no invidious disdern Socinians or Unitarians,) Fellow but merely specifications or classifications (of St, John's, was A, M. in 1748, of religions opinion. Catholic, Papist, and formerly Vicar of Catterick, in
Protestant, Episcopalián, Presbyterian, Yorkshire: he (as well as Mr. Mason, thodist, Baptist, Moravian, Quaker, and
Independent, Unitarian, Trinitarian, Me(the poet,) between whom there had the like, are terms sometimes used in a subsisted great friendship, at college) sense bordering on contempt or reproach, had been pupils of Dr. Powell, but but no such sense should be adopted in a he soon turned into another school, work of this kind. Every party has a right and in 1778, having rejected the doc- to its own interpretation of doctrines, and trine of the Trinity, he resigned his will deem that appellation only the proper living, and with it, all prospects of one, which they give themselves. On the
one hand, “the dispute is not whether
there be one God or ihree Gods, but wheDisputatio philosophica continens ther the Divinity of Jesus Christ be incomideain distinctam earum quæ competunt patible with the unity of God, which unity vel menti vel corpori nostro vivo et or- both sides believe.” Robinson's Plea for ganico, quam consentiente amplissimorum the Divinity of Christ. On similar ground, philosophorum ordine præside M. Ant. those who call themselves peculiarly Uni. Guil. Amo, Guinea-afer, defendit Joa. tarians, may not choose to be called SoTheod. Mainer, philos, et J. V. Culter, cinians, though they believe one leading in 410. 1734. Wittenbergæ.
doctrine in common with Socinus, as not o See the Monthly Magazine, in 8vo. being pledged to believe all that Socinus New York. 1800. V.i. p. 453, &c.
and the Fratres Poloni believed. But re. See Verhandelingen vitgegeven door ligion has been treated like a watch, pulled het zeenwach genootschap der wetenschap- to pieces by unskilful hands, nor can any pen le Vlissingen, in 8vo. te Middleburg. art, even in idea, put it together again, 1782. V. ix, p. 19, &c.
but one, which is, that of paying a sort of
which are confined to theology and Before seventeen, whilst yet in his theological criticism. Of these the apprenticeship, he signed articles as principal, besides those mentioned, are second mate of the vessel, in which entitled, The Catechist, or an In a short time before he entered as caquiry concerning the only True God; bin boy. When in this situation in an Historical View of the State of the the West Indies, a circumstance ocCnitarian Doctrine and Worship curred, which is worthy of preservaVindiciæ Priestleianæ ; an Address tion. He was despatched from the to the Students of Oxford and Cam- ship with a boat's crew, on some erbridge ; an Examination of Mr. Ro- rand to the shore, the vessel then ly. bioson's Plea for the Divinity of Christ; ing a few miles from the shore; when Conversations on Christian Idolatry; about three miles from Jamaica, the and Conversations on the Divine Go- boat, from some unknown cause, upvernment, shewing that every thing set, and five or six individuals were is from God, and for good to all. Mr. left to struggle for life, depending only Lindsey died Nov. 3, 1808, aged 86. on their bodily strength and skill for
Since his death there have been pub- their preservation. The boat in a lished Sermons, with appropriate Pray- short time presented itself keel upers annexed, in two volumes, and the wards, upon which they all speedily Rev. Mr. Belsham, the present mi- mounted, but no sooner had they nister of Essex Street Chapel, has seated themselves, and congratulated published in 1812) Memoirs of the each other on their escape, than the late Rev. Mr. Lindsey, addressed to boat slipped from under them, and Richard Reynolds, Esq. of Paxton, they were again left to struggle. Mr. Lindsey's earliest pupil, and In the boat, among others, was a through life his intimate and chosen negro, whose name was Quamina, friend.
between this individual and my fa
ther, a friendship had for some time Biographical Sketch of Edward Rush- subsisted, for my father taught Qua
ton, written by his Son. mina to read. When the boat disap[From the Belfast Monthly Magazine, for peared, my father beheld at some disDec. 1814.* ]
tance, a small cask, which he knew VDWARD RUSI TON was contained fresh water; for this cask
1756, in John Street, Liverpool. His it, it was seized by the Negro, who, education, which he received at a on secing my father almost exhausted free school, terminated with his ninth thrust the cask towards him, turned Fear. At ten he read Anson's voyage, away his head, bidding him good resolved to be a sailor, was bound as bye, and never more was seen. This an apprentice to Watt and Gregson, cask saved my father's life. I can reand before he entered his eleventh member well his telling me this story year, he was a sea boy in the West with tears in his eyes It made an İndies. He performed the various du- impression on my mind, which no ties of his station with skill and credit; time can ever efface. this was evinced by the following fact:
As second mate of the vessel he at this time, i. e. when he reached continued until the term of his apprenhis sixteenth year, he received the ticeship was expired. At this period, thanks of the captain and crew of the offer of a superior situation, and the vessel, for his sea-man like con- of course, of greater emolument, induct, having seized the helm, and ex- duced him to proceed to the coast of tricated the ship, when the captain Africa, on a slaving voyage. His and crew were wandering about in sentiments of this disgraceful traffic, despair.
when he beheld its horrors, though
in a subordinate situation, with that affectionate deference to the opinions of terized his every action, he expressed
boldness and integrity which characothers, and in this sense, loving and honouring all men.
in strong and pointed language ; he * We lament to add that the above is went so far in this respect, that it was the closing Number of this valnable work. thought necessary to threaten him Why will Irishmen complain of English- with irons, if he did not desist. men, when they themselves will not pa
On this fatal voyage, whilst at Dotronize Ireland ?
minica, he was attacked by a violent
inflammation of the eyes, which in With an increasing family, and a three weeks left him with the left eye very small fortune, for a while my fatotally destroyed, and the right en- ther hesitated before he fixed on any tirely covered by an opacity of the particular line of conduct. He thought cornea. Thus in his nineteenth year, of several plans, but none seemed was he deprived of one of the greatest more agrecable to his feelings, than blessings of nature; thus, to use his the business of a bookseller; his own language,“ doomed to penury habits and his pursuits combined to severe, thus to the world's hard buf- render it more eligible than any other fets left."
which presented itself to his thoughts, In 1776, attended by my grandfa- With thirty guineas, five children, ther, he visited London, and amongst and a wife, to whose exertions we other eminent men, he consulted the owe more than words can express, celebrated Baron Wentzell, oculist to my father commenced bookselling. the king, who declared he could not My mother, my excellent mother, labe of the least service.
boured incessantly, and with frugality In this hopeless situation, my poor and attention, the business succeeded, father returned to Liverpool, and re- and my father felt himself more easy. sided with my grandfather. With him At this time politics ran very high he continued for some short period, in Liverpool, my father had published until by the violent temper of my several of his pieces, all in favour of grandfather's second wife, he was the rights of man. He became a noted compelled to leave the house, and to character, was marked, and by some maintain himself on four shillings per illiberal villain shot at; the lead passweek. For seven years he existed ed very close to his eyebrow, but did on this miserable, and, considering not do him the smallest injury. the circumstances of my grandfather, His butterfly friends who had conthis shameful allowance; for an old stantly visited while all was serene, aunt gave him lodgings. Whilst sub. now began tu desert him; they were sisting on this sum, he managed to pay afraid of being seen near the house, a boy two-pence or three-pence a merely because my father had boldly week, for reading to him an hour or stepped forward in the cause of liberty two in the evenings. I have now in and of truth. Let it not be forgotten, my possession, a gold brooch, to that the foremost of these was the comewhich I have heard him declare, he dian, before mentioned, a man who has often been indebted for a dinner; owes his wealth to my father's advice, nor was this brooch confined to him- who persuaded him to try the stage. self, a noted comedian of the present Such are the narrow prejudices, and day, whose avarice has long since got paltry feelings, with which a man has the better of his principle, has bor- to struggle, whose determination it is rowed and pledged this very brooch to speak and act as his heart shall dicfor the self-same purpose. From this tate. But great was the satisfaction state my father was removed to one my father experienced from the steady much more comfortable. My grand- attachment, the unremitting attention father placed one of his daughters and of a few tried and true friends, who my father in a tavern, where he lived with him had hailed the light wherefor some years, and soon after my ever it appeared, and exulted in the aunt's marriage, his also took place, triumphs of liberty, in whatever land his age being then twenty-nine. My they were achieved. Whilst in busifather finding, however, his pecuniary ness as a bookseller, the purses of the circumstances rather diminishing than late William Rathbone, and of Wilincreasing, left the public house. liam Roscoe, were offered to him; he
Henow entered into an engagement was invited to take what sum he might as an editor of a newspaper, called the want; he refused them both; and he Herald, which he for some time pur- has often told me, his feelings have sued with much pleasure, and little been those of satisfaction, when he profit, until finding it impossible to reflected on this. refusal. He was in express himself in that independent poverty, nay, the very moment he and liberal manner which his reason was struggling hard to gain a scanty and his conscience dictated, he threw pittance, yet he maintained his indeup his situation, and began the world pendence, and triumphed. once more.
His life for some years was but little